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Do you looking for this? The scientific publication explains concepts and essences of these thinkings. At first time, look at page 3. You will can see a psychology course which is interested in these - the Cognitive psychology.


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Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory? Short answer: No. A literature search of Google Scholar and Web of Science for "information metabolism" finds no empirical evidence to support the theory. Furthermore, it appears that the theory of information metabolism is virtually only embraced directly by the author, Kępiński, ...


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The neural substrates most involved in retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) appear to be the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex (DLPFC) and the ventrolateral pre-frontal cortex (VLPFC) (Bäuml, Pastötter and Hanslmayr, 2010). I will not pretend to one-up their concise summation of the evidence. The results are consistent ...


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Oh no attack of behavioralism vocabulary. But really people are not served well by this kind of grammar correction beyond the initial few session which introduce cognitive behavioural therapy. While you assume they are using your system of logic to translate the phrases from pathways in their brains they may not be. Associations with acts and feelings are ...


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You are right to suspect that cognitive control and executive function are essentially interchangeable, at least for most purposes. Among researchers in the area, I would say there is a slight difference, however. Cognitive control refers to the more abstract concept and affords researchers more degrees of freedom in defining what that means operationally ...


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A sorting task reveals information about the frontal lobe which is at the front and top of the brain. There are several cognitive impairments which directly affect sorting ability like ADD and ataxia (and other Fronto-Cerebellar Dissociation). Any neural pathway which flows through the frontal log is going to be affected durring the task of sorting with ...


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Moral Judgement: From Wikipedia: ... moral judgment ... is "the ability to reason correctly about what 'ought' to be done in a specific situation." Research on moral judgement was pioneered by Jean Piaget, summarized in his book "The Moral Judgment of the Child" (1932), in which he implies that moral development levels off in adolescence. Piaget ...


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Even among researchers there is widespread misunderstanding of core statistics ideas. Look at the work by Geoff Cumming. Example paper title: 'Researchers misunderstand confidence intervals and standard error bars.'


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The diseases and mental dysfunctions that have been studied are Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, ADHD, Substance Dependence and Schizophrenia (with and without tardive dyskenisia). I'll add more specific statistics (such as trials required to acquire first rule) and better references later. In the meantime, during my search I found this really ...


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It doesn't really make sense to talk about whether "short-term memory" or "working memory" decline first, so I think there is some confusion of terminology. It seems the reference comes from the second linked article, which colloquially suggests that 'short-term' face memory declines before working memory. In modern working memory research, the relationship ...


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No. This type of thinking is primarily why autism has become a spectrum of disorders. Sorting does not detect brain damage or irrational behaviour. Differentiating between damage and structural/functional difference is quite difficult. There are many disorders and differences which cause an inability to cope with changes. Some are purely psychological. When ...


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According to Wikipedia: As predicted by the acquired brain injury literature, early PET studies have shown the task involves significant activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. However, more recent fMRI studies have shown that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex together with the caudate nucleus may be the regions most important for the ...


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If you read between the lines of Evaluation of a Short-Form of the Berg Card Sorting Test, you can find that indeed the only rules tested are the simple colour, number and shape matching. This can be identified by either looking at the source code attached to the paper or looking at the sample result table.


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In brain damage/lesion studies, a double dissociation gives evidence that function A and B are, to some degree, implemented in different regions of the brain. In general, a double dissociation shows evidence that A and B are independent of each other. This is a different kind of claim than saying that function A is implemented in brain region X. For this ...


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(note: quotes are from useful comments on the question) "I think clinical psychology journals would be her best option either way. Without new data, comments from others about reviewing existing models and data are even more critical. Unfairly, scientists often don't like new theories or models being proposed by people without a scientific track record, ...


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No your favorite occupation is not cognitively better than any other persons favorite occupation. Its ability to help you maintain mentally healthy though is directly connected to you rather than it. SE may drive you crazy and no be a match for your personality or it might propel you into great mental health. It depends on you and your response conscious and ...


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Childhood experiences have a greater impact than events later on. It is cognitive structure forming time, with a still strong biological background. Also, the child might see itself as vulnerable, thus willing to form bonds with any protective thing that might appear (Giller, 1999): Chronic early trauma — starting when the individual’s personality is ...


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I'll give you an example of a famous mathematician who developed his mathematical research in isolation. Arguably If someone manages to achieve a high level of skill in solitude for such an extraordinary difficult discipline as mathematics I would deny the need to have a teacher (in any case) to master a skill which is less difficult than be an expert in ...


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Short answer is YES, at least for rats, who do have chemosensors in their brain and alter their liking of salty foods and foods containing certain amino acids. See this question and question on Biology.SE: Do humans have chemosensors for nutrients or chemicals? Do omnivore mammals vary food preferences based on dietary needs?


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I think this question may be better asked at biology.SE. I have to cite popular science press here, but nevertheless, clearly the answer seems to be: no. Scientific American: Peter Pressman of the Cedars Sinai Medical Center in Beverly Hills, Calif. and Roger Clemens of the University of Southern California School of Pharmacy explain. Food craving, ...


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The answer is more involved than it seems. Expertise research programmes, including Ericsson's line, has tended to blend quantitative and qualitative research methods (e.g., case studies, talk-aloud protocol, etc.), and there is a veritable host of critiques and qualifications that apply. For the scope of this answer, I will therefore try to err on the side ...


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There has been a lot of research into this topic in the recent years. My understanding is influenced by the following : 1. The Talent Code by Daniel Coyle. 2. Mastery by Robert Greene. 3. The Mundanity of Excellence.4. Why Skills trump Passion by Cal Newport. The best thing for you to do would be to read these for yourself. CHOOSE THE CHALLENGE : This ...


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Of course, if you try to learn a new language, you should start to learn the basics. Maybe it's good to buy a book for the topic. Structure the knowledge It's important to have an overview because you must know what you should learn. Maybe you can create a mindmap which is very effective. Look here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_map#Research Use the ...


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Cognitive Architectures The description most closely matches the concept of a cognitive architecture. Whereas I would say most empirical cognitive science focuses on isolating cognitive functions or behavioral substrates, cognitive architectures are relatively unique because they attempt to run bottom-up simulations of interdependent sets of cognitive ...



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