2
votes
1answer
19 views

What is the meaning of semantics to cognition?

I am new to the field of semantic knowledge representation and all I get information about the term semantics = meaning. Can somebody please explain to me what is semantics and how it is important in ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Is there a way to make oneself more sleepy?

Background motivation: Is there is a way to correct sleeping patterns to go to bed at least at midnight, not later than that? If I do not feel tired/sleepy enough, can I "prime" or "cheat" myself to ...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

I read that neural networks are of two types: a) Biological neural networks b) Artificial neural networks (or ANN) I read, "Neural Networks are models of biological neural structures," and the ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

I want to know that can childhood incidents that affect your mind for long term can be treated psychologically? [on hold]

I want to start with one of my childhood incident that is imprinted in my mind and remained a constant source of embarrassment and insult. I was 4 year old. One day I saw image of a woman dressed in ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What is the name of the condition where you feel like you have been somewhere before?

It happens many times when you visit a place you have never been before, you feel subconsciously you have been there already. And the events and people you are ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Why do we have so many wishes and desires?

Two years ago I started to learn (as self-education) evolution theory and neurobiology for to understand - who we are and where we came from? Now I see clearly that we are our brains, which are the ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

What are the neurobiological factors associated with intelligence in animals?

For example, is there a well-defined relationship between "number of neurons in the cortex" and some measure of "intelligence" in animals? I'm familiar with the encephalization quotient - that is, ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

What does Inter-Personal conflict means in clinical evaluation?

Bob suffers from depression and thinks he has dementia. He goes to see a Psychologist who conducts Rorschach test and gives the following evaluation: ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is it usually worthwhile to argue to try to convince someone?

I find from personal life experience that arguing with someone is hardly a good way to try to convince someone of something. You might end up getting whatever you'd like from the person you are trying ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

If neurochemicals cause emotions, what triggers the chemicals? [on hold]

I understand that some biologists have a very materialistic view of life, in the sense that everything that a living being does is a result of certain chemical reactions. If that is the case, then ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Is attraction between two people just physical, not neurological/psychological?

In the Richard Morgan's sci-fi debut Altered Carbon, the technology exists to separate a person's consciousness and put it into another body or "sleeve". The protagonist Takeshi Kovacs, is downloaded ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

How does the frequency of a visual stimulus affect the steady-state visually evoked potential?

I want to make a project for EEG signal processing, and in my research I found the concept of SSVEP, which means that if you have a stimulus with low frequency applied to the eye, the electrical ...
3
votes
1answer
15 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce sounds?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
7
votes
1answer
58 views

Why do long range axons in mammals travel in white matter tracts?

I am curious to know as to why long range, myelinated axons prefer to convene and form white matter tracts, rather than simply reach its target in an arbitrary fashion. Is there some kind of ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Is Clare W. Graves a credible author?

I stumbled upon the book "The never ending quest" by Clare W. Graves. It looks interesting to me, but I suspect that he is not as scientific as he pretends to be. Is this author's theory of hierarchy ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Do social networks cause psychological problems?

A lot of students are spending their valuable time on social networking sites, sometimes exceeding the student's limits. Does this behavior cause psychological problems? If so, what type of problems ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is there a formal name for “I'm right, don't try to challenge me” / “if you push against me I will be 100x more stubborn” personality trait?

Some persons gets really annoyed if we try to demonstrate our thesis to them or to put in light that they are behaving in a childish way. Dale Carnegie, in his most famous book: ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

What does living means for a piece of software?

In the attempt to create a software that live I came to the conclusion that in order to live the software must first be able to learn everything to survive. Which pushed me back to the question: what ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is Anyone Working on Problem Solving Learning Environments?

Prof. David H. Jonassen of the University of Missouri was a stalwart in designing problem solving learning environments in teaching learning situations. His books give good theoretical framework for ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...
12
votes
3answers
337 views

Are there any personality theories that use the scientific method?

