# All Questions

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### Do ALL decisions arouse cognitive dissonance?

I continue to see an oversimplification in the descriptions of the options available that arouse cognitive dissonance: some websites state that all decisions have positive and negative aspects that ...
55 views

I am trying to understand what is visual masking (or more specificaly forward masking). I have read the explanation here, but still.. I understand that a background can interfere with a frontal ...
49 views

### Color and shape arriving together in visual system

I know that in the visual cortex there are separate visual pathways for both color and shape. Do these separate pathways imply that human beings become consciously aware of these features separately ...
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### Can memory access be detected via fMRI?

Can the use of memory, in it's various forms (working memory, procedural, semantic), be detected and distinguished from one another via fMRI?
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### What brain areas are involved in memorizing sections of a song?

Typically when I listen to a song, the song will have different sections (e.g. chorus, verses, etc). As a composer, I have found that many songs use this structure to create a sense of repetition and ...
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### How to get anatomical masks?

I recently read a paper called "An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions". I want to use the ...
230 views

### Where does action based on thought originate within the human brain?

A rather basic question, but I don't see answer in Google, so here it goes: Humans have thoughts, sometimes these thoughts carry with them motivations to act, urges, cravings, etc. All these can make ...
267 views

### Do introverted people have more emotional stress?

Social support has several times been linked to psychological well-being and even physical health. Some studies have also shown that shyness correlates stronger with introversion than with ...
127 views

### Why did humans develop the “sense of humour”? [closed]

Speaking from the point of view of evolutionary psychology, is there any research that demonstrates why a 'sense of humor' may be a part of our mental mechanisms? Does research show that it is a way ...
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### What is the relationship between dopamine and mathematical ability (if any)?

I am curious to know if there is any existing literature that suggests that an increase in dopamine lends itself to an increased interest in solving problems of a mathematical nature.
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### How to interpret intelligence test scores for an individual who has taken a test multiple times in quick succession?

Specific context: A test subject took the same Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices IQ test three times and first scored 115, then 107, and finally 143. The same test was taken three times within 3 ...
232 views

### Brain's differences in introverts vs. extroverts

I know that introverts have a higher sensitivity to dopamine, for example. Are there are other chemical and neuronal differences?
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### Is the weight of neural inputs in the human brain as central as it is for neurons in an artifical neural network?

As an example of an artificial neural net (ANN), a neural processing unit (NPU) is able to encode previous (learned) information by storing a weighted resistance for each input. Since ANN's are ...
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### Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
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### Study showing how different ages of children learn about balancing objects

I'm trying to track down a source for an idea I saw in a documentary a while ago (sorry, no idea where!) It demonstrated how children learn differently at different ages, through showing them ...
202 views

### What causes Capgras (“imposter”) Syndrome?

Capgras Syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person believes his or her loved ones have been replaced by identical-looking impostors (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion). What causes this ...
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### Can fMRI and EEG signals be generated from NEF models?

The basic function of the NEF is to map the outside world onto neurons, using the firing rates of the neurons. It also supports various neuron models. Have these firing rates been used to create EEG ...
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### What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
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### What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
272 views

### Is fear of parasites an explanation for trypophobia?

Trypophobia is the alleged pathological fear of objects with irregular patterns of holes, such as beehives, ant hills and lotus seed heads. I find some sample pictures that relevant to ...
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### Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
61 views

### What was the quantified brain volume of Albert Einstein?

I have read articles stating that Albert Einstein had an average brain volume but couldn't find a specific measurement. I'm curious because the articles are all so ambiguous. He could have been on the ...
50 views

### Are there any programmes to identify modular “NeuroBricks”?

In synthetic biology, an organization called the BioBricks Foundation tries to identify modular biological components that are amenable to engineering design, and publishes them in the Registry of ...
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### What is the meaning of semantics to cognition?

I am new to the field of semantic knowledge representation and all I get information about the term semantics = meaning. Can somebody please explain to me what is semantics and how it is important in ...
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### What to call measures obtained between pre-test and post-test?

