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5

A google search for neural network library will return many relevant pages, with neural network libraries written in several programming languages. You could also look for tutorials on programming perceptrons which are among the most basic neural networks. This would teach you how to actually program the network from scratch, instead of using a pre-made ...


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Short answer: We don't know. Long answer: There are a few major lines of thinking on the subject currently. Cognitive closure: One common argument is that this question is simply not answerable - at least not by humans. By this view, it is possible that the creation of an artificial intelligence that even resembles humans sufficiently to suggest ...


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Very interesting question. Although I have not a single little bit of expertise in this area, I do have some references you may want to read. First is a paper by Merz and Fromherz (2005) where they grew snail neurons on a silicon chip. Pfister et al (2007) also tried to grow neurons to allow interfacing between neurons and machine (for neural prosthesis e.g.)...


2

I feel that the label of consciousness is merely a semantic distinction that belongs to the realm of philosophy, not neuropsychology. Like Noam Chomsky mentioned in one of his talks hosted by Lawrence Krauss - we could also ask ourselves whether animals (e.g. dogs) are conscious. I'm not exactly sure, he mentioned that birds are said to "fly" in Enlgish but ...


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Yes, there have been a number of studies on language development in children with congenital profound visual impairment (PVI) over the years. Selma Fraiberg first described differences in early development, specifically later emergence of personal pronouns compared to typically sighted children [1]. More recent studies found that the vocabulary development ...


1

This is actual a pretty old and often debated question. It is called "Lady Lovelace's Objection" and first appeared in Alan Turing's seminal paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence". Below is my response to the objection, as well as Alan Turing's response which I wrote for a philosophy course about a year ago. Perhaps it will be of interest to you? ...


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I find this detail a little confusing when we learn spike-timing-dependent plasticity for example. In the original spike timing dependent plasticity work by Bi and Poo (1998), the focus is best understood as on single spikes at a time. This is because their protocol was to provide repeated stimulations of both pre- and post-synaptic neurons, each ...


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Not sure I understand your question correctly. What is it you can't find anywhere? I would comment and ask for clarification, but that requires 50 rep which I don't have in this community. Just tell me if my reply doesn't answer your question and I'll update. There are two basic ways to describe neurons' firing. One is rate-based and the other is ...


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There are many advanced tutorials which would suit someone with a computer science background, but if you are interested in the connection between neural networks and psychology/cognitive science then these two volumes are very accessible and give enough details to start coding your own networks: Parallel Distributed Processing, Volume 1 Explorations in the ...


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Here is a free, entry-level e-book.


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Take this course at Udacity. From my experience the course quality there is high and will save you a great deal of research time. You can also try https://www.coursera.org/course/neuralnets. Usually courses are coursera are of a great quality. The bottom line is take a MOOC first.


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This question has perplexed me for quite a while now. The problem with declaring an artificially intelligent machine 'conscious' is the very definition of consciousness. A quick google search for the definition for 'consciousness' returns 'the state of being awake and aware of one's surroundings'. This definition in my opinion is too vague to be extendable ...



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