# All Questions

41 views

### Muscle tone and default heart rate - psychological conclusions?

I know that muscle tension and heart rate goes up as we get stressed, but what if in normal conditions some have a lower heart rate and muscle tension while others higher? Does this say something ...
67 views

### How do family conflicts and childhood experiences influence passive-aggressive behaviours in the workplace?

Possibly related but not a duplicate - "How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?" Workplace behaviours and personality traits, e.g. ...
17 views

After my admittedly short research I could not find information which states that if a person is disturbed while their sleeping, let's say in NREM3 phase of their sleep cycle, and wakes up and then ...
25 views

### Spontaneous change of handedness

I read this question Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand?. It got me thinking. Disclaimer: This is not a self help question I am using myself to illustrate the ...
59 views

### What is the latest research on dermatillomania and is there a correlation with masochism?

Dermatillomania (also known as excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, neurotic excoriation, pathologic skin picking (PSP), compulsive skin picking (CSP) or psychogenic excoriation, : is a ...
34 views

### What are the neurobiological mechanisms behind clumsiness

Some people are inherently clumsy (including your's truly). Everything from frequently stubbing their toes to, as in my case 2 days ago, falling down a single step and managing to crack a rib and ...
17 views

### Is the condition Pathological Intoxication recognised as real?

The plot of the movie Final Analysis revolves around a murder committed by a person diagnosed with Pathological Intoxication. The following study confirms the: probable existence of a discrete ...
41 views

### How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
19 views

### What is the proper terminology for “hoarding” type paradox (but not extreme)?

Feel free to edit my title -- I'm not exactly how to sum it up in one sentence, THUS my question here: Is there a name or specific terminology related to the somewhat paradoxical situation in this ...
67 views

### Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
40 views

### Why does a clock counting down generate more pressure than a clock counting up?

Why does it seem that people feel more pressure with a clock counting down as opposed to counting up? Is there a specific term for this? Maybe counting down signifies some sort of loss whereas ...
49 views

### Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
35 views

### Illusion of control hardwired in brain?

Are there any research materials which deal with: need for control, illusion of control and neuroscience. It will be very interesting to see if those illusions and needs could be linked to mental ...
12 views

### What is the Mechanism of 5-HT2A-mediated psychedelia?

Drugs that activate the serotonergic 5-HT2A receptor (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline) are notorious for causing psychedelic experiences and I would like to know the neurochemical mechanism behind ...
25 views

### Source for turning cone cell opponent process diagram into equations

There is a diagram on wikipedia that is part of the article on the opponent process. I assume practical equations have been developed, at least reasonable approximations, but they appear to be missing ...
17 views

### Can abstract object representations be associated with a wider range of sounds in comparison to everyday object representations?

I'm looking for some peer reviewed evidence that abstract visuals can be associated with a wide range of sounds when compared to more recognisable visual representations pertaining to everyday ...
40 views

### What Quantified Self reserach tools are there for measuring performance while playing videogames?

I've recently became aware that there's a whole field of quantified self - using various methodology to collect data about human performance in an attempt to "quantify" how the human body/brain works. ...
64 views

### Short term time perception affect long term time perception?

It is known that attending to time (i.e. looking at duration) expands subjective time. So if I want to do something for 20 minutes and look at my watch, this would increase my subjective time ...
61 views

### Predicting the Duration of Future Events

I am interested in the question of how people use/integrate previous experiences with instances of tasks or events to make predictions about the duration of future instances of tasks/events. To ...
191 views

### How much information does the somatosensory system produce?

Are there any approximations of how many bits of information human somatosensory system produces? Especially mechano-receptors as measured in average number of bits per area of skin per second? I've ...
65 views

### What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. (I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
48 views

Based on an article on brain laterization, it's said that a lateralized brain can do two tasks simultaneously. Lateralized chicks could pick food out of the pebbles with one eye and one half of ...
85 views

### Evidence that qualia are not the same as physical processes?

With regards to the answer posted by @sandygautman in the question Do feelings have a purpose: Let me first state that I don't have a problem with either the question nor the answer; I'm only looking ...
28 views

### Meditation for patients with neuroleptic induced tension

Patients taking antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs often suffer from some kind of discomfort or tension. This can manifest as a neuroleptic induced dysphoria, akathisia, or some kind of anxiety. Is ...
93 views

