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7

Table 1 of Fox and Rooney (2015) report this correlation between selfies posted on social networks and narcissim to be r = .19 in a sample of 800 U.S. men, (mean age = 29, SD = 6.5). I.e., the observed correlation was small in a general sense. But in the broader domain of personality-behaviour correlations, .19 is fairly moderate. Participants’ selfie ...


5

I don't think you can rule out that she really is suffering from headaches and dizziness. Just because the doctors can't find a physiological cause doesn't mean that there isn't one.


5

Depending on your definition of 'personality model' there are plenty to choose from. I don't have any good overview of similarities and differences, which are tests more than models, or which are really two names on the same model. Big 5/5 factor model. 5x6 axes. Tests include NEO-PI, MMPI-2, IPIP ++. Global 5. 5 axes BELBIN Emneagram/RHETI Hexaco ...


5

Far from being simply encoded in the genes, much of personality is a flexible and dynamic thing (Mischel & Shoda, 1995) that changes over the life span and is shaped by experience (Roberts, Walton, & Viechtbauer, 2006). Can Personality Be Changed? by Dweck After searching for related case studies, this is the closest I could find: "Deathman, age ...


4

What you are referring to is something called dissociative fugue. It is characterized as an official psychiatric disorder and dissociative disorder in the DSM-5, and its prevalence has been estimated at 0.2%, though it is much more common in connection with wars, accidents, and natural disasters. The disorder is characterized by reversible amnesia for all ...


4

Part of the very basic components of abnormal psychology suggests that any behaviour that could be dangerous to oneself or another individual could qualify for a diagnosis for mental illness. But, this is only when other factors are taken into account, for example the presence of dysfunctional behaviour that hinders appropriate functioning in society. (Comer,...


4

The MBTI can be considered to be subsumed by the Big5/Five-Factor Model. McCrae and Costa examined this back in the late 1980’s. First of all, they showed that the types do not interact in a statistically meaningful way indicating that there isn’t a reason to interpret four type categories (e.g., ESTJ vs INFP). The categories (e.g., extraversion vs ...


4

Despite quite of lot of research looking for personality correlates of hypnotisability no very clear links have been found. There is evidence of weak associations between hypnotisability and absorption (the capacity to direct a great deal of attention to a narrow range of stimuli, such as getting caught up in film or book) and also of associations between ...


4

That is a really interesting question. There are some studies that found that the emotional response is strong in one's native language compared to languages that are acquired later. For instance, a study by Harris and colleagues found that physiological arousal was stronger to swear words or childhood reprimands in the first language of the participants ...


3

There is research ongoing to correlate MBTI with quantitative, neurological data. Dario Nardi, for example, has found differences in EEG patterns between people of different types. Here is a PDF from him on the topic.


3

According to the empathy-altruism hypothesis, in some circumstances, people help because they genuinely care about the welfare of the other person and not because of any other personal goal i.e. avoid distress, social norm, Self-affirmation etc. The empathy-altruism hypothesis basically states that psychological altruism does exist and is evoked by the ...


3

One study found a slight correlation between physical activity and extraversion (r = 0.23), neuroticism (r = −0.11) and conscientiousness (r = 0.20), though the results were relatively inconclusive. Another study found that physically active individuals ranked slightly higher on all scales except for neuroticism. A third study found correlations between all ...


3

Neuroticism is more strongly associated with emotional stressors in the form of depression and anxiety than is extraversion. That being said, extraversion is negatively correlated with symptoms of depression, anxiety, and self-reported lifetime mental disorder, even after adjusting for gender, age, and education. It appears that depression is moderately ...


3

The main question here is "is there any scientific research into objective differences between people with MBTI types?" I suppose a second question is "does this research actually SHOW differences?". This is one aspect of the debate about the validity of MBTI, which is covered in other questions (e.g., this one). There is not as much research as you might ...


3

You might want to look at some decision making literature. A nice and easy to understand theory is the Drift Diffusion model. This model works with binary decisions, and argues that "evidence", an subconscious representation of it, for either one of the options is accumulated over time. The option that accumulates enough evidence, i.e. when it exceeds a ...


2

Like IQ, one's NFC is primarily judged by psychometric self-evaluation rather than behavior. The way in which we recognize NFC from a behavioral standpoint is to recognize the ways in which they seem to produce behaviors that a NFC psychometric test would evaluate. In other words, if you want to recognize high NFC in others, you might want to familiarize ...


2

Upon closer examination, it appears that Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria is a term that was coined by Dr. William Dodson to describe the phenomenon of rejection sensitivity in ADHD sufferers. It does not appear to be a 'valid' term, in the sense that there is no DSM definition. In fact, it seems that Dodson himself is the only one to have used the term. Dodson ...


2

It appears that there is little scientific backing for Jung's theories. As these theories were first suggested at the start of the 20th century they have had a considerable amount of time to receive scientific support. If they were accepted by scientists it therefore seems like they would have been widely used and cited by scholars in the interim period. ...


2

This seems to me the old nature versus nurture debate and there is no real answer to this. However, I highly doubt that it is personality (as an inherent trait of you - nature) that's the most important factor for personal success. The question is what shapes your personality. Family matters a lot, so building your personality over the right type of ...


2

So far found these 2 sources: The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: A Critical Review and Practical Guide: Book by Rowan Bayne (1997). Google-book link here (Sorry I don't have the book), check on page 24-26. Myers-Briggs and Four-Type Structure: A principal components and equimax study of the four dimensions of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Research by ...


2

Many personality measures are organised hierarchically where broad traits are defined as the combination of multiple narrow traits. Broad traits are often called domains and narrow traits are often called facets. Two influential examples are the NEO-PI and the HEXACO models of personality. For example, the NEO-PI has five broad traits and each broad trait ...


2

This is a typical example of the misrepresentation of scientific reseach in popular media. The orignal study concludes that "language effects on cognition are context-bound and transient, revealing unprecedented levels of malleability in human cognition". The word "personality" does not appear in the original paper. Nevertheless the Daily Mail comes to the ...


2

Both of my parents and I are multilingual. We come from Czech Republic and have learned multiple languages through our lives as we moved around. I have noticed, even within myself that I "feel" different speaking a European language compared to English. Not being able to go into the neurobiology of brain plasticity and change within when developing with ...


2

I'm posting a summary here (thanks to @DJ Sims for directing me to the paper of interest). Kepes and McDaniel (2015) re-analysed data from an existing meta-analysis. The existing meta-analysis had been examining various moderators of the relationship between big 5 personality and job performance. Kepes and McDaniel performed a range of sensitivity analyses. ...


1

I have not yet found HEXACO domain estimates. I've had a lock through the main articles listed as references on http://hexaco.org/references but they seem to focus more on internal structure. However, the HEXACO-PI is quite similar to the the NEO-PI in terms of number of items per domain and the general approach to trait measurement. Thus, I would expect ...


1

To quote my answer to another question: The IPIP website provides measures of the Big 5. The following table from Furnham (1996) summarises some correlations across a few studies between the NEO Big 5 and the MBTI. You can find a listing of some of the multi-construct measures including Big 5 measures on the ipip website. References Furnham, A....


1

There is a growing body of work around social emotional learning that states that factors such as, self-control, grit, and mindset can have a huge impact on long-term success. But, these are often coined character strengths, not personality. And as such, these strengths can be trained. The Marshmallow Tests may have given evidence that self-control ...



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