2
votes
2answers
175 views

How many trials are needed to estimate a response time distribution?

I want to estimate the properties of a response time distribution (mean, variance, tail-length) for individual subjects. How many samples (trials) do I need to collect to get reliable estimates? ...
2
votes
3answers
239 views

Why are the Big Five factors of personality correlated?

One of main characteristics of Five Factor Model is that factors are not orthogonal as in some other personality models. Why it is tolerated that those factors are not independent? Is it possible to ...
2
votes
2answers
460 views

Is there some hierarchy of the human senses?

What I mean by this is to ask if each of the sensory inputs can be quantified by the amount of information the brain is receiving: For example, Brain says: currently receiving 10 packets of visual ...
2
votes
2answers
481 views

Recommend a book for studying the brain structure [closed]

I know this is kind of a "soft question", but it isn't very easy to find a good, comprehensive brain atlas book, which would also link the different areas to their functions (according to recent ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

How does knowledge about a subject aid in its recall?

I've experienced it many times with my students and also with myself. Let me illustrate with example: When I'm teaching, I say something like this: Gastrointenstinal Track has following sections ...
2
votes
2answers
535 views

How to adjust SSE or RMSE for the number of free parameters in the model?

How do I adjust SSE (sum of squared errors) or RMSE (root-mean-square errors) for the number of free parameters in the model? Is there an "adjusted" RMSD metric similar to the adjusted r-squared ...
2
votes
2answers
263 views

Neural basis of primitive (newborn) reflexes

The Wikipedia article on primitive reflexes, or newborn reflexes, states that they originate in the CNS. Here's the list of reflexes from the article: Moro Walking/stepping Rooting Sucking Tonic ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Using IT to quickly make a simulated brain

First of all, I would like to say that I know nothing about cognitive sciences. I am just posting this question because it interested me and I stumbled across this group in stack exchange. I was ...
2
votes
4answers
179 views

If a human brain would be placed inside that of an animal: Could it talk?

Assumption: Animals can't talk 'human' because of their small(er) brain. Perhaps a strange thought, but I was really wondering: If we could place a human brain inside that of an animal: Would we be ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature?

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature or do some 'mental' components ( that is some form of conceptual 'conditioning' caused directly or indirectly or 'subconsciously' by the ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

How many action potentials from presynaptic neurons would be required to make a postsynaptic neuron fire?

I am looking for a rough estimation of the number of action potentials from other neurons required to cause a neuron to fire? I read here that a potential of ~ -55mv must be reached before an action ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

What is the name of the condition where you feel like you have been somewhere before?

It happens many times when you visit a place you have never been before, you feel subconsciously you have been there already. And the events and people you are ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

What is the word for: “I have to do” in CBT?

When people think "I must", "I have to", "I should", "he should", or "people have to" it can become a problem. It's studied by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy but I don't know the name for this kind of ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Is there a bias where long statements, books, articles, etc. are seen as more truthful?

Is there a cognitive biasing effect that makes people believe that long statements / expressions / articles / books are more truthful than short ones (assuming that they are equal semantically)?
2
votes
2answers
204 views

Are woman more Judging than men in the MBTI?

Since I lack of academic formation please be tolerant if I write something not correct. As you know the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test is based on 4 personality dimensions (E/I, S/N, T/F, ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How to refer to the phenomenon of people only absorbing evidence which confirms their beliefs?

I knew a psychologist who was calling it self-referentiality. People are always trying to see only the sentence which confirm their beliefs. What's the correct name for this?
2
votes
3answers
148 views

Is this some sort of soft-coded Grapheme-Color synethesia?

I just found this remarkable optical illusion: To do: Fixate your gaze on the center of one of the figures and stare at it for some time (20-30 seconds) while it cycles (without moving your eyes). ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Deception and nose touching - does it work for things that are about to be said in prepared speeches?

I'm not sure if nose touching is a scientifically-validated signature of deception or internal conflict. For the purposes of this question I would assume that it's fairly common knowledge in ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance?

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance? If some were to, for example, wake up one morning at 12:30PM, would a sleeping pill help obtain better sleep required for that performance the ...
2
votes
3answers
79 views

Why clothes' color is different than it appeared in stores?

This is my first time askin on Cog Sci board, not sure this is a right place to ask but I think it's something relates to Psychology and Cognitive Science. So yesterday I bought a shirt that looked ...
2
votes
2answers
233 views

Explanatory gaps in the formation and propagation of action potentials

To my understanding, the steps of an action potential are as follows: The neuron is at rest--there is a negative charge (K ions) inside the cell, and a positive charge (Na ions) outside the cell. ...
2
votes
2answers
294 views

What books should I study to have a decent understanding of psychology?

Background: I am a student currently doing my undergraduate degree (Electrical and Electronics, if it interests anyone). I am very much interested in studying psychology. I have read quite a bit on ...
2
votes
2answers
811 views

Why are some people attracted to people of other races?

