For questions about techniques to directly or indirectly image the structure, function/pharmacology of the brain.
Examples of techniques:
- functional MRI (1) (2) - detects blood oxygenation levels
- optical imaging, NIRS - based on wavelengths of light that are reflected
- structural MRI - uses the different rates of precession of atomic nuclei (which can vary based on the amount of water the tissue contains, in certain paradigms of MRI imaging)
- PET - detects gamma emitting tracers injected into the body
- CT scanning - can be used with contrast agents for brain imaging
For more information, see Neuroimaging.
Neuroimage is one of the more popular peer-reviewed journals in this area.