# All Questions

164 views

### Can a biological entity be thought as a simple algorithm? Case-study with the concept of randomness

John Von Neuman believed that all organisms can be though of as information-processing systems. He built on the work of Alan Turing (algorithmic) to create simulations of biological entities. This ...
746 views

### What is the maximum size of content the human eye can focus upon?

What is the maximum size of content the human eye can focus upon on a computer screen? Is there a general equation that gives this size as a measure of distance from the screen etc.? What is the ...
45 views

### Are there guidelines in the peer reviewing process on assessing methodology?

Usually an article goes through a peer-review process before it is published, and from what I here it is quite common that the reviewers "demand" some changes. Are there guidelines for peer- ...
156 views

### Can general intelligence be understood as pattern analysis?

I have been thinking for a while about general intelligence (i.e.,not specific abilities used for particular tasks such as chess). I think that the essence of general intelligence is pattern analysis. ...
334 views

### How much time is required to relearn a subject after x years?

I'm searching for research answering or giving any form of insight to this question: How long does it take a person to relearn something (any type of learning) when relearning happens x, x+1, ...
311 views

### Why do drivers not slow down when they see signs indicating road work?

I found the following anecdote on Quora Many years ago, I worked for a gas & electric power company, and had been a member of a crew installing a road-side gas main. Despite the signs, ...
559 views

### Free online survey and diary software for conducting experience sampling studies

Are there any open source online survey software that enable researchers to use experience-sampling methods, e.g. online diaries (where people answer similar survey questions repeatedly and are ...
97 views

### How do you refer to something in APA-style that is not submitted to be published?

I'm writing a paper in APA-style. At the end of it, I have my references. There is this one paper (actually an internship report) that I refer to, but it hasn't been submitted for publication. How ...
43 views

### How do people with a split brain experience reality?

Some people with severe epileptic seizures have the connection between their two brain halves cut. How appears reality for them, and why does this procedure helps them?
47 views

### Information storage capacity of a neural network?

I seem to remember reading about some equation that states the amount of information that can be held by a neural network with n neurons in it arranged in l layers, or something vaguely like that (n ...
110 views

### Disprove that Humans are selfish

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
163 views

### Why are so many people arachnophobes (afraid of spiders)?

Why are so many people arachnophobes (have an extreme fear of spiders)?
28 views

### How can I fit a psychometric function such that the minimum is 50% (chance level)?

I have data from the behavioral component of an fMRI study in which subjects are asked to perform a 2AFC discrimination task with targets at variable contrast. That is, a target will be presented at ...
115 views

### How does a woman reject an unsuitable man? [closed]

I'm interested in the mechanism behind how a woman can reject a man once already in a relationship. I've done some research and stumbled upon this issue described by multiple different people, which ...
81 views

### Why do we wake up from sleep (from a dream) as soon as we figure out reality?

In a dream why do we wake up when we figure out that its not real. I mean even in a lucid dream we are lost to some extent and as soon as we stop accepting the situation we tend to awaken?
153 views

### What is the psychological term for disregarding correct but unwanted information?

Sometimes people seem to be very resistant to information that is in conflict with prior beliefs, even when this new information is very plausible. For example, a patient might change a doctor, ...
33 views

### Word for the opposite of “hypochondriasis”

This question was posted in English.stackexchange. Is there a word for the opposite condition of hypochondriasis? For example, someone who denies being sick when they clearly are? I would ...
71 views

### Result of local stimulation in brain

What happens when we stimulate a brain in local regions? Some possibilities: We may trigger an action without the subject's awareness of the action; We can trigger an action in a subject, but we ...
70 views

### Hebbian Learning - Understanding Simultaneous Firing

Im beginning to write a neural network simulator in Java and thinking of Hebbian Learning but Im stuck at one thing: What causes two neurons to fire at the same interval while only one of them is ...
129 views

### Where in the Big5 does shyness belong?

I just stumbled upon something contradicting: Some sources claim that shyness is a trait of extroversion(introvert) Some sources claim that shyness is a trait of neuroticism #4, self-consciousness. ...
69 views

### What are the highest ranked neuroscience journals that use double-blind review process?

In terms of impact factor (for a lack of a better proxy), what are the highest ranked neuroscience journals that use double-blind review process? I would be submitting a paper that combines ...
89 views

### Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
141 views

### In the theory of planned behaviour, what is the general term that captures attitudes, norms and perceived behavioural control?

