# All Questions

234 views

### Why do we scream in pain and fear?

Why do humans (other living things too, but not sure) scream and make high pitched sounds when in pain* or when in fear that something painful* will imminently be inflicted upon them? * both ...
184 views

### Do Jewish people have better cognitive abilities than average population?

Jewish people are overrepresented in politics and science especially in the United States. Do they have better cognitive abilities than average population? If yes, what is the reason for this? ...
19 views

### Perforated patches: Can antibiotics used to induce holes in membrane produce perforations of differential size?

Perforated patches are a special type of patch clamping. I understand that it is sometimes preferred to whole-cell recordings because it prevents complete diffusion of the electrode solution into the ...
60 views

### The best “negative motivation” movies (or books, etc.)? [on hold]

Requiem for a Dream is the best negative motivation movie I ever seen. This movie really helped me. And recently I started to notice that negative motivation is the only type of motivation that ...
22 views

### What ways can STEM teaching change in USA to accommodate social needs of females?

Brizendine seems to point to the female brain as a handicap for STEM education due to the typical female's need for communication and sociability because of their estrogen needs eschew solitary ...
46 views

### What is runaway excitation?

Can someone give me a brief explanation of this term? Found it in a paper but there doesn't seem to be an explanation that is consistent out there to my knowledge.
27 views

### Is there an explanation of why some colors seem to move forward/backward on a 2D plane?

I am a painter and digital artist working with color and colorimetry. Recently I noticed HUGE "illusions" (impressions of depths) in a print composed of very saturated colors, that I programmed to ...
62 views

Adaptation is a very robust feature of sensory processing: when a stimulus is displayed for a prolonged period, or repeatedly, the neural response to it will diminish. This process creates a local ...
27 views

### Can traditional emotion theories be modified and applied successfully?

I am doing a research on Human-Computer Interactions and psychology/emotion is part of the study. I was given a really vague question and I have no clue on how to tackle this- would appreciate if ...
76 views

### Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
153 views

### How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task? [closed]

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
29 views

### Measurement of phase difference between two signals using cross correlation vs. fourier transform

I am studying eeg signals with the aim of distinguishing between preictal and interictal epilepsy states based on the eeg signal. I have read some papers and one of the metrics used to distinguish ...
44 views

### reading an EEG dataset using EEGLAB

When I'm reading the documentation of importing events in EEGLAB from a file here I have noticed that when we used a stimulus , we must know which time we will apply it , since in the dataset file , ...
26 views

### How does neurotransmitter distribution and usage vary thought the brain?

I understand that neurotransmitters are used to send signals between neurons in the brain and that some are used for rather specific functions. However, is the exact ...
10 views

### How is memory accounted for in the NEF?

The Neurological Engineering Framework can be used to create systems that use memory in interesting ways. One system (Spaun) is able to memorize (and forget) lists much in the same way as humans do. ...
59 views

### Does the brain burn more calories when “thinking quickly”?

If a person intentionally "thinks quickly" would this affect how much glucose the brain consumes? Or would it not be very significant?
62 views

### What happens inside our body, when we experience betrayal and infidelity?

I guess many of us have experienced it. The moment that you understand that "the person you love, in whom you've trusted, is now with someone else, enjoying every moment with him/her". It's so ...
31 views

### Clarification on the definition of sublimation?

I'm reading the wikipedia article on sublimation. The article says: In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism where socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are ...
46 views

### Prerequisite Request: Neurorobotics [closed]

For the newly emerging field, Neurorobotics. Can one list several highly recommended prerequisite courses prior to entering this field ? Except for classical machine learning, computational ...
99 views

### How to work on a research problem while sleeping?

Put it more formally, how to let your mind subconsciously work on a research problem when you are not actively thinking about it, e.g., during sleep, dinner, walking, or shower? Often I hear stories ...
30 views

### Name for compulsive need to mimic another's symptoms of illness?

I'm trying to research a particular issue that arises as a side effect of anxiety and depression. I'm finding it tricky to get information, mostly because I'm not sure what it's technically called (if ...
54 views

### What is the difference between Behaviorism and Cognitivism?

Behaviorism vs. Cognitivism. I've been currently reading about the subject and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two.
33 views

### Is there a standardised test about emotion perception?

I'm looking for a standardised psychological test to measure how people react to positive and negative emotions. More precisely I want to use such tests to investigate whether an individual is very ...
36 views

### Are recent affordable EEG devices any good?

I'm looking to do some research about flow and optimal experience with EEG. I don't have access to a lab and I was wondering if the new devices that are available to the public (i.e. Melon, Muse, ...
317 views

### Do measures of Big 5 personality have a positive bias towards extraverted, conscientious, emotionally stable, ageeable and open individuals?

