3
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the psychological basis for people coming together during a disaster or major event?

Something I have witnessed several times, and got me wondering, what is the psychological basis for people coming together in response to a disaster or a major event? Be it large scale or local. An ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Do repressed memories exist?

Is there such a thing as repressed memories? Suppose a person undergoes a traumatic event (e.g failing out of school, having a relative die suddenly). Is it normal for the person to act as if ...
3
votes
1answer
284 views

What are new and exciting research areas or applications in systems neuroscience? [closed]

Like the title says, what are new and exciting research areas or applications in systems neuroscience? I know the question is a broad one, so let me narrow it down a bit: I will get my master's ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Where to find historical dream activity data?

Is it just me, or are we dreaming less? Maybe it's the computer screens in our face all day. Maybe that's just what happens when we get older. I'm wondering if there's a resource of some kind to ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

How do I change my tiredness patterns?

All of you probably know what the human 'circadian cycle' is, and depending on your personality, you would either be a night-owl or a morning-lark. I am interested in understanding the patterns of ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Is actively trying to create insight inducing conditions effective in generating insights?

Kounios and Beeman (2009) show that many insight solutions come when one is in a relaxed state. Furthermore, positive mood helps with insight solutions. But practically speaking, is it wise to try ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How to compute Chi-square value and degrees of freedom in Excel?

I am trying to understand the statistical test of the chi-square in Excel. I already made the test but I still don't know how to compute the χ² value and what it means, how to compute the degrees of ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Should fantasy distractors be avoided in multiple choice questions

Is there any reason not to include fantasy distractors (made-up wrong answers) in multiple choice tests. Examples: What is the name of the compound HCl? a) Hydrochloric acid b) Chlorohydride acid ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

What theory explains where motivation to do something depends on perception of others' input?

I'm trying to read up on the phenomena where one person's desire/motivation to do a certain task or obligation within a system of process is influenced by whether he thinks others in that process are ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

Is there evidence of a mechanism for transmission of instinct?

DNA would seem to be the only candidate for propagating instinctual behavior, yet I find that not credible. DNA mainly codes for the production of protein structures (like enzymes) and is mainly about ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Environmental cleanliness: what is cognitively fresh?

The concept of freshness has developed over the last century to involve a range of sensations and responses to tastes, smells and feelings associated with foods, the environment and cleaning products. ...
3
votes
1answer
17 views

Modeling plateau potentials

We are attempting to run simulations of the C. Elegans neuronal network by building upon work of the OpenWorm team. We are looking into implementing a neuron model that produces plateau potentials ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Ground a student survey in academic literature

I'm planning to do a survey with students (age around 16) with questions/answer-possibilities that have been 'proven' to be significant indicators of student success/good grades. So, I'm not really ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

How do we learn to count syllables?

When I was young, I was told that to count syllables in a word, you could clap them. One clap for each syllable. You would say it aloud like this: cu-shion. I was not taught rules about how to pick ...
3
votes
3answers
99 views

Can anyone provide a modern source for the average college student IQ of 115?

I've read in various places that the average college student IQ is about 115, and the various estimations of IQ by college major reached by converting SAT to IQ all use 115 as the starting point for ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Are there any pain scales which measure how much of the body is in pain?

Are there any pain scales which talk about the extent of pain, i.e. how much of the body is in pain? I'm in the process of trying to work out whether several lesions, hurt with the same intensity as ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

How liking and disliking mechanism is developed? [duplicate]

Every one likes different things, places, people, colors, flowers etc. I am interested to know how this mechanism is developed in individuals. If we suppose that it is started from home. Then why ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Epigenetics and serotonin (amygdala threat response)?

In this article it states that: Increased promoter methylation of the serotonin transporter gene predicted increased threat related amygdala activity. I'm finding this somewhat difficult to ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

link between top-down (bottom-up) processing and cortex layers

What are the relations between top-down and bottom-up processings and the flows of information in the brain? For example, does top-down processing start from some layers and go to lower layers? If so ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

How does psychoanalytic theory explain the way in which projection works?

According to psychoanalytic theory, people sometimes defend against their own unwanted motives, conflicts, and behavioral tendencies by identifying them and decrying them in other people. This has ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Does the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) contain weapon stimuli?

I'm looking to use the IAPS for my research, but I specifically need to use images of/or containing weapons. Does anyone know if IAPS has any such stimuli, and, if so, roughly how many?
3
votes
1answer
32 views

High Density Signal Meaning

When I was reading an article, I found that it describes the EEG signal as a high-density signal. So what is that mean? EMG is high temporal resolution and moderate spatial resolution (...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Why is my SPM batch job printing a warning repeatedly?