The theory of planned behaviour is a model of behaviour that in simple terms assumes that attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control influence intention, and intention and actual control ...
111 views

### Is volition a reality or an illusion?

Keeping religious sentiments aside, here is a question raised on the Buddhism SE that attempts to answer a similar question from the Buddhist point of view. You see, Buddhism has a concept of anatman ...
188 views

### Calculating d-prime

I'm currently working on a research that has to use and calculate D Prime values for a task where subjects are presented an image at different speeds and they have to report if they saw the image or ...
50 views

### What speech synthesis software is suitable for research?

I'm looking for recommendations for speech synthesis software that can be used to generate audio stimuli. The audio stimuli that I'm trying to generate will be long sequences of isolated syllables. ...
141 views

### Do Big 5 or BIS/BAS personality theories propose that combinations of personality traits are meaningful?

Personality traits tend to correlate. That is, the factors 'reward seeking', 'fun seeking' and 'drive' of the BIS/BAS scales are inter-correlated and similary in the Big 5 theory, the factor ...
490 views

### Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
98 views

### Which personality trait(s) characterize high need for external validation?

Some background to explain my question: I recently overheard a conversation, between two men working in the same firm. One of them (A) is thinking about finding a new job, as he is not happy where he ...
87 views

### What is the neurobiological difference between Jungian Judging and Perceiving individual?

Jungian or Myers Briggs type indicator reserves the last letter of a 4 letter archetype to stand for Judging or Perceiving. Part of being a Judging type is punctuality - being on time, keeping ...
261 views

### Do Jewish people have better cognitive abilities than average population?

Jewish people are overrepresented in politics and science especially in the United States. Do they have better cognitive abilities than average population? If yes, what is the reason for this? ...
147 views

### Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
79 views

### Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
92 views

### Is it usually worthwhile to argue to try to convince someone?

I find from personal life experience that arguing with someone is hardly a good way to try to convince someone of something. You might end up getting whatever you'd like from the person you are trying ...
307 views

### List of affective states for a study?

I am putting together a study that attempts to assess whether people assign particular affective or emotional states to images--specifically, animated GIFs. Is there a "standard" list of emotional ...
291 views

### Do nice guys finish last?

I read a recent article, suggesting that the nicest guys in a society are selected last by females. The article continues to identify the cause as a lack of aggressive nature and ...
157 views

### How can I design a staircase function that converges on a given hit-rate?

I'm in the process of creating a simple contrast staircase function where subjects are initially presented with high-contrast Gabor patches and are subsequently queried as to their orientation in a ...
365 views

### Are perceptions of beauty and the ideal partner mostly determined by mass media?

Mass-media marketing seems to strongly influence people's beliefs. Are perceptions of beauty and the ideal partner mostly determined by what mass media proposes?
301 views

### Neuroplasticity and Treatment of Depression

After reading 'The Brain That Changes Itself' by Norman Doidge, 'The Mind and The Brain' by Jeffrey Schwartz and a few other books, I've become curious about the science of neuroplasticity, which, as ...
97 views

### What is the purpose of hemispheric specialisation in the brain?

What is the benefit or purpose of having different hemispheres of the brain contribute more to different cognitive processes?
50 views

### When was it recognized that thinking occurs in the brain and not in the heart?

Historically speaking, this misconception used to exist, right? Somewhat like Copernican heliocentrism, no? When (and, if you wish, how) did this folk concept regarding the biological basis of ...
129 views

### How to structure affective picture stimuli for an EEG study?

I want to design an EEG paradigm for passive affective picture viewing. Can I use a block design for three different emotions, where each block represent a particular emotion? Or would a better design ...
69 views

### Can time be perceived differently depending on a user's feeling?

You often hear that time passes more quickly when you're having fun. And the opposite is also "true" in common belief, that when you're bored time is very slow. But we know that time is almost linear ...
127 views

### Does the time required to read a word grow linearly with the number of characters?

I recently installed a speed reader on my tablet. Now I wonder how the minimal time needed to read an $N$-letter word grows. There was this previous question on the relationship between sentence ...
40 views

### Term for urban citizens tuning out their surroundings?

I cannot for the life of me remember the term for citizens in an urban environment filtering out stimuli when in public as a regular and unconscious part of their lives. For example commuters riding ...
1k views

### Why do “cool” colors, which are actually warmer, look cool, and vice versa?

Why do cool colors look cool that are in fact warmer, and why do warm colors look warm when they are actually cooler? Blue wavelength has higher energy than red, i.e, blue flame is hotter than red ...
94 views

### What is actually going on in your brain during a night terror?

I used to have really bad night terrors back in the day, where I would think I was floating and I would wake up and actually my vision would be very fuzzy - so I just want to know.. What is actually ...
169 views

### Is psychotherapy more effective when examining free association speech than writing?

Is there a difference between free association speaking vs free association writing? Is psychotherapy more effective when examining free association speech?