2
votes
0answers
35 views

Is speed up of arithmetic calculations as a result of memorisation?

In elementary school, it is typical for a student to learn "times tables" to increase their speed of mental multiplication. What is the mechanism for the increased speed of calculation resulting from ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

How do lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and the world?

Are there models that attempt to chart how lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and their interactions with the world? For what it's worth, every time I read a post about ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

The NART as a measure of premorbid IQ in serious mental illness

How reliable is National Adult Reading Test in estimating premorbid IQ in schizophrenia? Is it compromised if the difference between current IQ and the NART is a standard deviation or more?
2
votes
0answers
20 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

How are friend pairs similar in terms of personality and individual differences?

Lay psychology holds different opinions on whether having similar or different personalities promotes friendships between people. A case in point may be the conflicting idioms of "birds of a feather ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

What is the relationship between anger management difficulties and ADHD?

According to Wikipedia, "Difficulties managing anger are more common in children with ADHD" Is it that the anger is due to ADHD specifically? Is the anger suggestive of a comorbid disorder? Could it ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Source of sensory data related to cognitive effort

How does the brain assess cognitive effort? Is there a chemical that is being created or consumed at a rate that is proportionate to the amount of effort felt? I'm mostly interested in short term ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Are there studies about religious belief similar to the ones about superstition among animals?

In this question they talk about how animals can develop rituals that they thing have some influence in a particular outcome, when in reality there isn't a real connection whatsoever between the ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Does anyone know how to explain Quinian bootstrapping process by Carey to a layperson (like me)?

I've been trying my best to understand what Quinian bootstrapping is, by reading scientific articles on this topic, but I come across more and more philosophical concepts like "sortals" or similar. ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Is D-Cycloserine available on the market

The dextrorotary form of cycloserine has been suggested to be helpful in fear extinction by some studies. Is the drug available on the market for psychiatric use?
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Optical Illusions

I answered this question http://english.stackexchange.com/q/260495/129806 and would like to get more information to improve my answer. In doing a search on Ngram for occurrences of the expressions ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Where to publish a short (mathematical) neuroscience article?

I am writing an article about a computational method, which is relatively widely used in a small subfield of neuroscience (it is easy to identify ~20 recent articles that used it in 2013-2015). The ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What skills or mental proceses improve understanding of longer written sentences?

This question concerns only written sentences, and presumes that longer sentences are more difficult to understand, a presumption which consists with the formula behind the Flesch–Kincaid readability ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

How can Bayesian inference improve upon logistic regression in incorporating psychometric data?

In order to estimate probability of default, banks and other financial institutions have often used logistic regression based on data involving credit history. Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are there?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Do ADHD exams necessarily test ADHD or merely ADHD-PI?

I read on reddit and Wiki that the types of ADHD are ADHD-PI (predominantly inattentive), ADHD-C (combined) and ADHD-PH (predominantly hyperactive or impulsive). In a psychological test intended to ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Role of hormones in behaviour

I have a very basic understanding of how hormones affect behavior. Especially for Ex: when it comes to sexuality and motivation, I learnt from some sources(friends ans interesting conversations) that ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

What happens in the brain upon a subsequent exposure to a desired stimulus within a short time?

I'm trying to understand what happens within a person's brain when a focus on an object of desire is temporarily disrupted by an outside event. In particular, what happens when the person focuses on ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Moral Foundations Theory and trigger word combinations

Moral foundations theory splits morality into six categories. In his book, The Righteous Mind, Haidt mentioned that looking at church sermons of southern baptist vs less conservative christian Church ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Is there any research into the effect of stand up desks on hyperactive symptoms?

The hyperactivity symptom of ADHD includes a compulsion to move or fidget. In a workplace environment, this can become a distraction to the person with ADHD, as well as the people around him. It ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Which format of secret would be the most efficient for human memory?

In information security a shared secret is often used to authenticate users. (so-called sth-you-know authentication factor; examples include passwords, passphrases, numeric pin-s, graphical passwords ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Thinking consciously or unconsciously - Any difference in brain scan?

I've been wondering how a person would be affected if brain activity that is normally done automatically and unconsciously in a normal human being has to be done consciously by him, or vice versa. ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Does creativity have a neurological basis independent of the art form used to express it?

