2
votes
0answers
27 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
11
votes
2answers
309 views

Is there any Personality theory that uses scientific methodology instead of subjective interpretations?

Background I have come across a number of Personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
2
votes
0answers
8 views

What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on "Paper 1" and Cognitive Mapping ("Paper 2"), a cognitive map consists of nodes representing concepts and ties indicating relationship between the concepts. In Paper 1 section IV, the ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

What is the minimum angle off horizontal before a line visually appears inclined at first glance?

Here is a straight line, which visually looks like a straight line: At first look (lets say minimum 2–3 sec.) the line below looks straight, but after some time you can see that it is actually an ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's g factor, (assuming such are available)?

Following up on this question: What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's* g factor, (assuming such are available)? (*if a specific target individual is necessary to respond ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...
7
votes
0answers
75 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

Introvert's Ability in Reflection [on hold]

I don't know If my statement is correct but I will give a try. If you have a personality that is social introvert, is it true that a introvert personality has a disadvantage to reflect when you ...
3
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the source for the W3C's Contrast Ratio formula?

The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a formula for the contrast ratio of any two arbitrary colors, which they use to set minimum standards for text legibility: ...
11
votes
2answers
160 views

Can the Philosophy thought game “The experience machine” be answered by Positive Psychology?

In Philosophy, a thought game exists called "The experience machine" {1}. In summary, it's a machine you plug into that enables you to always experience positive events, and never negative ones. One ...
7
votes
1answer
311 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Can the neuronal firing rate be increased through medication/diet?

My rudimentary understanding of the neuronal firing rate is that it varies person to person, and neuron to neuron. So any specific number for a firing rate would be specific to the test subject and ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is there a term that describes the personality trait of always desiring more?

I see this kind of trait in some of the people who fear the commitment (in a marriage) since they don't want to have to renounce their vows when their feelings toward their spouses change. I see this ...
8
votes
1answer
95 views

What personality traits moderate the effects of trauma on empathy?

Logically there are three ways trauma can affect a person's propensity for empathy. increase decrease no change What are the key personality traits that can be used as predictors of this outcome?
1
vote
3answers
101 views

Why do scientists say brains are faster than computers?

Supposing that neurons function similarly to transistors: A neuron fires 200 times per second and transistors can be switched on and off more than 100,000,000,000 times per second. Let's say it fires ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there a limit to how many skills a person can master?

Given that the different parts of our brain are constantly competing for brain real estate and learning requires brain real estate, is it the case that we can only master x amount of skills due to the ...
-4
votes
0answers
19 views

Is this a correct representation of the DSM-5 Codes? [on hold]

(1) Question (2) Neurodevelopmental disorders .....(2.1) Intellectual disabilities .....(2.2) Communication disorders .....(2.3) Autism spectrum disorder .....(2.4) Attention deficit hyperactivity ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

What factors affect the g factor?

Is / are there any scientific studies on factors which affect the general intelligence (g) factor? I did a Google search, but could not find any academic papers on the topic.
-1
votes
0answers
40 views

What are the mental disorders associated with the Acknowledgement of Function and Dysfunction? [closed]

What are the mental disorders associated with the Acknowledgement of Function and Dysfunction? To understand better what I mean by this. The Air-Conditioner breaking, A bad score on a test, a relative ...
7
votes
4answers
189 views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

At what age are women perceived to be most attractive?

Someone once quoted a research at me: Men were shown photographs of female body parts and asked to judge the attractiveness. The result was that men (of all ages) found 14 year old females the most ...
10
votes
1answer
108 views

What kinds of information can (and cannot) be extracted from connectome?

Several scientific projects are trying to map the connectome, such as The Human Connectome Project. The connectomes of other organisms, such as C. elegans, have been mapped already. Having an ...
28
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the Myer Briggs Type indicator (MBTI) a reasonable scientific theory?

Background: MBTI stands for Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It's a theory that suggests that people can be divided into 16 types, based on the way they percieve and analyse information (whether they make ...
-2
votes
0answers
39 views

Do we really have free will? [closed]

Have you ever thought that humans cannot decide? I need your opinion; I think that we're just organic computers taking subconscious decisions, that our brain has learnt to recognize as good; I think ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views
+100

What makes some criminals glamorous to others?

