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There are many transformations between the light hitting your retina and your perception of the world. The signals from your retina initially travel through the visual pathways to reach your visual cortex, where visual information is processed. The representation of this visual information in your brain is also shaped by other brain activity representing ...


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It is not the case that the brain flips the retinal image, nor does it have to, nor are there any images in the brain like there are on the retina. It is just as meaningless to say that the retinal image is upside down in relation to the orientation of our perceptions. Richard L. Gregory gives a nice explanation: It is generally accepted that this does ...



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