# All Questions

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49 views

### Why do certain activities seem to co-occur with well learnt skills?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
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258 views

### Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they ...
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38 views

### What exercises can be used to overcome the cognitive distortion “disqualifying the negative”?

I've been writing "log of good things that happened today" for the last 2 years (every alternate day on average). It has resulted in a lot of improvement in my perspective and in general I'm more ...
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43 views

### Optimising visual clutter for target audiences

I am studying Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and there is a lot of discussion about consistency across a website, predictability between pages, of theme and layout. There is information about color, ...
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20 views

### Do the brains of non-altruistic persons mirror the observed experience of suffering?

Altruistic behavior can have different motivations: from the hope that the help you give will ultimately benefit yourself (social exchange theory) to a selfless wish to alleviate someone's suffering. ...
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43 views

### How do auditory and visual hallucinations differ within the brain?

I asked this question How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?. It occurs to me that auditory hallucinations may well be generated in a different part of the brain to visual ...
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29 views

### What causes varying degrees of recall of text when speaking aloud versus mentally?

Background: When i try to recall some memorised passages from a book, I find that some memories are best recalled when i speak aloud and some when i speak inaudibly in my mind. What causes varying ...
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14 views

### Conceptual blending

Is there a mathematical formalization of conceptual blending? I know that feature structures in linguistics or frames in AI can be combined using unification which is a special (simple) case of ...
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70 views

### What is the difference between cognitive test batteries like ANAM, CANTAB, Vienna Test etc.?

I would like to measure peak cognitive performance in healthy individuals, for situation awareness, reaction time, visuo-spatial processing etc. I am interested in both within-subject and ...
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33 views

### Does cognitive & behavioral schools have any analysis for “sympathy” & “compassion”?

The Cambridge Dictionaries define the word compassion as: a strong feeling of sympathy and sadness for the suffering or bad luck of others and a wish to help them A sample might be when you see ...
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30 views

### How does motivation relate to performance and to fun and to recognition?

Many studies indicate that for tasks that require cognitive skills and creative thinking, monetary reward does not work. Rather, we should give people purpose, autonomy and mastery to make them part ...
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24 views

### predisposition towards organising information in hierarchical outlines?

I like very much organising information in hierarchical outlines through PIM software (also names tree outliners/ treepads/ etc). I wouldn't feel comfortable if I do not have information organised ...
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40 views

### How to enhance brain functioning?

Many emotional and behavioral dysfunctions, such as bad decisionmaking (http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awg177), appear to be symptoms of impaired brain functioning. Conversely, stimulating brain ...
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43 views

### Muscle tone and default heart rate - psychological conclusions?

I know that muscle tension and heart rate goes up as we get stressed, but what if in normal conditions some have a lower heart rate and muscle tension while others higher? Does this say something ...
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99 views

### How do family conflicts and childhood experiences influence passive-aggressive behaviours in the workplace?

Possibly related but not a duplicate - "How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?" Workplace behaviours and personality traits, e.g. ...
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18 views

### When falling asleep does one always start with NREM1?

After my admittedly short research I could not find information which states that if a person is disturbed while their sleeping, let's say in NREM3 phase of their sleep cycle, and wakes up and then ...
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44 views

### Spontaneous change of handedness

I read this question Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand?. It got me thinking. Disclaimer: This is not a self help question I am using myself to illustrate the ...
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107 views

### What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science?

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
0answers
83 views

### What is the latest research on dermatillomania and is there a correlation with masochism?

Dermatillomania (also known as excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, neurotic excoriation, pathologic skin picking (PSP), compulsive skin picking (CSP) or psychogenic excoriation, : is a ...
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18 views

### Is the condition Pathological Intoxication recognised as real?

The plot of the movie Final Analysis revolves around a murder committed by a person diagnosed with Pathological Intoxication. The following study confirms the: probable existence of a discrete ...
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48 views

### How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
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19 views

### What is the proper terminology for “hoarding” type paradox (but not extreme)?

Feel free to edit my title -- I'm not exactly how to sum it up in one sentence, THUS my question here: Is there a name or specific terminology related to the somewhat paradoxical situation in this ...
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109 views

### Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
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36 views

### Illusion of control hardwired in brain?

Are there any research materials which deal with: need for control, illusion of control and neuroscience. It will be very interesting to see if those illusions and needs could be linked to mental ...
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17 views

### What is the Mechanism of 5-HT2A-mediated psychedelia?

Drugs that activate the serotonergic 5-HT2A receptor (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline) are notorious for causing psychedelic experiences and I would like to know the neurochemical mechanism behind ...
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27 views

### Source for turning cone cell opponent process diagram into equations

There is a diagram on wikipedia that is part of the article on the opponent process. I assume practical equations have been developed, at least reasonable approximations, but they appear to be missing ...
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17 views

### Can abstract object representations be associated with a wider range of sounds in comparison to everyday object representations?

