5
votes
1answer
258 views

Status of introspection in psychological research today

Historically, psychological understanding was largely gained by introspection: the philosopher observed the workings of his own mind and deduced the principles of the human psyche from that. During ...
5
votes
1answer
377 views

Can we increase our higher order thinking (HOT) skills by practicing inductive reasoning?

I previously asked about the conceptual links between higher order thinking and inductive reasoning. This question focuses on the potential for improving higher order thinking through practicing ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

With the brain's propensity for homeostasis, how can some drugs be labelled addictive and others not?

The human body is always striving for homeostasis. One of the purposes of the brain is to maintain homeostasis, but also the brain needs to maintain homeostasis within itself. Ergo: Given the use of ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Are Satoshi Kanazawa's findings about racial differences in attractiveness valid?

This post discusses a study published in a blog post by an evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa. The study suggested that black women were rated less attractive than women of other races. There ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the proper terminology for “hoarding” type paradox (but not extreme)?

Feel free to edit my title -- I'm not exactly how to sum it up in one sentence, THUS my question here: Is there a name or specific terminology related to the somewhat paradoxical situation in this ...
3
votes
0answers
191 views

Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
4
votes
1answer
936 views

What does scientific research say about the relationship between penis size and attractiveness?

Pop-culture often equates a larger penis with a more attractive penis. Is there any scientific research examining the relationship between penis size and attractiveness ratings? What are the reasons ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Why does a clock counting down generate more pressure than a clock counting up?

Why does it seem that people feel more pressure with a clock counting down as opposed to counting up? Is there a specific term for this? Maybe counting down signifies some sort of loss whereas ...
3
votes
0answers
18 views

What is the name of text analysis where emotional tone of words is analyzed? [duplicate]

I'm interested in knowing what can be learned about people by analyzing the emotional content of the words they use in casual speech or writing. I've heard it being referred to as " ... analysis". ...
7
votes
2answers
137 views

Any models that act using both streams of visual processing?

The Two-Stream Hypothesis, where object properties are processed independently from spatial information, remains the most well established theory of visual processing. However, it concerns me that ...
5
votes
2answers
171 views

How can surprise be labelled conscious when mismatch negativity shows that surprise takes place earlier than conscious states?

Mismatch negativity (MMN) is the brain response to violations of a rule. The MMN peaks at about 100–250 ms after change onset. If MMN occurs so early, before conscious perception, why is surprise ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Does reading a book out loud make you better in social situations?

Suppose a person reads a book out loud for 1 hour straight. Would this "exercise" the parts of the brain involved in speech? Would this make the person a better communicator in social situations?
3
votes
3answers
226 views

How did the unique features of human intelligence evolve?

I have been debating the following topic with a friend. She argues that humans do not descend from chimpanzees or orang-utans, because if we did, such animals would share the same cognitive thinking ...
7
votes
1answer
135 views

Philosophy Meets Neuroscience: The Molyneux's Problem

Consider the Molyneux's problem "If a man born blind can feel the differences between shapes such as spheres and cubes, could he similarly distinguish those objects by sight if given the ability ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

How strong is the need to belong?

Are there any studies that measure the need to belong? Does this need vary greatly from person to person or is there a tight deviation? What would explain why some have very little need to belong ...
1
vote
2answers
156 views

What drives civilization? [closed]

Fossil record indicates humanity arose on the African Continent - in/around Gauteng. Yet the oldest civilizations on record are far afield - Ebla, Mesopotamia What drives civilization? Why is the ...
7
votes
1answer
103 views

Dopamine deficiency more frequent in the addiction prone?

I found this clip about dopamine deficiency. ...[P]eople with low dopamine activity may be more prone to addiction. Is the reverse also true? Does susceptibility to addiction (genetic, etc.) ...
7
votes
1answer
92 views

Any review articles on behavior change psychology?

I'm interested in behavior change and looking to apply its principals in order to design programs and services in healthcare. I'm most familiar with BJ Fogg's B=MAT model and his principles. But I'd ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Is the concept of conservation fundamental to understanding fairness and capacity in “love”?

I heard this comment on a radio program about Child parenting by psychologists: "A child will not comprehend an explanation that, a parent loves each sibling equally, as they do not have abstract ...
6
votes
0answers
62 views

Resource on how to effectively develop within-subjects vignette based study

Background: Where I used to work fellow researchers used to have a task known as the CV task. The task required participants to answer a number of questions about a set of CVs (e.g., is this a good ...
4
votes
0answers
275 views

What is the cognitive basis for a sudden loss of confidence in social/professional interactions?

