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Green and Lynn (2000) conducted a meta analysis of 59 experiments investigating the efficacy of hypnosis on smoking cessation. Their conclusions were: There is mixed, inconclusive evidence for whether hypnosis is any better than placebos. Hypnosis treatments were generally confounded with educational interventions and cognitive/behavioral interventions, ...


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Grønbæk and Nielsen (2007) conducted a randomized, controlled study of the Minnesota model for treating alcohol dependence in Denmark. 148 alcohol dependent individuals participated. The study reported a significant difference in alcohol abstinence between control and treatment groups when data was aggregated over the one-year period. However, by the end of ...


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First of all, the rat experience is not so relevant to a great extent to the question. Animals cant reason (they cant have their own belief system and plan for the future). However, there is some similarity with rats and humnans. Rats are social creatures too. It could be that loneliness causes bad feelings and a distraction technique could be the drugs to ...


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I'll try to roughly answer your question. It's not an easy one, and by no means does it have a narrow answer. Scientists have suggested, like you mentioned that stories show a lot about the basis of human thought So why do we like stories at all? From "The Storytelling Animal" (Jonathan Gottschall) “Some thinkers, following Darwin, argue that the ...



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