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Partial answer: Douglas Hofstadter has written quite a lot about this from a more philosophical approach. His style isn't for everyone, I think it's introduced well in this chapter ('Ant Fugue'). For more applied work from the same, you might look at Mitchell and Hofstadter's CopyCat model of analogies (described briefly here, as well as on wikipedia). ...


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This is quite a broad question, and the feasibility of any answer will depend on the time and resources available for performing a demonstration, assuming the objective isn't just to present a summary of existing research. A relatively simple principle to demonstrate in a risk management context would be the framing effect, whereby the emphasis on gain or ...


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This is pretty close to being a classic example of a framing effect (wikipedia), originally described in the literature by Tversky & Kahneman (1986). In essence, our subjective valuation of a choice or outcome isn't invariant, as economic theory says it should be, but instead is influenced by contextual effects, such as riskiness, and if the outcome is ...


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Grabner-Kräuter et al (2003) suggest that Lack of trust is one of the most frequently cited reasons for consumers not purchasing from Internet vendors. References Grabner-Kräuter, S., & Kaluscha, E. A. (2003). Empirical research in on-line trust: a review and critical assessment. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 58(6), 783-812. ...


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I am not sure I understand the refill example, and I do not have any empirical study in mind, but here is a classical fictitious example drawn from Mas-Collel, Winsthon and Green, Microeconomics, which might be relevant to your question. The example is slightly fetched but I think it's good to get the idea. Suppose you want to choose a color to paint your ...


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Yes and no. The Tversky and Kahneman work was done in the late 70s before the advent of modern media and social networking. In isolation without presure from grieving mothers events can so be analyzed and responded to proportionately but in today's world single events with large amount of emotionally charged coverage from those affected first hand stimulates ...



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