# All Questions

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### Has anyone done a thorough comparative review of psychotherapeutic approaches?

Have the efficacy of different psychotherapeutic approaches--e.g., ACT, CBT, DBT, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavioral--been compared? I'm sure each approach may be more or less effective depending ...
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### How to convince/condition a person to a specific behaviour (education)?

I'm working on a project that aims to teach programming novices. I want them to follow specific guidelines of programming and get accustomed to those (due to the fact that these are common 'best ...
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### What causes fetishes? Are they sexual disorders?

Why do people have fetishes, such as foot fetishes? How do such fetishes form? Are childhood incidents the main cause of fetishes? Are fetishes a sexual disorder?
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### Concrete methods for learning abstract concepts in computer programming

Specifically, I'm looking for any methods that have been applied (or can be applied) to learning concepts in computer programming (e.g., object-oriented programming, design patterns...). Additional ...
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### What disorder is the fighting man? [on hold]

I know a guy who has been in many fights especially during his younger days. He practiced martial arts for a while. He has anger out burst. He hits things and throws things at times. He curses during ...
54 views
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### Evidence-based best practices for writing a gratitude journal

I was intrigued to read (in the question "What positive writing exercises improve happiness?") the idea of a gratitude diary suggested as an intervention that "causes psychological well-being levels ...
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### Is it possible to quantify 'pettiness' in a personality?

Petty is a word that is pretty clearly defined: Not very important or serious Relating to things that are not very important or serious I'm interested in measuring the degree that someone ...
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### what is the proper term for a ladies man disorder? [on hold]

I know a guy who forms many intimate relationships with women when he is in a relationship with a woman he seeks her attention exclusively but he has difficulty forming non-intimate relationships. He ...
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### What is Attention Deficit Disorder on adults and how is it treated?

Attention deficit disorder often corrupt other people's thought on the person that has ADD. The person with ADD is very forgetful, and often get agitated easily. Moreover, people with ADD can to be ...
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### What kinds of maths to learn for understanding dynamical systems in cognitive science? [closed]

A current trend in cognitive science is to view the mind as a dynamical system (e.g., Continuity of Mind by Spivey, in which cognition is understood as a "continuous and often recurrent trajectory ...
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### What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
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### Is extreme empathy and compassion considered a disorder?

Can extreme empathy and compassion get to a point where it is considered a disorder? For example, if someone is so empathetic, when feeling someones pain it negatively affects their life to the same ...
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### How are inherited instincts related to deprivation states?

These terms have come up in reference to Gerrig and Zimbardo in the most recent edition of Psychology and Life. I was reading the book, and encountered the the following sentences. According to the ...
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### How has geometry been applied in cognitive science?

What areas of geometry are used in psychology/cognitive science/neuroscience? Are the applications of a sophisticated nature or superficial?
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### Does Andler's (2012) article on 'Mathematics in Cognitive Science' provide an accurate picture of mathematics in cognitive science?

Andler (2012) wrote: What role does mathematics play in cognitive science today, what role should mathematics play in cognitive science tomorrow? The cautious short answers are: to the factual ...
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### What is the possibility that research in neuroscience can lead to a new kind of mathematics?

The mathematics of astrophysics is far more complicated. That scientists say the brain is the most complex organ we know. So will mathematics evolve to tackle such complexity? Or does the required ...
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### Why is a lack of response to punishment in adults considered significant in diagnoses?

It seems that a lack of response to punishment is often considered useful in diagnosing conditions or symptoms. A good example of this may be in diagnosing psychopathy, in which a lack of response to ...
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### What triggers people to do competitive activities?

From my past I have seen some people who like to compete in games and try to be first(by games I mean all kind of games or hobbies such as video-games, sports etc. in which competition is included). I ...
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### Is there a difference between existential depression and endogenous depression?

This question What causes people to feel depressed without there being a problem? got me thinking about endogenous vs reactive depression and existential vs psychological depression. It could be ...
857 views

### What are the real life applications for Probability Learning?

Probability learning is a principle that states probability of a response tends to match the probability of the reinforcement. How does one achieve such rationality under uncertainty? What are ...
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### Psychology behind repeated viewing of certain pictures and songs

Often it happens that we like to frequently listen to a particular tune or song or view some pictures or images repeatedly time after time. What are the reasons and psychology behind this?
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### Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
586 views

### What is the psychology behind male pornographic actors having larger than average penises?

There is a question What does scientific research say about the relationship between penis size and attractiveness? This answer and this link give the statistics of penis size. Given these ...
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### Why does splitting attention between a primary task and another task appear to improve performance on the primary task?

