# All Questions

1answer
137 views

### How to interpret intelligence test scores for an individual who has taken a test multiple times in quick succession?

Specific context: A test subject took the same Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices IQ test three times and first scored 115, then 107, and finally 143. The same test was taken three times within 3 ...
2answers
205 views

### Brain's differences in introverts vs. extroverts

I know that introverts have a higher sensitivity to dopamine, for example. Are there are other chemical and neuronal differences?
1answer
52 views

### Is the weight of neural inputs in the human brain as central as it is for neurons in an artifical neural network?

As an example of an artificial neural net (ANN), a neural processing unit (NPU) is able to encode previous (learned) information by storing a weighted resistance for each input. Since ANN's are ...
1answer
82 views

### Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
1answer
113 views

### Are there working computational frameworks for human behavior and personality?

I've been scanning through the web, looking for some ideas and theories about computational modules of human behavior and personality, but so far all I could find regards to procedural programs and ...
1answer
60 views

### Study showing how different ages of children learn about balancing objects

I'm trying to track down a source for an idea I saw in a documentary a while ago (sorry, no idea where!) It demonstrated how children learn differently at different ages, through showing them ...
1answer
178 views

### What causes Capgras (“imposter”) Syndrome?

Capgras Syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person believes his or her loved ones have been replaced by identical-looking impostors (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion). What causes this ...
1answer
57 views

### Can fMRI and EEG signals be generated from NEF models?

The basic function of the NEF is to map the outside world onto neurons, using the firing rates of the neurons. It also supports various neuron models. Have these firing rates been used to create EEG ...
1answer
22 views

### What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
1answer
85 views

### What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
1answer
215 views

### Is fear of parasites an explanation for trypophobia?

Trypophobia is the alleged pathological fear of objects with irregular patterns of holes, such as beehives, ant hills and lotus seed heads. I find some sample pictures that relevant to ...
1answer
45 views

### Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
1answer
61 views

### What was the quantified brain volume of Albert Einstein?

I have read articles stating that Albert Einstein had an average brain volume but couldn't find a specific measurement. I'm curious because the articles are all so ambiguous. He could have been on the ...
3answers
48 views

### Are there any programmes to identify modular “NeuroBricks”?

In synthetic biology, an organization called the BioBricks Foundation tries to identify modular biological components that are amenable to engineering design, and publishes them in the Registry of ...
1answer
55 views

### What is the meaning of semantics to cognition?

I am new to the field of semantic knowledge representation and all I get information about the term semantics = meaning. Can somebody please explain to me what is semantics and how it is important in ...
2answers
56 views

### What to call measures obtained between pre-test and post-test?

We term pre-test as the data collection/measures before conducting an experiment and post-test is data collection/measures after the experiment. How do we term the process of data collection/measures ...
1answer
558 views

### Can the neuronal firing rate be increased through medication/diet?

My rudimentary understanding of the neuronal firing rate is that it varies person to person, and neuron to neuron. So any specific number for a firing rate would be specific to the test subject and ...
1answer
329 views

### Is it possible to detect the mental flow state with EEG?

I know that it is possible to detect "focus" with a consumer EEG with a single electrode and a reference point (ear clip), even without conductive gel, but is it possible to detect a flow state with ...
2answers
324 views

### How are research participants normally divided into equal groups to allow scientific comparison?

I'm neither a academic nor familiar with the proper English choice of words regarding research. However, I would really like to know a few things about the process of doing a research with people ...
1answer
88 views

### Relation between Nengo, SPA and NEF with respect to other Neural Models

I'm working through How to Build a Brain and I keep getting confused on the relation between Nengo, the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA) and the Neurological Engineering Framework (NEF). Are there ...
4answers
3k views

### Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
1answer
135 views

### What is relationship between being a good person and functioning in society?

The phrases "No more Mr Nice guy" and "Nice guys finish last" imply that being a good person can sometimes be detrimental to your well-being. In corrupt societies being fair and good might be ...
1answer
207 views

### Why does optogenetics not mean that perfect brain-computer interfaces are possible?

There have been multiple articles and videos circulating on the Internet claiming that optogenetics has made it possible to have perfect input/output to the brain from a computer. This is obviously ...
1answer
60 views

### How do hallucinations appear through reversing goggles?

If one is experiencing elaborated visual hallucinations, what will happen when one puts on reversing goggles? Will hallucinations change their orientations as well? Links to relevant papers will be ...
2answers
248 views

### Is homosexuality a psychological illness or a natural disposition of a person's sexual orientation?

Homosexuals are oft criticized for their sexuality to which they would say they are just not attracted to the member of the opposite sex and that it's the other way round. So, is this attraction to ...
2answers
93 views

### Extending a 5 point ordinal scale to 9 points while maintaining comparability

We have a lot of data regarding a 5 point ordinal scale with descriptors for each point like 'very little' to 'very much'. I am worried that this scale will show insufficient variance in a further ...
1answer
228 views

