# All Questions

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### When is Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy not useful, or bad?

I'm writing my Bachelor on MBCT, and while there are a ton of studies on the positive effects of mindfulness and MBCT, I'm wondering if there are any cases where MBCT shouldn't be applied. I've found ...
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### Are males more likely to view homosexuals as mentally ill than females?

It's generally accepted that males tend to have a more negative attitude toward homosexuality than females: Three studies conducted with students at six different universities revealed a ...
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### Does a short nap improve learning efficiency?

When one attempts to learn a new skill (e.g., play a guitar), it is often heard that the first hour of practice is more effective than the second. I have heard some people say that even 10 minutes of ...
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### Can cats get depressed in a way similar to humans?

Most of the research on depression seems quite human focused. Can cats also get depressed in the same way there's depression for humans?
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### Is there evidence for cross-cultural differences in problem solving skills?

Does the thought process in our mind for solving a problem or bringing out a solution to a problem depend on culture or language? If so, how can these skills be represented and addressed?
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### What is the subjective wellbeing instrument that is used by Science of Happiness for check-ins?

I am doing some work with students on happiness and thought it would be useful for us to have a look at their subjective well-being. The EdX Science of Happiness course made use of weekly checkins ...
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### How did Fechner justify the assumption that the just-noticeable-difference in sensation is constant?

As stated here on Wikipedia: 1 Weber's law states that the-just-noticeable-difference (JND) of an intensity of a stimuli divided by the intensity of that stimuli is always constant. Mathematically: ...
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### What are your thoughts on Accelerated Resolution Therapy?

Recently I came into contact with my aunt, and it seems she has been doing very well. She has been developing a therapy technique that, she claims, helps resolves psychological problems from trauma, ...
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### Why do difficult-to-learn subjects seem easier in retrospect?

Background: I have recently noticed that in class, that after I finished a unit, it seems less difficult than I expected it to be. It has happened in math, physics and electronics. Is it possible ...
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### (Co)Registration in the preprocessing pipeline

I have a general question about registration and coregistration in the preprocessing pipeline of fMRI images. For me it is not clear what this is. So, motion correction, slice time correction, ...
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### Is Contrarian a Psychology Problem?

I was searching Google for a name given to a person who disagrees with the majority decision regardless whether he/she truly believe in the opposing idea. An example, if everyone in group A agrees ...
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### Can stress or training influence the perception of time?

I have had this experience that I fell with my bike on an icy street. During the fall time seemed to slow down and I had an apparent age-long time window to stretch my hand and safely catch my fall. ...
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### Slices and aquisition of fMRI

Is a slice obtained with functional MRI (fMRI) always 3-dimensional, i.e., x-y-z? I thought that a typical fMRI scan's total imaged volume would be 4D, i.e., made up of 3D slices plus time.
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### Do males or females have a greater fear of deception?

Question: Do males or females have a greater fear of deception? The motivation for the question comes from a transgender context: I more frequently see reports of men being afraid of finding ...
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### What are the psychological differences in camelCase and underscore_case programming conventions?

In computer programming, spaces are often forbidden in the declaration of variable names, so programmers have created alternate methods of identifying word boundaries in variable names: camel case and ...
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### Do people struggle to empathise with people who are very different to them?

Do people struggle to empathise as much with people that are especially different to them? For bonus points: does that include learnt qualities, like being very knowledgeable about something?
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### What are some examples of controversial themes in psychology?

There are a number of themes that are controversial (provoke debate, are unsettled, polarize opinion, or are reflected by a range of positions) in psychology. One example involves nature vs. nurture: ...
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### Simultaneous DTI, structural MRI and 1H-MRS - Are there any examples of this?

I have been reading about recent articles relating to treatment resistant schizophrenia, and apparently there are a lack of studies using multimodal imaging. Initially I just thought that would be ...
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### Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? ...
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### Is it possible to erase problematic memories?

This question is inspired by a question I answered on Health. Can we erase problematic memories to aid recovery from depression? A depressed person asked how to erase specific unpleasant ...
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### Why might mindfulness and meditation lead to anger and anxiety?

Background: I have been trying mindfulness/meditation but I don't understand how to do it. For example, I tried sitting thinking and focusing on my breath, but thoughts kept intruding, so I just ...
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### Neurobiology of addiction recovery [closed]

While addiction is one of the most studied topics in neurobiology, I don't see very much info on recovery. The information I have found is confusing. This one says striatal DAT bindings return to ...
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### Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
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### Does an action potential abolish an excitatory postsynaptic potential?

