Hot answers tagged

8

Short answer Singing increases the duration of voiced intervals in stutterers. Background Singing is an example of one of the most effective methods to decrease stuttering* (Stager, 2003). It is a so-called fluency-increasing (FI) condition in stutterers and reduces stuttering by more than 90%. Some of the few, subtle acoustic differences between song and ...


6

Quite certainly this is the case (even if you learn all words from a dictionary), but this is more of a philosophical debate. It is unclear what you are after when referring to 'pessimistic', 'optimistic', or 'abstract' outcomes, but I can point you in the right direction in case you want to read up more on this subject. One concept that comes to mind from ...


4

Short answer: Probably not. Let's first keep in mind that very few split-brain patients have ever been studied. Add to this that inner speech is not a well studied area in general. As the resulting Venn diagram suggests, there is next to nothing known about inner speech in split-brain patients. Second, remember that one of the key reasons why inner ...


4

That is a really interesting question. There are some studies that found that the emotional response is strong in one's native language compared to languages that are acquired later. For instance, a study by Harris and colleagues found that physiological arousal was stronger to swear words or childhood reprimands in the first language of the participants ...


4

A study by Rainer et al. (2011) has shown that words are skipped and apparently filled in mentally quite often (in the order of 8 to 30% of times). Two important factors that increased skipping rates were the length of the word and the predictability of the word due to contextual constraints. Both cases apply on the word 'the', because it is short and ...


4

I think that this question is hard to answer because there is little known about the cerebellum, and few instances of people who have been born without one. There are only 10 known cases of complete cerebellar agenesis, which can hardly be considered a sample size. Broadly speaking, the cerebellum can be seen a 'fine tuning' device in the brain. It does not ...


3

Since this (excellent) question has been around for a while without any answer, I thought I'd give my two cents, like the help centre suggests. Other people may be able to expand on this and find appropriate sources, research, etc. I think we do this as a gesture of respect to the other person. We may fear that if we don't acknowledge them at all, it will ...


3

Much of what we perceive cannot be expressed by language. It's unspeakable. As a consequence, differences in interpretation are very common, especially when it involves complex abstract concepts or highly subjective emotional experiences. To quote Kim Krizan: Creation seems to come out of imperfection. It seems to come out of a striving and a ...


3

This is not quite your question, but it's the closest thing I know of. There's a significant amount of work suggesting that purely morphological attributes can shape conceptualization: looking at the impact of grammatical gender on the attributes assigned to the nouns that have a specific grammatical gender--that is, grammatically male nouns are rated ...


2

First some linguistic theory background. Noam Chomsky has hypothesized that language developed internally to facilitate certain aspects of human cognition. According to Chomsky's hypothesis, human ability to articulate language audibly for communication appeared much later. Chomsky claims that the rather sudden emergence of language as communication points ...


2

The answer would be no. To go along with the comments babies feel emotions however do not know words. As they grow adults help them organize their emotions for example a baby cries with frustration and anger because they may be hungry as you get older you have learned how to deal with that experience. As it is impossible to feel any emotion without having a ...


2

Both of my parents and I are multilingual. We come from Czech Republic and have learned multiple languages through our lives as we moved around. I have noticed, even within myself that I "feel" different speaking a European language compared to English. Not being able to go into the neurobiology of brain plasticity and change within when developing with ...


2

This is a typical example of the misrepresentation of scientific reseach in popular media. The orignal study concludes that "language effects on cognition are context-bound and transient, revealing unprecedented levels of malleability in human cognition". The word "personality" does not appear in the original paper. Nevertheless the Daily Mail comes to the ...


2

This is a hard question because there are probably many different (but not equally valid) answers. From my perspective (Barrett & Russell, 2015), there are a couple of things to think about. How often do you actually say "Oh!" when you are surprised? Your memory of these instances is likely unreliable, as you're depending on semantic memory about ...


2

Yes, there have been a number of studies on language development in children with congenital profound visual impairment (PVI) over the years. Selma Fraiberg first described differences in early development, specifically later emergence of personal pronouns compared to typically sighted children [1]. More recent studies found that the vocabulary development ...


2

From my knowledge. Children do make up words and sounds that feel similar to the ones they are intended to mean. However, as the child develops these pseudo-words begin to disappear. New temporary replacement words may form as they begin to understand that they are not using the correct words. However, developmentally a child should be speaking in full ...


1

What is Autism? Psychologists, psychoanalysts and neuroscientists all commonly apply a triune model of the brain : The Reptilian complex (aka “instinct” aka “the Id”) : where primitive subconscious emotions (such as sadness, anger, fear and happiness) reside and which is correlated to primitive neurochemical algorithms that measure one’s capacity to take ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible