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Here is an excellent article on self awareness and associated phenomena. The author (his quote is linked in the original question) describes various forms of brain damage and psychiatric conditions and their impact on (self)awareness and perception of the world. He mentions mirror neurons on multiple occasions.


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People have a tendency to get distracted during mundane tasks that are not immediately rewarding. They counteract this by doing things that are immediately rewarding, such as answering a text, listening to music, or checking Facebook notifications. We tend to repeat behaviors that feed the pleasure center of our brain, and thus we learn associate certain ...


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"Trying to do two things at once is usually a recipe for doing both badly, according to a long line of research. We’re slower and less accurate when we try to juggle two things." Generally, it is thought that multi-tasking is just the brain rapidly shifting its focus from one matter to another instead of doing both (or several) things simultaneously. This ...


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Here is an article that seems to describe what you are looking for. The researchers sought to test factors that influence the performance of software engineers. To quote from the abstract: Goal difficulty has a negative relationship to performance but a positive relationship to effort. Because of this off-setting effect, the degree of goal difficulty has ...


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I think you're referring to Halo and Horns Effect by Edward Thorndike. It is a cognitive bias that causes you to allow one trait, either good (halo) or bad (horns), to overshadow other traits, behaviors, actions, or beliefs. If you perceive a celebrity, for example, as kind, approachable, and talented you might think that he has no flaws and be ...


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I believe it has to do with two main factors: 1) Emotional response to one of the topics Consider the case where a webpage or paragraph of text contains multiple topics. Each one with different emotional response from the reader: Topic 1: X____| Topic 2: XX___| Topic 3: X____| Topic 4: XXXXXXXXX Topic 5: XX___| Where the number of X's is how strong the ...


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There is another common expression: "You never get a second chance to make a first impression." The stability of first impressions is empirically sound: Once formed, first impressions tend to be stable. A review of the literature on the accuracy and impact of first impressions on rater-based assessments found that raters' first impressions are ...


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What you describe has some similarities with the primacy effect (but I take Arnon's point that the phrase as you describe seems to relate specifically to first impressions in person perception). There is a lot of memory research which relates the order of presentation of a set of stimuli to the degree of recall. The primacy effect is the name given for the ...


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Speaking as a musician and one-time music teacher, this is not just true of the voice. When an instrumentalist records and plays back a performance, it can be very disconcerting. This is especially true of beginners who often imagine they sound much better than they really do. I suspect that the action of performing somehow suppresses the ability to listen. ...


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Meditation has been proposed as being useful but there are warnings against it as well. Example Search for "meditation and schizophrenia" and you will find scholarly (and not so scholarly) articles on the subject. Here are two that turned up - I make no comments on their validity. Precipitation of acute psychotic episodes by intensive meditation in ...


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Metacognitive therapy has been proposed to improve disorganized thinking. Metacognition can be thought of as our ability to "think about thinking." Essentially, it's a person's ability to organize their thoughts into a coherent narrative, reflect on their thoughts and experiences, take the perspective of others, and make sense of the world. Individuals with ...



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