All Questions

1answer
337 views

Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
1answer
203 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
1answer
86 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
1answer
102 views

Phase locking value (PLV) between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$

I have been trying to calculate PLV using the hilbert transform (reference). To test if it even works or not, I calculated PLV between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$. i find that it drops to zero very quickly as ...
1answer
134 views

Can SSRI make things worse in the long term or cause delayed depression?

I found two articles that mention that taking SSRI for depression can actually make the depression worse. "Now Antidepressant-Induced Chronic Depression Has a Name: Tardive Dysphoria" on Psychology ...
1answer
203 views

What is the neurological basis of maintaining self discipline?

Self Discipline, as defined in this meagre Wikipedia article as being as the ability to motivate oneself in spite of a negative emotion This is partly distinct from self control and willpower ...
1answer
172 views

Can lucid dreaming detract from the recuperative effect of REM sleep?

Imagine you mastered lucid dreaming, so you have a lucid dream every night. You might want to use this phase to do creative work or problem solving. Would this have a negative influence on the ...
1answer
130 views

How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
1answer
107 views

Is the logic of self-reported thoughts related to psychological disorders?

Depression seems to be a disruption in thought patterns. In particular, it is characterized by repetitive thoughts. Is it possible to characterize psychological diseases by looking at the logical ...
1answer
100 views

Is there any “predictive” component to positive/negative affect in Seasonal Affective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder?

I'm wondering if the human brain "predicts" how certain weeks of the year should feel? For example, a child who is going to school may have a more positive affect in anticipation of summer holidays, ...
1answer
93 views

What adjectives can be used to describe emotional intelligence competences?

After reading the book Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman, I'm having a difficult time comparing emotional intelligence (EQ) with Intelligence Quotient (IQ). When talking about someone's IQ we ...
1answer
52 views

Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
1answer
149 views

Is there evidence to suggest that music can trigger release of a particular kind of neurotransmitter?

I've recently listened to a podcast, "The music in your brain", in which Dr. Daniel Levitin suggests that: Soothing music can trigger release of oxytocin Sad music triggers release of prolactin An ...
1answer
103 views

Do widespread brain toxins explain violence rates?

Saw this: http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2013/01/lead-crime-link-gasoline Lead emissions from tailpipes rose steadily from the early '40s through the early '70s, nearly quadrupling over ...
1answer
59 views

Do depressed people think that they always thought in such a negative way?

I feel like I may have read or heard a finding that depressed people may get the delusion that they always used to think in such a negative way as has begun since getting depression. Is it so?
0answers
30 views

Would a patient benefit from continuing psychotherapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people which have experienced ...
0answers
16 views

Any research showing success teaching with smell?

CogSci holds that smell is the sense that has the most strong/immediate capability to trigger memories. It is discussed, in awe. We see anecdotes such as the sudden striking memory of sitting in your ...
0answers
676 views

Can observing a composite photo of one's own face have an impact on own personality?

A while back I created an iPhone app that helps me create a composite like the one below. Can observing such a composite have an impact of attributing the qualities perceived in the composite to ...
0answers
22 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
0answers
38 views

Which psychoactive drugs have the most buildup in the eye?

Many drugs can build up in the body and interfere with the curvature of the lens in the eye due to toxicity. Which psychoactive drugs tend to build up in the lens the most?
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13 views

According to research what is the most optimal tapering method for coming off of antidepressants?

According to research what is the most optimal tapering method for coming off of antidepressants? Is there a general method for all antidepressants or is specific to classes, types and dose of ...
0answers
21 views

Is recall for an appropriately color coded string of symbols a good measure of level of synesthesia?

The Wiki page on Grapheme–color synesthesia says: ... one recent study has documented a case of synesthesia in which synesthetic associations could be traced back to colored refrigerator magnets. ...
0answers
35 views

Effect of mid-day sleep on mood and performance

Is there any clearly identifiable reason explaining why sleeping during the day (for longer than 30 minutes) could produce lowered mood, difficulty in concentrating, overall decreased cognitive ...
0answers
47 views

What causes someone to scapegoat?

What is the psychological mechanism which triggers scapegoating? What emotions cause someone to blame an individual for something which was a group effort? Like in a family when a certain child is ...
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39 views

Looking for happines in marriage survey according to living/not living together before marriage

Do you know any research/survey results comparing how happy do people feel in marriage (after a few years) comparing marriages who lived together before marrying and living separately? There are many ...
0answers
184 views

The propensity of sexuality to be a taboo subject

Social norms vary between cultures and have throughout history. In most societies, the expression of sexuality is demonised to a certain extent. This is apparent in the shame brought to people ...
0answers
52 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
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51 views

What creates the experience of “erasure” in visual perception?

