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First off, a citation on the neurochemical effects of exercise beneficial to memory consolidation. Certain activities (post-study) that modulate neurotransmitter systems have generally been shown to affect how well the brain stores memories, such as caffeine consumption. Regarding the topic of your question, i.e. the effect of mental exercise on memory ...


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Loosely defined, analogy is the process by which "novel situations and problems can be understood in terms of familiar ones". By this definition, a number of cognitive scientists would and do say that analogy plays a role in acquiring just about any new concept - they would say that especially examples and learning by doing are means of refining one's ...


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Generally speaking, Kato's answer is good. I'd like to add that there is a fascinating way in which the brain understands other brains - also called mindreading or theory of mind (the basis for empathy). This process is heavily reliant on the sensory modalities. When you put yourself in someone else's shoes, your brain attempts to imagine their experiences ...



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