2
votes
2answers
54 views

How to test for malingering in criminals trying to deny capacity for criminal responsibility?

Psychiatrists and psychologists are often tasked with assessing a criminal defendant's competency to stand trial or his capacity for criminal responsibility. What objective tests are useful for ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Why is it easier to search memory for words starting with a particular letter than for words with that letter in a later position?

Tversky & Kahneman (1974) asserts that it is so, and some scrabble-playing experience convinces me that it's true. However, I've never seen an explanation of why it is true. I assume it has ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Finding consciousness through EEG

I've read an article about the consciousness in vegetative patients. Adrian Owen is one of the neuroscientist making research on this field. The article published on "Le scienze" was about the usage ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
5
votes
2answers
85 views

Can our auditory perception be used to trick our visual perception?

"Our consciousness lags 80 milliseconds behind actual events...The 80-millisecond rule plays all sorts of perceptual tricks on us. As long as a hand-clapper is less than 30 meters away, you hear and ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

Can prosopagnostic (face-blind) people draw other people recognizably?

Is it possible for people with face blindness / prosopagnosia to draw other people (whose faces they cannot recognize) such that non-face-blind people can recognize the people being drawn ?
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Is there a psychometric tool for measuring the difficulty of mental activities?

It is often stated that Alzheimer's disease can be prevented to some extent when a person engages more often in challenging mental activities ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Annoyance in animals

When my dog (an English Cocker Spaniel, for what its worth) is behind some glass (e.g. a glass door or a car window) and someone taps on the glass, even just a little bit, she gets into a fit of rage. ...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

Why does a neuron choose to connect to another?

I have been reading about neuron creation, guidance cues and all sorts of highly complex mechanisms used to allow one neuron axon to extend or connect - but to what end? Why does one neuron end up ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

What differences of opinion led to the Kahneman-Gigerenzer feud?

I have found many allusions to this feud, e.g. from http://nickdunbar.net/2012/05/23/thinking-fast-and-slow-by-daniel-kahneman/ and in Kahneman's trade book "Thinking, Fast and Slow". However, I have ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a standard list of Default Answers which are used in Likert 'type' Scales

I have always had some trouble deciding what to use as the default answers when using Likert 'type' scales. Is there a default list of accepted answers to particular types of questions which are used ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Neuropharmacology and Simulation

I've been wondering whether neural simulations have had applications in (cognitive)neuropharmacological research already. One always reads about the promise of the technology in helping us cure ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Why does munching sound unpleasant to most people?

When someone who eats food is munching, it sounds quite unpleasant for most of the people. What is the reason for this?
5
votes
2answers
188 views

Why is MATLAB so common in Neuroscience?

It is common knowledge that neuroscience -- particularly experimental neuroscience -- uses MATLAB more than any other programming language. I have always just taken this as a given, and pointed to ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Are there any fMRI decoding papers examining the relationship between attentional cueing and activity in V1?

I'm interested in reading on the influence of exogenous attention on cortical representations in early visual areas, but so far my google-fu seems to be failing me. There seems to be some literature ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How many action potentials from presynaptic neurons would be required to make a postsynaptic neuron fire?

I am looking for a rough estimation of the number of action potentials from other neurons required to cause a neuron to fire? I read here that a potential of ~ -55mv must be reached before an action ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

How do people respond to auditory warning signals?

I am working on a literature review of total reaction time to an auditory alert, in a transport context. All of the literature I can find about perception-response times are in the context of visual ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Has there been any serious research on subliminal messaging?

I certainly don't question the existence of subliminal perception which has been demonstrated many times in priming studies like those of Daniel Schacter and many others, nor do I reject the notion of ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

How to compute weights and bias for a McCulloch-Pitts neuron?

I am trying to learn how to manipulate McCulloch-Pitts neurons in order to determine their weights and bias based off of inputs. In this example I have inputs: x, y, z ∈ {−1,1} The neuron's output ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Are there any serious neuroscientific theories of emotional valence?

Could anyone tell me if there are any serious neuroscientific mechanisms that have been proposed to explain how feelings of body states take on a positive or negative character (valence)? An example ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What does double dissociation really tell us?

