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Short answer: Behaviorism treats the human brain/mind like a black box whose internal processes cannot be known. As such, behaviorists claim that it only makes sense to study the association between a given stimulus and the behavioral output it produces. Cognitivists, on the other hand, examine internal mental processes (attention, executive control, ...


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There is no known specific process or part of the human brain which, when activated, causes the person to daydream, engage in fantasy or come up with ideas that are far from common reality. Instead, imagination is a broad-based activity which involves and overlaps with many brain regions and cognitive processes. The cognitive neuroscientific basis of ...


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To answer your question, you really have to specify what animal your talking about, some animals simply won't live long enough for learning to be an effective mechanism. If there are few predators, evolution will favour animals who are less vigilant about checking for potential predators generally, since this costs time (Google search vigilance behavioral ...


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Is association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing? Conditioning (both classical and operant), memory, and others mentioned in the question are considered examples (types) of association by associationism, a school of philosophy in psychology that suggests that all mental processes may be based on similar or proximal mental states. ...


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Behaviorism is the idea that psychology should be limited to what it can directly observe: behavior and the stimuli that drive behavior. A behaviorist approach to studying a psychological phenomenon would be based on studying observable behaviors and the observable things that cause those behaviors. Behaviorist explanations of the phenomenon would not rely ...


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I have cats. Whenever I let them out into the garden, the birds in the trees start chattering like crazy. Probably they are warning each other of these predators. When they're back in the house, the birds stop. Interestingly, they have no reaction to my dog. In this case, I guess the birds pass on the knowledge by warning each other whenever they see a ...


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"Contingent" means "dependent upon". See the first definition of http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/contingent?s=t The reason the second definition there (which is the one you are thinking of) has the same word is because if B is contingent on A, then B is not for sure going to happen. B will only happen if A does.


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It sounds like rational behaviour (i.e., it is not a cognitive bias). Monitoring generally creates a closer link between behaviour and social consequences (either rewards or punishments). A huge number of theories capture ideas about how the social context influences behaviour (e.g., social norms). In the work context, you could look at ideas around ...



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