7
votes
1answer
143 views

What differences of opinion led to the Kahneman-Gigerenzer feud?

I have found many allusions to this feud, e.g. from http://nickdunbar.net/2012/05/23/thinking-fast-and-slow-by-daniel-kahneman/ and in Kahneman's trade book "Thinking, Fast and Slow". However, I have ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Environmental factors that predict theism

Are there any environmental factors which can predict atheism or theism?
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Does neuroticism go hand in hand with introversion?

I'm reading this paper on relations between affect and personality. It seems the personality domain has been characterized in terms of two dimensions: neuroticism and extraversion. How does ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

How liking and disliking mechanism is developed? [duplicate]

Every one likes different things, places, people, colors, flowers etc. I am interested to know how this mechanism is developed in individuals. If we suppose that it is started from home. Then why ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Which intervention improves the ability to remember names the most?

Is there research about psychological interventions to help the average person remember names? If so, which intervention or interventions have the best evidence base to support them? Are there good ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

How are our eyes able to distinguish between lines and borders? what is the mechanism at the level of rods and cones?

I think there is a phenomenon behind the method which our eyes use to judge between lines of contrast, like black lines on a white page, by just recognizing the contrast areas, i need explanation of ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Evolutionarily speaking, How did a preeminent process like sex become reticent among humans? [duplicate]

If sex is the process every living being practices and is natural just like every other biological process and is the quintessential of all, when it comes to human, why is sex not something which we ...
20
votes
10answers
4k views

How can I create computer based psychology experiments using OS X?

I've used E-prime to create computer based psychology experiments (you know, the kind where you for example show a number of pictures to the participant and record their responses to them, for example ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Are there any precise design principles for artificial connectomes or neural networks?

I've been reading about the openworm.org project. I've downloaded the code and run some simulations. The people at OpenWorm have made an experiment where they setup a robot with the neural network of ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...
10
votes
2answers
267 views

How long do dreams last?

What is the relationship between time perceived in a dream and time in the external world? Is time running in dreams always faster than the time running in the real world? Is it ratio of real time ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
5
votes
2answers
78 views

Why vision cannot count things instantly?

If vision can instantly "see" 30x30 grid, why does the brain often need to count rows and columns for understand there is 30 rows and 30 columns? Why does the brain fail to instantly count?
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Possibility of increasing brain speed

In science fiction stories, we often see the use of virtual reality, a 3d world that allows you to actually 'be' there. The writers often use a pod or helmet to signify the use of some sort of ...
5
votes
0answers
51 views

How much of brain power consumption is for information

As previously answered on this site, the brain uses 20W of power. However, how much of this power consumption is for information processing and how much of it is for maintenance of biological ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Epigenetics and serotonin (amygdala threat response)?

In this article it states that: Increased promoter methylation of the serotonin transporter gene predicted increased threat related amygdala activity. I'm finding this somewhat difficult to ...
4
votes
1answer
19k views

How to calculate IQ score based on raw score and adjust for age?

I am having a hard time grasping how IQ scores are calculated. I think it has something to do with their age score ratio multiplied by 100. Say I have a test that holds 30 questions. How would I ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Can a person's susceptibility to hypnosis be altered?

It is commonly quoted in popular literature that 10% of people are "highly hypnotizable". Given a set of 10 suggestions, such people would have 7 or more suggestions become active. On the other end of ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What Ethical and Legal Provisions Release One from “Mandatory Reporting”?

Question What provisions exist that can be applied to provide assurance to a client or patient that they can talk, "off the record", "without repercussions", and that nothing will be documented? ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Put a fixation cross on top of a image in Expyriment?

I wanted to try to put a fixation cross on top of images presented to avoid subject eye movements as much as possible. I am using Python's Expyriment package and thought that after ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Biofeedback and Neurofeedback: Scams or Real?

I'm currently taking an AP Psychology course which just discussed biofeedback and neurofeedback very briefly. All I can say is that I'm entirely skeptical that either one works by any mechanism other ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

Why does repeating one word over and over again sound weird to us after some time?

This effect seems to be observed with almost any word. I would say this phenomenon 'works' for longer and complex words better. When we repeat a word over and over again, it starts to sound very ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there evidence that brain and mind are separate?

I've heard countless discussions about whether or not the mind is separate from the brain, but they have all been philosophical. I am looking for peer-reviewed studies that suggest the mind is not ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

cleanIAT function in R IAT package

Has anyone used cleanIAT (function in IAT package) to compute D-scores for their IAT data? Have you noticed any discrepancies between your D-scores and those of colleagues that used another program ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Neural nets for cognition

I recently got into Neural networks. As much as I have understood, the learning process is based on the change in weights according to stimulus and algorithm used in learning. Does this in any way ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

What tradeoffs are there between internal and external validity?