We term pre-test as the data collection/measures before conducting an experiment and post-test is data collection/measures after the experiment. How do we term the process of data collection/measures ...
717 views

### Can the neuronal firing rate be increased through medication/diet?

My rudimentary understanding of the neuronal firing rate is that it varies person to person, and neuron to neuron. So any specific number for a firing rate would be specific to the test subject and ...
387 views

### Is it possible to detect the mental flow state with EEG?

I know that it is possible to detect "focus" with a consumer EEG with a single electrode and a reference point (ear clip), even without conductive gel, but is it possible to detect a flow state with ...
444 views

### How are research participants normally divided into equal groups to allow scientific comparison?

I'm neither a academic nor familiar with the proper English choice of words regarding research. However, I would really like to know a few things about the process of doing a research with people ...
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### Relation between Nengo, SPA and NEF with respect to other Neural Models

I'm working through How to Build a Brain and I keep getting confused on the relation between Nengo, the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA) and the Neurological Engineering Framework (NEF). Are there ...
138 views

### What is relationship between being a good person and functioning in society?

The phrases "No more Mr Nice guy" and "Nice guys finish last" imply that being a good person can sometimes be detrimental to your well-being. In corrupt societies being fair and good might be ...
61 views

### How do hallucinations appear through reversing goggles?

If one is experiencing elaborated visual hallucinations, what will happen when one puts on reversing goggles? Will hallucinations change their orientations as well? Links to relevant papers will be ...
273 views

### Is homosexuality a psychological illness or a natural disposition of a person's sexual orientation?

Homosexuals are oft criticized for their sexuality to which they would say they are just not attracted to the member of the opposite sex and that it's the other way round. So, is this attraction to ...
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### Extending a 5 point ordinal scale to 9 points while maintaining comparability

We have a lot of data regarding a 5 point ordinal scale with descriptors for each point like 'very little' to 'very much'. I am worried that this scale will show insufficient variance in a further ...
248 views

### Is the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours more mental illness?

"Our work shows that the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours is more mental illness." -Professor Seth Grant Professor of Molecular Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh ...
248 views

### How far can we train mental calculation?

Mental calculators are people with a prodigious ability in some area of mental calculation, such as multiplying large numbers or factoring large numbers. Unfortunately I forgot where I heard it, ...
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A kid who just started to read puts a lot of effort in processing sentences. These efforts will decrease as he/she gets older and, at some point (around 12, 15?), will read as fast as an adult. Is ...
220 views

### How to gamify a mentoring activity? [closed]

I am working on an app where we are aiming to develop peer to peer training. How could we gamify the learning process to make it more fun?
161 views

### Good conferences on (computational) neuroscience in Europe and whether to submit to conference or journal?

I'm looking for good (computational) neuroscience conferences in Europe that $\textbf{have proceedings}$. Recommendations? Or are there even such conferences? Should I just send my work to a journal? ...
1k views

### What is the neurological basis for 'daredevil' behaviour?

What is the neurological basis for people being seemingly fearless and engaging in risk-taking and daredevil behaviour? I am talking about those that frequently perform or participate in activities ...
139 views

### Research software for conducting a task between card sorting and sketch map drawing

I'm doing research in Spatial Cognition and am looking for software which will allow me to conduct the following task: Participants will walk around a space and sit down to a computer task ...
720 views

### How sexual activity influences a woman's sex drive

Sheila Gregoire suggests that increasing the amount of sexual activity increases a woman's sexual desire in general. I can postulate that child bearing and raising impacts significantly upon a woman's ...
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I want to set up an experiment in which there are 3 types of emotional stimuli (A, B, C). A and C would have a 1% recurrence probability, for rare and unexpected stimuli. Is there any sample of ...
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### How do people develop abstract thought processes?

By abstract thinking, I am referring to not only notions of self and identity, but also aspects that can not be directly observed and 'thinking outside of the box'. Essentially, from my own ...
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### What is the proper term for the synchronization of eye movements?

In humans and most two eyed species, eye movements synchronize so that both eyes are focused on the same point. This facilitates 3D vision significantly, allowing bifocal cues. I remember reading a ...
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### Why does it seems in similar cases sometimes classic conditioning happens and in others habituation?

I'm slightly confused and was hoping you guys could correct me. In classic conditioning as with Pavlov's dogs if we ring a bell just before a dog is given food, the bell will give the same response ...
1k views

### What is the difference between confidence and overconfidence?

People say there is a very small difference between confidence and overconfidence. How can knowledge of psychology help someone know whether they are are confident or overconfident? What is the ...
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### Do we have a sub- or super-unconscious? [on hold]

Being conscious (awake) and unconscious (asleep) are two mutually exclusive states. The boundary between them ("falling asleep") is very pleasant. Why? Conscious => Unconscious Some people say ...
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### Anger and problem solving

Is there any evidence that a little bit of inner anger is healthy when engaging in problem solving? I personally feel this way, but feel that people around me misinterpret my anger as being directed ...