10
votes
1answer
329 views

Refinements of Rescorla-Wagner model of classical conditioning

The Rescorla-Wagner model is one of the most commonly discussed mathematical models of classical conditioning. It was wildly popular when it came out in 1972, and very successful. The same math, is ...
9
votes
1answer
77 views

Open magnetic resonance imaging datasets on psychosis?

Are there any open magnetic resonance imaging datasets of normal and healthy adults (as controls) and psychotic subjects? Such as ADNI for Alzheimer's or OASIS for aging.
13
votes
1answer
137 views

What do anatomical substrates of conditioned taste aversion tell us about treatment?

Conditioned taste aversions (CTAs) or Garcia effect are a byproduct of feeling ill after we've consumed a certain food. These aversions is present even if the illness is not related to ingestion and ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Gaze as indication of surprise or agreeableness in new born and infant

Several studies on new-born and infant involve the gaze, but depending on the age of the subject, the assumption is different. For new-born, a long gaze means that what they look at is agreeable but ...
9
votes
1answer
609 views

Intentionally making ourselves remember things that never happened

I've been reading an interesting book which makes mostly founded claims. However, there is no reference to any studies in regards to one of the following claims: according to the author, visualizing ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Affective picture database containing picture of obese people, especially obese couples in erotic positions?

I know about International Affective Picture System (IAPS) but I don't know whether these kind of pictures is there. However, I requested access, but I have to wait up to 30 days and it's too long for ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Why do people hide wealth?

I was reading about Panama leaks and I was wondering why do people keep their wealth secret? What's the psychology behind it?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Which brain structure or function cannot be studied using neuroimaging techniques?

Considering CT, PET, MRI, fMRI, EEG, MEG, DWI, and DTI techniques, is there any structure or function of the brain that cannot be determined and studied using regular imaging techniques? My first ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Can you please explain this phnomena?

I have seen and experienced the following phenomena. It often happen in a work environment but can happen anytime and anywhere: 1) Person A is doing something that requires full concentration (like ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

Is there any evidence for a bias towards perceiving darker surfaces as 'figure' rather than 'ground'?

Given that surfaces which capture attention are more likely to be perceived as figures (or figures attract attention more than ground does?), is there a bias associated with the luminance of a ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Why are some people jealous of other people's success?

I have seen many time in my life where I encountered few peoples who hate those person who are going great with their life and achieving something. I mean why some people hate those person who are ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Why are most people not persuaded by rational arguments?

The sentence could look as a provocation for many people, but the thoughts are not always rational and linear. But why this happens? Is it possible to give a short answer? "Counter to what you might ...
9
votes
2answers
7k views

Which neurotransmitters can be measured in a living human brain?

I'm interested in learning more about the modern techniques that are used for scientific studies of neurotransmitters in the living human brain. As far as I know, there are 4 neuromodulator systems ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Can the desire to change a romantic partner ever be satisfied?

Based on the typical relationship advise: "Don't try to change your partner" and such, I would say that many people want to see their romantic partners behaving just a little bit differently. It is a ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Can personality be measured without self-report or peer-report?

There's lots of evidence on personality correlating to various behavior, like speed when talking, words used, walking pace, types of books owned, reactions to situations, colors on clothing, +++. Is ...
6
votes
3answers
13k views

Is there a term to describe an inability to express emotion or feelings?

I am writing a novel and was wondering if there was a specific term for someone unable to express his own emotions or feelings. The catch here is, this doesn't mean he doesn't know what anger or love ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

What combats Retroactive Interference?

All I've found is one sentence somewhere that said something like "more rehearsal." I've also read that the method of loci makes for "minimal interference," but no elaboration on why exactly nor how ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

The line between fantasy and reality

It is already well known that imagining certain things can have a physiological effect on us. For example, imagining an intense situation can cause the heart rate to go up, while imagining a quiet, ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

I find things funnier when tired - is this a scientific phenomenon?

I find, consistently, that I'm far more susceptible to humor late at night when I'm tired. The more tired I get, the more often and more deeply I find myself laughing at humor I see in videos and TV. ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Do dissolving myelinated connections explain learning?

In order to understand how we get rid of established habits/behavior: Can myelinated connections be dissolved or are new connections created that bypass those connections?
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there any research showing we only like to see/read information on themes/topics/ideas we like?

I have been thinking about how using social networks (like Facebook, Twitter and etc) have been changing the way we think. For example, Facebook feed is tailored on the basis of what we like. On ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is Asperger Syndrome poorly recognised in France?

Asperger Syndrome is quite well-known in psychiatric circles, as well as (to a lesser degree) the general public, in many countries the western world. However, in France, Asperger Syndrome is ...
6
votes
2answers
114 views

Is there a neural network model of Pavlovian Learning?

I am trying to find a computer simulation of Pavlovian learning. i.e. an action such as salivation in response to a stimulus such as a bell ringing. Most neural network models I've seen seem to be ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Does neuroplasticity cancel the notion of “aptitudes” as a natural gift?

Considering the definition of neuroplasticity as the capability of our brain to rewire itself by forming new neural connections throughout the life, it seems to me that our brain is like a ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

How does the hippocampus and the “Papez” circuit form a memory?

