# All Questions

974 views

### What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
37 views

### Does dream recall alter the dreaming process?

I've encountered the following phenomenon : within a single night of starting a dream journal again, my dreams became more numerous, recall improved and I'm waking up after each sleep cycle except the ...
81 views

### Why is it easier to learn something when you have a teacher explain it?

I find that things you learn in school are much easier to learn than before you take the course. For example, there is a mathematical theorem that seems unnerving when I self studied calculus, but the ...
113 views

### Why does strobe lighting trigger seizures in photosensitive epilepsy?

Photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) is a form of epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by visual stimuli that form patterns in time or space, such as flashing lights, bold, regular patterns, or ...
153 views

### What causes lack of energy? The relative importance of testosterone versus emotional, genetic, and environmental factors

Some people assume that males lack of energy because of low testosterone. I would think that lack of energy could be due to esteem levels, emotional abuse, low self-worth, and even genetics to some ...
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### Big 5 and the routes to persuasion - Any studies on correlations here?

Reading about the routes to persuasion, it occurred to me that most people appear to be using one of the system above the other. Some people use system 1 much more, some people use system 2 much more. ...
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### Do intuitive people overlook facts more often than others?

I read an article on thinking and choices, system#1 and system#2 etc. It is said that system#1, our 'intuition' and gut feeling, has a fatal tendency to overlook\ignore facts. We all know from ...
156 views

### What kinds of information can (and cannot) be extracted from connectome?

Several scientific projects are trying to map the connectome, such as The Human Connectome Project. The connectomes of other organisms, such as C. elegans, have been mapped already. Having an ...
41 views

### Have there been any scientific experiments attempting to communicate with one's unconscious mind?

For the purposes of this question, I will define unconscious/subconscious as the parts of the human mind that are not normally available for introspection or control, but which are still involved in ...
53 views

### Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
58 views

### What is the difference between feeling sad and feeling unhappy?

The first two questions on the Burns Depression Checklist ask about (1) Feeling Sad and (2) Feeling Unhappy. Specifically, they ask how much you have experienced: Feeling sad or down in the dumps ...
78 views

### What is the effect of displayed online personal identifiers on online communication?

Online interaction provides an interesting avenue for experiment and experience. People are able to hide or fabricate their personal details including age, sex, and appearance. For the purposes of ...
57 views

### Effective sampling rate in human visual system

The [stroboscopic effect][1] is often explained as one of the problems of sampling. If sample rate is too low, you might have the impression of the signal frequency being low or even reverse. There ...
67 views

### How to compare brain waves?

I'm a Java developer completely naive of brain waves and such. Could anyone tell me how to compare them? For instance, how can I compare: and this: What fields of study should I focus on? I ...
73 views

### Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
59 views

### How does the alpha brain wave frequency range distribute over the population?

Alpha brain waves show up in your EEG when you close your eyes. Alpha waves are brain waves between 8 and 13 Hz. How does this frequency range distribute over a population of people?
46 views

### Concept maps. What exactly they are? [closed]

I would like you to recommend me a definitive book about concept maps. I've been taking a look to a wide variety but none of them seemed clear to me.
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### What are the key features of dreams that trigger dream recall in the waking state?

There are various ways of writing down dreams upon awakening in one's dream journal. I've seen long, detailed descriptions that read like novels and take a page or two. Then there are terse notes of ...
54 views

### The accuracy & malleability of memory for color

How accurate is colour memory for the standard person? It would seem most people are quite good at remembering the colour of objects by visualising the object. But in some cases peoples visualisation ...
108 views

### Is there a report of a successfully EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) using image training?

Currently I am involved in constructing an EEG-Based BCI. The goal of the BCI is to control which light in a series of lightbulbs lights up. The plan is to use different images (i.e. a flower versus ...
62 views

### Are association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols and Communication: At some point in human history, we developed communication. Our brains were able to understand that things stood for something else. For example, the sound we make when we ...
174 views

### Gain EQ for Introverted Person [closed]

What method and/or technique is recommended to make an introverted person to gain high emotional intelligence, social skills and social competence in his/her personality? What I have seen the ...
343 views

### What is the relative importance of shape and color in object recognition?

Do people recognize objects faster when both shape and color are present? Can color introduce more cognitive load to identify the object? Let's say there is a row of icons. Users need to quickly (no ...
128 views

### How do the correlations between Big 5 personality change in studies examining “faking bad”?

I have conducted several studies that get participants to complete the IPIP personality test while role play going for a job. A common finding is that the average correlation (i.e., $\bar{r}$ between ...
20 views

### Studies on visually recognizable personality traits?

Are there any studies on the possibility of visually recognizing someone's personality? When I say "visually recognizing" I mean things like clothes, accessories, body attitude, visible behavior, ...
25 views

