All Questions

4
votes
0answers
23 views

Research connecting reflection/introspection in computing and metacognition

I would like to know if the notion of reflection/introspection in computing has prompted research in other fields other than computer science, e.g cognitive sciences. In particular, I would love to ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

How does the unconscious mind work and can we consciously have any control over its contents and functions?

I have read up that the unconscious mind has substantial influence over our decisions, reactions and behaviors. Can we have much influence on how it functions and can we use it to our benefit? Also, ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Can one become less neurotic?

Is it possible to become less neurotic? If so, how? The only methods I've found are meditation and "death contemplation", and I don't know if those have any scientific support. "Individuals who score ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What evidence is there to suggest that delayed gratification is taught and learned and not genetic?

Every evening I spend considerable time and energy trying to get my kids to eat their dinner, holding off treats such as chips or dessert. My experience was that my parents did the same. I have ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What was the quantified brain volume of Albert Einstein?

I have read articles stating that Albert Einstein had an average brain volume but couldn't find a specific measurement. I'm curious because the articles are all so ambiguous. He could have been on the ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Effects of Social Networking websites on Humans?

What are the effects of social networking websites in the evolution of humans (behavioral, intellectual, etc.)? Have their been any studies (published research, articles) on positive or negative ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Are desires influenced by beliefs?

I refer it especially to what men and women look for in the partner. Of course, this is a generalized speech. There is a correlation between the model of beauty proposed to men and what men sees as ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

“All lay loads on a willing horse”

Is there any research on an effect described in the proverb in the title, i.e. when people who work well are requested to work even more, while weak workers are usually left without attention?
4
votes
3answers
103 views

What's the neurological basis for “practice makes perfect”?

I was reading Marvin Minsky's The Society of Mind: This (practice makes perfect) is really is quite curious. You might expect, instead, that the more you learned, the slower you would get-from ...
8
votes
1answer
103 views

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Right after you wake up from a dream, you seem to be able to remember most if not all of the details. Then, over time, these details fade and often disappear. Is this a form of regression? Why is ...
-3
votes
1answer
33 views

Study Effectively [closed]

I have 1day for the exam and there is much to study and Is there anyway to study Effectively.. This is not just for tommorrow this is for the entire life.. I'm feeling little low. Is there any ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Can a self-paced-reading & grammaticality judgment task be programmed in PsychPy or Open Sesame?

I want to know if it is possible to design an experiment on PsychoPy or Open Sesame in which the subject does a self-paced reading (with measuring the reading times for each word), and then after ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Cognitive (neuro)science and related mailing lists

I am looking for cognitive neuroscience (and related) mailing lists. For some time I have been subscribed to Visionlist and found it to be a tremendous source of information about conferences, PhD and ...
6
votes
0answers
30 views

Why *fractional* anisotropy?

Does anyone know why the FA (fractional anisotropy) measure in diffusion tensor imaging is called "fractional"? I'd have thought "local", i.e. voxel-wise, would have been the correct way to qualify ...
3
votes
2answers
28 views

Are there any programmes to identify modular “NeuroBricks”?

In synthetic biology, an organization called the BioBricks Foundation tries to identify modular biological components that are amenable to engineering design, and publishes them in the Registry of ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

How common are visual hallucinations in Schizophrenics?

The typical "Hollywood" representation of Schizophrenia involves vivid visual hallucinations. However, in practice, the dozen or so people with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia I have worked with have ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Do people prefer to buy items from bigger stores vs. smaller stores?

Do people prefer to buy items from bigger stores rather than from smaller stores, even if prices are the same in both? I'm just trying to make a case to my boss about a software product, and I'm ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Where do spatial dimensions enter in single compartment neuronal models?

I am trying to understand how the length and diameter of a compartment are specified. For example, in the Hodgkin–Huxley model, we only have conductances specified in $\rm mS/cm^2$. How do you specify ...
3
votes
1answer
19 views

Is there a pictograms repository under an open-commercial license?

I'm looking for pictograms repositories for non-verbal people. I found two types: ones that I need to pay like PECS or SPC, and others that are free but they have a no-commercial license like ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Can a person control their brain's electrical activity?

