2
votes
0answers
53 views

From a psychosocial standpoint, how is violence different from aggression?

I recently watch Steven Pinker's video on violence and figured out that I don't understand the difference between violence and aggression. According to Wikipedia aggression is: Aggression, in its ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

What are some theories on Cognitive model of Human Imagination?

I have no knowledge about neuroscience but recently I was wondering what is the cognitive model of Human Imagination? How does the human imagine things that don't exist? Suppose I ask anyone to ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Is it harder to perform a difficult act or avoid doing a compelling act?

Suppose what we have a set of choices $S$. Also suppose that $S$ consists of two "difficult" choices $X$ and $Y$ that rely on action and inaction respectively. So $S = \{X, Y \}$. Is it more difficult ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

How are sexual cues known by the brain?

Sexual cues have been well established in evolutionary psychology as indicators of genetic compatibility/useful genes. How does the human brain know that a cue is an indicator of a useful trait in ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Why do certain activities seem to co-occur with well learnt skills?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What exercises can be used to overcome the cognitive distortion “disqualifying the negative”?

I've been writing "log of good things that happened today" for the last 2 years (every alternate day on average). It has resulted in a lot of improvement in my perspective and in general I'm more ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Optimising visual clutter for target audiences

I am studying Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and there is a lot of discussion about consistency across a website, predictability between pages, of theme and layout. There is information about color, ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What causes varying degrees of recall of text when speaking aloud versus mentally?

Background: When i try to recall some memorised passages from a book, I find that some memories are best recalled when i speak aloud and some when i speak inaudibly in my mind. What causes varying ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Conceptual blending

Is there a mathematical formalization of conceptual blending? I know that feature structures in linguistics or frames in AI can be combined using unification which is a special (simple) case of ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Is there a relationship between schizophrenia and genius

When reading the biography of renowned personalities (recognized as "geniuses" ), such as great mathematicians, painter or poets, we are surprised by the fact that great portion of this "population" ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Does cognitive & behavioral schools have any analysis for “sympathy” & “compassion”?

The Cambridge Dictionaries define the word compassion as: a strong feeling of sympathy and sadness for the suffering or bad luck of others and a wish to help them A sample might be when you see ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

predisposition towards organising information in hierarchical outlines?

I like very much organising information in hierarchical outlines through PIM software (also names tree outliners/ treepads/ etc). I wouldn't feel comfortable if I do not have information organised ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Muscle tone and default heart rate - psychological conclusions?

I know that muscle tension and heart rate goes up as we get stressed, but what if in normal conditions some have a lower heart rate and muscle tension while others higher? Does this say something ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

How do family conflicts and childhood experiences influence passive-aggressive behaviours in the workplace?

Possibly related but not a duplicate - "How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?" Workplace behaviours and personality traits, e.g. ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

When falling asleep does one always start with NREM1?

After my admittedly short research I could not find information which states that if a person is disturbed while their sleeping, let's say in NREM3 phase of their sleep cycle, and wakes up and then ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Spontaneous change of handedness

I read this question Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand?. It got me thinking. Disclaimer: This is not a self help question I am using myself to illustrate the ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science?

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

What is the latest research on dermatillomania and is there a correlation with masochism?

Dermatillomania (also known as excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, neurotic excoriation, pathologic skin picking (PSP), compulsive skin picking (CSP) or psychogenic excoriation, : is a ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

What is the proper terminology for “hoarding” type paradox (but not extreme)?

Feel free to edit my title -- I'm not exactly how to sum it up in one sentence, THUS my question here: Is there a name or specific terminology related to the somewhat paradoxical situation in this ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Illusion of control hardwired in brain?

Are there any research materials which deal with: need for control, illusion of control and neuroscience. It will be very interesting to see if those illusions and needs could be linked to mental ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Can abstract object representations be associated with a wider range of sounds in comparison to everyday object representations?

I'm looking for some peer reviewed evidence that abstract visuals can be associated with a wide range of sounds when compared to more recognisable visual representations pertaining to everyday ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

What Quantified Self reserach tools are there for measuring performance while playing videogames?

I've recently became aware that there's a whole field of quantified self - using various methodology to collect data about human performance in an attempt to "quantify" how the human body/brain works. ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Short term time perception affect long term time perception?