Some murderers are glamorized by society while others labeled monsters. In both cases, they can commit the same terrible crimes and cause the same amounts of pain - yet one can be romanticized the ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Why can't people solve a riddle if you tell them irrelevant information?

Suppose you tell a riddle to your friend, e.g. a situation puzzle: A man walks into a bar, and asks the bartender for a drink of water. The bartender pulls out a gun, points it at the man, and ...
-3
votes
1answer
31 views

How to understand the other human being mentality, and also how to put an image/opinion of yourself on others? [closed]

I am looking for a practical science, psychology, where I can understand how human behaves. For example, how my colleagues will behave on a particular action done by me. I will quote an example here - ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Is there a formal name for “I'm right, don't try to challenge me” / “if you push against me I will be 100x more stubborn” personality trait?

Some persons gets really annoyed if we try to demonstrate our thesis to them or to put in light that they are behaving in a childish way. Dale Carnegie, in his most famous book: ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a name for a person who looks for a name for another person's supposed faults?

Every few days there is a new question here at Cognitive Sciences asking for a scientific term to describe a behavior that the inquirer finds fault with. Examples include: Is there a term for a ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

why self-hypnotise for focus

There's a book on self-hypnosis called "Instant Self-Hypnosis" that says: ...Slurring of words, intense focus, strong emotions or other signposts that you are hypnotized... Why then hypnotize ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

ADHD Symptoms Emerging in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Body Language: Why do we give each other the grumpy/frowning fake smile?

I've recently become aware of this - I kinda knew I was always doing it, but just now it got me self conscious and thinking about it: When crossing paths with a stranger, you are supposed to be ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

How does the body experience free-fall during a hypnic jerk

Today I learned that a sudden jerk that you sometimes experience when you are just about to fall asleep due to a sense of free-fall or weightlessness is called a hypnic jerk. If, while sleeping, I ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Psychology of brand names

Marketers use the fact that different letters are associated with different mental images and emotions when they create brand names. Studies show that letters and their combinations produce ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Can reading [self-help] books aid in therapeutic treatment of the Narcyssistic rationalization pattern?

I've dealt with a few people having a narcissistic personality trait / disorder. For me it's interesting to see the defense pattern they adopt through rationalization to defend their self-image and ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What do people who have phobia do to keep themselve at ease?

Specifically regarding people with fear of the unknown, how do they keep themselves at ease and rationalise their actions? This is not about the treatment, but about the actions motivated by fears ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Ignoring someone can be considered aggressive?

I'm referring to some narcissists that I know. To avoid suffering they developed a lack of need. The idea is to feel attracted only by who is very attracted by them; to being stronger inside the ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Hypnosis: Different inductions' - rapid and non-rapid

I have been learning about hypnosis, inductions etc. and I have heard how there is a spectrum of how able people are to be hypnotised. There are those who will go into trance at the drop of a hat, and ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality?

I am working on a project that looks at how information about one's health affects smoking decisions. I have an economic background, and not familiar with the psychology literature. So my questions ...
10
votes
1answer
206 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

Reference Request: Neurorobot [closed]

Are there some good textbooks or articles on neurorobot, either by the means of neuromorphic engineering or neuro inspired robotics ?
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What are the average raw scores, and standard deviations for the WAIS-IV subtests?

What are the average raw scores, and standard deviations for the WAIS-IV subtests (scores are normalized)? For example, the digit symbol task gives you 120 seconds to substitute as many digits for ...
18
votes
3answers
843 views

What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

How does hPES compare to the learning rates of ANNs?

The primary learning mechanism of artificial neural networks (ANN) is back-propagation, which is not biologically plausible. Trevor Berkolay created an alternative to this learning with the ...
5
votes
1answer
30 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
7
votes
3answers
339 views

What are the mathematical models of memory?

Are there mathematical models of memory in humans or animals? I want to know how neuroscientists use mathematics to describe memory in living creatures. How do neuroscientists model memory and show ...
11
votes
5answers
775 views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...

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