9
votes
2answers
262 views

Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Is there a difference in the perception of time in animals of different size?

Do small animals see the events surrounding them as going faster or slower in comparison to bigger creatures, such as us humans? Are those surrounding events appear to happen at a different speed for ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

What are the common leadership styles in IT companies?

I am writing a research paper on leadership styles in IT companies in X country. However, I cannot find a western literature on generalization of leadership styles exercised in IT companies, such as ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Social loafing vs. Free riding

In different papers I see these terms with very close definitions. Are they different things? If yes, how one can differentiate them?
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Are there distinct visual perception themes that have been recognized in dreams?

I'm not aware of a distinct term for what I'm trying to describe, so I will attempt to describe this in hopes that someone can help me find if there's a term or research done in this direction. I ...
5
votes
1answer
29 views

How to compare tasks completed by neural architectures objectively?

When I first saw this video of Spaun and the tasks it can complete (solving the Towers of Hanoi problem, completing the Raven matrices), I was really impressed, but then I realized I didn't really ...
7
votes
1answer
79 views

Applying signal detection theory to single-stimulus presentations

Normally, signal detection theory (SDT) is applied to data that involves giving two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) responses to pairs of stimuli, for instance saying whether stimulus B was the same ...
6
votes
1answer
94 views

How are movements stored in the brain?

The high level flow of information through the brain for the purpose of motor control is well established. It is also known the cerebellum stores many different movements, while also participating in ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Are Reality Checks in Groups More Effective?

Reality checks are recommended to train the capability for lucid dreaming. Are there studies on the effectivness of reality checks done together with a partner or within a group of people? I think ...
5
votes
2answers
63 views

Official Color-Emotion relations

I'm trying to find colors that trigger different sort of emotions for people. I keep finding different answers for different colors. Ex. Some say blue means friendly and calm. Others say that green ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Implementation of Bayesian inference on cognitive science research question

To clarify, I am not talking about Bayesian model of cognition. That model refers to the theory that the human learning and inference approximately match Bayesian inference reasoning. (The two topics ...
22
votes
9answers
6k views

Open source software for running Internet psychological experiments that collect reaction time data

I've often used Inquisit to run psychological experiments online. The software enables delivery of stimuli (e.g., text, images, etc.) and collection of reaction times. Obviously general purpose ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Is there any “predictive” component to positive/negative affect in Seasonal Affective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder?

I'm wondering if the human brain "predicts" how certain weeks of the year should feel? For example, a child who is going to school may have a more positive affect in anticipation of summer holidays, ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Do studies exist that can map specimens of neocortex to the functions they perform(ed) in vivo?

Much brain research has proposed that the brain (the neocortex, esp.) is set up in areas - an area for faces, an area for language, etc.. The experiments typically go 1) damage an area 2) observe ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Body Language: Why do we give each other the grumpy/frowning fake smile?

I've recently become aware of this - I kinda knew I was always doing it, but just now it got me self conscious and thinking about it: When crossing paths with a stranger, you are supposed to be ...
4
votes
0answers
19 views

Does the number of alternatives in a multiple choice question affect the learning output?

I have built several apps in Norwegian about hunting, philosophy etc. Students use the app to learn a subject and test their knowledge before doing their exam. In current state i have one question ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Can a multiple choice test reliably measure decision making speed?

Are there any studies showing that there is a direct connection (or a lack of a connection) between performance on a speeded, written, multiple choice test, and making quick decisions during a ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

Do many people have an “Accompanying Voice” - an equal they converse with?

A hypnosis professional told me this is true, so I am asking: is it a fact of psychology that many people have a voice that they talk with "in their head" which talks back to them and helps solve ...
11
votes
1answer
365 views

Why do we wake up when we die in our dreams?

A lot of people had some experience with dying in their dreams. They all confirm they remember the whole story until the precise moment of death and it is the death itself what woke them up - not ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

What does pregnancy dreams mean? [closed]

I had a weird dream about my boobs being as hard as a morning stiffy oh and for some reason thinking of my fiancee in the same dream made me pregnant and I was still stuck ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

What's the feeling where you feel weird in places where people in movies get stabbed etc

For example in the matrix, when the little bug crawls through his belly button my belly button feels weird.
15
votes
8answers
4k views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
5
votes
1answer
26 views

Insensitivity of MEG to inhomogeneous conductivity

Why MEG is not sensitive to inhomogeneous conductivity profile of different brain compartments (scalp,skull and brain) but EEG is sensitive to that?
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Difference between thoughts and sensations

I am interested to know how to distinguish sensations from thoughts, according to the techniques and concepts of neuroscience and psychology. Is there an explicit distinction between them, or are ...
3
votes
0answers
14 views

Does reading a word without mentally vocalizing it inhibit your ability to comprehend?

