2
votes
2answers
57 views

Name for awareness of the probability of an event increasing the probability of it happening

Before Christmas, NZ Police announced they would be enforcing a zero tolerance on exceeding the speed limit in December/January. Previously there was a 10kph grace unless a driver was obviously ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

Two different values for criterion in signal detection theory?

I'm a signal detection theory newbie. I have data with a classical SDT design: the participants can answer YES or NO to a question where the correct answer is YES or NO, depending on the presence or ...
8
votes
4answers
217 views

How to read a neuron tuning curve graph?

I'm working through the tutorial of section 2.4 of "How to Build a Brain" and I've encountered this graph of a neuron tuning curve. I understand the Y axis is the firing rate of the neuron, that ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
10
votes
1answer
825 views

432 Hz vs. 440 Hz frequencies: health and psychological effects?

Search for “432 Hz” in YouTube and you’ll find plenty of examples where people have applied a pitch shifter to alter music ranging from a Mozart Requiem to Oasis’ Wonderwall. But some claim that ...
3
votes
0answers
17 views

Is it sufficient to say self control eliciting the reduced ERN (error-related negativity) in cognitive control tasks?

The limited resource model of self control suggests that the exertion of self control can impair performance in subsequent cognitive control tasks (for details on the model, check this question. Most ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
4
votes
2answers
57 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?
3
votes
2answers
43 views

Are any kinds of behavior proved to correlate with testosterone levels?

Are any kinds of behavior proved to correlate with testosterone levels? Any studies done on this? Any indications of such correlations?
3
votes
2answers
21 views

What aspects of ACT-R are not contained within Spaun?

ACT-R was the first big cognitive model and excels at modelling human behavioral data quite accurately. Spaun, which is the world's largest functional brain model, took a lot of ACT-R's insights and ...
3
votes
1answer
12 views

What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Methods for stimulating exact positions in the body

I am interested in knowing if there are state-of-the-art, non-invasive techniques that could be put on, and taken off from the user's body several times without compromising positioning accuracies. ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

How long do dreams last?

What is the relationship between time perceived in a dream and time in the external world? Is time running in dreams always faster than the time running in the real world? Is it ratio of real time ...
7
votes
2answers
162 views

How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task? [closed]

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Regarding the mind and what it can affect

About the question 'Can the mind mind affect the brain?': Some responses are 'no' because the mind is a physical 'thing' or structure (if I read it correctly). Yet if the Mind is only a physical ...
4
votes
1answer
21 views

Biologically plausible cognitive model of Wisconsin card sorting task

As discussed previously, there are a wide range of models that have been applied to the Wisconsin card sorting task. However, which one is most biologically plausible? That is, uses a realistic model ...
3
votes
0answers
205 views

Where to recruit paid participants for online Inquisit experiments?

My team and I are trying to use Inquisit for a reaction-time based experiment looking at attentional bias. However, with the no download policy on Mturk and CrowdFlower, we don't know a good site to ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Can information theory be applied to human interactions and communication?

I am not sure if this question is better suited for the computational science SE. I learned a bit of Shannon's information theory in a course I took last year. In the class it was defined as the ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Can long-term antidepressant use reduce memory and emotion?

Can long-term (~3-4 years) antidepressant use reduce memory and emotion?
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Research on gift structure and satisfaction: one large gift or two small ones?

I'm familiar with some research into the subject of gift giving, for example Dan Ariely suggests that giving cash is less effective than buying somebody something. Other studies show that money spent ...
6
votes
3answers
119 views

How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?

I was thinking how powerful auditory and visual hallucinations must be, for the individual experiencing them to be unable to distinguish them from reality. I, personally, have not experienced a ...
2
votes
1answer
355 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

What is Intelligence? Is it based on prediction capability of an agent? [closed]

I have the intuition that at a first level is the capability of an individual to predict outcomes of her/his/its own actions in a environment were he/she/it has familiarity with (don't you feel stupid ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Are there any theories suggesting mindfulness is the opposite mental state to self-regulation?

Meditation practice focuses on emotional acceptance (Teper & Inzlicht, 2013), and self-regulation is related to emotional control (Braumeister, 2003). Could someone provide me with pointers to ...
19
votes
1answer
361 views

Evolutionary game theory in the cognitive sciences

Game theory models something very relevant to psychologists (in particular social psychologists): conflict and cooperation between decision-makers. Unfortunately, classical game theory demands that ...
6
votes
0answers
31 views

How common is alien hand syndrome?