Is it true that we were evolved to dislike people of other races genetically? If so, why are some people attracted to people of races other than their own?
2
votes
3answers
452 views

Should raw response time data be transformed?

I am a statistician and doing some data analysis in cognitive sciences. I noticed that the distribution of response time (RT) is chisq-squared-like, and I want to do Box-cox transformation to make it ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

How to report an F statistic in APA style?

How do you report F statistics in APA format? I am working on PHD and am not certain that I am reporting the F statistics in the proper manner. I have been reporting it as F (_,_). The second space I ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

What do brains do when processing information, that Von Neumann machines cannot (yet?) imitate?

What makes a human processing information so different from a set of instructions in a computer? Solving a problem for any human operating with concepts is still much superior to lots of computer ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

How does cognitive science explain distant intentionality and brain function in recipients?

Achterberg and colleagues' (2005) study, Concluded that instructions to a healer to make an intentional connection with a sensory isolated person can be correlated to changes in brain function ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Would a teacher benefit from reading psychology journals?

I am currently volunteering as a teacher to low income families. I have had no training on teaching. I am working for a B.S. in chemistry and mathematics. Furthermore, I am quite new at this. I would ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Does logical thinking or counting develop first in children?

During the course of normal brain development, what comes first: logical thinking or counting?
2
votes
3answers
181 views

Why do many people not use tabbed navigation (e.g. in an internet browser)?

I have noticed that many people do not use tabs even though tabs have been around in browsers for some time. I have been noticing that people either do not differentiate tabs as specific navigational ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

The psychology of disproportioned people in artwork

Hitler was an artist, unbeknownst to some people. He painted and sketched. In his work, the people were disproportionately large within any given scene. Given his extreme personality, I have often ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Are Satoshi Kanazawa's findings about racial differences in attractiveness valid?

This post discusses a study published in a blog post by an evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa. The study suggested that black women were rated less attractive than women of other races. There ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Is it possible to measure the differences in processing and interpretation of reality between individuals?

What variables can be measured to compare, for example, two different individual's conscious processing and interpretation of the same objective reality ? For example, when terms like "distorted view ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

Are there axioms in the mind? [closed]

While studying artificial neural networks, I stumbled upon the following question: Are there any hard-wired axioms in the brain that must exist equally in every conscious mind? I could imagine that, ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Attributing change in DV to IV manipulation: between-groups (control group) vs mixed-model (pre&post measure)

One often sees researchers attributing a change in the dependent variable to their experimental manipulation, semingly without considering whether this change in DV occurs between or within groups. ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is Psychoanalysis

I came across the term while browsing forums, google didn't offer a direct response. It would be much appreciated if you could explain the general idea and post external links
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

What Big5 facets correlate with practical sense?

Which scientific reports can tell me about Big5 scores correlating with a practical, physical preference? Examples: Traits: Practical, Realistic, Down-to-earth, Athletic, Handy, Prefers hands-on ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What is so “potential” about action potentials?

When an action potential is propagating through a neuron, it seems to me that the time for "potential of action" is over, and that we are now just in a state of "action". Why don't we just call action ...
2
votes
2answers
586 views

What is the source and real meaning of “provisional living ” concept and is there an equivalent term?

I found in this blog post the following definition : Psychologists have a concept they call “provisional living.” That’s the insistence, so often heard from people whose lives are stuck on a ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

How to test for malingering in criminals trying to deny capacity for criminal responsibility?

Psychiatrists and psychologists are often tasked with assessing a criminal defendant's competency to stand trial or his capacity for criminal responsibility. What objective tests are useful for ...
2
votes
1answer
298 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Can a person control their brain's electrical activity?

In a brain-computer interface paper, I found the following paragraph: Effective assessment of BCI performance requires two levels of evaluation: the user and the system. The user must control the ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Why do we find things fun?

One may cause to argue that Fun activities are solely based off psychological and physical identification with certain activities, but surely there is a deeper analysis on why we find things fun. ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Bringing dreams to conscious awareness [closed]

Background: All of us have dreams at night, and I believe that all of us wonder how a dream of a lapse of seconds could convince our consciousness that this has taken the span of a lifetime. As far ...
2
votes
3answers
360 views

Is a person with a psychopathic disorder aware of it?

A (former) friend of mine shows lots of symptoms of a psychopathic disorder. Years later after we both met the last time, I'm still not sure whether he is/was aware of this disorder or not. So my ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Are there samples of false but beneficial beliefs?

Many people have false beliefs. The fact that they have those shows that those beliefs may carry some evolutionary advantage. If so, how? How can false beliefs be profitable?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does society interpret “manliness” differently?

If, by definition, manliness is "the traditional male quality of being brave and strong," why does most of society perceive it differently? For example, a person who watches My Little Pony and is not ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

Why do programmers work at night?

I can be described as a morning person, where waking up at 4:20 AM to catch a flight is no problem. My colleague on the other hand go to bed no earlier than midnight and often later than that. We're ...

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