1
vote
0answers
17 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Writing system, its future and social importance

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

Does mental rigidity cause psychological problems? [closed]

Is there a correlation between mental disorders and mental rigidity? I would suspect that people that have very strong beliefs and never question them might become dysfunctional if the beliefs are ...
10
votes
1answer
45 views

Are staircases more efficient than the method of constant stimuli?

A Bayesian Quest adaptive procedure (Watson and Pelli 1983) is the theoretically most efficient procedure for estimating thresholds under a certain, potentially unrealistic, set of constraints. In my ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Can repetitive sports-related head injuries make a person senile many years later?

Would repetitive football injuries to the cranium show up decades later, causing symptoms resembling mild retardation, OCD, etc.? What is the best way to determine this in terms of imaging, testing, ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Why does injury cause brief unconsciousness?

I suppose I'm thinking specifically about head injuries, though this question applies to any injury that causes unconsciousness for, say, a few minutes. If you would revive so soon, why would you fall ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Differences between the many versions of neuromorphic hardware

There is a ton of neuromorhpic hardware being pumped out these days. Off the top of my head, I can name IBM (BlueGene and TrueNorth), Qualcomm, Neurogrid, Brainstorm (Neurogrid 2.0), Spinnaker, ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Dependancy EEG signals from regions of the brain

When we record an EEG signals , we apply an ICA on it , this algorithm assumes that the sources of signals are independent , could I assume that each region in the brain work independently , i.e the ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

Is there a name for a person who looks for a name for another person's supposed faults?

Every few days there is a new question here at Cognitive Sciences asking for a scientific term to describe a behavior that the inquirer finds fault with. Examples include: Is there a term for a ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
6
votes
2answers
224 views

Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Why do people behave better when observed?

Why does it seem that people behave like they are supposed to when they are being observed? For example. If you place a fake security camera on an employee, they would behave better (or at least ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Is there a formal name for “I'm right, don't try to challenge me” / “if you push against me I will be 100x more stubborn” personality trait?

Some persons gets really annoyed if we try to demonstrate our thesis to them or to put in light that they are behaving in a childish way. Dale Carnegie, in his most famous book: ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Exercise vs. Mediation

I have noticed that I feel much more mentally sharp after doing an hour of moderate exercise in the morning. On the contrary, when I meditate, I feel no such difference in my mental alertness. Isn't ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Why is sunrise therapeutic?

Despite being a night owl, I find when I'm up and about at sunrise1 I feel mentally much better than any other time of day - regardless of how much sleep I've had or whether I've been awake for many ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Do more creative people have more unusual dreams?

Title says it all: Do more creative people have more unusual dreams?
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Does fixing cognitive biases do more harm than use?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
-1
votes
0answers
6 views

What's the difference between the word only and every in this context? [migrated]

This is a question taken from a aptitude test but I am confused with the answer . Only fish oil contains Omega 3. Only foods that contain Omega 3 help with brain development. Which conclusion can be ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

'Always Give a Reason Why' - How to describe this subject area?

I summarise http://rayedwards.com/always-give-a-reason-why/: In Dr. Robert Cialdini’s book, Influence, he cites a research study showing that simply adding the word “because” to a request ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How generalization affects self esteem

I am not much familiar with psychological concepts or cognitive science but I do much analyze my thoughts. One thing I suffer is generalization. For example if I receive reward in a situation or be ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
5
votes
2answers
509 views

What are the possible causes of pettiness?

There is a question about pettiness Is it possible to quantify 'pettiness' in a personality? Which gives a good example of how some people can focus on seemingly unimportant issues, when ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Good recall but bad memory, how can recall be improved?

My memory is very good in that my brain can store lots of information, but my recall can be quite poor. For instance, I might be asked a question about something and have no idea one day, but in ...
7
votes
0answers
39 views

Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

What is the neurobiological difference between Jungian Judging and Perceiving individual?