I'm aware of the ambivalence of cogsci.stacexchange with regards to asking questions about code, but this question really is about SPM, specifically, so I think that the domain-specific nature of my ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

Are there models of single neurons on slow timescales?

From what I've come across on the web, most models of single neurons seem to focus on the "fast timescale", where electrical signals are transmitted from one neuron to another. However, neurons are ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Can rationalization be objectively recognized?

In psychology and logic, rationalization or rationalisation (also known as making excuses[1]) is a defense mechanism in which controversial behaviors or feelings are justified and explained in a ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Do users of pictographically represented languages users have the same rates of dyslexia and dysgraphia?

I was wondering, given that a number represents a concept, unlike a letter that represents sound (that changes with context) - Do pictographic language users have similar rates of dyslexia and ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How does recognizing an answer differ from creating an answer to a question?

What are the scientific terms to use when researching the difference between the brain abilities demonstrated in recognizing an answer (e.g. multiple choice) versus creating an answer (e.g. fill in ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

Is there any connection between visual processing ability and social skills?

I suspect there is a connection because visual processing ability is necessary in noticing important subtle social cues.
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Conditioning and Contingency

I've learned, that spatiotemporal neighborhood among the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli is a presupposition of conditioning (classical or operant). A second presupposition is called "...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation (also called "completing a pattern") and planning a path for ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What are the neurobiological factors related to depression?

While it is agreed that neurotransmitters aren't the primary "cause" of depression, what other factors are a part of this mental illness that focus on the neurobiological aspects of it?
3
votes
1answer
533 views

What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

If I have ADHD, how can I focus on programming task for hours? [closed]

Already in 9 years, I was identified as ADHD child. I was quite obviously weird. I can observe many known symptoms of ADHD even now. I'm unable to focus on stereotypic tasks which results in many ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

A subtle test for color-blindness

Is there a test method of proving a person being color-blind, without letting the test subject know, that he/she is being tested? E.g. showing the person cards with colored dots like depicted here is ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Do unequal step sizes in staircase procedure affect the convergence?

Consider a psychophysics procedure using a standard staircase method to adaptively find the threshold, using a 2AFC paradigm and a 1-up, 3-down method to determine the 75% threshold. Now suppose the ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Does the brain stop processing data when the eyes move?

I was reading this question and remember back to the 70s when our local newspaper changed formats. In an article about why they made the changes that they did, one of the points they mentioned was ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

How well are neurotransmitters used in SPA?

How much does the SPAUN and the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA) that was used to build it take neurotransmitters into account? In the book How to Build a Brain, various inhibitory and excitatory ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

How well does the NEF capture neuronal heterogeneity?

From what I understand of the Neurogical Engineering Framework (NEF), groups of neurons are used to compute functions. However, I'm not clear if these calculations take into account neurons of ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Cognitive bias - Confirming the attitudes of your peers

Is there a well-studied cognitive bias that describes a situation in which a person expresses a positive attitude towards something because his or her's friends have a positive attitude about that ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Difference between meditating and watching a movie [closed]

If I meditate, I concentrate on my breathing; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention back to my breathing. If I watch a movie/show, I concentrate on it; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

What's the term for people who deny others' achievements?

I know a bunch of people that are always in deep denial (at least trying to appear so) of other people achievements. It can be another country or another group or another religion. For example, when ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Are there any proven ways to increase concentration and focus?

There are lots of popular articles out there giving listings of steps one can do to concentrate and focus better. But they seldom or never give links to studies that prove any of the steps work, at ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Is there any treatment for cognitive difficulties of patients with Parkinson's disease?

I've read some articles and science papers about Parkinson's disease and found out that many patients often have cognitive difficulties, if not all of them. For memory difficulty, medications to treat ...
3
votes
1answer
756 views

Can anxiety cause a heart attack, black-out or insanity?

David Burns in his self-help book about overcoming depression, anxiety and interpersonal problems called The Feeling Good Handbook¹ states: ...neurotic anxiety results from distorted thoughts that ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the optimal combination of text and background color for EEG experiments?

Most studies that I know of use yellow text on blue background (though with different hues). This choice is mostly motivated by tradition ("We always did it like that. Never touch a running system")....
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Is there any plausible answer for naturally explaining veridical perception in near death experiences?

Is there any way to explain veridical perception in near death experiences and out of body experiences, naturally? Or is it strong evidence that the mind is a soul?

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