# All Questions

127 views

### Is EEG brain-computer interface reliable?

I am a computer science student [assume I have very little knowledge of the biological part of EEG]. I recently came across the topic EEG and was pretty interested in it. As far as I know, we get an ...
246 views

### Why are websites constantly updated even when the change seemingly reduces functionality?

Examples: Imagine coming to SE tomorrow and instead of seeing "1 2 3 4 5 ... 77 next" at the bottom of the "questions" page, you see a giant circle with a triangle inside pointing to the right and ...
285 views

### What is the scientific term or concept for inner thought control? [closed]

Usually when a thought arises, it seems that we quickly scurry after it, unconsciously getting caught up with whatever everyday thoughts come up. These can be invoked internally or externally. (No ...
115 views

### What causes someone to frequently see particular patterns of digits when they look at a clock?

Over the past few years when I randomly choose to look at a clock I typically see particular patterns of times. The main pattern is repeating digits (e.g., 04:04; 11:11; 16:16). This occurs on ...
107 views

### Acoustic and light wave coherency?

I know how some music notes combinations sound pleasing, yet others do not. Does the same occur with different frequencies of light (colors)? Since spectral color and acoustic pitch are both defined ...
140 views

### Diffrence between SSVEP and P300

I have read about SSVEP and P300 as different subjects. But its seems that they are related to each other. Is P300 a kind of SSVEP?
99 views

### How many trials are needed to estimate a response time distribution?

I want to estimate the properties of a response time distribution (mean, variance, tail-length) for individual subjects. How many samples (trials) do I need to collect to get reliable estimates? ...
197 views

### Why are the Big Five factors of personality correlated?

One of main characteristics of Five Factor Model is that factors are not orthogonal as in some other personality models. Why it is tolerated that those factors are not independent? Is it possible to ...
349 views

### Is there some hierarchy of the human senses?

What I mean by this is to ask if each of the sensory inputs can be quantified by the amount of information the brain is receiving: For example, Brain says: currently receiving 10 packets of visual ...
313 views

### Does law of attraction have psychological basis? [closed]

A common claim in business and self-help seminars is that optimists are luckier. Is it true that optimism leads to greater success in life? If so, what part of the brain support this so called ...
102 views

### Psychological journal that focuses on publishing interesting psychological datasets

There are a range of data repositories around. There are also journals that permit online attachments. That said, my general experience with such online attachments is that the data sharing is an ...
298 views

### Recommend a book for studying the brain structure [closed]

I know this is kind of a "soft question", but it isn't very easy to find a good, comprehensive brain atlas book, which would also link the different areas to their functions (according to recent ...
97 views

### How does knowledge about a subject aid in its recall?

I've experienced it many times with my students and also with myself. Let me illustrate with example: When I'm teaching, I say something like this: Gastrointenstinal Track has following sections ...
420 views

### How to adjust SSE or RMSE for the number of free parameters in the model?

How do I adjust SSE (sum of squared errors) or RMSE (root-mean-square errors) for the number of free parameters in the model? Is there an "adjusted" RMSD metric similar to the adjusted r-squared ...
137 views

### What is the difference between behavioral science and cognitive science?

Is cognitive science a part of behavioral science or vice versa?
199 views

### Why do males prefer females with blonde hair?

I would like to know why males prefer blonde women.
73 views

### How many action potentials from presynaptic neurons would be required to make a postsynaptic neuron fire?

I am looking for a rough estimation of the number of action potentials from other neurons required to cause a neuron to fire? I read here that a potential of ~ -55mv must be reached before an action ...
110 views

### What is the name of the condition where you feel like you have been somewhere before?

It happens many times when you visit a place you have never been before, you feel subconsciously you have been there already. And the events and people you are ...
93 views

### What is the word for: “I have to do” in CBT?

When people think "I must", "I have to", "I should", "he should", or "people have to" it can become a problem. It's studied by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy but I don't know the name for this kind of ...
66 views

### Is there a bias where long statements, books, articles, etc. are seen as more truthful?

Is there a cognitive biasing effect that makes people believe that long statements / expressions / articles / books are more truthful than short ones (assuming that they are equal semantically)?
87 views

### How to refer to the phenomenon of people only absorbing evidence which confirms their beliefs?

I knew a psychologist who was calling it self-referentiality. People are always trying to see only the sentence which confirm their beliefs. What's the correct name for this?
240 views

### Neural basis of primitive (newborn) reflexes

The Wikipedia article on primitive reflexes, or newborn reflexes, states that they originate in the CNS. Here's the list of reflexes from the article: Moro Walking/stepping Rooting Sucking Tonic ...
136 views

### What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
73 views

### How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance?

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance? If some were to, for example, wake up one morning at 12:30PM, would a sleeping pill help obtain better sleep required for that performance the ...
67 views

### Conscious basis for gender identification

What conscious experiences lead a transgender person to identify with the opposite sex? Physiology is clearly not determining. Sexual orientation is not determining (homosexuality). Clothing ...
75 views

