# All Questions

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### Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
378 views

### Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
145 views

### Food sharing and mutual aid among the homeless

Since the time of Peter Kropotkin, it's been observed and theorized that cooperation and mutual aid are more common in austere environments. A classic biological example would be slime mold ...
202 views

### What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
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### PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
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### Phase locking value (PLV) between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$

I have been trying to calculate PLV using the hilbert transform (reference). To test if it even works or not, I calculated PLV between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$. i find that it drops to zero very quickly as ...
128 views

### Can SSRI make things worse in the long term or cause delayed depression?

I found two articles that mention that taking SSRI for depression can actually make the depression worse. "Now Antidepressant-Induced Chronic Depression Has a Name: Tardive Dysphoria" on Psychology ...
198 views

### What is the neurological basis of maintaining self discipline?

Self Discipline, as defined in this meagre Wikipedia article as being as the ability to motivate oneself in spite of a negative emotion This is partly distinct from self control and willpower ...
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### Can lucid dreaming detract from the recuperative effect of REM sleep?

Imagine you mastered lucid dreaming, so you have a lucid dream every night. You might want to use this phase to do creative work or problem solving. Would this have a negative influence on the ...
130 views

### How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
122 views

### Is Brain Sync music effective in increasing cognitive functioning?

From the website: BRAIN SYNC meditation CDs and guided imagery techniques are proven to significantly improve mental performance. In two decades, nearly 3 million Brain Sync users have ...
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### How does motivation and performance vary from day to day between mathematical and artistic activity?

Background: I've noticed that my performance in math class varies on a day-to-day basis, but I also tend to feel artistic on certain days (and enjoy playing songs on my guitar or writing poems). When ...
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### Any research showing success teaching with smell?

CogSci holds that smell is the sense that has the most strong/immediate capability to trigger memories. It is discussed, in awe. We see anecdotes such as the sudden striking memory of sitting in your ...
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### Can observing a composite photo of one's own face have an impact on own personality?

A while back I created an iPhone app that helps me create a composite like the one below. Can observing such a composite have an impact of attributing the qualities perceived in the composite to ...
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### Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
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### Which psychoactive drugs have the most buildup in the eye?

Many drugs can build up in the body and interfere with the curvature of the lens in the eye due to toxicity. Which psychoactive drugs tend to build up in the lens the most?
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### According to research what is the most optimal tapering method for coming off of antidepressants?

According to research what is the most optimal tapering method for coming off of antidepressants? Is there a general method for all antidepressants or is specific to classes, types and dose of ...
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### Is recall for an appropriately color coded string of symbols a good measure of level of synesthesia?

The Wiki page on Grapheme–color synesthesia says: ... one recent study has documented a case of synesthesia in which synesthetic associations could be traced back to colored refrigerator magnets. ...
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### Effect of mid-day sleep on mood and performance

Is there any clearly identifiable reason explaining why sleeping during the day (for longer than 30 minutes) could produce lowered mood, difficulty in concentrating, overall decreased cognitive ...
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### What causes someone to scapegoat?

What is the psychological mechanism which triggers scapegoating? What emotions cause someone to blame an individual for something which was a group effort? Like in a family when a certain child is ...
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### Looking for happines in marriage survey according to living/not living together before marriage

Do you know any research/survey results comparing how happy do people feel in marriage (after a few years) comparing marriages who lived together before marrying and living separately? There are many ...
181 views

### The propensity of sexuality to be a taboo subject

Social norms vary between cultures and have throughout history. In most societies, the expression of sexuality is demonised to a certain extent. This is apparent in the shame brought to people ...
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### What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
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### What creates the experience of “erasure” in visual perception?

When I was reading about object substitution masking, the author mentioned that sometimes we experience "erasure" of masked object. I sometimes have this kind of experience myself. It looks like the ...
56 views

### What are the neurobiological mechanisms behind clumsiness

Some people are inherently clumsy (including your's truly). Everything from frequently stubbing their toes to, as in my case 2 days ago, falling down a single step and managing to crack a rib and ...
39 views

### Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
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### Types or category of empathy

Is empathy has category or type? What are these? Example: recognizing the feeling of others over feeling the feeling of others.
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### What is attitude? What's the difference between attitudes and thoughts/habits/emotions?

