7
votes
2answers
238 views

Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Why do people behave better when observed?

Why does it seem that people behave like they are supposed to when they are being observed? For example. If you place a fake security camera on an employee, they would behave better (or at least ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Is there a formal name for “I'm right, don't try to challenge me” / “if you push against me I will be 100x more stubborn” personality trait?

Some persons gets really annoyed if we try to demonstrate our thesis to them or to put in light that they are behaving in a childish way. Dale Carnegie, in his most famous book: ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Why is sunrise therapeutic? [closed]

Despite being a night owl, I find when I'm up and about at sunrise1 I feel mentally much better than any other time of day - regardless of how much sleep I've had or whether I've been awake for many ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the possible causes of pettiness?

There is a question about pettiness Is it possible to quantify 'pettiness' in a personality? Which gives a good example of how some people can focus on seemingly unimportant issues, when ...
8
votes
0answers
72 views

Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Is there a left or right preference to raising one side of the lip in contempt?

Contempt is expressed asymmetrically - one lip corner is pulled in and back, in what could be described as a half-smile. Are there any trends in terms of people or societies which prefer pulling in ...
3
votes
4answers
145 views

Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Experiencing neuronal activity inside the body/brain

Can one feel/experience "any" neuronal activity in oneself?
18
votes
2answers
1k views

What are popular rationalist responses to Tversky & Shafir?

In the early 90s Tversky & Shafir observed several violations of rationality in human participants, in particular violation of the disjunction effect and sure-thing principle. This has lead to ...
5
votes
0answers
67 views

Why is it so problematic to read in a dream? [closed]

Many activities are possible in dreams, but reading (and related tasks) is not one of them. In an dream with awareness, trying to read a label or enter a phone number can be very frustrating and can ...
2
votes
3answers
254 views

Why do people try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly?

I'm looking for an explanation for why people will try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly. For example, imagine a group of girls are sitting in a cafe. Within that group are two ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

What are some key behaviors that stone-age humans evolved to help them survive and reproduce? [closed]

In Wikipedia's article on evolutionary psychology, two of six given key premises of EP are as follows: Different neural mechanisms are specialized for solving problems in humanity's evolutionary ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Brain areas active while learning hierarchical structure of a problem

There are multiple examples in the machine learning literature of trying to learn the hierarchical structure of a reinforcement learning problem, however have there been any papers tying this learning ...
6
votes
0answers
204 views

What happens neurobiologically when people “think fast”? [closed]

This question is related to this one: How long can a person stay happy, excited and motivated about something new? I found a couple of references to research that links "thinking fast" to mood lift: ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
9
votes
1answer
500 views

How to predict romantic attraction

Dating websites and psychological researchers attempt to find those factors that predict the fit between potential romantic partners. Examples for factors taken into consideration are the "big five" ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Detecting signs of dementia in EEG signal

I would like to know, how dementia can be recognized in the EEG signal of patients with dementia. What I have found so far: According to (Henderson et al., 2006) subjects with dementia are ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Why do the colors I see associated with a particular vibration/sound change? [closed]

After many years of research I found that I am a vibration (sound) to color and feeling synesthete. Everything I have read says that the colors one sees with an associated vibration should be ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Do people with chromesthesia and tinnitus see the “ringing” caused by tinnitus?

Do people with chromesthesia and tinnitus see the "ringing" caused by tinnitus?
2
votes
0answers
19 views

What is the most unified functional model of the hippocampus?

There are many different incremental models of the hippocampus and it's role in learning as shown by a quick search. However, have there been any efforts to combine these various models into a single ...
4
votes
1answer
622 views

What is the most comprehensive system of describing human emotions or states of mind?

Reading about the human mind, I sometimes come across attempts to classify human emotions using various scales. The one that comes to mind most often is the 6 scale circle model shown below. Is ...
5
votes
0answers
262 views

Is memory biased towards positive or negative memories?

I am trying to understand the relationship between positive/negative memories and the congruence of memory to existing beliefs. These quotes are from Wikipedia, presented in alphabetical order: ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

A subtle test for color-blindness

Is there a test method of proving a person being color-blind, without letting the test subject know, that he/she is being tested? E.g. showing the person cards with colored dots like depicted here is ...
2
votes
1answer
385 views

Where to obtain and how to score the Bukowski et al “Friendship Qualities Scale”?