I've been thinking about my performance at various tasks and where my focus is at during them and something's really got me confused. It makes sense that devoting all my focus to a task while I'm ...
17 views

### Inability to make decisions [on hold]

I have difficulty making decisions. Is there a medical term for this, and how to get it diagnosed? I can make small decisions with no problem (deciding what to wear, what to order in a restaurant, ...
21 views

### How to keep the mind clean of thoughts [on hold]

Since about two years ago I discovered some sort of way to keep my mind free of thought for enough time to avoid to think in something I didn't wanted to. It was pretty simple to do so, I only needed ...
139 views

### How does evolution help in Minsky's theory of a resourceful mind?

I've read Minsky's book The Emotion Machine, where he explains how the mind can be seen as a set of resources interacting and self-interacting based on several levels of change. The explanation is in ...
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### What introductory material is available linking complexity theory to cognitive science?

Does complexity theory speak to cognitive science? If yes, where can I find some material to explore that is suitable for undergraduate level understanding? In particular, is there any audio contennt ...
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### What personality traits moderate the effects of trauma on empathy?

Logically there are three ways trauma can affect a person's propensity for empathy. increase decrease no change What are the key personality traits that can be used as predictors of this outcome?
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### How effective is court imposed therapy?

People are frequently court ordered to some form of therapy, whether it be in the form of a course, group therapy or individual therapy. Some examples being; road rage, anger management, drunk ...
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### Can we change our personalities?

In psychology, a difference is made between personality attributes as a state or as a trait. For example, a usually outgoing and sociable person might find himself uncommonly shy in the presence of a ...
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### What is the neurobiological basis of Spearman general factor of intelligence?

I found here a brief intro to genetic factor of human intelligence: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1036362 Also there is known that gyrus hipocampii is basis of STM which have role in general ...
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### Diagram of the peripheral nervous system of different animals?

Can anyone recommend a good resource (free or paid) for finding detailed images of the nervous systems of various animals? In particular I am looking for images of the peripheral nervous system of ...
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### What happens neurobiologically when people “think fast”?

This question is related to this one: How long can a person stay happy, excited and motivated about something new? I found a couple of references to research that links "thinking fast" to mood lift: ...
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### How do humans perceive height or vertical drop?

I'm looking at this video: Neil Burgess: How your brain tells you where you are, which discusses neurons within the brain that help people remember where stuff is in relation to other objects. I'm ...
432 views

### What, if anything, sets humans apart from other species?

As I grew up, I was taught that the difference between humans and animals was that human being have free will and animals do not. The basis being animals will act accordingly to the nature of their ...
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### Are we to a point in research that we can correlate measurable phenomena with brain changes?

Given that Long Term Potentiation (LTP) is the process of improving synaptic efficacy. Given that within a lab, the strength and repetition of stimulus on the brain can be linked with the priming of ...
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### What is the neurological mechanism behind the feelings associated with loneliness?

Loneliness can be debilitating, and the feelings associated with it can be overwhelming, including feeling 'cold inside', sad, hopeless and even helpless. Many things can 'cause' loneliness', both ...
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### What are the neurological differences between varying types of love?

It stands to reason that the biochemical cascade involved when a person experiences love, gives a feeling of well-being and drive. Studies in neuroscience have involved chemicals that are present ...
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### Is association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols and Communication: At some point in human history, we developed communication. Our brains were able to understand that things stood for something else. For example, the sound we make when we ...
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### Can lucid dreaming detract from the recuperative effect of REM sleep?

Imagine you mastered lucid dreaming, so you have a lucid dream every night. You might want to use this phase to do creative work or problem solving. Would this have a negative influence on the ...
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### How much additional sleep is required to recover from a given number of hours of sleep deprivation?

A previous question dealt with whether it is possible to catch up on lost sleep. This question is a little different. Assume that a healthy adult has been deprived of sleep for "x" hours. How much ...
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### Why don't people read instructions?

Some people are very careless when reading instruction on a work task they've been given or in reading any other kind of text. They would skip some of the sentences, not get deep into other and ...
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### Human behaviour in one-shot perfect information games

Background A one-shot game is one where two participants have some set of actions $\{1, ... , n\}$, they make their decision on which option to take (without knowing the decision of their partner, or ...
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### Enhance recollection abilites

I hope this is a good way of asking this question. I am not generally the guy with the best memory out there, so I looked a bit into it and I am concluding my recollection phase is the weakest. It's ...
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### How can committing adultery cause pleasure?

I have read online people saying that adultery feels good. What could cause the act of committing adultery to produce positive feelings? Has there been any recent research into the psychology behind ...
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### What is the typical relationship between time and remembering details of events from the past?

When I try to recall details for the past few days, I can recall today's events well, yesterday's events less well, and when it comes to the day before, things start to be fuzzy and this is as fuzzy ...
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### How does the brain calculate velocity?

How does the human brain calculate velocities? For example, when crossing a road and seeing a car coming towards you, how does the brain actually compute the rough velocity of the vehicle and your own ...