### Is fear of parasites an explanation for trypophobia?

Trypophobia is the alleged pathological fear of objects with irregular patterns of holes, such as beehives, ant hills and lotus seed heads. I find some sample pictures that relevant to ...
58 views

### What is the meaning of “little efferent input” to retina?

Gollisch & Meister (2010) state that "the retina receives little efferent input from the brain" (p. 157). Could anyone describe what exactly this "little efferent input" (where it originates, ...
66 views

### Do highly creative people dream more and/or differently than ordinary people?

Everybody dreams, and I'm trying to understand if there is a cause and effect relationship between ability to dream and recall dreams and creativity as an adult. I would define the kind of ...
59 views

### What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
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### How would losing episodic memory affect a person's functioning?

Episodic memory is defined as the difference between remembering and knowing. Roughly speaking, the criteria for episodic memory is a memory which you remember from a first person vantage point, ...
66 views

### What is the biological reason behind disorganized thinking and disorganized behavior in thought disorders?

Having disorganized thinking is different for everyone. But, it is sometimes described as not being able to connect thoughts together. I am asking about disorganized thinking other than communication ...
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Masking occurs when the delay between the target and the mask is less than a threshhold (say 50 milliseconds). If sensory data passes from lower to higher visual cortices/processing regions as in a ...
24 views

### How does diet affect OCD?

Background: I have read that caffeine is not a good drink for sufferers of anxiety disorders. This is common sense given that it may increase agitation. I noticed when I started a low carb diet that ...
40 views

### Name of cognitive effect where you know that your first thought is wrong but you go with it anyway

Sometimes you know a fact about an object or phenomenon, but temporarily forget about it and assume a different, contradicting fact based on a knee-jerk reaction. I witnessed an amusing interaction on ...
75 views

### List of experiments contradicting the expected utility model

I proposed this question as an example question for the Area51 proposal "Mathematical modeling". User Artem Kaznatcheev suggested that it be asked here too, which I thought was a good idea. So I am ...
16 views

### What changes brought into DSM-5 have increased therapeutic use of medications?

Given the controversies surrounding DSM-5, has there been any research into its impact on prescription practice (in the United States)? If so, what are the changes that have resulted in increased use ...
22 views

### Can incubation be performed, while, at the same time, being focussed on a problem?

Is it possible to perform incubation as well as consciously think about a problem at the same time, in effect multitasking, in order to learn something, without having to stop and take a break, ...
421 views

### What makes some things more fun than others universally?

Recently I have been presented with the question, "What makes something addictive, and why are some activities more addicting than others?" This question intrigues me, as logically, the answer would ...
66 views

### Is all learning a subconscious activity?

As a non-native English speaker I recently tried to understand difference in phrases "to study" and "to learn". I found some explanations here on English language and usage SE, stating that learning ...
56 views

### Do animals have some kind of rudimentary personality types or preferences?

I'm looking at the Myers Briggs type indicator and am trying to understand if type/personality preferences are a human only construct. I'm talking about Introversion-Extraversion, Sensing or ...
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### Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
2k views

### What is the current “accepted” science behind dream interpretation?

I'm doing some casual reading about dream interpretation (meaning I'm reading the wikipedia entry) and the article mentions that there are several ways of thinking about dreams from a psychological ...
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### “Do it yourself” Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy-style intervention methods

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, what should happen between the occurrence of a negative automatic thought and, finally, its neutralization is logical thinking: looking at the evidence for the ...
36 views

### Is it possible for a person to have anterograde amnesia and be aware of it?

In "Memento" the main character has got anterograde amnesia, but he's aware of it. Is it even possible and how, if it is? Compare it to "50 First Dates" — the heroine is not aware of her ...
29 views

### Are there some tools to get human brain Brodmann areas from X,Y,Z coordinates?

Is there some program that given the x,y,z coordinates of a area in a given brain template, gives the histological Brodmann area relative to that template? I'm interested in associating x,y,z ...
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### Survey Questionnaire design - What are the alternatives to Likert scale in measuring attitudes?

I work in Social Science Research (Management) In my school, Likert Scale is extensively used to measure attitudes.(Strongly disagree to Strongly agree). So, I kind of assumed that it's an absolute ...
136 views

### Which is the shortest duration for a pitch difference in audio signals to be perceived by the human auditory system?

If I have two short audio signals, for example pure tone C4 and C#4, so half-tone difference, how short can they be that the human can hear the difference in pitch? Was there any ...
60 views

### Is cognitive science a concentration of psychology?

Is cognitive science apart of psychology? If I major in psychology, will it be easy for me to be a cognitive scientist?