The impression that I got from looking at a couple of articles on alien hand syndrome was that it was an extremely common or basically guaranteed result of getting a callosotomy to treat severe ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Does a condition exist that resembles autism, but featuring much instead of little empathy?

I recently read a book by an autistic author who relates his experiences in professional life in IT. (He was diagnosed only in mid adulthood.) Colleagues see him as highly intelligent but also ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Visual acuity and offset stimuli

I'm currently setting up and experiment that utilises a visual search task that contains a circular array of target letters and a distractor that falls outside the circle. Obviously the further away ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Research about climate changes and mental difficulties (anxiety, depression)

I red this review and wondering if this is or could be connected in any way (psychiatry and ecology): http://www.jpma.org.pk/full_article_text.php?article_id=1606 Does anyone knows/have idea about ...
6
votes
2answers
81 views

Is it really impossible for a hypnotist to make a participant do something against their will?

Is there any evidence of a hypnotist making someone do something against their will while in a hypnotic state? I know there are many sites by practicioners that state it is impossible, but they have ...
12
votes
3answers
246 views

What is the status of evolutionary psychology in academia today?

Having an interest in human psychology (but no formal training) I decided to take Coursera's Introduction to Psychology as a Science. Here's a snippet from an introductory lecture (it requires ...
24
votes
3answers
15k views

Why would the brain flip the images perceived by your eyes?

The following is a common scientific statement, which you don't have to google long for to find: The eye views images upside-down in the manner of a camera lens, but our brains reinterpret this ...
7
votes
1answer
64 views

Predicting the landing site of a saccade while the saccade is still in progress

A brief look through the literature didn't reveal any algorithms that have been directly applied to the online prediction of saccade landing sites while a saccade is in progress. While there would ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

How is the signal-to-noise ratio of an event-related-potential measured?

I often encounter publications where the authors try to "increase the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals". Some define a numeric value of SNR of EEG signals, but I am ...
9
votes
1answer
918 views

What is the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder and fugue states?

The introduction of the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders ("DSM-5") is on the horizon. With it are coming some new, evidence-based diagnoses for dissociative ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Where can I find a database, preferably OWL-based, that contains structured information about everyday objects?

I'd like a database that has information like that fact that a table is made of wood is composed of a top and legs is used for eating food off etc And I'd like this information to be semantically ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the difference between Megalomania and Narcissism?

As far as I can tell, both megalomania and narcissism are found in [delusions of] grandiosity. Perhaps megalomania has more focus on power, rather than just being well liked? What is the primary ...
21
votes
1answer
907 views

Have the abilities of John Lorber's patients with limited cortical mass been further evaluated in adulthood?

Short of minor lesions or infarcts, most high-functioning adults have an intact cerebral cortex. Yet, a surprising result published anecdotally in Science in 1980 caused a lot of scientists to take ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Is there a relation between speed of executing a task and ones intelligence?

I recently came across a code refactoring problem. Considering the risk of getting into a risky bug later I switched to my usual mode of think and solve it, rather than go and make the changes fast. ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Does research support the notion of Mirroring building trust?

Mirroring is the behaviour in which one person subconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another. Has there been any scientific research on the effects of mirroring? If so, ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Does a loser prefer the winner to subsequently lose or win?

Most major league sports have some form of tournament bracket where there are several rounds of elimination before a winner is determined. In most of them, the winning team is undefeated over the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Create oddball task with eprime

I am trying to set up a oddball task with eprime 2.0.10 but I don't know how. My experiment is based on a go - nogo paradigm, and specifically the Sustained Attention to an auditory response task. The ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

What are the possible causes of sometimes using incorrect word ordering when speaking?

A friend sometimes speaks with incorrect word ordering. However, he writes English at a professional level. How could this be? His vocabulary is fine, just the word ordering is weird sometimes when he ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Why do people have different sense of humour?

Why some people find dark humour funny but other people feel embarrassed when they hear such jokes? Some people laugh at cabarates but other feel bored watching them. What is the reason that people ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

At what age are women perceived to be most attractive?

Someone once quoted a research at me: Men were shown photographs of female body parts and asked to judge the attractiveness. The result was that men (of all ages) found 14 year old females the most ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Isolating the desired event in EEG signals

When we took an EEG data from subjects, does the subject have to be in "neutral state" i.e there is no anger, no sadness, no happiness ...etc. and they also in situation that they neither do any ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

What neurophysiological mechanisms are typically associated with distraction?

I've been looking into focus aids and I've come across some music which markets itself as entertaining your "limbic system". Although it's been asked before how music can affect mental states, I'm ...

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