### Is the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours more mental illness?

"Our work shows that the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours is more mental illness." -Professor Seth Grant Professor of Molecular Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh ...
1answer
234 views

### How far can we train mental calculation?

Mental calculators are people with a prodigious ability in some area of mental calculation, such as multiplying large numbers or factoring large numbers. Unfortunately I forgot where I heard it, ...
1answer
116 views

### At what age do children typically reach adult reading speed?

A kid who just started to read puts a lot of effort in processing sentences. These efforts will decrease as he/she gets older and, at some point (around 12, 15?), will read as fast as an adult. Is ...
2answers
207 views

### How to gamify a mentoring activity? [closed]

I am working on an app where we are aiming to develop peer to peer training. How could we gamify the learning process to make it more fun?
2answers
157 views

### Good conferences on (computational) neuroscience in Europe and whether to submit to conference or journal?

I'm looking for good (computational) neuroscience conferences in Europe that $\textbf{have proceedings}$. Recommendations? Or are there even such conferences? Should I just send my work to a journal? ...
2answers
1k views

### What is the neurological basis for 'daredevil' behaviour?

What is the neurological basis for people being seemingly fearless and engaging in risk-taking and daredevil behaviour? I am talking about those that frequently perform or participate in activities ...
3answers
134 views

### Research software for conducting a task between card sorting and sketch map drawing

I'm doing research in Spatial Cognition and am looking for software which will allow me to conduct the following task: Participants will walk around a space and sit down to a computer task ...
1answer
690 views

### How sexual activity influences a woman's sex drive

Sheila Gregoire suggests that increasing the amount of sexual activity increases a woman's sexual desire in general. I can postulate that child bearing and raising impacts significantly upon a woman's ...
2answers
641 views

### Oddball experiment design in E-prime

I want to set up an experiment in which there are 3 types of emotional stimuli (A, B, C). A and C would have a 1% recurrence probability, for rare and unexpected stimuli. Is there any sample of ...
1answer
120 views

### How do people develop abstract thought processes?

By abstract thinking, I am referring to not only notions of self and identity, but also aspects that can not be directly observed and 'thinking outside of the box'. Essentially, from my own ...
1answer
326 views

### What is the proper term for the synchronization of eye movements?

In humans and most two eyed species, eye movements synchronize so that both eyes are focused on the same point. This facilitates 3D vision significantly, allowing bifocal cues. I remember reading a ...
1answer
150 views

### Why does it seems in similar cases sometimes classic conditioning happens and in others habituation?

I'm slightly confused and was hoping you guys could correct me. In classic conditioning as with Pavlov's dogs if we ring a bell just before a dog is given food, the bell will give the same response ...
2answers
1k views

### What is the difference between confidence and overconfidence?

People say there is a very small difference between confidence and overconfidence. How can knowledge of psychology help someone know whether they are are confident or overconfident? What is the ...
1answer
35 views

### What is the best way to turn EEG scans in to 3D images?

I'm looking for the best way to turn standard EEG scans into 3D images of activity in the brain over the time of scanning, for example like the Glass Brain images or even connectome-style images. I ...
1answer
46 views

### What are some examples of psychology studies with tiny effect sizes and tiny p-values that are good for teaching?

I'm looking for examples of studies where the result is highly significant but the effect is so tiny that it is meaningless in a practical sense. These will be shared with undergraduate psychology ...
1answer
32 views

### Does individual understanding or perception, determine dream lucidity?

Does dream lucidity come with understanding the mechanisms of the world, age, or something else?
2answers
43 views

### Children's progression from counting to addition

How do children progress from counting to addition? I understand that an grasp of counting is achieved before an understanding of cardinality (size of a set of objects). Thus, there does seem to be ...
1answer
45 views

### Is there a difference between ADD and ADHD?

These terms are often used interchangeably. Is there a difference?
1answer
64 views

### How to build a high sensitivity EEG headset for continual monitoring?

After having a conversation with a couple of the more popular "consumer" level EEG makers such as Versus, I have found that their monitoring abilities are either ...
1answer
94 views

### Why are children afraid of the dark?

Why are children afraid of the dark, in particular more afraid than adults? Is it an evolutionary mechanism? What causes this?
1answer
29 views

### How is gender variance classified in the cognitive sciences?

I'm trying to do a quick, informal literature survey of current language pertaining to gender variant/trans* people. Do any important texts still use Gender Identity Disorder, or other language that ...
2answers
224 views

### Do introverted people have more emotional stress?

Social support has several times been linked to psychological well-being and even physical health. Some studies have also shown that shyness correlates stronger with introversion than with ...
1answer
67 views

### Difference between active and passive touch?

I am considering the role of whiskers in the development of the mouse brain, and came across the following: 'we found that the signals sent to the brain by the whiskers during active touch differ from ...
1answer
76 views

### Analysis of RTs when speed-accuracy trade-off leading to ceiling accuracy has occurred

I know that it is not desirable for behavioural data to show a (within-subjects) speed-accuracy trade-off, as it can lead to e.g. the wrong interpretation of a single subject's decreased RTs as ...

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