### Kelly Criterion Observed to Be Adhered by Psychopaths?

As this study shows, psychopaths are much more willing to take advantage of expected gains despite recent losses as opposed to normal people who frequently stop after a series of losses. Has there ...
74 views

### Causal reasoning(implicit models?) vs grammar of native language

I was reading about linguistic relativity and it struck me that there could also be differences in multilingual individuals and mono/bi-lingual individuals on how they derive/reason/create structure ...
111 views

### Does this neural network model exist?

I'm looking for a neural network model with specific characteristics. This model may not exist... I need a network which doesn't use "layers" as traditional artificial neural networks do. Instead, I ...
72 views

### How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
98 views

### Is Decision Making/Theory/Analysis applicable to game design?

I've done research over the last year in game design by reading some of the most well-known books in the field. Making interesting decisions is one of the fundamental elements of fun in games. I'm ...
99 views

### Does Cognitive Tunneling apply to daydreaming as well?

I've been reading a paper by Jarmasz J. (2005) on cognitive tunneling and am wondering if it applies to daydreaming? For instance, if for some reason I'm already thinking about something that has no ...
85 views

### classic category learning tasks with data

I need a list of classic categorization tasks (with available human/animal data) to use as a benchmark for a model. I am interested in tasks that can be used to validate/invalidate a model of ...
233 views

### Does the ability to manipulate your environment affect the type of intelligence?

There are several animals on earth that show certain kinds of intelligence. Some animals have extensions to manipulate their environment and some do not. Think of humans and squids (hand/extension ...
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### What maladaptive behaviours or cognitive distortions develop as a result of chronic childhood illness?

It's fairly well documented that childhood trauma (such as chronic illness) can lay the neurochemical groundwork for conditions like depression later in life. A paper, "The link between childhood ...
24 views

### Has anyone done a thorough comparative review of psychotherapeutic approaches?

Have the efficacy of different psychotherapeutic approaches--e.g., ACT, CBT, DBT, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavioral--been compared? I'm sure each approach may be more or less effective depending ...
35 views

### What is the executive control of attention?

I know it can be said as an individual's ability to pay attention however not clear on the concept. How is it different from selective attention?
29 views

### Is there a difference between existential depression and endogenous depression?

This question What causes people to feel depressed without there being a problem? got me thinking about endogenous vs reactive depression and existential vs psychological depression. It could be ...
64 views

### The propensity of sexuality to be a taboo subject

Social norms vary between cultures and have throughout history. In most societies, the expression of sexuality is demonised to a certain extent. This is apparent in the shame brought to people ...
13 views

### Is there a link between mania in childhood and Borderline Personality Disorder?

The comments under this question Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar yet unable to identify episodes? have led me to ask this. Is it possib Is there a link between childhood mania and adult ...
29 views

### If the brain didn't age, would we need to sleep?

Imagine that human scientists developed a cure for brain aging - you go through genetic modification and now your brain is packed with hyperactive antioxidant enzymes, and as a result your brain never ...
38 views

### Are armed offenders ready to use their weapons?

Are there any statistics about what proportion of armed attackers are willing to hurt or kill as opposed only using their weapons as a threat? E.g. There were cases when a self-confident victim ...
17 views

### Does anyone know of any single item scales for alertness?

I am looking for a quick and short way to assess participants' alertness, hopefully with a validated single-item measure.
43 views

### Latest on small group theory and cognitive dissonance

Wittenbaum and Moreland (2008) cite a study by Moreland, Hogg, and Hains (1994) about the decline of research in to small groups, in particular the lack of examination of the effects and psychology of ...
27 views

### Are job roles wrongly downplayed based on the perception of who is performing them?

This could apply to any number of roles, but the one I had in mind was "secretary." In say, the Middle Ages, a secretary was always a man, and handled the correspondence, (and much of the other ...
26 views

### What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
54 views

### Why do people get syllables mixed up when trying to recall words?

This question is related to this question. It could be a dupe, but I am more interested in whether this is a form of "dyslexic" thinking (for want of a better expression)? I posted this question on ...
87 views

### What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science?

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
31 views

### How have sex differences in reproductive payoffs affected male and female relationship styles?

Pregnancy and the ensuing years of dependency of the child upon the woman, can leave a woman vulnerable physically, emotionally and financially. I think that biologically, pregnancy has no affect on ...
17 views

### How is individual morality linked to psychological profiling?

This is the third in a series of question about morality. The first question : Which morals are universal across the species? The second question: What is the psychology of morality? How can an ...