Where to obtain the Bukowski Friendship Qualities Scale? How do you calculate the scores from it? It might be available here but I'm not sure because I don't have access to the article: ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is there a technical term for when the brain recalls an incorrect, but almost correct answer when trying to recall a word/name?

For example: If I was trying to recall the name Elaine but instead only the name Ellen could come to mind. It's as though I know 'where' the memory is, but since the memory is poor and so similar to ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person?

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person encountered during their lifetime? For example, in a family with multiple children, can one of the ...
7
votes
1answer
142 views

Is there evidence for a unique isolated internal representation of loved ones?

Some time ago, I've read that the most significant people in a person's life have their own internal representation/model of within the person's mind. For example: An internal representation of a ...
6
votes
0answers
178 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

What's the purpose of worry [if there is any] and how and why does it affect cognitive skills?

I've read some articles lately about worry and how there are basically two types of worry: one doesn't last long and makes you decide to do something ,solve a problem,act on it the other one last ...
1
vote
4answers
917 views

How to change someone's beliefs?

I tried to change my brother's beliefs. He gets motivated by some bad ideas. Following my attempt to change his beliefs, his beliefs have become even stronger.
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Do more accidents happen when you cross the street on red light(as a pedestrian)? [closed]

As I wanted to have concrete question in the title I've chosen this one. But my real toughts behind that is if you have ever heard about anything like, I would call it, the 'Red-Light-Theory'? It ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What traits does a man have, when he is apt to feeling threatened by strong women?

This isn't intended as a gender biased question, as both men and women can have strange hang ups when it comes to either sex. I am curious about men who are threatened by strong women. By strong ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Do unequal step sizes in staircase procedure affect the convergence?

Consider a psychophysics procedure using a standard staircase method to adaptively find the threshold, using a 2AFC paradigm and a 1-up, 3-down method to determine the 75% threshold. Now suppose the ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

How to measure your stress levels?

If someone has eutress it supports his/her mental development and learning of new skills. It is so called optimal level of stress as illustrated in the figure below. Are there any ways to measure ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Can a person be able to objectively identify when and how their thinking process is being affected by cognitive biases?

or years, I've always thought I can do a pretty good job of identifying when I have committed a bias, fallacy or some other heuristic. I'm not saying I avoid them, but at least can admit to myself I ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Does the brain stop processing data when the eyes move?

I was reading this question and remember back to the 70s when our local newspaper changed formats. In an article about why they made the changes that they did, one of the points they mentioned was ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Have the effects of MRIs and other electromagnetic events been studied on human psychology?

What are the effects of MRIs and other electromagnetic events on the human brain?Naturally it would move all the metals to or through the brain cell's membrane. I could see the experience of being in ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Do bilingual children learn two languages faster than monolingual children learn one language?

Do children from bilingual families learn two languages faster than children from monolingual families learn one language? In other words, I'm wondering if there's a language learning advantage to ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Influence of antidepressant drugs upon personality

How do antidepressant drugs influence someone's personality? Do they induce a major change in an individual's personality, or do they just negate the influence of depression? Basically, is the ...
-1
votes
1answer
156 views

Is being “hyper”-offended, no matter the cause, an indicator that someone might be a socio-/psychopath? [closed]

Suppose I make the following statement: "There should be no quota for women or minorities in any sort of company, people should be hired based on their capabilities, regardless of their gender or skin ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Does the brain need more sleep after heavy load?

Does the brain require more sleep in the following night, if you have used a lot more of its capacity that day than usually?
2
votes
2answers
48 views

How to study the effect of sustained exercise and sport on well-being?

I´d like to make a little case study about the impact of including regular weight training in life. I know one man who is going to start to excercise regularly and I have an opportunity to talk with ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What makes trippy audiovisuals trippy?

There are quite a few videos on YouTube (search "trippy videos") that feel "trippy". From what I've heard, some psychedelic artists are just reproducing what they experience when they trip on drugs ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

How do we localize pain?

I know that different points of the brain correspond to different point of the body. But how a sensory information reaches its correct corresponding area? For example, let say I put a pencil's ...
-2
votes
1answer
62 views

Attitude to judge and avoid efforts [closed]

I've opened a question trying to point out every doubt I had on a language of development: I thought it could be constructive. I'm pretty proud of the formulation of this question since it gives ...

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