7
votes
1answer
195 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
7
votes
1answer
216 views

Can SSRI make things worse in the long term or cause delayed depression?

I found two articles that mention that taking SSRI for depression can actually make the depression worse. "Now Antidepressant-Induced Chronic Depression Has a Name: Tardive Dysphoria" on Psychology ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Does correcting responses after feedback lead to better learning?

In a typical supervised learning experiment, one might present visual stimuli, e.g. faces, one after another and ask participants to classify each one into one of two categories, e.g. A and B. Usually ...
7
votes
1answer
186 views

Can lucid dreaming detract from the recuperative effect of REM sleep?

Imagine you mastered lucid dreaming, so you have a lucid dream every night. You might want to use this phase to do creative work or problem solving. Would this have a negative influence on the ...
6
votes
1answer
102 views

What are the consequences of prolonged cognitive dissonance?

We know that situations that induce cognitive dissonance cause a variety of interesting behaviors in humans. But do we know why relieving cognitive dissonance is such a powerful motivator? What ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

What adjectives can be used to describe emotional intelligence competences?

After reading the book Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman, I'm having a difficult time comparing emotional intelligence (EQ) with Intelligence Quotient (IQ). When talking about someone's IQ we ...
5
votes
1answer
55 views

Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Do depressed people think that they always thought in such a negative way?

I feel like I may have read or heard a finding that depressed people may get the delusion that they always used to think in such a negative way as has begun since getting depression. Is it so?
4
votes
1answer
278 views

Is it possible to become addicted to sleep deprivation?

Background: After staying awake for an entire night without sleeping medication, some individuals report feeling tired while others report feeling euphoric and at some point begin to hallucinate with ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Could ketosis be therapeutic for ADHD based on the neuro-energetic theory of attention?

I'm a complete neuroscience novice so please bear with me. One of the more interesting theories of the etiology of ADHD that I've read posits that the disorder may be one of neuroenergetics - the ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Why do people bite their nails even when they do not want to?

Why do people bite their nails? People seem to be doing it primarily while contemplating something, or during problem-solving tasks. They seem to understand it is a bad habit, and sometimes they seem ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Can short-term hunger influence anger?

We know that hunger, whether short-lived or prolonged, causes physiological changes in our bodies. These may have psychological effects too as brain functions are slowed down and can have an impact on ...
1
vote
1answer
9 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

What can clinical psychologists do that psychiatrists can't do?

From Yahoo Answers: For example, I know that psychiatrists can prescribe medicine and psychologists CAN'T, but are there any things that clinical psychologists are specialised in that ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Is being less emotional a bad thing for motivation?

We know that emotions increase motivation. The stronger feelings, the more motivated we get to do something about it. We know that humans differ a lot in how emotional we are. In theory that should ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How to compute weights and bias for a McCulloch-Pitts neuron?

I am trying to learn how to manipulate McCulloch-Pitts neurons in order to determine their weights and bias based off of inputs. In this example I have inputs: x, y, z ∈ {−1,1} The neuron's output ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Are humans biologically wired to lie?

Are humans biologically wired to lie? It seems that people create morals and decree that lying is bad. Yet everyone has lied before. Why is this?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Are Pareto charts identified in the cognitive sciences (and for willpower in particular)?

I'm a layman when it comes to the cognitive sciences. I've read some number of popular self-help books, but not any academic journals. I've noticed that many times a book suggests some techniques for ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Do studies exist that can map specimens of neocortex to the functions they perform(ed) in vivo?

Much brain research has proposed that the brain (the neocortex, esp.) is set up in areas - an area for faces, an area for language, etc.. The experiments typically go 1) damage an area 2) observe ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Is brain more active when you do something in dream or wake up?

If brain activity is measured using EEG, is the brain more active when sleeping and dreaming of doing something or doing the same thing when wake up? Of course, if you do exercise (eg. running) when ...
1
vote
0answers
139 views

“Need” vs “Want” in psychology

In marketing the terms needs and wants are usually used to refer to different concepts. It is not clear to me what exactly they mean. In psychology what are the definitions for needs and wants? What ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Can incubation be performed, while, at the same time, being focussed on a problem?

Is it possible to perform incubation as well as consciously think about a problem at the same time, in effect multitasking, in order to learn something, without having to stop and take a break, ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Brain areas active while learning hierarchical structure of a problem

There are multiple examples in the machine learning literature of trying to learn the hierarchical structure of a reinforcement learning problem, however have there been any papers tying this learning ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Research into relation between constructed language choices and measurable cognitive skills

From my own anecdotal evidence: Two individuals with similar linguistic background, age, education, overall IQ, etc. prefer markedly different programming language styles: one individual prefers ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What is the modern definition for problem solving?

