1
vote
1answer
65 views

Are there cultures in which leadership/hierarchy does not exist?

Unproven statement: Human cultures depend on the concept of leadership/hierarchy. All the cultures I've seen until now depend on this concept. But I may be mistaked: It might be possible that my ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Effectiveness of implicit measures of deception (e.g., sweating, eye focus, EEG) when filling out online questionnaire

I'm working in my master thesis on a method of detecting user deception or lying when answering online questionnaires using his implicit feedback like sweating, eye focus, EEG etc. I would like if ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Success cause passion more than passion cause success [closed]

What are the good psychology studies about this hypothesis ? From an evolutionary standpoint, it would makes sense on a group level. When a few people starts doing a new thing, if one a them sees ...
5
votes
1answer
555 views

How many dendrite connections vs axon terminals does a multipolar cerebral neuron have?

I find countless places that say neurons have tens of thousands of "connections" or "synapses" and one axon. Do neurons have tens of thousands of dendrite connections, and a few axon terminals; or a ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Cognitive Dissonance [closed]

Given the following hypothetical situation: An individual discovers that his girlfriend has cheated on him, but decides to continue to date her after she assures him that she will not do it again. ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

best book for cognitive science [closed]

I am computer science student and I have a limited knowledge about cognitive science. What books would give me a good introduction to the area?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How to transform data to a frequency spectrum?

Recently, I studied a paper called "What Does Your Chair Know About Your Stress Level? It can be download at the link below. http://www.barnrich.ch/wiki/data/media/pub/...
1
vote
0answers
300 views

What are the 50 words on the Wechsler Test of Adult Reading (WTAR)? [closed]

I recently took part in a study that asked me to read 50 words that were spelled differently than they were pronouced, some more commonly used than others. Does anyone know where I could find this ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

How can we use EEG data to predict urge of smoking?

I am from Computer Sciences background. The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I have a brainwave ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Benefits of using more complicated neuron models in NEF models

The NEF allows you to use almost any neuron model as long as it has an equation for it's activity and it's spikes in some way. Usually, a simple leaky-integrate-fire (LIF) neuron model is used, but ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

How does motivation relate to performance and to fun and to recognition?

Many studies indicate that for tasks that require cognitive skills and creative thinking, monetary reward does not work to improve performance. Rather, we should give people purpose, autonomy and ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between a biological and behaviorist perspective in psychology?

I was recently reading through a textbook and was unable to clearly identify the differences between the two due to a vague definition of both. Can someone provide an in-depth explanation of the two ...
8
votes
3answers
983 views

Classification of Attachment Styles

The concept of attachment and different attachment styles has a long tradition in developmental psychology. Mary Ainsworth developed a classification for three different attachment styles that she ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

How effective are online providers of paid participants for psychological experiments?

I'm looking for places to recruit participants for online experiments, and in particular, for experiments using Inquisit Web. My lab used to recruit participants through M-Turk but that's no longer an ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

How does conscious rational internal thought gets initiated - what gives rise to it on any given day?

I'm reading a book called "The power of now" by Ekhart Tolle, and in that book he suggests that internal dialogue/monologue/planning/judging can be first observed, then disidentified with and ...
5
votes
1answer
387 views

What personality traits does sexy and revealing clothing correlate with?

Is there some unifying characteristic that distinguishes women who wear form-fitting, lowcut, see-through and other kinds of revealing outfits? Are they more extroverted, do they rate higher in (...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

Is there a criteria in the design of a cognitive control task (Flanker task with letters H and S)?

In this task, there are 4 trial types : congruent (HHHHHHH, SSSSSSS), incongruent (SSSHSSS, HHHSHHH). In order to collect enough ERN (error-related negativity), a component elicited after an error, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

As adults, is it possible for thoughts to originate from our own thinking? [closed]

We, as human beings, formulate our own thoughts and notions about everything that we perceive. As we grow up, we acquire knowledge through different means (like parents, teachers, books, movies etc.) ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...
5
votes
0answers
80 views

Why is it so difficult to recall dreams? [duplicate]

You see a dream and wake up during or after it and you remember the dream. Why is it so difficult to remember the dream in the morning, unless you write it down directly when woke up in the night?
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Is brain more active when you do something in dream or wake up?

If brain activity is measured using EEG, is the brain more active when sleeping and dreaming of doing something or doing the same thing when wake up? Of course, if you do exercise (eg. running) when ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

How can we analyse user behavior to predict urge of smoking?

The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I want to look at the relationship between chemical reactions ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Participant / Subject Pool Management Solutions

I am searching for a subject pool management system for human subject research. Almost all institutions appear to use Sona-systems. Do any alternatives exist?
7
votes
1answer
219 views

Can lucid dreaming detract from the recuperative effect of REM sleep?

