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16

This is a hot topic of debate, so my answer will be an incomplete one. There are actually two separate questions here. One is on language and the other one is on environment. Language: My answer is no; different languages do not limit the conceptual repository of human mind. The current ongoing debate is partially on the Pirahã language. Everett studied ...


8

Yes, there's been scientific tests. No, they did not support the propositions. However, some supporters of the propositions argue that existing empirical tests have methodological problems. There's a discussion of scientific evaluation for NLP on wikipedia that cites several review articles. Quoting the Heap (1988) review as quoted in Wikipedia: ...


7

One thing that comes to mind is the discussion over why English-speaking people think submarines cannot swim, while they think airplanes can fly. Supposedly in Russian, though, they do refer to submarines as "swimming." Meanwhile, we ask whether computers can think, without really realizing that this question turns out to be simply a question about ...


6

Taking @BenCole's suggestion on the bolded parts... how the human mind creates and perpetuates the idea of knowing something I think the philosophic response to this is "What does it mean to know something?". I'd recommend Searle's Chinese Room argument [1] and the many rebuttals to it (which include some computational explanations of understanding) to ...


6

To use "mirror neurons" explain why people enjoy watching porn is problematic when you consider that people (a least men, Cerny and Janssen, 2011) seem to enjoy watching porn where the actors are solely of the opposite sex. That is, people seem to be enjoying watching porn (or even looking at erotic pictures) when there is nothing really to mirror. As the ...


6

I think it is likely the case. I agree that the idea of a "mirror neuron" is a bit dubious, as it implies that the function of those neurons are related to mirroring. It's probably the case that they represent the actual movement, and their activation in witnessing the action is tangential to that. As for your question, research was done on this exact ...


4

Short answer Sensations are different from thoughts and are separated in the spatial and temporal domain. The distinction between thoughts and perceptions, however, is less well defined, but can still be dealt with experimentally. Background A description of sensation is as follows: The physical process during which our sensory organs [...] respond to ...


4

If you don't need the mind readers to actually know the exact "words" of the person's thoughts, you could have people who are extremely well versed in "reading" another person's facial expressions, body posture, tone of voice etc. It is a fact that those outward behaviors reflect your internal state, and in fact we all read these signs with more or less ...


3

I'm not sure what you mean by cognitive capacity, but I absolutely believe that language shapes the way we think. The collective nouns, verbs, and phrases of a language are the categories by which a culture interprets things. Consider seizures. Our culture may call them seizures, and a doctor might posit that their cause is epilepsy (or something). That's ...


3

This question is quite broad, firstly, because these tests measure different (though interrelated) cognitive faculties and at different developmental stages and secondly because there is a lot to say for each sensory impairment. However, it touches on quite interesting topics for which there have been many studies and I think a summary of the findings can be ...


3

For a review of this question is debated in Cognitive Science, search for Searle's Chinese Room Thought Experiment. In the Chinese Room Thought Experiment, Searle argues that there is something fundamentally meaningful (semantic-holding-preserving) about the internal state of a living being. Additionally, this meaning cannot be approximated by a computer. ...


3

I think the key concept to tackle this question is to consider the concept of abstraction. Abstract models are generalized models of some kind "reality" that we are interested in, with the aim to describe some behavior of the system in question reasonably well. Often the abstraction should also be relevant to many instances of the entity that we would like ...


2

it seems to me that a meaningful existence requires the absence of cognitive dissonances, but I wonder what science would have to say about this, and if there is any empirical basis for claiming this. The difficulty, as you've pointed out, is that there isn't agreement on the definition of "meaning" in this context. Meaning can be interpreted by ...


2

I do have a question though, once you have an awakening, and realize as others have said, that you are in the matrix, aren't you aware of this fact forever? So how can you be not enlightened anymore, but you once were. Question by tristo in a comment to my previous answer I'm not sure about the matrix analogy because in the movie they simply ...


2

The final two paragraphs of that piece address this exact question. Although understanding how neurons communicate with each other contributes to our understanding of behaviour at the level of biology, behaviour cannot be reduced to biological explanations. In conclusion, the communication of neurons within the nervous system assists our ...


2

I've recently became aware of the field of Evolutionary Psychology and read the book "Why beautiful people have more daughters" by Satoshi Kanazawa. It is quite enlightening - this new field suggests that humans have built-in psychological programs and preferences. Kanazawa suggests - when looking for a potential mate in the african savanna, without the ...


2

Well, let's considering what you're asking here. You're asking if people who code think differently. Well, let's consider those who know how to program. Some people plan what they are going to do, while others take a more dynamic approach. Some people create a 'skeleton' of what they are about to build before they fill in the missing pieces (and will debug ...


1

Well, the areas most responsible for social cognition (or theory of mind) appear to be the right and left temporoparietal junctions, the right anterior superior temporal sulcus, the posterior cingulate, and the medial prefrontal cortex. [1][2] Of those, the right TPJ is perhaps the most important; for example, the response in the rTPJ shows a peak just at ...


1

I was just wondering how realistic this video was: youtube.com/watch?v=Bsyplaii9p4 – tristo I find the presenter's style very long-winded but I understand precisely what he is talking about. The phrase that struck me most was when he said "... when the psyche dissolves ... what is left is the truth itself". This mirrors my own experience precisely. My ...


1

CBM is not so much a theoretical framework but rather a label attached to a collection of methods and biases. In a way, this reflects the state of research on heuristics and biases, at least in behavioral economics. As many famed findings in the field have come from attempts to "disprove" traditional economic theory, the resulting effects (biases) have often ...


1

I can speak from personal experience. I have been on an enlightenment intensive. I could give a very detailed description of the progression I went through. However it is quite impossible to explain the state of 'knowing' that one achieves. In normal life we experience the world through sensation and we have beliefs about what we haven't sensed. The sense ...


1

As @what wrote, the state of our knowledge on Mind reading is low but it is an on-going research. The current research uses EEG and MRI techniques to retro-engineer (read and decipher) our thoughts and actions: see the Introduction To Modern Brain-Computer Interface Design linked to the EEGLAB software, or the Brain computer interface wikipedia page ...


1

My idea was similar to what "what" said; however, instead of the reader needing to be trained to the thoughts of other people and/or having to clone humans with these genes, the OP could have it to where the post-apocalyptic world in which the book is set in features humans that have evolved into what they are now, with having these receptors in their skin ...



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