I was reading through an article about research design. The authors gave an example on the relation between internal and external validity which I thought might be an important area of consideration ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

What is forward masking

I am trying to understand what is visual masking (or more specificaly forward masking). I have read the explanation here, but still.. I understand that a background can interfere with a frontal ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Why do we need Life Partner?

We all get into relationship. We at times move out of them when the needs (emotional,physical,mental,monetary,etc.) are not met. We keep searching for that one life partner. Why do we(human beings) ...
3
votes
3answers
91 views

Scientific name for the phrase: “The first image is the image that stays”

I've always heard about an effect that is entitled: The first image is the image that stays. It comes from a translation from a portuguese phrase, I don't know if it's properly translated. It seems ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Does inhibiting automatic processing requires attention?

It's seems very likely to me that it does, but I haven't found any research that tested this assumption directly.
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Where are intrinsically bursting neurons found in the mammalian brain?

There are neurons in the brain that exhibit bursting behaviour. In some cases, this is due to interactions with the surrounding neural network. In other cases, it is due to intrinsic biological ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Why are children afraid of the dark?

Why are children afraid of the dark, in particular more afraid than adults? Is it an evolutionary mechanism? What causes this?
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Difference between anxiety and stress?

I am learning about stress and anxiety recently. I understood what stress is, but I couldn't get exactly what anxiety is. I know there are six types of anxiety disorders, and I understood them. But ...
8
votes
2answers
177 views

What is the optimal exercise regime for improving cognitive functioning?

It seems that researchers agree that physical exercise increases cognitive abilities. This seems to work universally for all ages: children, adults and old people. It is suggested that everyone ...
6
votes
0answers
38 views

Where is neuroplasticity limited in the brain?

In this question, I'm defining neuroplasticity as being the creation of new connections between neurons. I'm aware that there is a high degree of neuroplasticity in the cortex and that new connections ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How does a woman reject an unsuitable man? [closed]

I'm interested in the mechanism behind how a woman can reject a man once already in a relationship. I've done some research and stumbled upon this issue described by multiple different people, which ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Moral Foundations Theory and trigger word combinations

Moral foundations theory splits morality into six categories. In his book, The Righteous Mind, Haidt mentioned that looking at church sermons of southern baptist vs less conservative christian Church ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Physiological differences between brains of Conservatives and Liberals

I work for a non-profit research organization and I have been assigned to do research on this topic. I have been doing my best to find studies on this topic but every website and article seems to ...
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

Could brainwaves be the fenomena gives rise to consciousness [closed]

I have speculated for a long time that brain waves could be the "location" of human consciousness or indeed the "soul". My argument for this is the following: They vary with different states of ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Can CES-D scores be meaningfully averaged?

I'd like to compare the CES-D score for people after an event with that of people who never experience that event. Measurements are not paired in relation to anything of significance for people ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Database of EEG signal phenomenon

I'm working on a paper describing the current state of EEG headsets used as computer interfaces. One of the things that is key for building a system using an EEG headset as a controller is having some ...
-1
votes
2answers
48 views

Why do people talk (or communicate)? [closed]

I think that people talk for planning immediate benefits or planning future benefits. For example if someone wants to eat a fruit on a tree but he doesn't know how to get it so he asks someone to get ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Do dreams repeat/continue? Or is it just a perception that a dream repeated?

During lucid dreaming, we sometimes feel that it is a repetition of (or in someway related to) a previous dream, but when we wake up, we can't recollect the first instance of such a dream. Why is this ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

The article “Vector reconstruction from Firing Rates” of Abbott and Salinas

Is anyone familiar with this article? I am reading it, and it is basically very clear. But still, some points are not clear to me. For example, how is equation (7.1) in page 12: $Q_{i,j}^{-1} = ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Able to type promptly, but doubt validity when spelling it out?

I was unable to frame a search query for my question, hence decided to post it out here. I am normally able to type passwords, numbers and other tiny bits of text very fast. However if I have to ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

What are the original paper(s)/reference(s) using lateral inhibition to explain simultaneous contrast?

I've seen a lot of textbooks and papers explain how lateral inhibition can account for simultaneous lightness contrast, but what is the original theory/papers that I could cite?
6
votes
0answers
83 views

Why do we talk unconsciously while sleeping [closed]

Somniloquy is very fascinating. It is unclear what are the causes, but most of the time it is not seen as a medical condition. "Sleep talking usually occurs by itself and is most often harmless. ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Link between certain aspects of basic behavioural traits [closed]

Is there a correlation in certain aspects of human traits,whether it is gene related. People from dominating countries during the early 1800s invading into other nations. For e.g:Portuguese,British ...

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