7
votes
2answers
168 views

Which statistical tests to use when analyzing NASA TLX?

The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) is a subjective, multidimensional assessment tool that rates perceived workload. A set of different scales (Mental Demand, Physical Demand, Temporal Demand, ...
7
votes
2answers
216 views

Which schools of psychotherapy are most credible to a hard scientist?

There is a problem in all therapies that if the client doesn't have faith or trust in the therapist then it is unlikely that anything can be achieved. Therefore effective therapy for an extreme ...
10
votes
0answers
689 views

How does goal-tracking and sign-tracking behaviour vary across species?

In Pavlonian (classical) conditioning, conditioned responses of an animal may vary. Some animals focus on the unconditioned stimulus (ie., food / location of food) while others may focus on the ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How to get started in Cognitive Science? [closed]

I'm currently studying Philosophy and am planning to focus on the Philosophy of Mind/Perception + Philosophy of Language in the forthcoming years. However, I'd really wish to get into Cognitive ...
7
votes
2answers
792 views

Does high IQ correlate with good social skills?

Are people with a high IQ more likely to have good social abilities? Are they more likely to be popular? Wikipedia lists that IQ helps with school performance, job performance and income. It's ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

How can fear be a positive emotion?

Fear is something we all feel, and we typically experience it as negative. It seems difficult to treat it as a positive emotion or find any satisfaction in overcoming it. So my question is: Can ...
5
votes
2answers
157 views

Why do battered persons love their partners?

Many persons who have been beaten by their partner, no matter how violently, claims that they do not want to leave their abusive partner because they still love them. A common phrase is: "I love ...
8
votes
2answers
344 views

Is it possible to become totally envy free?

Can we develop a particular mind set for being totally envy free; to stop envying others?
6
votes
1answer
93 views

Do introverts engage in too much self-control or do they lack impulsivity?

Regardless of whether people are extraverts or introverts, if they are asked to act in an extraverted way, this improves their mood (for example Zelenski and others 2012). My question is concerns the ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Are there any open task sets available to assess workload using secondary task measures?

Performance on secondary tasks next to a primary task is sometimes used to assess mental workload (Ogden, Levine and Eisner, 1979). For example, the Stroop test as a secondary task has been evaluated ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there a relationship between body composition and intelligence?

Does being fat or thin have any significant effect on cognition? For example, I have observed some very fat people who are extremely intelligent and some very thin people that are not and vice versa. ...
9
votes
2answers
212 views

Where does the distinction between motives and goals lie in activity theory?

Activity has an hierarchical structure, and can be analyzed at different levels: activities, actions and operations. (Leontiev 1974) (source: interaction-design.org) The top level is activity ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Reading words without pronunciation

I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

How to quantitatively measure strength of friendship using observable factors?

Is there any quantitative measure associated with the strength of a friendship or relationship? Ideally it should be able to be calculated based on observable factors, but should not require ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Is it necessary to read signals and systems before statistical signal processing/ detection theory [closed]

For one who is interested in computational neuroscience and brain computer interface, in university curriculum (e.g. BCCN Berlin), it requires a course in statistical signal processing / signal ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

How to measure precision in classical test theory framework?

What methods or approaches exist or might be developed to measure precision of measurement in a classical test theory framework? Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (American ...
4
votes
3answers
498 views

Is autodidactism a feature that can only be possessed by special kinds of individuals?

I am from Brazil – at the current moment, education in this country is undoubtedly poor. I've been learning some things over the years on my own, mostly downloading content from the internet and ...
29
votes
2answers
183k views

How valid is Lumosity's Brain Performance Index and what normative information is available?

Background There is a test called Lumosity's Brain Performance Index. A sample profile of scores might be: ...
8
votes
1answer
243 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
5
votes
1answer
28 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

What is the phenomenon that one can recognize a movie after seeing a scene for a fraction of second called?

I have experiences that while I was walking around the street, I saw a scene on a TV for a fraction of second, and I instantly recognized the correspondent movie. This is very interesting since at the ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Is the weight of neural inputs in the human brain as central as it is for neurons in an artifical neural network?

