3
votes
1answer
390 views

What is the correlation between feeling superior and well-being?

I have noticed in myself and others, when people perceive themselves as "better off" than the majority of others (e.g., smarter, better looking, higher social status, better brain function, more ...
3
votes
1answer
259 views

How far can we train mental calculation?

Mental calculators are people with a prodigious ability in some area of mental calculation, such as multiplying large numbers or factoring large numbers. Unfortunately I forgot where I heard it, but ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Can fMRI and EEG signals be generated from NEF models?

The basic function of the NEF is to map the outside world onto neurons, using the firing rates of the neurons. It also supports various neuron models. Have these firing rates been used to create EEG ...
3
votes
4answers
167 views

Denial of evidence and reason [duplicate]

Some people form a belief and become absolutely resistant to any contrary evidence or reasoning. Even in the face of overwhelming evidence, these people stick to their beliefs. I'm pretty sure this is ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Is there a term that describes the personality trait of always desiring more?

I see this kind of trait in some of the people who fear the commitment (in a marriage) since they don't want to have to renounce their vows when their feelings toward their spouses change. I see this ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Is there a term for enjoying or liking the feeling of guilt

Obviously not sociopathy - or anything like that. I just wondered if there was a term for enjoying the sensations of guilt :) EDIT can you go on - and say something about the differences between ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Are partially forgotten memories still in your brain?

I have read articles such as... http://www.wired.com/2009/09/forgottenmemories/ and they say forgotten memories are still stored in your brain. What about partially remembered memories. For ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

Why do soldiers seldom “fight to the death” even if they are going to be killed anyway?

At the siege of Masada, a group of heavily outnumbered Jewish soldiers elected to commit suicide en masse, rather than to be captured by the besieging Romans, who would probably have committed them to ...
2
votes
1answer
416 views

What is the scientific term or concept for inner thought control? [closed]

Usually when a thought arises, it seems that we quickly scurry after it, unconsciously getting caught up with whatever everyday thoughts come up. These can be invoked internally or externally. (No ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

Possibility of perfect virtual reality [closed]

Is it biologically possible to build a "perfect" virtual reality, in which the person in that world cannot distinguish it from the real world? (e.g. as in the movie The Matrix) From my knowledge (...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Bringing dreams to conscious awareness [closed]

Background: All of us have dreams at night, and I believe that all of us wonder how a dream of a lapse of seconds could convince our consciousness that this has taken the span of a lifetime. As far ...
1
vote
2answers
266 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again?

There is a common knowledge that several brain areas are involved in memory processes and each area is involved in a different aspect of memory. But where do our memories get stored and how are they ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

How objective are scientific measures of paraphilia?

Paraphilia (from Greek para = beside and -philia = friendship, meaning love) describes the experience of intense sexual arousal to highly atypical objects, situations, or individuals. Which ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

What would explain an intense feeling of being extremely present, for no reason?

What would explain an intense feeling of being extremely present, randomly and for no reason ? The feeling is not tied to any behavior, thought or action. It comes out of nowhere, when doing a usual ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? [closed]

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Why being ignored is 'painful' for human beings?

Ignoring someone is a manipulatory technique used at times. Ignoring the attacks of someone else through emotional detachment has a very strong effect on the attacker. Is there a name for this kind ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What makes a sight or an image mesmerizing and irresistible?

There are some examples of this. What makes us: Feel we just HAVE TO watch that video or an image again, it's common with comedy videos Feel we need to stare at a such a beautiful sight, a person ...
1
vote
2answers
909 views

Do people like those who are similar to them and why?

Questions Is it true that people 'like' those who are similar to them? Why is it so? Is there an evolutionary explanation?
1
vote
2answers
55 views

What leaps in technology would be needed to scan the total state of the human brain? [closed]

What technological leaps would be necessary to capture the absolute state of the brain? This would need to include: a representation of each neuron a representation of each neural connection the ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Where would a cognitively separated person get their brain signals excited from?

I suppose there's nothing wrong about the idea that a cognitively separated person could cognitively function as anybody else. But brain as I understand it always needs a potential from some sense. If ...
0
votes
1answer
662 views

Do people feel emotions less strongly as they grow older? [closed]

I'm specifically interested in whether or not their maximum ability to feel an emotion decreases as they grow older (so by that I'm meaning - let's ignore the effects of tolerance induced by life ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What causes dopamine in our body [closed]

I was curious as to know what are the natural causes for the secretion of dopamine in our body. Are there any specific foods that increases the dopamine level? It is said that dopamine are usually ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
13
votes
1answer
139 views

What do anatomical substrates of conditioned taste aversion tell us about treatment?

Conditioned taste aversions (CTAs) or Garcia effect are a byproduct of feeling ill after we've consumed a certain food. These aversions is present even if the illness is not related to ingestion and ...
11
votes
1answer
217 views

Are there additional animal studies about superstitions?

In one particular case, Skinner decided to go random on his hungry pigeons. He dropped food into the box at completely random times, independent of any behavior on the part of the pigeons. But the ...
10
votes
1answer
257 views

Can psychosomatic reactions be completely unconcious?