Background: One free measures of the Big 5 is the IPIP. I have noticed that IPIP items seem to have a positive bias towards items loading on the extraversion (EX), emotional stability (ES), ...
53 views

### How do people respond to auditory warning signals?

I am working on a literature review of total reaction time to an auditory alert, in a transport context. All of the literature I can find about perception-response times are in the context of visual ...
35 views

### Cognitive bias - Confirming the attitudes of your peers

Is there a well-studied cognitive bias that describes a situation in which a person expresses a positive attitude towards something because his or her's friends have a positive attitude about that ...
33 views

### Concept maps. What exactly they are?

I would like you to recommend me a definitive book about concept maps. I've been taking a look to a wide variety but none of them seemed clear to me.
120 views

### How to better remember your dreams?

Often times, I wake up with an amazing, yet fleeting glimpse of a dream I had. I would like to recollect those events I had in my dream, and try to adopt ways to better remember those dreams. There ...
50 views

### Reference request in Circuit and Signals for Computational Neuroscience

In the area of computational neuroscience, there are basic theories from electric circuits and signal processing to be applied. For background study, which reference will be more suitable ? ...
51 views

### For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...
20 views

### Automatically register data from paper forms

I'm going to perform an experiment in which we're using a lot of different paper forms to collect data, all of them with multiple choice designs. Is there any way to automatically register this data ...
3k views

### How can I create computer based psychology experiments using OS X?

I've used E-prime to create computer based psychology experiments (you know, the kind where you for example show a number of pictures to the participant and record their responses to them, for example ...
8 views

### Determining the position of the calcium ion in the three dimensional space

Is it possible to determine the position of a single calcium ion or its population in the context of a three dimensional space with relatively good time frequency, say 1 Hz, taking into account ...
126 views

### Is there anything in Freudian psychoanalytic theory that is scientifically sound?

I guess this question is quite context dependent, and here in Sweden there is a general movement for more evidence-based psychology. I think one of our biggest medical universities recently abandoned ...
51 views

### Is there scientific evidence on the benefits of binaural beats?

I tried to google, but a lot looks like fake evidences and not having any scientific evidences. Is there one?
324 views

### Is it possible for humans to conceive of being dead?

I am reading Stephen Cave's book Immortality, and one of the claims he makes early on is that there is a "mortality paradox." This is the phenomenon that humans know that they will die (based on ...
26 views

### The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
9 views

### What's the difference between divisive and soft normalization?

I know that recursive neural integrators (let me know if I need to clarify this term) can be considers soft normalizers, since their feedback loop means that any stimulus eventually saturates the ...
16 views

### What's the relation between BCM and Oja's learning rule?

A software I'm using has implemented two unsupervised learning algorithms, Oja's and Bienenstock, Cooper, Munro's (BCM) learning rule. I understand that they are two very different algorithms for ...
20 views

### What more important to an authoritative person, to be liked or respected? [on hold]

To the person in authority, with the objectives of creating a good and productive working environment. What's more important - to raise the affection of the workers, or respect?
151 views

### Does learning too much useless information weaken my memory?

From what I understand, since we receive a lot of information every day, our brains are tasked with remembering the few important bits and ignoring (or forgetting) everything else. I also know of ...
79 views

### Does the heart play a role in the occurrence of emotions?

It is a common belief that the heart is somehow related to emotions. When we are nervous,our heartbeat is effected (increased heart rate) and when we are happy, another pattern in heart function can ...
110 views

### How distantly related are research in computational neuroscience and neural networks/machine learning?

If one is more interested in understanding how algorithms in the biological brain solve problems (theoretically, particularly the mathematical aspect), and possibly in building brain-inspired ...
60 views

### Why do we see unknown people and places in dreams?

People often see unknown things, places, and people in their dreams. How is it possible to have such perceptions in our dreams that go beyond our actual experiences and memories?
29 views

### What is an example of a learning machine that achieves zero variance?

I'm attempting to find an example of a learning machine/neural network that achieves zero variance, but I am having a hard time finding an example anywhere. Variance is defined as the generalization ...
25 views

### How are these review-forgetting curve calculated?

I saw quite some illustration about how reviewing helps remembering. Like: SOURCE: http://www.mentormegate.com/wordpress/2014/06/10/mentor-me-gate-the-forgetting-curve/ I wonder how are these ...
397 views

### Which equation is Ebbinghaus's forgetting curve and what do the constants represent?

First off, I've come across two different forgetting curve equations. $$R = e^{-\large \frac{t}{s}}$$ where $R$ is retention, $t$ is time and $s$ is strength can be found on Wikipedia. And b = ...