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7

In general, there are two types of 'complexity' that are studied. Usually, when people talk about 'complexity', especially on the internet, they mean Santa Fe Institute style complexity. This is a vague and poorly defined concept that has struggled for a number of years without making significant progress. It uses pretty words, but has yet to deliver on any ...


6

A study that used the field setting you describe is done by Bateson et al. (2006). As for the mechanism, they write: we believe that images of eyes motivate cooperative behaviour because they induce a perception in participants of being watched. Although participants were not actually observed in either of our experimental conditions, the human ...


5

Elder et al (1999) provides a review of behavioural change theories in the context of health behavior change in primary care. They mention several, for example: Models and theories such as the Health Belief Model, Cognitive/Information Processing, the Theory of Reasoned Action, Social Cognitive (Learning) Theory,Social Support Theories, Behavior ...


4

I think this recent paper fits your requirements. It considers biological plausibility by showing that the number of neurons required in the proposed method is within a reasonable size for the human brain, and dismisses a series of unreasonable models. Specifically, they create a neural network that contains 2.5 million neurons to contain a network of ...


4

I did eventually find something which may be what I was thinking of, examining the normality & psychometric properties of Likert scales with differing numbers of points. They concluded that the 11-point scale was closest to interval-type data in scaling and normality. Reference: A comparison of psychometric properties and normality in 4-, 5-, 6-, and ...


4

Paco Mitchell at Depth Insights lists the following reference for “the unconscious can only wish”: For an informed critique of Freud’s comment and of psychoanalytic theory in general, see C. G. Jung, The Theory of Psychoanalysis (New York: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1915). Full text is available at Archive.org. You may also want to search ...


3

I'm not sure what study Seligman is referring to, but I can suggest that you look into Shelley Taylor's work on positive illusions. Her original 1983 work looked into the coping mechanisms of a group of cancer patients undergoing treatment, and followed them into their lives after recovering from their illness. She found that individuals who felt that they ...


3

Michael Saunders Gazzaniga, Richard B. Ivry, G. George Ronald Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind


3

Research articles by Igor Dolgov (NMSU) and Mike McBeath (ASU) are good research-grade articles on this topic. They are both active scientists with well-referenced papers. I chose to work around them because of the quality of their ideas. Dolgov is more focused on Ecological perceptual models. McBeath is an illusion 'junkie'. Bother have done much work ...


3

I never read any English textbooks on psychophysics, so I cannot help you there. If I wanted to find a good one, I would look at the curricula at some universities and see which books they use or recommend. Such information is often available online. Beyond a textbook, like user1406647 (+1), I find it enlightening to read classic experiments by the ...


3

Gailliot et al (2007), didn't do it with a memorization task, but with a variety of other tasks requiring self-control: The present work suggests that self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source. Laboratory tests of self-control (i.e., the Stroop task, thought suppression, emotion regulation, attention control) and of social behaviors ...


3

I am not aware of any neuroscience papers that link breathing and self-confidence. One review that touched on breathing in yoga was Jerath et al. (2006). They discuss how deep breathing increases parasympathetic autonomic activity. This can change the physiological state of the body, leading to changes in affective state. One area of the brain that may be ...


2

According to this study, layout and color can be used to improve text readability. You can take a look online at text formatted in this manner here.


2

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation? The common definition of "sexual orientation" is: A preference for sexual partners of a specific gender. The common definition of "pedophilia" is: A preference for sexual partners of a specific age (prepubescent). Since age is not the same as gender, it follows that pedophilia is not a sexual orientation by ...


2

The best thing I can find is somebody's side project on experience sampling (the code is on github), so not sure if it's being maintained or anything, but it does appear to do exactly what you want.


2

Another paper that might be relevant is Vohs and Heatherton (2000). They examined self-regulation failure in a group of dieters and non-dieters. The idea behind their study was that dieters would have an increased incidence of self-regulation failure because they must consistently maintain self control around food. In one of the studies they had a low ...


2

Try to find following authors and researches: Fechner, S.S. Stevens and Weber. Those experiments are easily to reproduce... New psychophysic is melted with neuroscience in some way. a/ it is easy to reproduce if you don't have expensive equipment; b/ it shows how physics and psychology shows outer and inner world respectively ie. on physics side you can ...


2

Making Up The Mind by Chris Frith is fantastic for a casual introduction to general Psychology concepts. ( http://www.amazon.com/Making-Mind-Brain-Creates-Mental/dp/1405160225/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1386952875&sr=8-1&keywords=Making+Up+The+Mind ) I would also recommend Bonk! by Mary Roach if you're looking for an easy read to ease you into the ...


2

The "quote" seems not to be verbatim, at least not from Freud. Ferenczi (1910, p. 21) describes Freud's views of the unconscious with the words: "Das Unbewußte kann nichts als wünschen", sagt Freud. ["The unconscious can only wish," says Freud.] Others, like Kaplan (1917), von Geijerstam (1920), or Jung (see Nick's answer), have used similar phrases to ...


1

It is all about attention and reaction time: Information are coded in visual, aural and tactile channel. Here you have primer of visual coding. Visual coding could be signs or text. You have shorter time of reaction to primary colors (red yellow blue) and there is some kind of international standard which determine meaning of colors ( red-stop, green - ...


1

Deep breathing changes your posture. People with an upright, confident posture do feel higher levels of confidence. Side note: It's okay to sulk after defeat. Research also shows that people who slump down after defeat recover from negative feelings quicker than people who try to remain upright. But yes, adopting a more confident posture in general will ...



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