Imagine you mastered lucid dreaming, so you have a lucid dream every night. You might want to use this phase to do creative work or problem solving. Would this have a negative influence on the ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Pleasure and reward [closed]

What exactly is pleasure? Is pleasure in some sense 'thoughts'? If you are given opiates, you will feel some sort of pleasure, even if you don't think about anything, but perhaps you are having some ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Can repetitive sports-related head injuries make a person senile many years later?

Would repetitive football injuries to the cranium show up decades later, causing symptoms resembling mild retardation, OCD, etc.? What is the best way to determine this in terms of imaging, testing, ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What is fear in humans and what does it do?

From researching conventional understandings of fear, it can be a response to a perceived dangerous situation. But this definition seems very limited because fear seems to depend very much on context. ...
6
votes
3answers
205 views

Is it possible to induce the processes that occur during sleep such as memory “garbage collection” without actually sleeping?

Some time ago I opened a question comparing drug withdrawal and sleep deprivation symptoms. In fact, my main objective for that question was to know if there was by any chance, a possibility to live ...
-2
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a limit to how many skills a person can master?

Given that the different parts of our brain are constantly competing for brain real estate and learning requires brain real estate, is it the case that we can only master x amount of skills due to the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the scientific definition of “brain training”?

A lot of companies are selling products under the heading of "brain training", and "brain exercises", "brain games" such as Nintendo DS Brain Training, Lumosity, and a host of other companies. I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
531 views

Can you make yourself like/hate something when you learned to hate/like it during early life?

Suppose that someone develops liking (or even obsessing with) something since very early life, e.g watching football from age 5 to age 25. Is it possible to consciously make oneself hate it when one ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
5
votes
2answers
162 views

Does fixing cognitive biases do more harm than use?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
6
votes
0answers
55 views

Confirmation vs peak-end bias - when does it make sense to “save the best for last”?

This question is inspired by Should I give the interviewers surprise? on Academia.SE. The strategy of "save the best for last" seems to be affected in conflicting ways by two cognitive biases: ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How to integrate word prediction keyboard into P300-based BCI (brain computer interface) system?

See this question in User Experience. Farwell and Donchin (1988) described a P300 based BCI selecting letters by detecting P300 responding to the flashing letters. According to this system, only one ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

What is the relation between fun and motivation? Are they the same?

Are 'having fun in doing something' and 'being motivated to do something' the same thing? If not, how are fun and motivation related? Is there any formal definition on this? Would it be possible to ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Do Big 5 or BIS/BAS personality theories propose that combinations of personality traits are meaningful?

Personality traits tend to correlate. That is, the factors 'reward seeking', 'fun seeking' and 'drive' of the BIS/BAS scales are inter-correlated and similary in the Big 5 theory, the factor ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there any standardized test / questionnaire to measure frustration?

I'm looking for a well-established standardized test to measure frustration (level) of humans. Is there such an instrument? I'm looking for a relatively short test that assesses frustration level at ...
5
votes
2answers
227 views

Why is it so difficult to use a “true mirror” as a mirror

This Youtube video shows what a "true mirror" is: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSxCZCy5Wsk In short, when you look into a true mirror you look at yourself (among other things) as you really are, ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How to use Mechanical Turk for longer studies (i.e., 30 minutes+)?

I'm interested in using Mechanical Turk as a means of recruiting participants for online psychology studies. I have never used it for any research. However, many of my studies take around 30 minutes ...
9
votes
1answer
93 views

Definition of or research on fun

What does research have to say about defining "fun"--what it is or when it happens? I've found some research on whether or not people rate specific things as fun, and lots of misleading titles with ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Name for awareness of the probability of an event increasing the probability of it happening

Before Christmas, NZ Police announced they would be enforcing a zero tolerance on exceeding the speed limit in December/January. Previously there was a 10kph grace unless a driver was obviously ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Two different values for criterion in signal detection theory?

I'm a signal detection theory newbie. I have data with a classical SDT design: the participants can answer YES or NO to a question where the correct answer is YES or NO, depending on the presence or ...
9
votes
4answers
954 views

How to read a neuron tuning curve graph?

I'm working through the tutorial of section 2.4 of "How to Build a Brain" and I've encountered this graph of a neuron tuning curve. I understand the Y axis is the firing rate of the neuron, that ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
5
votes
0answers
31 views

Is it sufficient to say self control eliciting the reduced ERN (error-related negativity) in cognitive control tasks?

The limited resource model of self control suggests that the exertion of self control can impair performance in subsequent cognitive control tasks (for details on the model, check this question. Most ...
4
votes
2answers
279 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?
3
votes
2answers
68 views

What aspects of ACT-R are not contained within Spaun?

ACT-R was the first big cognitive model and excels at modelling human behavioral data quite accurately. Spaun, which is the world's largest functional brain model, took a lot of ACT-R's insights and ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Regarding the mind and what it can affect

About the question 'Can the mind mind affect the brain?': Some responses are 'no' because the mind is a physical 'thing' or structure (if I read it correctly). Yet if the Mind is only a physical ...

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