Jungian or Myers Briggs type indicator reserves the last letter of a 4 letter archetype to stand for Judging or Perceiving. Part of being a Judging type is punctuality - being on time, keeping ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Is there a left or right preference to raising one side of the lip in contempt?

Contempt is expressed asymmetrically - one lip corner is pulled in and back, in what could be described as a half-smile. Are there any trends in terms of people or societies which prefer pulling in ...
2
votes
4answers
88 views

Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Gender differences in IQ among undergraduate psychology students

While marking undergraduate coursework relating to gender differences, it occurred to me that there could well be systematic effects of gender on IQ/cognitive ability among the undergraduate ...
3
votes
2answers
18 views

What aspects of ACT-R are not contained within Spaun?

ACT-R was the first big cognitive model and excels at modelling human behavioral data quite accurately. Spaun, which is the world's largest functional brain model, took a lot of ACT-R's insights and ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Experiencing neuronal activity inside the body/brain

Can one feel/experience "any" neuronal activity in oneself?
18
votes
2answers
897 views

What are popular rationalist responses to Tversky & Shafir?

In the early 90s Tversky & Shafir observed several violations of rationality in human participants, in particular violation of the disjunction effect and sure-thing principle. This has lead to ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Why is it so problematic to read in a dream?

Many activities are possible in dreams, but reading (and related tasks) is not one of them. In an dream with awareness, trying to read a label or enter a phone number can be very frustrating and can ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Why do people try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly?

I'm looking for an explanation for why people will try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly. For example, imagine a group of girls are sitting in a cafe. Within that group are two ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

What are some key behaviors that stone-age humans evolved to help them survive and reproduce?

In Wikipedia's article on evolutionary psychology, two of six given key premises of EP are as follows: Different neural mechanisms are specialized for solving problems in humanity's evolutionary ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Brain areas active while learning hierarchical structure of a problem

There are multiple examples in the machine learning literature of trying to learn the hierarchical structure of a reinforcement learning problem, however have there been any papers tying this learning ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

How long do dreams last?

What is the relationship between time perceived in a dream and time in the external world? Is time running in dreams always faster than the time running in the real world? Is it ratio of real time ...
4
votes
0answers
165 views

What happens neurobiologically when people “think fast”?

This question is related to this one: How long can a person stay happy, excited and motivated about something new? I found a couple of references to research that links "thinking fast" to mood lift: ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

identity- why is it important and can it be changed? [on hold]

"This is who I am." I have heard this phrase many times as it leads to being yourself, your identity, you being you. This phrase, I want to know why is this important to people and what exactly is ...
7
votes
1answer
254 views

How to predict romantic attraction

Dating websites and psychological researchers attempt to find those factors that predict the fit between potential romantic partners. Examples for factors taken into consideration are the "big five" ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Rogers' incogruence: which selves

I'm trying to understand Carl Rogers' humanistic approach to personality. AFAICT there are three kinds of self images: perceived self: what we believe we are ideal self: what we would like to be ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Detecting signs of dementia in EEG signal

I would like to know, how dementia can be recognized in the EEG signal of patients with dementia. What I have found so far: According to (Henderson et al., 2006) subjects with dementia are ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Why do the colors I see associated with a particular vibration/sound change?

After many years of research I found that I am a vibration (sound) to color and feeling synesthete. Everything I have read says that the colors one sees with an associated vibration should be ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Do people with chromesthesia and tinnitus see the “ringing” caused by tinnitus?

Do people with chromesthesia and tinnitus see the "ringing" caused by tinnitus?
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Evolutionary motivation for the existence of pleasure

Firstly, I'd like to understand, what exactly is pleasure? If we presume we are streams of thoughts, thoughts being neurons activated in some pattern, and that basically anything what the conscience ...
2
votes
0answers
10 views

What is the most unified functional model of the hippocampus?

There are many different incremental models of the hippocampus and it's role in learning as shown by a quick search. However, have there been any efforts to combine these various models into a single ...

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