As an example of an artificial neural net (ANN), a neural processing unit (NPU) is able to encode previous (learned) information by storing a weighted resistance for each input. Since ANN's are ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What is the difference between creators of derivative works of art and original creators? [closed]

I like to write and am a frequent user on writers.stackexchange.com. Many questions there and in other writing or art related communities ask a variation of: I want to use the setting / characters ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Why aren't more students tested for aptitude at a younger age? [closed]

I've discussed this topic with multiple former professors, particularly in vocational training, and they all seem to agree that it would have been more helpful for students if they had known what ...
8
votes
1answer
161 views

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

In treating people with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Which people can't be helped by therapy? How are some people more treatable than others? Additional Info In the comments of a blog post ...
7
votes
1answer
48 views

Why “fractional” anisotropy?

Why is Fractional Anisotropy (FA), a measure in diffusion tensor imaging, called "fractional"? I'd have thought "local", i.e. voxel-wise, would have been the correct way to qualify the anisotropy that ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do people suddenly look back if you look at them for a while?

You possibly are familiar with the following situation, I do not know if this is a researched phenomena or not however. You look straight at somebody for some time and suddenly, even though he or she ...
6
votes
4answers
666 views

How valid are reaction times collected from online studies?

Online studies promise the possibility of greatly increased numbers of and variability in populations to study, but there are many potential concerns and need for validation, and diving in head first ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

What is the source and real meaning of “provisional living ” concept and is there an equivalent term?

I found in this blog post the following definition : Psychologists have a concept they call “provisional living.” That’s the insistence, so often heard from people whose lives are stuck on a ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Are you more successful if you publicly commit to pursuing a difficult goal?

If you have an ambitious goal, does it help to publicly commit to that goal? For example, if someone is training for a long distance triathlon but doesn't know whether he/she will be able to pull it ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

What are the practical uses of ontologies?

I have read many papers and books about ontologies, and I am trying to figure out that how they are used in a real project. For example, how can the ontology for a soccer player robot can be defined ...
8
votes
3answers
272 views

What are effective strategies for increasing concentration and motivation when doing seemingly passive activities such as reading journal articles?

Background Unfortunately I am not a specialist in Cognitive Science I am just a regular CS student who has big interest in cognitive science. I want to share with you some interesting observation I ...
5
votes
0answers
40 views

How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What makes disengaged participants tired / exhausted after corporate meetings?

Why do disengaged people feel tired, fatigued or unfocused after long, "boring" corporate style meetings? (there is an agenda, but not everyone participates?) Over the years I've observed dozens of ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Sleep deprivation and task performance

Case: In case of an adult, the average adult sleep time required is 7.5 to 8 hours. Suppose the person (aged between 23-29) has slept only 6 hours, or less than the average time (7.5 to 8 hours). ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

In the theory of planned behaviour, what is the general term that captures attitudes, norms and perceived behavioural control?

The theory of planned behaviour is a model of behaviour that in simple terms assumes that attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control influence intention, and intention and actual control ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

How does the brain break down visual information for processing? What “channels” is visual input broken into?

Some time ago I remember reading about how the human brain breaks down visual information into a number of individual "channels". For example, one channel might focus on edges and lines, another ...
6
votes
1answer
58 views

Do distractors create false learning in multiple choice questions?

I use quizzes in teaching, but have started to worry that they do more harm than good. Here's why: We have all learned from "the testing effect" that the act of taking a test is part of the practice ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

Why do people look in the face or eyes while communicating?

While communicating, people tend to direct their gazes to the face (particularly eyes) of people. Why don't rather we look at their neck or just their chest or even their hair while communicating with ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

How respected is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy among modern psychologists?

Is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy still a live option in modern psychology, or is it considered outdated? I've heard it referred to as the "third Viennese school of psychotherapy", but my wife's ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

What are the most used statistical methods in WM research besides (generalized) linear modeling?

I mean, by cognitive psychologists. I skimmed over a few articles from Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience and Trends in Cognitive Science and concluded that ANOVAs and t-tests are mostly used (without ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Do different methods of testing memory for character sequences result in different brain activation?

Assume a certain sequence of N characters, displayed on a screen one by one, that should be memorized. The speed of the display is such that it doesn't produce much extra stress. You may assume that ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Why do con artists like Frank Abagnale Jr. not feel guilt?

I just finished watching a video of Frank Abagnale Jr discuss his life history. Who knows if its true, but it is an amazing story. For those who don't know, Frank Abagnale is one of the most infamous ...
6
votes
2answers
107 views

The “Backwards Bike” and implications for how we think

Here's a video of a guy learning to ride a "backwards bike", if you turn the handles left, then the wheel goes right. It took the guy forever to learn to ride a backward bike. He kept remarking that ...

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