3
votes
1answer
45 views

Conditioning and Contingency

I've learned, that spatiotemporal neighborhood among the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli is a presupposition of conditioning (classical or operant). A second presupposition is called "...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation (also called "completing a pattern") and planning a path for ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What are the neurobiological factors related to depression?

While it is agreed that neurotransmitters aren't the primary "cause" of depression, what other factors are a part of this mental illness that focus on the neurobiological aspects of it?
3
votes
1answer
567 views

What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

A subtle test for color-blindness

Is there a test method of proving a person being color-blind, without letting the test subject know, that he/she is being tested? E.g. showing the person cards with colored dots like depicted here is ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

Do unequal step sizes in staircase procedure affect the convergence?

Consider a psychophysics procedure using a standard staircase method to adaptively find the threshold, using a 2AFC paradigm and a 1-up, 3-down method to determine the 75% threshold. Now suppose the ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Does the brain stop processing data when the eyes move?

I was reading this question and remember back to the 70s when our local newspaper changed formats. In an article about why they made the changes that they did, one of the points they mentioned was ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

How well are neurotransmitters used in SPA?

How much does the SPAUN and the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA) that was used to build it take neurotransmitters into account? In the book How to Build a Brain, various inhibitory and excitatory ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

How well does the NEF capture neuronal heterogeneity?

From what I understand of the Neurogical Engineering Framework (NEF), groups of neurons are used to compute functions. However, I'm not clear if these calculations take into account neurons of ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Cognitive bias - Confirming the attitudes of your peers

Is there a well-studied cognitive bias that describes a situation in which a person expresses a positive attitude towards something because his or her's friends have a positive attitude about that ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Difference between meditating and watching a movie [closed]

If I meditate, I concentrate on my breathing; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention back to my breathing. If I watch a movie/show, I concentrate on it; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

What's the term for people who deny others' achievements?

I know a bunch of people that are always in deep denial (at least trying to appear so) of other people achievements. It can be another country or another group or another religion. For example, when ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Do beavers make dams purely by instinct?

Do beavers use cognitive moves, learning, memory or skill acquisition in their life to build better? Or do they simply repeat instinctive gestures and end up with stereotyped architecture always?
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Are there any proven ways to increase concentration and focus?

There are lots of popular articles out there giving listings of steps one can do to concentrate and focus better. But they seldom or never give links to studies that prove any of the steps work, at ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Is there any treatment for cognitive difficulties of patients with Parkinson's disease?

I've read some articles and science papers about Parkinson's disease and found out that many patients often have cognitive difficulties, if not all of them. For memory difficulty, medications to treat ...
3
votes
1answer
770 views

Can anxiety cause a heart attack, black-out or insanity?

David Burns in his self-help book about overcoming depression, anxiety and interpersonal problems called The Feeling Good Handbook¹ states: ...neurotic anxiety results from distorted thoughts that ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the optimal combination of text and background color for EEG experiments?

Most studies that I know of use yellow text on blue background (though with different hues). This choice is mostly motivated by tradition ("We always did it like that. Never touch a running system")....
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Is there any plausible answer for naturally explaining veridical perception in near death experiences?

Is there any way to explain veridical perception in near death experiences and out of body experiences, naturally? Or is it strong evidence that the mind is a soul?
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Which ready-made programs can I use for running a preference-rating experiment?

I'd like to run an experiment in which 64 images are presented (1 at a time) and participants rate their preference for the image on a slider scale, and I'm wondering what the best and cheapest way to ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Are representations of unattended objects “bound”?

In our phenomenal experience, different features of an object, like shape and color, seem to be "bound" together into a single percept, even though those features are represented in different parts of ...
3
votes
1answer
972 views

What is it called when a person seeks to compare themselves to others?

What is it called when a person consciously or unconsciously looks for similarities and differences in other people's reasoning, behavior, actions or past events and compares them with his/her own ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Enhance recollection abilites

I hope this is a good way of asking this question. I am not generally the guy with the best memory out there, so I looked a bit into it and I am concluding my recollection phase is the weakest. It's ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they used....
3
votes
1answer
128 views

What is Attention Deficit Disorder on adults and how is it treated?

Attention deficit disorder often corrupt other people's thought on the person that has ADD. The person with ADD is very forgetful, and often get agitated easily. Moreover, people with ADD can to be ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

What is the psychology of notification colour?

After reading the question What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user, it occurred to me that many notifications (certainly not all) are red, two examples being ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

What metrics are used to measure success in treating dysthymia?