It is known that attending to time (i.e. looking at duration) expands subjective time. So if I want to do something for 20 minutes and look at my watch, this would increase my subjective time ...
2
votes
0answers
204 views

How much information does the somatosensory system produce?

Are there any approximations of how many bits of information human somatosensory system produces? Especially mechano-receptors as measured in average number of bits per area of skin per second? I've ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. (I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How to optimize bi-tasking?

Based on an article on brain laterization, it's said that a lateralized brain can do two tasks simultaneously. Lateralized chicks could pick food out of the pebbles with one eye and one half of ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Evidence that qualia are not the same as physical processes?

With regards to the answer posted by @sandygautman in the question Do feelings have a purpose: Let me first state that I don't have a problem with either the question nor the answer; I'm only looking ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Meditation for patients with neuroleptic induced tension

Patients taking antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs often suffer from some kind of discomfort or tension. This can manifest as a neuroleptic induced dysphoria, akathisia, or some kind of anxiety. Is ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Kelly Criterion Observed to Be Adhered by Psychopaths?

As this study shows, psychopaths are much more willing to take advantage of expected gains despite recent losses as opposed to normal people who frequently stop after a series of losses. Has there ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

Does this neural network model exist?

I'm looking for a neural network model with specific characteristics. This model may not exist... I need a network which doesn't use "layers" as traditional artificial neural networks do. Instead, I ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Does Cognitive Tunneling apply to daydreaming as well?

I've been reading a paper by Jarmasz J. (2005) on cognitive tunneling and am wondering if it applies to daydreaming? For instance, if for some reason I'm already thinking about something that has no ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

classic category learning tasks with data

I need a list of classic categorization tasks (with available human/animal data) to use as a benchmark for a model. I am interested in tasks that can be used to validate/invalidate a model of ...
2
votes
0answers
364 views

Does the ability to manipulate your environment affect the type of intelligence?

There are several animals on earth that show certain kinds of intelligence. Some animals have extensions to manipulate their environment and some do not. Think of humans and squids (hand/extension ...
1
vote
0answers
4 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What neurotransmitters can be suppressed/promoted by tDCS

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to modify suppression in the visual cortex and GABA suppression in motor control. As of now, the exact neurobiological mechanism that ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Asking a reference of computing masking

I am using nilearn and nipy package for python processing FMRI data. When computing mask, it says: ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Does dream recall alter the dreaming process?

I've encountered the following phenomenon : within a single night of starting a dream journal again, my dreams became more numerous, recall improved and I'm waking up after each sleep cycle except the ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Studies on visually recognizable personality traits?

Are there any studies on the possibility of visually recognizing someones personality? When I say "visually recognizing" I mean things like clothes, accessories, body attitude, visible behavior, ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Why is sunrise therapeutic?

Despite being a night owl, I find when I'm up and about at sunrise1 I feel mentally much better than any other time of day - regardless of how much sleep I've had or whether I've been awake for many ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Is there a left or right preference to raising one side of the lip in contempt?

Contempt is expressed asymmetrically - one lip corner is pulled in and back, in what could be described as a half-smile. Are there any trends in terms of people or societies which prefer pulling in ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What are some key behaviors that stone-age humans evolved to help them survive and reproduce?

In Wikipedia's article on evolutionary psychology, two of six given key premises of EP are as follows: Different neural mechanisms are specialized for solving problems in humanity's evolutionary ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Brain areas active while learning hierarchical structure of a problem

There are multiple examples in the machine learning literature of trying to learn the hierarchical structure of a reinforcement learning problem, however have there been any papers tying this learning ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Alternative to the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy table format

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, patients are asked to analyze their thought content. For example, in cases of major depressive disorder, OCD, anxiety disorders, one thing that trips people up most ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

What is the neurobiological basis of the “inner voice” used for thought or reading?

I've recently experienced a number of hypnogogic near sleep states characterized by change in thinking (stage 1-2 sleep). I noticed that if I let go and get absorbed in the state, I can follow it. I ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Is there a part of the human brain responsible for triggering imagination, fantasy and coming up with unusual stories?

I'm trying to understand if there's a specific process or part of the human brain which, when activated causes the person to daydream, engage in fantasy or come up with ideas that are far from common ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Why do the colors I see associated with a particular vibration/sound change?

After many years of research I found that I am a vibration (sound) to color and feeling synesthete. Everything I have read says that the colors one sees with an associated vibration should be ...

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