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22

General thoughts on brain training: Lumosity is a commercial tool that aims to improve brain functioning. In general, I am sceptical of the potential for "brain training programs" to improve cognitive functioning in a generalised way (e.g., see this Nature discussion). Practice is powerful, but tends to be domain specific. So if you want to become skilled ...


16

Sounds like a form of Synesthesia, in particular it sounds like Number Form Synesthesia mixed with Grapheme-color Synesthesia: A number form is a mental map of numbers, which automatically and involuntarily appears whenever someone who experiences number-forms thinks of numbers. Number forms were first documented and named by Francis Galton in "The ...


14

This is a hot topic of debate, so my answer will be an incomplete one. There are actually two separate questions here. One is on language and the other one is on environment. Language: My answer is no; different languages do not limit the conceptual repository of human mind. The current ongoing debate is partially on the Pirahã language. Everett studied ...


14

The article The Threshold Theory Regarding Creativity and Intelligence: An Empirical Test with Gifted and Nongifted Children found results that do not support this "Threshold Theory" of creativity. Abstract: Results of divergent thinking tests (administered to 228 intermediate school students, of whom about 43 percent were gifted) and calculated ...


14

One relatively recent review on this topic is Rushton & Ankney (2009). They report that there have been a large number of studies with varying results: 28 studies, covering a total of 1,389 subjects, used brain imaging techniques to estimate the size of the brain. Correlations with general mental ability (GMA) ranged from 0.04 to 0.69, with an ...


14

In the general population there does seem to be a positive correlation between psychometrically measured intelligence and observer rated attractiveness (Kanazawa, 2011). The power of the relationship seems to be medium to low. Two possible explanations for this relationship are: Intelligence and physical attractiveness both depend on physical health; ...


13

As the other response noted, a lot of the answers will depend on how you define the terms. Here, I will use Legg & Hutter's (2007) definition of intelligence, where an agent is intelligent if it can achieve a large variety of goals in a large variety of environments. For instance, a chess-playing robot is great at achieving the goal of winning at chess ...


13

A large part is cultural, because, until recently, the people with the best education and most of the money have been men. Sexism kept women out of schools for a long time. It also kept pushing women into what were perceived to be more appropriate studies (nothing technical) when they were allowed into schools. Have a look at the sexism page at Wikipedia. ...


12

There are at least two problems with measuring high intelligence: (1) Any IQ test has a maximum difficulty. That means that all subjects above a certain intelligence answer all questions correctly and get the same maximum score. This is called the "ceiling effect". Now you might say, that we simply need to construct a test that is difficult enough for even ...


11

PEBL is a free open source programming language to help construct psychological experiments. A wiki and developer community provide some documentation and support. PEBL has a Psychological Test Battery of many common or simple psychological tests so you may be able to use it out of the box without constructing your own test. PEBL includes free versions of ...


10

This is a big topic, which I don't feel I can do justice to, but here are a few thoughts nonetheless. It's also important to see how resort to biological arguments could help to perpetuate such gender differences. Brain is not behaviour Brain differences are irrelevant if they do not manifest in behaviour. Thus, to show that size of structure of the brain ...


10

Short answer: construct a usable chair out of toothpicks. Now, I certainly can't do this, but I can verify your answer easily enough Long answer: Verification of answers is often a lot easier than producing answers. And thats not just anecdotal, there are computational and psychological reasons behind this fact. Computationally - complexity is different ...


9

This is not my area, but I did a little research and found a few things: Silverman (2000) has an interesting article discussing children who are gifted but also have a learning disability. The article makes a number of interesting points about how other skills are often developed in order to compensate for a given disability (e.g., like how people who are ...


9

Seattle Longitudinal Study: You might want to have a read about The Seattle Longitudinal Study of Adult Intelligence. There's a summary of the study on this website. To quote the website: The Seattle Longitudinal Study of Adult Intelligence has followed a group of more than 5000 people for well over four decades. The program began in 1956 and ...


9

A few quick points: There is a massive empirical literature that shows that fairly strong correlations are obtained between IQ and important real world outcomes, perhaps most notably educational and job performance, often in the r = .5 range (see here for a summary). Correlations with learning are complicated by what we mean by learning. In particular, if ...