Background I have come across a number of personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on: J. P. Carvalho, "On the Semantics and the Use of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Social Sciences" (WCCI, 2010 -- PDF) and Richard Dagan's web page Cognitive Mapping. A cognitive map consists of ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Name for the need to reply “you can’t fire me, I quit”

It’s a cliché in movies. The boss fires the employee, and they reply “you can’t fire me, because I quit”. Similarly, when in a romantic relationship, one person may decide to end it and the other ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

What is the minimum angle off horizontal before a line visually appears inclined at first glance?

Here is a straight line, which visually looks like a straight line: At first look (lets say minimum 2–3 sec.) the line below looks straight, but after some time you can see that it is actually an ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's g factor, (assuming such are available)?

Following up on this question: What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's* g factor, (assuming such are available)? (*if a specific target individual is necessary to respond ...
8
votes
0answers
94 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
-2
votes
0answers
25 views

Introvert's Ability in Reflection [closed]

I don't know If my statement is correct but I will give a try. If you have a personality that is social introvert, is it true that a introvert personality has a disadvantage to reflect when you ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

What is the source for the W3C's Contrast Ratio formula?

The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a formula for the contrast ratio of any two arbitrary colors, which they use to set minimum standards for text legibility: ...
11
votes
2answers
162 views

Can the Philosophy thought game “The experience machine” be answered by Positive Psychology?

In Philosophy, a thought game exists called "The experience machine" {1}. In summary, it's a machine you plug into that enables you to always experience positive events, and never negative ones. One ...
7
votes
1answer
318 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Can the neuronal firing rate be increased through medication/diet?

My rudimentary understanding of the neuronal firing rate is that it varies person to person, and neuron to neuron. So any specific number for a firing rate would be specific to the test subject and ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Is there a term that describes the personality trait of always desiring more?

I see this kind of trait in some of the people who fear the commitment (in a marriage) since they don't want to have to renounce their vows when their feelings toward their spouses change. I see this ...
8
votes
1answer
97 views

What personality traits moderate the effects of trauma on empathy?

Logically there are three ways trauma can affect a person's propensity for empathy. increase decrease no change What are the key personality traits that can be used as predictors of this outcome?
2
votes
3answers
116 views

Why do scientists say brains are faster than computers?

Supposing that neurons function similarly to transistors: A neuron fires 200 times per second and transistors can be switched on and off more than 100,000,000,000 times per second. Let's say it fires ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Is there a limit to how many skills a person can master?

Given that the different parts of our brain are constantly competing for brain real estate and learning requires brain real estate, is it the case that we can only master x amount of skills due to the ...
-4
votes
0answers
20 views

Is this a correct representation of the DSM-5 Codes? [closed]

(1) Question (2) Neurodevelopmental disorders .....(2.1) Intellectual disabilities .....(2.2) Communication disorders .....(2.3) Autism spectrum disorder .....(2.4) Attention deficit hyperactivity ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What factors affect the g factor?

Is / are there any scientific studies on factors which affect the general intelligence (g) factor? I did a Google search, but could not find any academic papers on the topic.
7
votes
4answers
193 views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

At what age are women perceived to be most attractive?

Someone once quoted a research at me: Men were shown photographs of female body parts and asked to judge the attractiveness. The result was that men (of all ages) found 14 year old females the most ...
10
votes
1answer
108 views

What kinds of information can (and cannot) be extracted from connectome?

Several scientific projects are trying to map the connectome, such as The Human Connectome Project. The connectomes of other organisms, such as C. elegans, have been mapped already. Having an ...
28
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the Myer Briggs Type indicator (MBTI) a reasonable scientific theory?

Background: MBTI stands for Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It's a theory that suggests that people can be divided into 16 types, based on the way they percieve and analyse information (whether they make ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

What makes some criminals glamorous to others?

Some murderers are glamorized by society while others labeled monsters. In both cases, they can commit the same terrible crimes and cause the same amounts of pain - yet one can be romanticized the ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Why can't people solve a riddle if you tell them irrelevant information?

Suppose you tell a riddle to your friend, e.g. a situation puzzle: A man walks into a bar, and asks the bartender for a drink of water. The bartender pulls out a gun, points it at the man, and ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a name for a person who looks for a name for another person's supposed faults?

Every few days there is a new question here at Cognitive Sciences asking for a scientific term to describe a behavior that the inquirer finds fault with. Examples include: Is there a term for a ...

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