When I was reading about object substitution masking, the author mentioned that sometimes we experience "erasure" of masked object. I sometimes have this kind of experience myself. It looks like the ...
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56 views

What are the neurobiological mechanisms behind clumsiness

Some people are inherently clumsy (including your's truly). Everything from frequently stubbing their toes to, as in my case 2 days ago, falling down a single step and managing to crack a rib and ...
0answers
39 views

Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
0answers
3 views

Does any one know a validated scale for aptitude and attitude for learning another language?

I would like to know if there is a preferred/validated scale to measure/asses a student/person's attitude towards learning language X. So far I have only found the following Questionnaires: ...
0answers
6 views

Do “non-human” animal like cat, dog, bird or fish think about future while sleeping?

I don't think "non-human" animal like cat, dog, bird or fish think about future while sleeping. I think when sleeping, the "non-human" animal will feel rather think about anything. I think when ...
0answers
4 views

Spiritual interpretation of dreams vs. scientific interpretation of dreams

What is the spiritual interpretation of dreams and the scientific interpretation of dreams? How are they different? Please give evidence.
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12 views

What cognitive abilities show the largest B-W differences in variance?

Traditionally, employee selection tests focus on cognitive abilities such as reading, reasoning, and math. These have large Black-White (B-W) effect sizes (standardized mean score differences). The ...
0answers
10 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
0answers
26 views

Are humans always initially self-righteous?

Multiculturalism leads to different kinds of right and wrong as most norms and morals are not universal. I like Freud. He seemed to call incest and cannibalism anamatha universal but I find examples ...
0answers
19 views

Is it possible to design a visual and auditory oddball paradigm in Android?

I want to design an oddball paradigm to record event-related potential. Is it possible to design a visual and auditory oddball paradigm in "Android"?
0answers
34 views

Research on the van Norden percept

What are the latest research and explanations concerning this auditory effect? I haven't managed to turn up much on the net, so just to check that I've named it correctly, my experience of it was ...
0answers
15 views

How do authority and power relate?

Source: Out of Office: John Lutz, By Laura Osborne, Aug 31 2012 3. My leadership style Authority isn’t based on power. It’s not something you have; it’s what you are. I'm unversed in ...
0answers
47 views

“Need” vs “Want” in psychology

In marketing the terms needs and wants are usually used to refer to different concepts. It is not clear to me what exactly they mean. In psychology what are the definitions for needs and wants? What ...
0answers
10 views

What is sleeplessness, and how is it different from being awake and being asleep?

I had a very bad night tonight. I went to bed extremely tired, but could not sleep. Unfinished business and other worries were circling in my mind. After what felt like maybe twenty minutes of tossing ...
0answers
30 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimal bias

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
0answers
67 views

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others?

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? I mean, unconsciously adopting, not "consciously making fun of". ...
0answers
19 views

How does performance relative to others affect motivation and absolute performance?

Suppose someone is given performance feedback relative to others, for example via a ranking procedure like a leaderboard. Is it best for later performance and motivation to receive feedback showing ...
0answers
20 views

What is the modern definition for problem solving?

Apart from Polya's definition of problem solving in 1981, "finding a way out of a difficulty, a way around an obstacle, attaining an aim that was not immediately attainable.", is there a better modern ...
0answers
24 views

average attention time and average attention compensation time

I'm currently looking for better study patterns and habits, i was wondering if there is any good source for statistics regarding average attention span and more specifically- what is the average ...
0answers
21 views

What is the brain mechanism that allows people to “speak in tongues”?

I know the "religious" claims about so called "speaking in tongues" and I am not disputing or arguing that explanation one way of the other. My question relates to the ability of most anyone to be ...
0answers
32 views

How to analyse physiological measurements acquired by MP150 modules for auditory experiments?

I am seeking the best forums or web documents to search for examples on how to analyze data from physiological measurements acquired by a set of MP150 modules during a cognitive psychology experiment ...
0answers
593 views

The effects of casual sex on men

There is a lot of research citing that men are more physically primed for sex than women. The following article discusses this difference and other differences of strength and vulnerabilities between ...
0answers
9 views

What is the relationship between thinking in “inner voice” and coming up with new ideas?

I'm reading "Untethered Soul" book on spirituality, and the book begins with a chapter on "inner voice". The book provides a number of exaggerated examples of what the voice could be talking about at ...

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