The arts provide a medium for creativity, and while some ideas might be easily expressed in various forms of art, some might not be (for example, a sculptor might be able to express the same idea in ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

What other personality traits are proved to correlate with Self-discipline?

Are there any studies that prove other personality traits being correlated with the Big5 facet C5 - Self-discipline? (I'm looking for links to scientific reports)
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Are there any studies on correlations between eye movements and personality?

I'm looking for scientific evidence for or against a notion that eye movements can be used as a cue to personality(traits). This may include notions like high extroversion individuals look more at ...
2
votes
0answers
261 views

Consumer vs creator, what are the differences?

Creators create, consumers consume what has been created. Consumers watch TV, creators write the script. Consumers play the game, creators design and make the game. There are all kinds of creators ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Is continuous split or meta - awareness a scientifically supported concept?

There are a number of spiritual practices that practice self-awareness and continuous awareness of one's thoughts and actions (for example the teachings of Ekhart Tolle): Tolle writes that "the ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Is it really possible to “go too deep inside the killer's mind”?

We've all seen it in film and hour-long format TV dramas, a brilliant criminal profiler, seen as the best in his field by their peers, delves 'too deeply' into the mind of the ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Spontaneous muscle twitching?

I am trying to understand the role of whisker twitches during sleep in the development of the mouse brain, and in general the role of spontaneous muscle activity in brain development. Thing is, I am ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Are adult negativity or resentment related to an infant crying for attention?

I've recently came across an idea, expressed by a spiritual author Ekhart Tolle, that for adults, the internal experience of negativity or resistance to life situations can be far more harmful than ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Ranking of produced “brain fatigue” from different mind intensive activities

I'd like to know if there has been an study, or different studies for each activity with which the ranking could be done, that determines a ranking like that with mind intensive activities, I refer to ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Why is chess considered special for educating a mindful person?

I can find countless quotes like this In many countries chess is incorporated into the scholastic curriculum. Countless researchers and studies have shown over the years that chess does indeed ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How to measure improvement in Mental Acuity/Sharpness?

Are there any accurate tools that can tell the changes in mental acuity/sharpness?
2
votes
0answers
44 views

When is Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy not useful, or bad?

I'm writing my Bachelor on MBCT, and while there are a ton of studies on the positive effects of mindfulness and MBCT, I'm wondering if there are any cases where MBCT shouldn't be applied. I've found ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

What are your thoughts on Accelerated Resolution Therapy?

Recently I came into contact with my aunt, and it seems she has been doing very well. She has been developing a therapy technique that, she claims, helps resolves psychological problems from trauma, ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

(Co)Registration in the preprocessing pipeline

I have a general question about registration and coregistration in the preprocessing pipeline of fMRI images. For me it is not clear what this is. So, motion correction, slice time correction, ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Do people struggle to empathise with people who are very different to them?

Do people struggle to empathise as much with people that are especially different to them? For bonus points: does that include learnt qualities, like being very knowledgeable about something?
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Can the knowledge and the tools we acquire in conscious brain become tools for the unconscious brain?

I am reading this intriguing book titled Consciousness and the Brain, Deciphering how the brain codes our thoughts by Stanislas Dehaene. In one of the chapters he talks about how the brain has natural ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Research on the van Norden percept

What are the latest research and explanations concerning this auditory effect? I haven't managed to turn up much on the net, so just to check that I've named it correctly, my experience of it was ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Are Pareto charts identified in the cognitive sciences (and for willpower in particular)?

I'm a layman when it comes to the cognitive sciences. I've read some number of popular self-help books, but not any academic journals. I've noticed that many times a book suggests some techniques for ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

What makes disengaged participants tired / exhausted after corporate meetings?

Why do disengaged people feel tired, fatigued or unfocused after long, "boring" corporate style meetings? (there is an agenda, but not everyone participates?) Over the years I've observed dozens of ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What's the difference between simultanagnosia and neurological extinction?

Both of these terms describe the inability to perceive more than one object at a time. I'm not too sure what the big difference is between them. Note that I'm referring to 'extinction' as used in ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation and planning a path for writing those digits back out. Can ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Dearth of research on treating Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) with Baclofen

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6721446 The above study from 1984 at Stanford found that oral administration of baclofen somewhat improved sleep in patients with PLM-associated arousals. The ...

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