### What is the difference between “double dissociation” and simply having control and experimental groups?

According to my textbook Cognitive Psychology by E. Bruce Goldstein, a double dissociation occurs if damage to one area of the brain causes a function A to be absent while function B is present, ...
64 views

### Why clothes' color is different than it appeared in stores?

This is my first time askin on Cog Sci board, not sure this is a right place to ask but I think it's something relates to Psychology and Cognitive Science. So yesterday I bought a shirt that looked ...
128 views

### Should raw response time data be transformed?

I am a statistician and doing some data analysis in cognitive sciences. I noticed that the distribution of response time (RT) is chisq-squared-like, and I want to do Box-cox transformation to make it ...
106 views

### Is there a term that describes the personality trait of always desiring more?

I see this kind of trait in some of the people who fear the commitment (in a marriage) since they don't want to have to renounce their vows when their feelings toward their spouses change. I see this ...
92 views

### How to report an F statistic in APA style?

How do you report F statistics in APA format? I am working on PHD and am not certain that I am reporting the F statistics in the proper manner. I have been reporting it as F (_,_). The second space I ...
96 views

### What do brains do when processing information, that Von Neumann machines cannot (yet?) imitate?

What makes a human processing information so different from a set of instructions in a computer? Solving a problem for any human operating with concepts is still much superior to lots of computer ...
72 views

### How to apply different motivational theories to understand career orientation?

"What motivates you towards choosing the career/job orientation you have chosen? Discuss and explain with reference to three of the motivational theories discussed during the course". I'm used to ...
186 views

### How does cognitive science explain distant intentionality and brain function in recipients?

Achterberg and colleagues' (2005) study, Concluded that instructions to a healer to make an intentional connection with a sensory isolated person can be correlated to changes in brain function ...
59 views

### Would a teacher benefit from reading psychology journals?

I am currently volunteering as a teacher to low income families. I have had no training on teaching. I am working for a B.S. in chemistry and mathematics. Furthermore, I am quite new at this. I would ...
88 views

### Does stopping hard tasks midway through negatively affect your chances of success?

When a person has embarked on an undertaking that is both unpleasant and important (a good example could be a 12 step drug treatment program), lets say they make progress, and then stall before ...
174 views

### Why do many people not use tabbed navigation (e.g. in an internet browser)?

I have noticed that many people do not use tabs even though tabs have been around in browsers for some time. I have been noticing that people either do not differentiate tabs as specific navigational ...
59 views

### The psychology of disproportioned people in artwork

Hitler was an artist, unbeknownst to some people. He painted and sketched. In his work, the people were disproportionately large within any given scene. Given his extreme personality, I have often ...
111 views

### Are Satoshi Kanazawa's findings about racial differences in attractiveness valid?

This post discusses a study published in a blog post by an evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa. The study suggested that black women were rated less attractive than women of other races. There ...
75 views

### Is it possible to measure the differences in processing and interpretation of reality between individuals?

What variables can be measured to compare, for example, two different individual's conscious processing and interpretation of the same objective reality ? For example, when terms like "distorted view ...
283 views

### Are there axioms in the mind? [closed]

While studying artificial neural networks, I stumbled upon the following question: Are there any hard-wired axioms in the brain that must exist equally in every conscious mind? I could imagine that, ...
64 views

### IQ and Performance in Different Fields

Suppose a person is considered intelligent based on his IQ score. For example, suppose Bob has a high IQ score and is very interested in pure mathematics. He would most probably excel in this field. ...
52 views

### Hebbian Learning - Understanding Simultaneous Firing

Im beginning to write a neural network simulator in Java and thinking of Hebbian Learning but Im stuck at one thing: What causes two neurons to fire at the same interval while only one of them is ...
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### What are the highest ranked neuroscience journals that use double-blind review process?

In terms of impact factor (for a lack of a better proxy), what are the highest ranked neuroscience journals that use double-blind review process? I would be submitting a paper that combines ...
62 views

### Is there another word for 'affective control'?

In this paper, the authors use the term 'affective control' or the slightly longer form 'affective cognitive control capacity' to mean 'the ability to regulate emotions or manipulate emotional ...
61 views

### Is volition a reality or an illusion?

Keeping religious sentiments aside, here is a question raised on the Buddhism SE that attempts to answer a similar question from the Buddhist point of view. You see, Buddhism has a concept of anatman ...
88 views

### What are the side effects of Anger?

Are there any side effects i.e. any hormonal changes , dopamine release when we get anger or while we shout or outburst in anger? Because we feel satisfied getting anger in a situation than keeping ...
74 views

### Explanatory gaps in the formation and propagation of action potentials

To my understanding, the steps of an action potential are as follows: The neuron is at rest--there is a negative charge (K ions) inside the cell, and a positive charge (Na ions) outside the cell. ...
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### What is so “potential” about action potentials?

When an action potential is propagating through a neuron, it seems to me that the time for "potential of action" is over, and that we are now just in a state of "action". Why don't we just call action ...