It is admitted the hippocampus is necessary to the formation of new long term memories. At first, information goes back and forth between various parts of the cortex and the hippocampus. That's how a ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Reference request how a space/room may affect our cognitive behaviour

I noticed different rooms may affect my cognitive perspective and I want to understand why and how it occurs. Therefore I'm searching for books where they can help me to understand it. Does anyone has ...
4
votes
0answers
24 views

Does testosterone level cause more sexual dream content?

I have long been interested in dreaming, including how dream content can shed some light on brain chemistry. I did a search on the subject of testosterone levels altering dream content and see some ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

I need good introductory texts/publications on brain networks and functional integration/segregation

I am a soon to be graduating applied mathematician interviewing for a research position soon in a lab considered with neurological imaging and association of brain networks with things like aging, ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

The number of dendrites versus axon terminals [closed]

Refer to this answer, I know there are thousands of dendrites make thousands connections, and only multiple axon terminals. Normally, connections (synapse) are classical axon-dendritic synapses which ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Which is a better statistical option to compare differences across groups?

I have two groups (13 experimental and 13 control participants) performing on two cognitive tasks. I have accuracy (omissions, commissions) and reaction time measurement from each test for each ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How do the motor system and Central Pattern Generators interact?

Central Pattern Generators are populations of neurons found in the spinal chord that assist in the creation of rhythmic movements. See this paper for a recent publication on the topic. How does the ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

Where can I find the questions that are used in the Conformity to Masculinity Norms Inventory

I have read numerous articles discussing the CMNI but none include the questionnaire that was used.
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Do dreams improve upon memory and understanding by making the sensory experience MORE LIKE thought? [closed]

It is certainly a great fact/truth that the ability of thought to describe or reconfigure sensory experience is ultimately dependent upon the extent to which thought is similar to sensory experience. ...
8
votes
1answer
76 views

Why do people love nature?

I wonder why we feel happy and comfortable when seeing the view of trees, green plants and flowers. Why do we admire sea, waves, fishes inside pure water and sun set? why do we love seeing the view of ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

What is the purpose of dead end neurons in this diagram?

I was reading over some sources about ANNs, and here I found this diagram of a Recurrent Neural Network (RNN, the source calls it a feedback neural network). I noticed that a few neurons in this ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Where does the human need for intimacy stem from?

I'm reading "The Art of Happiness" right now, and in it, it's written that our need from intimacy stems a fear that developed at childbirth. According to the text, there's much evidence that this fear ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

Searching for literature on cognition of flyover animations

I'm rewriting a journal article on flyover animations: the virtual camera moves in a 3D map environment (e.g. a flyover of the Grand Canyon showing off the topography). The paper describes our user ...
6
votes
2answers
128 views

Does electricity pass through synapse?

As far as I understand, when a neuron fires the action potential generated in a cell body reaches only the presynaptic part of the synapse, then triggers the transmitter to pass through the gap, and ...
7
votes
1answer
259 views

What are the different branches of Psychoanalysis?

I am trying to make a list of the main accepted branches of psychoanalysis to quiz a friend of mine. I don't know much about it and to learn more I need to know the main areas. So far I have ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Cognitive effect during sport activity

I want to get a better comprehension about the mind of people playing sports. I want to understand what happen when people are concentrated during the activity. Could anyone suggest me a book about ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

Is there a term for a measure in which an extremely high or low score is considered bad?

I'm writing up the results of a measure of emotional management, and I'm hypothesising that under- or over-management of emotions leads to negative consequences. I'm looking for a term which ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How to interpret strong, significant correlations between dimensions on a measure?

I have been provided datasets from two questionnaires, with the aim of exploring any relationships between the factors measured by one, and factors measured by the other. One questionnaire looks at ...
4
votes
1answer
29 views

Problems with parameterizing neuronal simulation on a limited number of datasets

I'm hoping to contribute to the OpenWorm project by helping their efforts to parameterize the neurons in CElegans so the model elicits biologically realistic behavior. The problem is I've got only ...
2
votes
1answer
13 views

Can training on neural networks be selectively undone?

Say that you've trained a network with a set of training data comprising of data points A,B,C, and D. Can the effect of, say, point B on the network be undone without also losing the training from ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Official term for the tendency to associate with like-minded people?

I want a term for the tendency of individuals to confirm their existing biases/opinions by seeking out and reinforcing their opinions with like-minded individuals (as far as I know, this is distinct ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

I need an advice in how to build an eeg simulink setup

I am reading about EEG (A subject which is new to me). I think that I am ok with the basics of the theory but I have difficulties in applying it to real matlab applications. For example, I am trying ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Is it possible that human behavior cannot be formalized as an optimization problem?

It is common to explain humans behavior by having the brain follow a certain objective function, that may have been formed through evolution. Given the objective function and infinite computing ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

What cognitive architectures out there combine multiple sensor streams?

It seems like most cognitive architectures are evaluated on toy problems that do not challenge more than one sense (usually the visual one). What neuronal cognitive architectures were evaluated in the ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Independent Component Analysis (ICA) in FSL vs fastICA: Why do they vary?

I was doing ICA in FSL via Melodic gui and fastICA in R on Auditory data from SPM http://www.fil.ion.ucl.ac.uk/spm/data/auditory/. No matter whether I keep the default settings in Melodic gui or ...

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