I had always considered that psychosomatic reactions, such as Psychogenic pain, while "real" to the person experiencing them, would be a concious reaction at some level. That is to say, if the person ...
10
votes
1answer
807 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
10
votes
2answers
143 views

Who first used the term 'heuristic' in a cognitive science context?

I seem to recall that Herbert Simon borrowed the term from computer science, but I cannot remember the initial paper in which he made use of this borrowing. A google scholar search reveals some ...
9
votes
1answer
147 views

Importance of Neural Synchrony to Cognition

Is there a consensus on whether computation using Neural Synchrony is reasonable or not? In "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmisth cites Yuko Munakata and R. C. O'Reilly as saying that "the ...
9
votes
1answer
135 views

The effects of pain on cognitive function and incidence of depression

There have been studies about the link between depression and cognitive function.. There have been studies between pain and cognitive function. This has, also, been discussed in this question here. ...
9
votes
1answer
163 views

Are there any journal articles in psychology that have promoted and discussed reproducible data analysis?

I consider reproducible analysis to be really important. In particular, I'd like to see more researchers in psychology: sharing their data producing their journal articles using literate programming ...
9
votes
1answer
206 views

What type of learning mechanism produces a consistent typo?

There is a typographical error that I make and do so every time I try to type a certain word. Whenever I try to type remember, I type remeber. I do this every time. This is different to a regular typo ...
9
votes
1answer
73 views

Does an action potential abolish an excitatory postsynaptic potential?

From some sources, I've read that excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) decay over time, which would imply that they aren't abolished by action potentials. However, other sources seem to indicate ...
9
votes
2answers
262 views

Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
9
votes
1answer
272 views

How much power, in watts, does the brain use?

When IBM's Watson won on Jeopardy a few years ago, it did so using a room full of servers with a cooling system and a fat power feed, competing against a couple of humans powered by the equivalent of ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is the average IQ still 100?

IQ tests have been around since Binet invented them in the early 20th century roughly 100 years ago. The point of the test was to measure your mental against your chronological age (hence the quotient)...
8
votes
1answer
141 views

Is the depletion effect of self-control reliable?

Although a lot of research (Muraven, 1998) has indicated the ego depletion of self-control, a recent paper (Xu, 2014) claims that they fail to replicate the depletion effect: impaired performance in ...
8
votes
1answer
334 views

Are presence questionnaires valid in a between-subjects design?

Usoh et al. (PDF) applied presence questionnaires (which are usually designed to measure one's feeling of presence in a virtual environment) in both a virtual and a real world environment in a between-...
8
votes
3answers
339 views

What are effective strategies for increasing concentration and motivation when doing seemingly passive activities such as reading journal articles?

Background Unfortunately I am not a specialist in Cognitive Science I am just a regular CS student who has big interest in cognitive science. I want to share with you some interesting observation I ...
7
votes
2answers
521 views

Is there a scientific term for when you fall asleep because you can't handle something?

I'm wondering if there is a scientific term that describes when you fall asleep or pass out after some traumatic event? This effect happens when people witness something gruesome (a friend being ...
7
votes
3answers
891 views

Why do one's surroundings still seem to rotate when you stop whirling around?

When you spin your head around in circles, the world appears to continue to spin. Why do one's surroundings still seem to rotate when you stop whirling around in a circle? What is happening in the ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

To what extent is time to complete an intelligence test incorporated into the IQ score?

In this previous question on scoring IQ tests the OP asked about the effect of speed of test, but it was a bit peripheral to the core question. So I thought I'd ask it as a separate question. To ...
7
votes
1answer
321 views

For depression diagnoses, does one make a clear distinction between endogenous and exogenous causes of depression?

Roughly speaking, we might imagine that people have depression predominantly for one of two reasons: Endogenously induced: The person has some inherent inballance between different neurotransmittors;...
7
votes
2answers
128 views

How do cognitive scientists measure creativity?

Einstein said once something like creativity is more important than intelligence. Intelligence as it is measured is really one's speed and efficiency at processing information. How one processes the ...
7
votes
2answers
385 views

EEG correlates of handedness

Can any one suggest a good article about features of EEG of left-handed people? I was surprised when find that there are only few old articles about it. I find only one new article by Propper, Ruth ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the correlation between objective indexes and aggregated self-report measures of life satisfaction?

The Better Life Index and other indices seek to overcome the limitations of GDP in assessing social progress. They provide a composite score with which to rank nations on a range of indicators such as ...
7
votes
1answer
288 views

What explains involuntary imitation of behavior such as shrugging?

Recently, I watched a discussion program on TV and one of the participants shrugged. I found that, not only did I do the same, but I seemed to do it in synchrony the speaker. I didn't want to do this, ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is consistent dual n-back training likely to improve the performance of analysis (mathematics) students?

Suppose you isolate a class of undergraduate mathematics majors who are about to enroll in a semester of real analysis (rigorous, proof-based calculus) and split them into two groups. Then, you ...
6
votes
3answers
128 views

What are the mechanics behind the mind of a conspiracy theorist?

Conspiracy Theorists, in my opinion, are people I don't like except for some exceptions. However, this question will not be answered with my irrelevant opinions on said people.. Now, here is the ...

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