What metrics are used to measure success in treating dysthymia? What data is available on the outcomes of dysthymic patients?
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Which parts of cognitive tests are under copyright? Can test rights be purchased for modification?

what are the steps/considerations if I want to modify an exisiting Cognitive Test Battery? 1) How do I know which parts of the test are under copyright? For example, simple digit span isn't under ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Are there any cognitive models for image interpretation?

Are there any cognitive models which can be used for image interpretation. I have tried to find some specific models which can be used for image interpretation but have not been able to find any model....
3
votes
1answer
887 views

Is there a Dot-Probe Paradigm / visual-probe task available online?

Is there an online resource to take the Dot-probe paradigm test> When I searched I could only find a guide to set up a server for such a test. However, I don't have the ability to do that. I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Are cortisol measures more reliable than self-reported fear measures for looking at difference scores?

I was sent an email by a researcher with the following question: You wrote that difference scores are okay to use if measurement error is minimised. Does that imply that biological ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

How do graphic objects in data visualisation facilitate ease of interpretation?

Background: I vaguely remember reading in a book (I think it may have been Nudge - Thaler and Sunstein) about the advantages of using graphics for visualising data, such as a smiley face, or traffic ...
3
votes
2answers
291 views

Memorizing sets of items

It is often useful to memorize a set of items. Many times ordering is not important and we need to memorize a lot of sets. I already know a method for memorizing lists where we memorize an item for ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

How to obtain Fritz Perls' Eye Witness to Therapy film?

I am reading Fritz Perls' book called "Eye Witness to Therapy" which contains film transcipts that Perls thought would be useful to learn Gestalt therapy. For me it is a very deep and interesting ...
3
votes
0answers
12 views

Convention for selection of summary slices in fMRI

Looking at papers, I often see an fMRI volume summarised by taking a single axial, sagittal and coronal slice (typically in MNI152 space). For an example see Figure 1 in de Bie et al, 2011 [1]. The ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

Difference between content-addressable memory and associative memory?

Often when I'm reading theoretical neuroscience publications, such as "Towards an integration of deep learning and neuroscience", as well as "Memory and the Computational Brain", theorists often ...
3
votes
0answers
9 views

What is fiber bundle matching?

In the introduction of this paper, the authors mention something called "fiber bundle matching". I'm having trouble understanding if this is an analysis performed on a single subject's data or across ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Can human brain neural circuits understand the concept of “other human beings” and their motives?

I've read that one of the tests of animal intelligence is whether or not the animal recognizes itself in the mirror or can determine that other animals have motives other than it's own (ex: can ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

How image orientation influences perception

Im a painter for many years. When I paint, I usually walk around and look at my painting for many hours. When painting session is long, it harder and harder to maintain a "fresh look". By fresh look; ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

Self-Perceived Quality of Life based on operation success chance

I heard about this method in a psychology lecture once: let's say that a person has some sort of chronic illness, and they are offered an operation to cure them. Then, the patient is asked about what ...
3
votes
0answers
16 views

Importing EGI eeg binary format data into R?

Are there R packages/functions for importing EGI eeg data format into R?
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Does reading a word without mentally vocalizing it inhibit your ability to comprehend?

In speed reading, people are taught to read much faster by avoiding the common habit of mentally vocalizing the words in our heads. Is mental vocalization an unnecessary habit that can be scraped ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

Are the sides of the body associated with gender stereotypes?

For example, creating an experiment in which the words "male" and "female" would be presented on the left or right side of a screen, and participants had to click a left button for "male" and a right ...
3
votes
0answers
10 views

Ebbinghaus like model for retention of details from experience

I've come across the Ebbinghaus Curve (forgetting curve) showing the retention of learned knowledge over time, but I wondered if there was the same kind of model for the retention of details from ...
3
votes
0answers
9 views

Are there studies that compare the accuracy of forecasters that are asked to state probabilities vs. forecasters that are asked to state odds?

The Good Judgement project asks it's forecasters to estimate the likelihood of events occurring by asking them for probabilities (20%, 60%...). Sport betting usually communicates the odds of an event (...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

How does the hippocampus and the “Papez” circuit form a memory?

It is admitted the hippocampus is necessary to the formation of new long term memories. At first, information goes back and forth between various parts of the cortex and the hippocampus. That's how a ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

Searching for literature on cognition of flyover animations

I'm rewriting a journal article on flyover animations: the virtual camera moves in a 3D map environment (e.g. a flyover of the Grand Canyon showing off the topography). The paper describes our user ...
3
votes
0answers
13 views

What cognitive architectures out there combine multiple sensor streams?

It seems like most cognitive architectures are evaluated on toy problems that do not challenge more than one sense (usually the visual one). What neuronal cognitive architectures were evaluated in the ...

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