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1d
comment Which animals are thought to possess some degree of a theory of mind?
I learned about Alex from a podcast, so it's possible that was blown out of proportion. The same podcast mentioned gorillas capable of deception to avoid social hierarchy restrictions (similar to your tripping the tray example): carleton.ca/ics/wp-content/uploads/2001-06.pdf
1d
comment Which animals are thought to possess some degree of a theory of mind?
You can look at Alex, the african gray parrot, who was apparently able to tell another parrot learning to speak to "Speak clearly", that seems pretty advanced: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_(parrot)#Accomplishments
1d
comment Are all conscious experiences stored as memories?
I have a related question specifically about dreams: cogsci.stackexchange.com/questions/2034/… . Having experienced this first hand, it makes me think that I don't forget dreams and can enter "Random access" mode during the near sleep states I describe in the question.
Aug
26
comment Is our attention attracted by bright lights?
You can take a look at melanopsin: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melanopsin#Mechanism , Over the years there has been research to indicate that bright light in general is more promoting of attention and awareness as opposed to dim light.
Aug
21
comment Is depression caused by life events?
People with specific neurotransmitter receptor mutations are more likely to develop depression, for example Serotonin 2A receptor: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…
Aug
20
comment Is there a term for not recognizing that other people think differently, or projecting your thought patterns on others?
I've seen this referred to as "homophilic bubble", when you are surrounded by likeminded people and thus think the rest of the world thinks the same way: blog.mozilla.org/ux/2014/10/…
Aug
20
comment How to examine person's awareness of a certain topic?
You can look at the use of certain words in writing or spoken conversation to indicate that the person is thinking or aware of the subject. For writing, look for tools that can make a "tag cloud" out of a piece of text, and see if the words you are interested in appear there. For example, there was a very long suicide note which I examined this way a few years ago. Out of 100 or so pages, words like Nazis and Jews were on the top of the tag cloud list, meaning that person was aware and thinking about the subject.
Aug
19
comment What is the result of an excess of dopamine?
The book has dozens of other article references, I need to look up to see if they are referencing any particular scientific studies as a source for this list.
Aug
17
comment What's the optimal way to space out rewards in order to maximise motivation?
The most recent (started around 2014) paradigm in gamification is to add a "gambling element", for example rewarding a person with a pack of 3 random cards in a collectible card games. Even more traditional games, like turn based strategies are moving to this paradigm. There's something about the excitement of seeing those cards be revealed that makes these games more successful than others (see example: ipadboardgames.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/…)
Aug
17
comment Full list of the capabilities of human brain
I've seen people use a "hologram" model - a hologram can have more pixel density or less. It is the same hologram, but having more pixel density makes it sharper and more detailed. Remove pixels and hologram eventually disappears. Human experience is similar - one can do math or experience pleasure but with more/less clarity. What can be obvious to one person in a split second would take another person 30 minutes. They are dealing with the same concept, but there's more "resolution" to the first person's thinking and less to the second. Remove resolution and eventually one cannot comprehend
Aug
17
comment Do highly creative people dream more and/or differently than ordinary people?
@BeritLarsen From personal dream journaling, noticeable differences exist even for the same person. There's variance from dull, hazy recollection of individual scenes to fully blown "more real than reality" clarity. Then there's variance in content - from mundane "I'm going to classroom" kind of dream to "having superpower adventures on an alien planet"dreams. I'm interested if creative people have more of a certain kind of dreams.
Aug
13
comment What is the relationship between the ego, amygdala and consciousness?
Yeah, the blog link is an extreme example of people making pseudo scientific claims :)
Aug
12
comment Full list of the capabilities of human brain
I see a lot of people coming to this site with this idea of parallels of human-brain to computer systems. I know that I had it originally. From what I've seen, this model does not hold up to scientific scrutiny.
Aug
10
comment Full list of the capabilities of human brain
It might be easier to produce the equations that you are looking for by looking at different "neurotransmitter systems" that are activated. For example the reward circuitry would be triggered in the case of falling in love, sexual fantasy, travel and adventure. An extra layer would be stating which systems are not activated. For example having fear or anxiety would prevent a person from enjoying adventure or travel.
Aug
7
comment Are younger people less capable of driving?
I would like to add that from my reading, driving is a difficult skill until it is practiced to the point where it is done subconsciously and no conscious attention is paid to the process. To get to that point, a person requires experience and owning a car. A teenager who drives parent's car part time might not have enough time to get driving experience.
Aug
6
comment Parasite that takes over cognitive functions
I was going to bring up the parasite that makes rodents more attracted to cat urine, but it seems that toxoplasmosis might be that parasite. Thanks for bringing that up :)
Aug
6
comment Do introverts engage in too much self-control or do they lack impulsivity?
I would argue that your definition of extraverted behavior is off mark. Engaging in conversations with multiple people in real life or drifting from one circle to another at a party are examples of extraverted behavior. Posting a funny picture while being alone is not, and I doublt it would have the same mood lifting benefits (no mirror neuron activation, no emotional contagion)
Jul
30
comment Are people who are very “aware” of the world that way because their brains are more advanced or les advanced?
@YvonneLiew from my understanding, such people may have mutations of neurotransmitter receptors that alter their conscious experience. For example, people with such mutations respond differently to psychoactive substances en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5-HT_receptor
Jul
30
comment Why does appreciation make us happy?
I originally read your question as "the experience of appreciating things", but it sounds more like you are talking about accumulating "social capital" - likes, followers, reputation, etc.
Jul
30
comment What is happening when i focus my attention on a particular body part?
This may be related to the issue of suggestibility - a small percentage of population is extremely suggestible en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…