In psychological research, a single dissociation is when a manipulation leaves one cognitive function (say, A) intact whilst severing another (say, B). This indicates the functions A and B are at ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals

I want to Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals , but it need to make a quiscent periods of recording , So how to make this quiescent periods(i.e the signal has a zero amplitude at ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Neural robots vs conventional robots

My friend is working on a robot that can be mind controlled. He basically wears a headset, and that headset translate brain signal into control signal to move a robot. ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Difference between meditating and watching a movie [closed]

If I meditate, I concentrate on my breathing; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention back to my breathing. If I watch a movie/show, I concentrate on it; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention ...
4
votes
0answers
99 views

Why do people avoid taking the last “donut”?

In many contexts (family, colleagues, etc), say there is a box of donuts for people to take (or any kind of treat or snack). A lot of the times we can observe that there will be only one left and ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others?

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? I mean, unconsciously adopting, not "consciously making fun of". ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Which statistical tests to use when analyzing NASA TLX?

The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) is a subjective, multidimensional assessment tool that rates perceived workload. A set of different scales (Mental Demand, Physical Demand, Temporal Demand, ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Analysis according to Jung's Psychological Types

Recently I read Jung's Psychological Types out of self-questioning. I would like to analyze myself in such a fashion more "professionally", however I do not profess to be able to do that myself, ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What are the different types of cognition?

I am not a cogsci person trying to get a basic understanding of cogsci. I have just heard of the terms embodied cognition and distributed cognition. Are there other kinds of cognition theories as ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Does learning too much useless information weaken my memory?

From what I understand, since we receive a lot of information every day, our brains are tasked with remembering the few important bits and ignoring (or forgetting) everything else. I also know of ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
6
votes
1answer
41 views

Number of presynaptic inputs per cell in primary visual cortex

I have been digging in the literature lately, but I haven't found a nice answer with clear cut numbers (avg +- std) to this question: How many presynaptic inputs receives a pyramidal cell in primary ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How does performance relative to others affect motivation and absolute performance?

Suppose someone is given performance feedback relative to others, for example via a ranking procedure like a leaderboard. Is it best for later performance and motivation to receive feedback showing ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Is the SPAD-T textual analysis software still available?

I am looking for an old program called SPAD-T that is still used for textual analysis (especially in psychology). Can anybody tell me where I can download or purchase a legal copy? Failing that, ...
5
votes
1answer
38 views

What's the functional difference between the NEF and normal ANNs?

Aside from obvious biological plausibility, from a computational standpoint, what's the motivation of using the Neural Engineering Framework (NEF) instead of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Differences between the many versions of neuromorphic hardware

There is a ton of neuromorhpic hardware being pumped out these days. Off the top of my head, I can name IBM (BlueGene and TrueNorth), Qualcomm, Neurogrid, Brainstorm (Neurogrid 2.0), Spinnaker, ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Does nearing sleep onset distort our conscious imagination?

My imagination is pretty real, when I imagine lifting my hand there, I instantaneously feel it. But I tried to imagine at night on the bed that I am diving in the ocean, and every time I dive 1-2 ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

What's the term for people who deny others' achievements?

I know a bunch of people that are always in deep denial (at least trying to appear so) of other people achievements. It can be another country or another group or another religion. For example, when ...
1
vote
3answers
83 views

Can an extravert suffer from social anxiety disorder?

Extraversion is a personality trait that, as the Wikipedia article describes, causes people "to enjoy human interactions", to be sociable, outgoing and love crowds. Social anxiety disorder (SAD), on ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

What tools are available for EEG analysis on the R platform?

I'm starting some EEG studies on attention, and would really like to use R for preprocessing (filtering/artifact rejection), visualization, and analysis, but I can find very little in the way of ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Why do children sometimes not do what they are told, even though their environment supports them fully to do so?

I see many children that do (at times) not listen to their parents, or even do the complete opposite of what other people want them to do. That while the social environment supports them (with ...
2
votes
3answers
63 views

What sort of things are considered as “data” in cognitive science?

I understand that the field is very broad, but I'm trying to arrive at a better idea of how different disciplines use the word "data". For example, for computers it is: the quantities, ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Why do people commit suicide?

I don't understand why people commit suicide. If I imagine myself in a really bad situation and make a list of what kind of things I would do in that situation, I don't have suicide even in my ...

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