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2

I think what you may be after is the accessibility of people's attitudes. The idea is that people not only have different attitudes, but that they also differ whether these attitudes are on top of their minds (or how easy it is for them to retrieve them, when they are prompted to indicate an attitude). If an attitude is subjectively important or often ...


1

Short answer is that psychiatrists are medical doctors and (more often than not) medical researchers, and thus psychiatrists themselves often do not practice psychotherapy. Psychiatrists Psychiatrists are physicians, which means they have received a medical degree (M.D.) and have completed medical training, along with an additional four-year residency in ...


3

I fully agree to AliceD's thoughts. If you have a large sample, these problems might add a little noise, but won't make much of a difference (certainly not the cases 2, 3, and 5, because the psychological resolution of the scale is unlikely to be as precise as the millimeter measure suggests anyway). In addition: If you want to be sure not to introduce any ...


4

I am not an expert on these scales, but my 2-cents worth would be the following, which are simple work-arounds to include all the data: Fine as is; Take the middle of the thick line (the 'average'); Take the center of the circle (draw a cross in it, the intersection is the middle); Apparently "0" - no pain; Take the tip as the marker; Apparently "100". As ...


3

Primarily, a manipulation check is an indicator of the internal validity of an experiment. If the manipulation of your independent variable makes a statistically significant difference on the dependent variable, you have evidence for a causal effect of the manipulation. The manipulation check can give you more certainty that this effect is due to changes in ...


3

It depends on what you mean by manipulation check. Manipulation check to filter participants: A manipulation check is usually done to verify that some experimental manipulation has had some preliminary effect. For example, in one of my studies I asked people to answer a personality test (a) honestly, (b) as an ideal worker, and (c) as the worst possible ...


2

There actually is the same kind of controversy over depression. The French documentary Dépression, une épidémie mondiale nicely summarizes how a well-meant change in diagnostic criteria (from DSM-IV to DSM-5) backfired and the pharmacoceutical industry now use this to diagnose every sadness or exhaustion as depression with the intention to sell drugs and ...



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