I'm looking for some peer reviewed evidence that abstract visuals can be associated with a wide range of sounds when compared to more recognisable visual representations pertaining to everyday ...
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43 views

### What Quantified Self reserach tools are there for measuring performance while playing videogames?

I've recently became aware that there's a whole field of quantified self - using various methodology to collect data about human performance in an attempt to "quantify" how the human body/brain works. ...
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74 views

### Short term time perception affect long term time perception?

It is known that attending to time (i.e. looking at duration) expands subjective time. So if I want to do something for 20 minutes and look at my watch, this would increase my subjective time ...
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200 views

### How much information does the somatosensory system produce?

Are there any approximations of how many bits of information human somatosensory system produces? Especially mechano-receptors as measured in average number of bits per area of skin per second? I've ...
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66 views

### What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. (I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
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50 views

### How to optimize bi-tasking?

Based on an article on brain laterization, it's said that a lateralized brain can do two tasks simultaneously. Lateralized chicks could pick food out of the pebbles with one eye and one half of ...
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89 views

### Evidence that qualia are not the same as physical processes?

With regards to the answer posted by @sandygautman in the question Do feelings have a purpose: Let me first state that I don't have a problem with either the question nor the answer; I'm only looking ...
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30 views

### Meditation for patients with neuroleptic induced tension

Patients taking antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs often suffer from some kind of discomfort or tension. This can manifest as a neuroleptic induced dysphoria, akathisia, or some kind of anxiety. Is ...
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96 views

### Kelly Criterion Observed to Be Adhered by Psychopaths?

As this study shows, psychopaths are much more willing to take advantage of expected gains despite recent losses as opposed to normal people who frequently stop after a series of losses. Has there ...
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126 views

### Does this neural network model exist?

I'm looking for a neural network model with specific characteristics. This model may not exist... I need a network which doesn't use "layers" as traditional artificial neural networks do. Instead, I ...
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75 views

### How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
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101 views

### Does Cognitive Tunneling apply to daydreaming as well?

I've been reading a paper by Jarmasz J. (2005) on cognitive tunneling and am wondering if it applies to daydreaming? For instance, if for some reason I'm already thinking about something that has no ...
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89 views

### classic category learning tasks with data

I need a list of classic categorization tasks (with available human/animal data) to use as a benchmark for a model. I am interested in tasks that can be used to validate/invalidate a model of ...
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279 views

### Does the ability to manipulate your environment affect the type of intelligence?

There are several animals on earth that show certain kinds of intelligence. Some animals have extensions to manipulate their environment and some do not. Think of humans and squids (hand/extension ...
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9 views

### Is the Orch-OR Penrose-Hameroff model for consciousness sensible?

I would definitely consider myself a fan of Penrose, but I know very little about Hameroff. My questions, basically, are: Do you think that the theory seems sensible and well based? Why do you ...
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12 views

### SSRI and Antipsychotic Effect on Cognitive Functions

I have asked a well-known psychiatrist by Email, if taking SSRI and antipsychotic would result in cognitive dysfunctions, and he said yes. What should happen to restore the Cognitive functions like ...
0answers
9 views

### What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
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28 views

### Early Alzheimer's and cognitive remediation programs

Early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) includes the loss of short term memory including prospective memory. On a physical level brain cells are being destroyed and that disrupts the neural ...
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26 views

### How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't ...
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8 views

### Are there any recorded cases of hearing the outside world while in a coma?

There are plenty of stories flying around of people having been in a coma, but able to hear the outside world. They usually include either hearing malicious things said by staff, or encouragement by ...
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20 views

### What are the effects of antipsychotic medication on brain volume?

I have read numerous different papers each claiming that antipsychotic medication either helps maintain brain volume or causes brain volume reduction in patients with schizophrenia and other psychotic ...
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17 views

### Is Allen Carr's Easyway a form of cognitive therapy?

David Burns is a cognitive therapist, who in his Feeling Good describes how to overcome depression. He states that depression is a logical result of irrational negative thoughts, which can be ...
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21 views

### Would a patient benefit from continuing psychotherapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people which have experienced ...
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50 views

### Is Brain Sync music effective in increasing cognitive functioning?

From the website: BRAIN SYNC meditation CDs and guided imagery techniques are proven to significantly improve mental performance. In two decades, nearly 3 million Brain Sync users have ...

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