Tag Info

1

From David Myer's Psychology, 10th edition, Page 6, Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. To answer your actual question, here is what David has said in general that there are 3 levels on which Psychology can be viewed at differently. Following image lists them. Each level forms an independent yet dependent abstraction with ...

1

Consider two random variables $E$ and $F$ with the following states: $E$: $c$ - A cooperates, $\neg c$ - A defects $F$: $kc$ - A knows that B cooperated, $k\neg c$ - A knows that B defected PJ Corr claims that: $p(E=\neg c|F=k\neg c)>0.5$ $p(E=\neg c|F=kc)>0.5$ $p(E=\neg c)<0.5$ Then the application of the law of the total probability results ...

0

October 1, 2015 This new article on the unconscious cerebrocerebellar construction of working memory is free on the Internet. The article has a section on how scientific intuition and creativity are produced in working memory. Larry Vandervert, Ph.D. Article is free in the journal Cerebellum and Ataxias at this address: ...

1

I think you're confusing science with politics. The APA and other such professional organizations have not, to my knowledge, concluded that cognitive dissonance should be avoided or even minimized. I'm unaware of any evidence that suggests that cognitive dissonance directly causes distress or suffering. The position of psychology, as a science, is that ...

0

I will try to answer even if I'm not an expert, I hope who is willing to downvote will instead write his own better answer or improve this one. I've experienced cognitive dissonance many times. It's something very annoying and easy to understand. Imagine a guy which has a wife. He loves her but he has a strong neurotic need to change her. He intuits he ...

4

I think Daniel Kahneman calls this the Availability heuristic, a cognitive bias explaining the tendency to weigh more recent (more available) information as more pertinent when making beliefs, reasoning or drawing causal relations.

6

I think what you're talking about is worry and/or rumination, both of which describe a perseverative and repetitive thinking style (e.g., Watkins, 2008). Worry is future-oriented whereas rumination is past-oriented. We don't understand the mechanisms all that well at the level of analysis you're interested in, but I'll present some brain-level theories/data ...

1

You can also research Aaron Beck and his principles of thinking distortions. In evidence based cognitive thinking models for thought and behavior changes it describes what you are referring to as a common thinking distortion called lack of time perspective. It defines it by explaining that when this thinking distortion is being used by an individual they are ...

3

In the supplemental materials (Appendix A) of the meta-analysis by Hagger et al. (2010), you can find a comprehensive taxonomy of different methods that have been used to induce ego depletion. As the table summarizes a great variety of different paradigms, I will only list a few examples of methods and papers here. The references can be found in this ...

1

We do not know a lot about how dreams work yet. However, there are some theories out there. One theory of particular interest is that are dreams are a means of reverse learning. In 1983 Francis Crick of the Salk Institute in La Jolla, Calif., and Graeme Mitchison of the University of Cambridge in England proposed the idea of reverse learning. ...

5

There was a target article published in Brain and Behavioral Sciences on a theory of art appreciation (Bullott & Reber, 2013) that I read for some reason…but it looks like it will finally be relevant! According to this theory, one of the ways that you might come to appreciate art is through basic exposure, which involves perceptual exploration of the ...

1

As an Industrial/Organizational Psychologist practicing Human Factors in a large organization, I use scientific method to inform product and service design. Our dependent variables (effectiveness, efficiency, satisfaction, enjoyment, coolness) are measured across controlled experimental conditions. We practice stronger science than most physical scientists ...

1

when it comes to psychology it feels to me a bit like astrology, where there are some things that can work, but mostly because of auto-suggestion, or any other kind of suggestions, and things like the placebo (or even the nocebo) effect. So, I wonder if psychology is a science and why so many people rely on it. A key point is that your question seems to ...

0

Regarding schizophrenia and loss of IQ: I don't know how much we can say about the 'loss' of IQ in schizophrenia patients. If anything, it appears to me that a decrease in overall IQ is augmented by the cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia. This isn't to say that you can't increase your IQ with certain interventions, which I will touch on ...

3

Top-down knowledge is knowing what a target is. When detecting an object, the rate at which you can detect it (measured via reaction time, or 'RT') is partially dependent on how fast you can identify it based on its sensory features. Bottom-up knowledge is integrating recognition of the features, or the dimensions of an object, such as its color, ...

1

As the above poster mentioned, CBT is a recognition of unhelpful or destructive patterns of thinking. And thus, though it may be aided by a professional, it is largely 'performed' by means of the self. That being said, the utilization of CBT techniques without guidance from a trained professional may or may not be beneficial, depending on the person. ...

0

CBT involves recognizing unhelpful or destructive patterns of thinking and reacting, and then modifying or replacing these with more beneficial or helpful ones. Part of CBT teaches you to become aware of these unhelpful ways and use developed strategies to better assist in the situation. In short, you learn to use CBT techniques and can then apply them to ...

12

"Science" refers to a methodology for obtaining knowledge, and often to the knowledge itself as well. Science is often confused with another term "technology", that refers to the application of such knowledge for practical uses. Some people might incorrectly refer to "computers" and "cars" as examples of "science", when in fact they are examples of ...

3

SHORT ANSWER: There is no evidence that adopting personal routines leads to cognitive decline in the way that you have described in your post. There is some evidence that a propensity against personal routine can be representative of underlying creative potential. Given that creativity is highly linked to openness to experience on the Big 5 measure of ...

Top 50 recent answers are included