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6

A great overview of this topic is available in Chapter 6 of the book The Invisible Gorilla by Chabris & Simons. My answer is based, in large part, on their summary of the topic. The "Mozart Effect" was originally reported by Rauscher, Shaw, & Ky (1993). In the experiment, college students completed a set of typical IQ tests. Before taking the tests, ...


6

For a non-clinical sample in a study on paraphilic sexual interests, Dawson et al. (2016) report that Fisher’s exact test of proportions revealed that a significantly greater proportion of men reported arousal to activities related to voyeurism, fetishism, sadism, biastophilia, and urophilia compared with women (all ps < .05). A greater proportion of ...


6

Quite certainly this is the case (even if you learn all words from a dictionary), but this is more of a philosophical debate. It is unclear what you are after when referring to 'pessimistic', 'optimistic', or 'abstract' outcomes, but I can point you in the right direction in case you want to read up more on this subject. One concept that comes to mind from ...


5

A bit of background on me: I’m a clinical psychologist and have worked with many sexual disorders, ranging from paedophile, to gender identity disorder. I am however no expert in any of these, so my answer is based on my own clinical experience and reading of the literature. Most of my colleagues, and me, think that the general answer is: no – there is not ...


3

Much of what we perceive cannot be expressed by language. It's unspeakable. As a consequence, differences in interpretation are very common, especially when it involves complex abstract concepts or highly subjective emotional experiences. To quote Kim Krizan: Creation seems to come out of imperfection. It seems to come out of a striving and a ...


3

There are many reasons why people want to have children : Some want to have children because they hope it can save their declining marriage / relationship Some want to have children because they feel instinctively driven towards it Some want to have children because they feel they're supposed to Some want to have children because they feel they're missing "...


3

I am unsure if you mean, if the ability to lucid dream comes with age? or if the type or degree of lucidity within the dream is different depending on the individual? So I will aim for a ballpark answer. Lucid dreaming defined by a dream in which the dreamer is – while dreaming – aware that she/he is dreaming (Schredl & Erlacher, 2004). A variety of ...


3

Dynamical systems models is commonly used in the domain of perception and action. See Warren, 2006 for a comprehensive review. This work uses the mathematical formalism of dynamics and not just the metaphorical concepts. An exploration of the references of Warren's paper, as well as of papers that have cited it, will find many examples of dynamical models of ...


2

Having one or more fetishes is very widespread, and thus rather normal. The prevalence of fetishism is not known with certainty.[21] The majority of fetishists are male.[21] In a 2011 study, 30% of men reported fetishistic fantasies, and 24.5% had engaged in fetishistic acts. Of those reporting fantasies, 45% said the fetish was intensely ...


2

Yes, addition becomes procedural knowledge. Below is an extract from the book "Smart Thinking by Art Markman", that clearly explains the process : When you are learning to do addition, the two procedures you have for adding compete with each other. One of those procedures requires some effort. You start with the bigger number and then count up. ...


1

Although popular culture and public opinion may lead people to believe that self injury is either a phase or people seeking attention. The truth is that this behavior becomes an unhealthy coping mechanism for any number of unpleasant scenarios. The idea of distractionary coping mechanisms by themselves are not harmful, but self injury is specifically more ...


1

This may provide you with extra supplementary information regarding the notorious "10 Percent Myth". To respond to your statement regarding increasing brain capacity through am increase in knowledge: Synaptic Consolidation is the process by which items are transferred from short-term to long-term memory. Within the first minutes or hours after ...


1

Considering the classical discussion of nature versus nurture, we can assume here that part of the causality is nature (genes, epigenetics) and part is nurture (environment, upbringing). We are all born with a whole bunch of instincts, probably hundreds. Not all these instincts are in effect at a given time, and a baby of course is not going to be displaying ...


1

The work of Siegler in "The Perils of Averaging Data Over Strategies: An Example from Children's Addition", examines 5 different strategies associated with addition: Retrieval Where the answer was retrieved from memory Min Where the smallest addend was used for counting from the starting point of the largest addend Decomposition Where the complicated ...


1

Ok, so since it has been two years and no-one has answered, and this is indeed a very interesting question, here is my attempt to shed some light on it. Is there any difference in brain activity while doing something you love or doing something similar you don't like? Yes, without getting too deep into specifics - there certainly difference. Primarily ...



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