13
votes
2answers
531 views

Is “brain training” effective?

We've had quite a few questions about "brain training" on this site (see questions tagged brain-training). And the effectiveness of "brain training" has been touched on in several questions (this ...
3
votes
2answers
297 views

List of affective states for a study?

I am putting together a study that attempts to assess whether people assign particular affective or emotional states to images--specifically, animated GIFs. Is there a "standard" list of emotional ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Is remembering a list of words an example of semantic or episodic memory?

I'm having a hard time making a clear distinction between semantic and episodic memory. When presented with idealized examples, I find the breakdown clear; describing a trip to Paris is an example of ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Name of a cognitive test assessing whether a child can think independently

I am looking for a names / examples of a tests that determine if the child is thinking on its own (I have tried searching on wikipedia topics about cognitive sciences/ psychology etc. with no luck). ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a research field which holds close connections between computational neuroscience and classical robotics

Is there a research field which holds close connections between computational neuroscience and classical robotics, particularly building corresponding robots to implement and test the theories from ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? [closed]

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Is there a correlation between online and offline vandalism?

I did some searching but I was not able to find anything substantial on this topic either for or against. I am mainly trying to figure out whether online trolling is a way of redirecting otherwise ...
10
votes
1answer
694 views

What types of sounds do young infants prefer?

I've learned through course lectures that infants can recognize faces shortly after birth (Slater & Quinn, 2001), and have a visual preference for human features as young as 1-month-old (Sanefuji ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

What do brains do when processing information, that Von Neumann machines cannot (yet?) imitate?

What makes a human processing information so different from a set of instructions in a computer? Solving a problem for any human operating with concepts is still much superior to lots of computer ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

If one is flexing a muscle, for any given motoneuron involved, how many action potentials occur per second to keep the muscle flexed?

Also, will the axon terminals in a given motoneuron ever run out of neurotransmitters to release if they are constantly undergoing action potentials (say in the situation outlined above where a muscle ...
5
votes
3answers
136 views

Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Person A has led a successful career and is very well renowned in field A. Later in life, person A moves to field B, a field they're curious about but have very little experience in. Person A ...
6
votes
3answers
198 views

How does appreciation for music change over time for the same person?

I know that there's a concept of acquired taste, where a child may find certain tastes, like peppers and beer unappealing until certain age or frequency of exposure. Is there something similar to ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

How to get more involved with personality psychology as a hobby? [closed]

My favorite thing to do is to think about why people behave the way they do. I found that in Psychology there is a branch called Personality Psychology which deals with this kind of stuff. I would ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Are hot-streaks in athletics real, and if so, is there a known psychological basis?

It is common to refer to an athlete who is enjoying a sustained period of success (e.g. a long consecutive game hitting streak in baseball) as being "hot", suggesting that something about their ...
2
votes
2answers
147 views

Why do we find things fun?

One may cause to argue that Fun activities are solely based off psychological and physical identification with certain activities, but surely there is a deeper analysis on why we find things fun. ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Which is more likely to cause a person to devalue some other person?

Scenario: Mary and John are in a relationship. Elen is Mary's best friend. What will make Mary devalue Elen more? Hearing that Elen likes John (romantically) or hearing that John likes Elen? Let's ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

How many trials are needed to estimate a response time distribution?

I want to estimate the properties of a response time distribution (mean, variance, tail-length) for individual subjects. How many samples (trials) do I need to collect to get reliable estimates? ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Does not seeing sunlight for several days impair moral judgment and lower mood?

Background: In winter, daytime is very short where I live. A few months ago, due to a bad sleeping habit, I had not seen sunlight for almost a month. Then I noticed some strange things had been ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

What is the extent of social grooming in humankind?

Is it mostly intellectual (correcting people's pronunciation, explaining errors in their logic) or physical (fixing their clothing, letting them know about flaws they may be unaware of ("your shirt's ...
7
votes
1answer
114 views

Is there any evidence of a relationship between learning music and increased ability in Mathematics?

I've had more than one mathematics teacher say to me that they had heard of a link between music and maths ability. I thought I observed it informally myself, but it was difficult to tell if those ...
5
votes
1answer
208 views

What is the scientific term for information overload?

I'm a computer science major. Currently I'm working on a project for which I want to expose users to different levels of information depending on their distance from displays. Anyone who ever saw a ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Why does not everyone avoid peak hour rushes? [closed]

We all want/wish to avoid heavily crowded places. There are a few such places we daily encounter - office closing hours traffic, heavy rush at the food counter at lunch time, bank closing hours, ...
6
votes
0answers
128 views

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Around the Internet, especially in social media, we see examples of hyperlinks in a common format that has been cynically dubbed "click bait" or "link bait". The idea is that authors publish these ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

How to report an F statistic in APA style?

How do you report F statistics in APA format? I am working on PHD and am not certain that I am reporting the F statistics in the proper manner. I have been reporting it as F (_,_). The second space I ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

How can I design a staircase function that converges on a given hit-rate?

I'm in the process of creating a simple contrast staircase function where subjects are initially presented with high-contrast Gabor patches and are subsequently queried as to their orientation in a ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

How to assign numbers to response options on a bipolar scale?