In speed reading, people are taught to read much faster by avoiding the common habit of mentally vocalizing the words in our heads. Is mental vocalization an unnecessary habit that can be scraped ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Why do we laugh more easily in social situations?

I ate lunch and then played pool with a co-worker after lunch today at our office. We get along quite well and talk often. Yet while socially engaged, instead of professionally, I found myself ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

How much of brain power consumption is for information

As previously answered on this site, the brain uses 20W of power. However, how much of this power consumption is for information processing and how much of it is for maintenance of biological ...
6
votes
1answer
53 views

How to measure stress quantitatively?

I am wondering what the most straightforward way is to measure stress levels objectively and quantitatively *, and specifically, cognitive load. I am open to suggestions, but my understanding is that ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

Are the sides of the body associated with gender stereotypes?

For example, creating an experiment in which the words "male" and "female" would be presented on the left or right side of a screen, and participants had to click a left button for "male" and a right ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Does a person really have free will? [closed]

Psychology and other cognitive sciences study human thoughts and emotions as reflections to biological operations. These operations are involuntary and thus result in determined behaviour. Does this ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the function of the connection between the two halves of the thalamus?

What kind of direct exchange do we have between the two halves of the thalamus, whether going through the thalamic adhesion or not? Do we know what parts of left and right thalamus are connected and ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Why does the brain skip over repeated “the” words in sentences?

For example, in this sentence by the the time you are done reading you will have already skipped over the double "the". I have searched this on the internet a little, but I have found nothing that ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Where would a cognitively separated person get their brain signals excited from?

I suppose there's nothing wrong about the idea that a cognitively separated person could cognitively function as anybody else. But brain as I understand it always needs a potential from some sense. If ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Are ADHD and OCD under some type of mental illness?

Related to question. Mania, hypomania, depression and bipolar are mood disorders, from what I understand. Are ADHD and OCD under some category as well? From what I understand, the are opposite ends ...
8
votes
1answer
95 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Attention loss while studying alone

Description: Student quite enthusiastic and focused during class, but can't recreate the same enthusiasm and concentration when studying alone in home. Result: Poor performance due to lack of ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

Does work exist on relative valuations versus numeric valuations?

I've been trying to use Google Scholar to find something on this issue, but I fear I may not have found anything due to using incorrect terms. I am looking for any work which looks at rating systems ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

What does “Convolutional” signify in “Convolutional Neural Network”?

The "Types of Neural Networks" wiki page doesn't even have the word "convolution" in it, and yet there's an entire Javascript library based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). So, what makes ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the most subscribed list server for cognitive science?

Are there one or more popular list servers for the cognitive science community? If so, what are they? Can anyone join?
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Do adversarial neural networks exist in the brain?

A recent development in Artificial Neural Networks for machine learning applications is the use of Adversarial Networks (see this paper for an example). Adversarial Networks is a network architecture ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Do we have a sub- or super-unconscious? [closed]

Being conscious (awake) and unconscious (asleep) are two mutually exclusive states. The boundary between them ("falling asleep") is very pleasant. Why? Conscious => Unconscious Some people say ...
7
votes
1answer
65 views

Find the panda among snowmen!

I just saw this picture puzzle, and found it easily by doing a row-by-row scan, but it seems harder to find it just by looking around. I was thinking that the puzzle was intentionally designed to draw ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the definition of a receptive field?

I have read the wikipedia article on receptive fields (RFs). There, a receptive field is defined as: The receptive field of an individual sensory neuron is the particular region of the sensory ...
7
votes
1answer
61 views

Is neuroplasticity limited to the cerebral cortex in the brain?

In this question, I am defining neuroplasticity as being the creation of new connections between neurons. I'm aware that there is a high degree of neuroplasticity in the cortex and that new ...
8
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there a way to make a DIY EEG?

I have MATLAB. I would like to try out a small EEG project because my field of interest is in neuroscience, however I'm still doing my undergrad.
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Are the language and sound centres of the brain in the same area?

I am an English major currently taking a Psycholinguistics module. One of the things we learned is that speech perception is handled differently from non-speech sound perception. Our brain is trained ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the location of the center-surround receptive fields of retinal ganglion cells?

I have read wikipedia article about receptive fields of visual system and it states the following: The receptive field is often identified as the region of the retina where the action of light ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Does the retina contribute in distinguishing lines and borders?

I think there is a phenomenon behind the way which our eyes judge between lines of contrast, like black lines on a white page, by just recognizing the contrast areas at the level of the rods and cones....

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