From some sources, I've read that excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) decay over time, which would imply that they aren't abolished by action potentials. However, other sources seem to indicate ...
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### How similar are the brains of twins?

I am currently reading undergraduate essays on biological dysfunction and schizophrenia. The students put a lot of weight in the fact that studies of monozygotic twins show only a 50% rate of ...
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### Psychological effects on quality assessments

I recently conducted a user study as part of my research in computer science. Respondents were asked to rate articles from the web on a five-point Likert scale from "Very Poor" to "Very Good". Only ...
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### How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

It has a name. I thought it was called 'collective' memory. .. But I cant find any articles or information about it.. So I guess it has a different name. There were a few cases where children were ...
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### Does knowledge of tests like Iowa Gambling and Wisconsin Card-Sorting task enable a person to fake the test?

I am interested in tests like the Iowa gambling test and the Wisconsin card-sorting test. If a patient understands how such a test works and the goals of the test, does this bias the measure obtained? ...
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### What is general fluid intelligence?

I'm currently reading about executive control, a lot of papers (e.g. Kane and Engle 2002) discuss general fluid intelligence but don't explain it. What is general fluid intelligence?
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### How does the group that is not stressed and not reactivated act as a control for time in Schwabe & Wolf 2010?

Schwabe and Wolf (2010) Rodent studies suggest that memory reconsolidating is impaired by stress. Here we examined in healthy humans the effect of stress on the reconsolidation of ...
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### Would administering oxytocin in games of deception improve performance?

As well as facilitating parturition, the hormone oxytocin is thought to mediate "prosocial behaviour" in mammals. It’s been a while since I have read the literature, but I am aware there is robust ...
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### Exercise and cognition [duplicate]

This article confirms my personal experience. Exercise + omega-3 rich diet enhances my cognitive abilities. When I run, I feel my mind clears and I'm able to think faster. What else can I do to ...
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### Does a recent general review of recurrent neural networks exist?

Does anyone know of a comparatively recent paper reviewing the literature on psychological applications of recurrent neural networks? I'm looking for a paper which provides a general overview of the ...
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So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
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### How does a person become aware of his brain's anomaly? [closed]

We know that our brain is a sort of probabilistic, pattern-matching engine that interprets patterns all around itself, and building a large image of environment where the body resides. Considering ...
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### How to get started in Cognitive Science? [closed]

I'm currently studying Philosophy and am planning to focus on the Philosophy of Mind/Perception + Philosophy of Language in the forthcoming years. However, I'd really wish to get into Cognitive ...
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### Does thinking out loud negatively affect one's ability to think internally?

I'm a professional programmer, and I also practice math. During both, I constantly talk out loud, even for simple problems. However, when I'm around other people I suppress the talking and I feel like ...
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### What is the difference between behavioral science and cognitive science?

Is cognitive science a part of behavioral science or vice versa?
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### Is there a relationship between body composition and intelligence?

Does being fat or thin have any significant effect on cognition? For example, I have observed some very fat people who are extremely intelligent and some very thin people that are not and vice versa. ...
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I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
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### How can fear be a positive emotion?

Fear is something we all feel, and we typically experience it as negative. It seems difficult to treat it as a positive emotion or find any satisfaction in overcoming it. So my question is: Can ...
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### Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
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### Is it easy in languages other than English to read a paragraph where all but the first and last letters of every word have been rearranged?

I was really surprised how fast I was able to read and comprehend following text: I cnduo't bvleiee taht I culod aulaclty uesdtannrd waht I was rdnaieg. Unisg the icndeblire pweor of the hmuan ...
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### What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
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### What is the difference between creators of derivative works of art and original creators? [closed]

I like to write and am a frequent user on writers.stackexchange.com. Many questions there and in other writing or art related communities ask a variation of: I want to use the setting / characters ...
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### Is the weight of neural inputs in the human brain as central as it is for neurons in an artifical neural network?

As an example of an artificial neural net (ANN), a neural processing unit (NPU) is able to encode previous (learned) information by storing a weighted resistance for each input. Since ANN's are ...
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### Is there a way to compare the subjective experiences of two different subjects upon an object?

It is the major problem of all cognitive sciences to deal with subjectivity. On the other hand, in order to figure out what is cognition or psychology, one must ultimately deal with this problem. As a ...
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### Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...