8

I had a course which was about IQ; I never read an article about it, so I can't quote studies (I can look up the references if you like). There are indeed a lot of factors that can influence ones score on an IQ test. These are some transient factors that came to my mind: The setting: was the test taken at home, at school, at a totally unfamiliar place? ...


8

Depends which IQ test you use - individuals with ASDs show a typical "pattern" on the WAIS, which can cause it to appear like they have lower IQs. When tested with tests which aren't biased in this way, they appear to have the same IQ range as neurotypicals. The assumption that those with an ASD are cognitively impaired pervades both popular and scientific ...


8

Kramer et al 2008 is an excellent study of this question because it utilizes intervention, thus lending strength to the claim of causation, concluding that IQ was "significantly higher in the experimental group for both reading and writing". But is it the milk itself? Some argue that it's also the skin-to-skin contact, and the mother-child bonding. ...


8

Actually, standard IQ tests, such as Raven's matrices, tend to assess intelligence better if they are not timed. In this paper by Philip Vernon (1988) it was found that the g-factor extracted slightly more variance for the same test if the test was not timed than if it had a time limit. This means if you ask yourself: "What is this test measuring?", you can ...


8

The short answer: No, sex differences in professions is not a good basis for judging the intelligence of males and females. This question has already received flags to be closed. However, I think it should be left open particularly because it can be answered and I would like to address some of the assumptions and misconceptions in the question. First, I ...


7

In general, I'd hypothesise that "memory-training" programs will not lead to domain-general increases in fluid intelligence nor working memory. As general background, you might want to check out the literature on expert memory. Practice is very effective at improving performance on the practised task. Transfer is real and does exist, but it is often small ...


7

I have number Synesthesia, actually, and numbers do indeed appear as a specific pattern inside my head -- I have never not seen numbers this way, and have even drawn my number map for my own edification and to show people what I'm talking about when I try and explain my synaesthesia to them. Numbers are not individual digits to me; they are one huge ...


7

Great question. It really hits cognitive science in some tender spots, though. None of those terms you listed in the question have any sort of consensus within the field. The only one we are approaching an understanding of is probably emotion. Consciousness and free will are... tricky. I honestly don't believe there will ever be an agreed upon definition of ...


7

No. Different parts of the brain are responsible for different functions, and the brain would not spontaneously reorganize based only on a improved WM. Memory is a huge factor in intelligence, and improving WM would likely result in increased scores on intelligent tests, and in general is a good thing. References: Increased prefrontal and parietal ...


7

The conclusions drawn in Inoue & Matsuzawa's (2007) study, which seems to be available here, are suspect. First off, the sample sizes (6 chimp, 9 human subjects) are simply too small to draw good inferences about working memory, at least about human working memory, but as I imagine chimps are somewhat expensive subjects, c'est la vie. Secondly, and more ...


7

I just completed an extensive study (and corresponding lit review) of how people learn. I think you are running into the classic difference between expert and novice users. Experts vs Novices It has been demonstrated that the knowledge structures in experts are different than those in novices. In particular, experts' knowledge is far more structured, and ...


7

Literal IQ: In a literal sense, IQ is a standardised score derived from intelligence tests. Typically IQ is scaled to have a a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. In that sense, it is a normative score. For children, the norm is defined relative to other children of a similar age, for adults, it is defined relative to an adult population. IQ as g: ...


6

As I mentioned in my comment: IQ is a measurement that is believed to correlate with certain aspects of 'intelligence'. Executive function is "an umbrella term for cognitive processes such as planning, working memory, attention, problem solving, verbal reasoning, inhibition, mental flexibility, multi-tasking, initiation and monitoring of actions." The two ...


6

I think we should first clarify the difference between simple mathematical operators and a complete formal axiomatic system. I think it is very clear that exponentiation, square root or multiplication operations are taught. They represent a higher level cognitive ability than simple addition and subtraction. In the level of more innate abilities, we can ...


6

Paper IQ Test: EDIT: There is a list of printable tests including an IQ test at http://personality-testing.info/printable_tests.htm , it looks to be of standard internet IQ test quality... Here is a printable version of an IQ test developed on this website. It is no where near the quality of a professional IQ test but may be interesting and its ...



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