In a brain-computer interface paper, I found the following paragraph: Effective assessment of BCI performance requires two levels of evaluation: the user and the system. The user must control the ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

How do ligands bind to and release from receptors?

I'm wondering exactly how ligands bind to and release from receptors. Until recently I presumed ligands were attracted to receptors through electrostatic forces with no chemical interaction involved, ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

How does childhood incidents or upbringing affects one's sexuality?

Does sexual teasing in the childhood can lead to bi-curiosity. I mean if someone becomes shy and start feeling inferior or bad about his/her sex(sex organs) due misbehaviour, assault and continous ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
4
votes
0answers
59 views

What to do when you have a speed-accuracy trade-off in your data?

Many studies report that a speed-accuracy trade-off (SATO) did not occur in the data since there is a positive correlation between RTs and error rates. In other words, people took longer to respond ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Diffrence between SSVEP and P300

I have read about SSVEP and P300 as different subjects. But its seems that they are related to each other. Is P300 a kind of SSVEP?
3
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the meaning of semantics to cognition?

I am new to the field of semantic knowledge representation and all I get information about the term semantics = meaning. Can somebody please explain to me what is semantics and how it is important in ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

What is the name of the condition where you feel like you have been somewhere before?

It happens many times when you visit a place you have never been before, you feel subconsciously you have been there already. And the events and people you are ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Is there a way to make oneself more sleepy?

Background motivation: Is there is a way to correct sleeping patterns to go to bed at least at midnight, not later than that? If I do not feel tired/sleepy enough, can I "prime" or "cheat" myself to ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

What are the neurobiological factors associated with intelligence in animals?

For example, is there a well-defined relationship between "number of neurons in the cortex" and some measure of "intelligence" in animals? I'm familiar with the encephalization quotient - that is, ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Is attraction between two people just physical, not neurological/psychological?

In the Richard Morgan's sci-fi debut Altered Carbon, the technology exists to separate a person's consciousness and put it into another body or "sleeve". The protagonist Takeshi Kovacs, is downloaded ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

How does the frequency of a visual stimulus affect the steady-state visually evoked potential?

I want to make a project for EEG signal processing, and in my research I found the concept of SSVEP, which means that if you have a stimulus with low frequency applied to the eye, the electrical ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Is it usually worthwhile to argue to try to convince someone?

I find from personal life experience that arguing with someone is hardly a good way to try to convince someone of something. You might end up getting whatever you'd like from the person you are trying ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce sounds?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What does Inter-Personal conflict means in clinical evaluation?

Bob suffers from depression and thinks he has dementia. He goes to see a Psychologist who conducts Rorschach test and gives the following evaluation: ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

I read that neural networks are of two types: a) Biological neural networks b) Artificial neural networks (or ANN) I read, "Neural Networks are models of biological neural structures," and the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is Anyone Working on Problem Solving Learning Environments?

Prof. David H. Jonassen of the University of Missouri was a stalwart in designing problem solving learning environments in teaching learning situations. His books give good theoretical framework for ...
6
votes
2answers
112 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on: J. P. Carvalho, "On the Semantics and the Use of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Social Sciences" (WCCI, 2010 -- PDF) and Richard Dagan's web page Cognitive Mapping. A cognitive map consists of ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the source for the W3C's Contrast Ratio formula?

The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a formula for the contrast ratio of any two arbitrary colors, which they use to set minimum standards for text legibility: ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's g factor, (assuming such are available)?

Following up on this question: What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's* g factor, (assuming such are available)? (*if a specific target individual is necessary to respond ...
5
votes
2answers
137 views

What is the minimum angle off horizontal before a line visually appears inclined at first glance?

Here is a straight line, which visually looks like a straight line: At first look (lets say minimum 2–3 sec.) the line below looks straight, but after some time you can see that it is actually an ...
8
votes
0answers
111 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

What factors affect the g factor?

Is / are there any scientific studies on factors which affect the general intelligence (g) factor? I did a Google search, but could not find any academic papers on the topic.
2
votes
5answers
295 views

Why do scientists say brains are faster than computers?

Supposing that neurons function similarly to transistors: A neuron able to fire $200$ times per second and transistors can be switched on and off more than $100,000,000,000$ times per second. Let's ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...

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