5
votes
3answers
52 views

When using APA style citations, is it acceptable to have page numbers for everything?

I am taking a psychology class. The professor wants us to use APA format for citations. I have read that if I am not quoting material directly, then the page numbers are not required. However, I ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Evolution of laughter

In one of his books (cannot recall title now) Konrad Lorentz (ethology study) describes the phenomenon of the appearance of a friendly smile as a spontaneous inversion of a warning grin. He does not ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance?

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance? If some were to, for example, wake up one morning at 12:30PM, would a sleeping pill help obtain better sleep required for that performance the ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Does social interaction increase intelligence?

Unless I am mistaken, I recall hearing an English teacher say that social interaction can increase IQ, but I found no sources discussing this when I searched on Google and Google Scholar for it. So, ...
6
votes
1answer
178 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
4
votes
0answers
24 views

How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Questionnaire regarding the motivation to be physically active

Does anyone know a questionnaire regarding the motivation to be physically active? That is, the motivation to move more (i.e. walk, cycle, run) and sit less on a daily basis.
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Is movement/activity level related to serotonin availability or reuptake rates in the brain?

I'm aware of this research article that explores the relationship between motion and serotonin systems: 5-HT and motor control: a hypothesis. Based on the article above, it seems to me that a "very ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

How can we realize when a sociological question is impossible to answer?

In my language there is a famous common sense statement which tells the populations are swinging back and forth from one extreme to the other. The idea behind is that, at a sociological level, the ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Ability to learn math and age of children

Is age of children strongly related to ability to learn various mathematical topics (e.g., percentages, common fractions)? I ask because many students in the elementary grades struggle with math ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Where can I find stimuli for steady-state visually-evoked potentials?

I am a student working on a project which deals with Steady State Visually-Evoked Potentials (SSVEP) Stimuator. Does anybody know where can I find stimuli (checkerboard or single graphic) as a video ...
6
votes
1answer
97 views

Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Is it possible to improve interoceptive awareness/accuracy? If so, how?

For those unfamiliar, interoceptive awareness/accuracy involves awareness of, and sensitivity to, internal physiological sensations ("My heart is beating fast"). Interoceptive information is ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Name of cognitive bias when you diminish one's competency based on someone else's for the same function?

Let's say you have a REALLY good manager, and he leaves. So you tend to underestimate/judge the next manager's competencies because the previous one was really good. How you call the cognitive bias ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Measuring attitude towards learning another language?

Does a validated scale to asses a person's attitude towards learning a new language exist? So far I have only found the following questionnaires: Language Learning Attitudes Questionnaire ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Spiritual interpretation of dreams vs. scientific interpretation of dreams [duplicate]

What is the spiritual interpretation of dreams and the scientific interpretation of dreams? How are they different? Please give evidence.
5
votes
0answers
16 views

What is “Predictive Reverse Engineering” and how can it be used for understanding brain structure?

Here is a quotation from the paper Markram et al., Introducing the Human Brain Project : New informatics and modeling approaches are making it possible to reverse engineer the detailed structure ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Does any theory explain the tendency for toddlers to desire objects held by other toddlers?

Very often, I observe that a toddler A who currently focuses their attention on a specific toy or activity becomes distracted if another toddler ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

What cognitive abilities show the smallest B-W differences in mean scores? [closed]

Traditionally, employee selection tests focus on cognitive abilities such as reading, reasoning, and math. These have large Black-White (B-W) effect sizes (standardized mean score differences). The ...
7
votes
2answers
179 views

How should results from linear mixed models (LMMs) be reported?

Are there any official APA guidelines for reporting linear mixed model results? Can I take an approach similar to what would be done with an ANOVA (i.e., report the p-value, standard error and .95-CI ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

How does the brain break down visual information for processing? What “channels” is visual input broken into?

Some time ago I remember reading about how the human brain breaks down visual information into a number of individual "channels". For example, one channel might focus on edges and lines, another ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

How to obtain well-written demographic items?

I've noticed over the years supervising student projects that it is actually surprisingly difficult to write good demographic items. Specifically, I'm thinking about questions related to gender, age, ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

What's the difference between executive functions and cognitive control?

I suspect that the difference between these terms may vary from researcher to researcher, since the wikipedia page treats them as synonymous. What's the difference between executive functioning and ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Spreading Activation Theory

Two questions, (im trying to get my head around this area of study, my assignment is on neurophysiological differences of t/f memory not theories, but reading up on the topic has had me thinking and I ...
8
votes
2answers
909 views

Does high IQ correlate with good social skills?

Are people with a high IQ more likely to have good social abilities? Are they more likely to be popular? Wikipedia lists that IQ helps with school performance, job performance and income. It's ...
6
votes
2answers
117 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Conscious basis for gender identification

What conscious experiences lead a transgender person to identify with the opposite sex? Physiology is clearly not determining. Sexual orientation is not determining (homosexuality). Clothing ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Brain Theory and Paradigm

In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

Why can't subjective utilities take probabilities into account?

If my understanding of expected utility theory is correct, it is rational for a decision maker to have subjective utilities for objective consequences. For example, it can be rational for a ...
7
votes
1answer
132 views

Evidence of 'virtually limitless' long-term memory

In his paper, 'What do People believe about Memory?', Professor Svein Magnussen of University of Oslo claims: ... memory science is not aware of any limitation on the amount of information the ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

Why is empathy not a part of the Big 5 personality traits?

I have looked at the big 5 personality traits, and they include 5 basic factors: openness, extraversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and agreeableness. Why is empathy not on the list?
3
votes
1answer
285 views

How does the brain physically get tired?

When engaging in physical work-outs, people often research how regular muscles store energy, how to eat and exercise cleverly so that the exercises actually make them stronger and more healthy instead ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

image of eyes to brain [duplicate]

If the eyes image is upside down before brain processes it, then do that mean an alzeiheimers patient in end stage see images upside down at all time because of a deteriorating brain?
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Does Spaun's serial memory exhibit proactive interference and serial searching

Xuan Choo recentely created a model of serial working memory for Spaun. Does this model of working memory exhibit the effects of proactive interference (as well as changing data types yielding freedom ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Does short-term memory decrease after working memory, or does it decrease before working memory?

I see contradicting claims. This book shows working memory peaking in 20s, short term memory peaking out later (not doing badly until one's 40s), but this paper shows STM peaking out earlier than ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

How to know whether a methodological technique is quantitative or qualitative?

How do you classify NASA TLX, ANOVA, Matched Pair T-Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and System Usability Scale? Are these types of data analysis considered quantitative or qualitative? Please answer ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

What is the equivalent of a Hamming network in the NEF?

After doing a bit of research, I'm somewhat convinced that Hamming networks are networks that classify, but only put out a single result, as opposed to other networks which output multiple results. In ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

What is the situation called where a strong party uses logical reasoning based on a flawed foundation?

I am interested in the situation where two parties (people or organisations) differ in their commitment to exert power where party has more commitment to exert power than the other. The two parties ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

What kind of Psychometric test is this

I’ve taken this exam as a requirement for a job. Unfortunately, I forgot what the exam was called. All I can remember is that the exam has 100 items grouped into five or four. Each group of five or ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Should psychological checks be as frequent as physical checks to evaluate a patient's condition? [duplicate]

Are there differences between psychological and physical attributes that could justify the lack of these periodic tests in psychology?
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Studies on games where optimal play involves losing for counterfactual gain

Apologies for not knowing the nomenclature; I'll try to describe what I mean. The optimal strategies for some imperfect information games involve purposefully doing badly in some cases, so that ...

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