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Apoptosis is the programmed death of a cell. This is not required for pruning of connections. During development, axons and dendrites of neurons undergo extensive lengthening, branching and also retraction. Simultaneous with this process, many many synapses are being constructed and deconstructed between axons and nearby dendrites. Also during adulthood, ...


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I think you can definately think of a concept without having the words to explain it, I do it all the time and it sucks, because I cant remember well, or explain to others what the thought was, but I do know it didn't have words because It would have said so much in such a succinct manner that it would be impossible to describe. Obviously you can think ...


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The following answer is based on my own experience learning music combined with general principles of cognitive psychology related to skill acquisition. I think that learning music would help a person recall a melody, a beat, and music in general. Formal training would be particularly helpful, but informal training would also often have a similar result. ...


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In many studies scientists claim that the early exposure to stress can cause a hippocampal remodeling (or atrophy) (Andersen & Teicher, 2004). The atrophy is a disbalance in the brainpart were one part is bigger than the other. The decreased hippocampus is also associated with a decrease in dendritic branching and neurogenesis. Neurogenesis is the ...


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There is a lot of information on 'dream recall' related to research on lucid dreaming. For some quick information, I would take a look at Wikibook's page on Lucid Dreaming/Dream Recall. I have tried some of these techniques, and I found that what has worked for me in the past was trying to write down everything I can as soon as I wake up lying in bed, ...


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Of course. You've differentiated the two already by describing two mutually exclusive processes. If you're looking for terminological differences that delineate theory along this distinction, it seems you're looking to distinguish perception from cognition as it exists and operates independently from the direct influence of sensation. Plenty of cognition ...


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This type of knowledge is known as "semantic memory"; a type of "declarative memory". We don't yet know where semantic memory is stored in the brain, although there is evidence that hippocampal and/or parahippocampal structures are required to store semantic memory. The fine details of exactly what a "memory" is in terms of neurobiology, where and how it is ...


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The original reference on this subject seems to be L.A. Strümpell, Die Natur und Entstehung der Träume (1877). You can read S. Freud comments and reference additions in The Interpretation of Dreams (1899), and especially the section "Why Dreams Are Forgotten After Waking".


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This is more appropriate as a comment but I don't have sufficient reputation at the moment. Jeromy Anglim's answer is excellent but I thought I'd mention that the term was missing the diacritic marks, or pronunciation symbols above the e and a: déjà vu. This viral video by vsauce is excellent and entertaining, so I thought it was worth mentioning: ...



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