Apart from Polya's definition of problem solving in 1981, "finding a way out of a difficulty, a way around an obstacle, attaining an aim that was not immediately attainable.", is there a better modern ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

“All lay loads on a willing horse”

Is there any research on an effect described in the proverb in the title, i.e. when people who work well are requested to work even more, while weak workers are usually left without attention?
1
vote
0answers
883 views

Can observing a composite photo of one's own face have an impact on own personality?

A while back I created an iPhone app that helps me create a composite like the one below. Can observing such a composite have an impact of attributing the qualities perceived in the composite to ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Effect of mid-day sleep on mood and performance

Is there any clearly identifiable reason explaining why sleeping during the day (for longer than 30 minutes) could produce lowered mood, difficulty in concentrating, overall decreased cognitive ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

What creates the experience of “erasure” in visual perception?

When I was reading about object substitution masking, the author mentioned that sometimes we experience "erasure" of masked object. I sometimes have this kind of experience myself. It looks like the ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

What are the neurobiological mechanisms behind clumsiness

Some people are inherently clumsy (including your's truly). Everything from frequently stubbing their toes to, as in my case 2 days ago, falling down a single step and managing to crack a rib and ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Psychology of the “Mars One” expedition

For those who do not know: the Mars One expedition is a privately funded one way trip to mars consisting of a crew of 4, expanding the crew by 4 every two years(if everything goes as planned). From ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Are there scientific proved alternatives to NLP?

I am looking for a method or an algorithm that learn the computer clustering the sentences, for example : "He suffers from broken leg and bleeding nose." The output should be like : He =>broken leg, ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is Nietzsche morality has any scientific basis?

Nietzsche believes that people either have master morality or slave morality. The master thinks wealth is good. The slave thinks that anything that allows the master to achieve wealth is evil. A ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Could hysteria make people develop true symptoms of some disease without actually being sick of that disease?

There is an episode in Dr. House series in which there is a passager on board of an airplane and he starts to contract some symptoms and Cuddy tells him that it's meningococcal disease. Later in the ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Bias regarding the decline in performance over time of participants

Is there a certain response bias that explains the following order effect? Participants X indicated higher levels of physical activity during the times they were triggered (i.e. in the first 5 days) ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How does a person's personal belief of a meaning in life affect his\her life?

Some people believe their life has some "higher purpose". Some believe they must obey certain morals to secure a descent after-life. Some believe there is no after-life and that life is just a random, ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Moral Foundations Theory and trigger word combinations

Moral foundations theory splits morality into six categories. In his book, The Righteous Mind, Haidt mentioned that looking at church sermons of southern baptist vs less conservative christian Church ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Can visual skills and short term memory be improved with practice?

I'm a mathematician and I've recently tried to solve more problems just using my mind. This requires visual and short memory skill. So my question is, will my ability improve with practice or is the ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Where to find Social Problem-Solving Inventory–Revised Items List

I am doing my research in CBT and want to take some scoring. So I need to get SPSI-R complete kit, that will help me proceed my ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Feeling and not feeling “stress”

It often happens that two people are subjected to the same amount of "stress", but one feels the "pressure" less than the other. Is there any psychological research to understand why and how that ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Gratitude and Affection

If a person X has gratitude towards person Y, will that cause bias of affection for X towards Y ? Can there be a case that X tend to be more affectionate to a person Z to whom X has less gratitude ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

What behavior is proved to correlate with self-consciousness?

The Big5 facet N4 (Self-consciousness) supposedly covers traits like being socially (un)comfortable and thick-skinned or sensitive. Which scientific reports can tell me more about attitudes or ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

What behavior correlates with Big5 facet A6?

The Big5 facet A 6 is called Tender-Mindedness. What behavior is proved to correlate with this facet? (I'm looking for links to scientific reports)
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Which Big5 facet includes enjoyment of cooperation?

Which Big5 facet covers a will to cooperate even when it is not needed, and a preference to cooperate rather than compete? (I'm looking for links to scientific reports)
0
votes
0answers
9 views

How much does the Big5 facet A2 correlate with honesty?

I'm looking for the actual, numerical correlation between honesty and Big5 A2 (Straightforwardness) Which studies can tell me about this? (I'm looking for links to scientific reports)
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Jung (and MBTI): where did the idea of tertiary and inferior functions came from?

Four Jung's functions are used in MBTI to describe personality: primary, auxiliary, tertiary and inferior. General question: why this structure? Details: primary and auxiliary functions are enough ...

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