Is it any different than life strategies? Are those processed differently in the brain? I know most emotions are processed by hormone. What about attitudes? What are positive attitude? Why are they ...
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### Research on the van Norden percept

What are the latest research and explanations concerning this auditory effect? I haven't managed to turn up much on the net, so just to check that I've named it correctly, my experience of it was ...
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### How to Achieve State of Extreme Focus?

Well, how can human mind be in a state where all thoughts are focused on one thing and there are no distractions. when you can feel out of your consciousness and nothing can stop you. please tell if ...
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### How do authority and power relate?

Source: Out of Office: John Lutz, By Laura Osborne, Aug 31 2012 3. My leadership style Authority isn’t based on power. It’s not something you have; it’s what you are. I'm unversed in ...
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### “Need” vs “Want” in psychology

In marketing the terms needs and wants are usually used to refer to different concepts. It is not clear to me what exactly they mean. In psychology what are the definitions for needs and wants? What ...
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### What is sleeplessness, and how is it different from being awake and being asleep?

I had a very bad night tonight. I went to bed extremely tired, but could not sleep. Unfinished business and other worries were circling in my mind. After what felt like maybe twenty minutes of tossing ...
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### What are the underlying mechanisms for optimal bias

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
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### Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others?

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? I mean, unconsciously adopting, not "consciously making fun of". ...
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### How does performance relative to others affect motivation and absolute performance?

Suppose someone is given performance feedback relative to others, for example via a ranking procedure like a leaderboard. Is it best for later performance and motivation to receive feedback showing ...
20 views

### What is the modern definition for problem solving?

Apart from Polya's definition of problem solving in 1981, "finding a way out of a difficulty, a way around an obstacle, attaining an aim that was not immediately attainable.", is there a better modern ...
38 views

### Does the brain reconstruct informations from modalities?

Are brains reconstructing the information that come into the modalities? For example if I see a chair, has my visual cortex built a chair and placed it where the lower layers reported the parts of ...
22 views

### average attention time and average attention compensation time

I'm currently looking for better study patterns and habits, i was wondering if there is any good source for statistics regarding average attention span and more specifically- what is the average ...
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### What is the brain mechanism that allows people to “speak in tongues”?

I know the "religious" claims about so called "speaking in tongues" and I am not disputing or arguing that explanation one way of the other. My question relates to the ability of most anyone to be ...
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### What is the thought process to solving anagrams à la Countdown

I'm wondering what the thought process behind solving anagrams is, as in, pulling words out of random letters, like in the game Countdown. I am never very good at this game, and I think it's because ...
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### How to analyse physiological measurements acquired by MP150 modules for auditory experiments?

I am seeking the best forums or web documents to search for examples on how to analyze data from physiological measurements acquired by a set of MP150 modules during a cognitive psychology experiment ...
579 views

### The effects of casual sex on men

There is a lot of research citing that men are more physically primed for sex than women. The following article discusses this difference and other differences of strength and vulnerabilities between ...
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### Can intuition exist without creativity?

Creativity is independent of intuition. For example there are ISFP's who are excellent artists and INFP's who are excellent writers. Both profession require the prson to be failry creative to excel. ...
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### What is the relationship between thinking in “inner voice” and coming up with new ideas?

I'm reading "Untethered Soul" book on spirituality, and the book begins with a chapter on "inner voice". The book provides a number of exaggerated examples of what the voice could be talking about at ...
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### Can CBT help with “self acceptance” and does it fall under “self esteem”

I need to think of a theme for therapy with a trained nurse. I was thinking "self acceptance" cos self esteem was one of the three groups of things that were offered. The suggestion was it would be ...
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### What is the mechanism behind “sleepwalking through life”?

I have strong interest in dreaming and sleep, and sleep related topics interest me. Over the years I've heard the phrase "sleep walking through life" on numerous occasions, and an internet search ...
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### Is Denial or “Ego Defence Mechanism” inherent in all minds?

In Dan Brown's latest novel, Inferno, one of the characters proclaims that denial is present in all human minds. Meaning, the brain just erases all conceivable threats that it can't handle or finds ...