Does it matter which one of the three scales we use: A, B, or C in the attached questionnaire? Each one will have a different interpretation of the data. Please advise how should we analyze the ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Is there a psychological explanation for the age of 18 being important in many societies?

The age of eighteen is an age that in many societies gives rise to various additional rights and responsibilities. Is there a scientific reason for assigning such right and responsibilities at the ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Criterion for Asperger's Syndrome

I realize that the diagnostic criteria for Asperger's Syndrome (AS) have changed with the latest version of the DSM, but there was a criterion in the DSM-IV for AS that I didn't understand: "marked ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Law and its formula that says: more time organism working the slower (or less precise) the movements

What is the name of the law and the equation that says that "the more time an organism is working the slower (or less precise) its movements." ? I read once that there is a law in behavioral science ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Learning vocabulary: Is it better to learn the word through translations?

Suppose that you have a student that is bilingual. Take for example that the student speaks Chinese and English. Suppose that said student is very fluent in Chinese, but not so fluent in English. ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Explanations of responses to real graphic harm

I want to know answers to the following questions : Why do I feel curious sometimes to check out sites of "real accidents" such as "Documenting Reality" or "Live Leak" ? Why do I feel nauseous when ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Knowledge in what fields is necessary to develop an EEG brain-computer interface?

I am a computer science student, and as part of my project, I would like to develop a system that changes the TV channel, increases its volume, etc. by just the thought of it. My primary investigation ...
5
votes
2answers
90 views

Are axon terminals always part of a synapse, or are there any that just release neurotransmitters into the ether during an action potential?

By "ether" I mean to no post-synaptic cell in particular. If this is the case, how common is it for an axon terminal to not be part of a synapse? Related question: do axon terminals form only as ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

What is a sweet pain, exactly?

Why some pains are sweet? Some pains give pleasure not even bodily pains but mentally also in daily affairs, an individual may intentionally impose mild difficulties on his self. Is there a cognitive ...
7
votes
3answers
726 views

Why do one's surroundings still seem to rotate when you stop whirling around?

When you spin your head around in circles, the world appears to continue to spin. Why do one's surroundings still seem to rotate when you stop whirling around in a circle? What is happening in the ...
1
vote
2answers
245 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again?

There is a common knowledge that several brain areas are involved in memory processes and each area is involved in a different aspect of memory. But where do our memories get stored and how are they ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

Difficulty of having profound scientific discussions with more than 2 or 3 people?

I am a physicist and the other day, a friend of mine pointed out something that I had never noted explicitly before. This is an empirical observation, but it seems true to me, and it may raise a lot ...
3
votes
0answers
15 views

Could motivational interviewing techniques be used without engaging with a counselor?

I've found lots of info on motivational interviewing for strengthening a person's own motivation and commitment to change, but I'm wondering if this technique has been adapted to help people who won't ...
5
votes
1answer
223 views

What keeps the cerebrospinal fluid circulating? Is it pumped by something?

What keeps the cerebrospinal fluid circulating? Is it pumped by something? This picture from wikipedia seems to indicate that it pulsates as though it is pumped:
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Is EEG brain-computer interface reliable?

I am a computer science student [assume I have very little knowledge of the biological part of EEG]. I recently came across the topic EEG and was pretty interested in it. As far as I know, we get an ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

What is a good measure of self-regulation?

Is there self-regulation or self monitoring test. I am interested in measuring why people are not commited to their goals (quit smoking, dieting etc) so you can suggest another measure instead of ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Do the brains of non-altruistic persons mirror the observed experience of suffering?

Altruistic behavior can have different motivations: from the hope that the help you give will ultimately benefit yourself (social exchange theory) to a selfless wish to alleviate someone's suffering. ...
8
votes
2answers
270 views

Is neurolinguistic programming effective in influencing sales processes?

In my country neurolinguistic programming (NLP) has become very popular in sales departments. Therefore, I wonder if there are any experiments which examine the contribution of NLP to the sales ...
6
votes
2answers
141 views

What is the null hypothesis, when there is no research hypothesis?

(a) Apples grow to different sizes, from small to average and large. Farmers want large apples. (b) There is this rare bug, the apple bark bug, which lives in the bark of apple trees. Due to its ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Are there connections between some properties in peoples faces and their behavior?

I hear a lot of people making inferences about others based on their faces, but that's common sense. Are there really properties that could be deduced from ones face?
3
votes
1answer
181 views

What is the difference between cognitive test batteries like ANAM, CANTAB, Vienna Test etc.?

I would like to measure peak cognitive performance in healthy individuals, for situation awareness, reaction time, visuo-spatial processing etc. I am interested in both within-subject and ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

What article looked at the relationship between bedtime stories and national productivity?

I've been told of an article about the effects of bedtime stories. The findings of this article are that countries in which the more popular bedtime stories are active were more productive than the ...
4
votes
1answer
398 views

What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?

In my answer here, to this question : Does hypnosis in any form for any type of disorder work? It brought up the valid question of why people quit therapy. Obviously, if the therapy is not helpful, ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Are there any systems in the brain that are responsible for monitoring energy

For example, the amount of energy that is available for the brain to use, or the amount that the brain consumes with respect to time?

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