This question is similar to this earlier question, but from a very different viewpoint - what I am asking here is, what is the cognitive basis for a sudden loss of confidence? For example, if a ...
6
votes
2answers
368 views

How should multiple Mechanical Turk research subjects from the same IP address be handled?

I saw this question on Twitter from Jay Van Bavel (@jayvanbavel), and thought it was a good fit for the site. Does anyone find that multiple subjects from the same IP address in their #MTurk ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Are imprinting and computer literacy connected?

I've recently became aware of the phenomenon of imprinting, in which baby animals start to associate with the first moving object with eyes that they see during a critical period of their infancy. ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Psychological journal that focuses on publishing interesting psychological datasets

There are a range of data repositories around. There are also journals that permit online attachments. That said, my general experience with such online attachments is that the data sharing is an ...
4
votes
1answer
380 views

How do you run a risk / gambling experiment using Qualtrics or Amazon Turk?

I want to run a simple probability matching gambling experiment: Each round has the participant pick Up or Down. The computer picks Up with a probability (p=0.7). If the participant gets it correct, ...
11
votes
1answer
242 views

What causes laughter?

I was looking at this video from VSauce: "Why did the chicken cross the road?", where several facts about this old joke are exposed and explained. At some point, (6:59) Michael explains that there is ...
4
votes
3answers
335 views

Why do individuals initially dislike things that they end up ultimately liking?

Background: I noticed with a lot of things, but especially music I tend to hate certain songs and albums initially but they always seem to grow on me, and vice versa. I noticed this pattern in a lot ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why can some drugs make us hallucinate and think the hallucinations are reality?

The question above mainly applies to dramamine. I've only taken 1 tablet for carsickness, but I have read about experiences with that drug. I'm including other drugs that can make you hallucinate and ...
10
votes
1answer
196 views

Are there additional animal studies about superstitions?

In one particular case, Skinner decided to go random on his hungry pigeons. He dropped food into the box at completely random times, independent of any behavior on the part of the pigeons. But ...
7
votes
2answers
571 views

Skin conductance responses to emotional stimuli

The skin conductance response (SCR) is said that cannot be reduced to one specific stimulus (Boucsein, 2012). Does this mean that if the participant is presented with stimuli of different emotional ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Correct measure of central tendency for reaction times analysis

I'd like to know what would be the less biased measure of central tendency to compare RTs in two conditions with a lot of trials (~700). Mean is really sensitive to outliers, and median really robust, ...
11
votes
1answer
375 views

Sensory Immersion Research?

Sensory deprivation is a relatively common technique for medititation and general consciousness-exploration. However, I'm more interested in sensory immersion. That is, deliberate overstimulation as ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Reading recommendations for getting acquainted with cognitive behavioral therapy [duplicate]

I understand the basic idea of it, but I'd like to read something beyond the Wikipedia page about it. I'll be happy to read a book, or articles online, or watch a video lecture or a documentary. Can ...
13
votes
1answer
419 views

What effect do random visitors have on children in orphanages and people in old age homes?

Leading a volunteering team, I've been to an orphanage where the sister (who did a psychology course) running the orphanage was strict that volunteers should spend a minimum of 3 months teaching the ...
6
votes
1answer
114 views

What are the neurological differences between those who have a high tolerance to pain and those who do not?

I am curious to learn what are the neurological differences between those that have a high tolerance to pain than to those that do not. Specifically, by high tolerance to pain, I am referring to ...
7
votes
1answer
112 views

What research has been done on attachment types in other primates?

The most canonical experimental paradigm for studying human attachment styles is the Strange Situation leading to classifications such as Secure, Insecure-avoidant, and so on. What are the equivalent ...
3
votes
2answers
452 views

Oddball experiment design in E-prime

I want to set up an experiment in which there are 3 types of emotional stimuli (A, B, C). A and C would have a 1% recurrence probability, for rare and unexpected stimuli. Is there any sample of ...
4
votes
2answers
277 views

What is the name of the cognitive bias where an expert overestimates the knowledge of others?

I'm looking for a name of a cognitive bias that describes the following phenomenon: A person has been exposed to some area of expertise from a very early age (think 7-10), and for an extended period ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Do lucid dream eyemasks work?

There seems to be a few eyemasks available that claim to help the wearer achieve lucid dreaming. For example: The NovaDreamer lucid dream mask works by detecting Rapid Eye Movement (REM) while ...
6
votes
3answers
174 views

How to restore and maintain a healthy sleep pattern?

Background: Some people over holiday periods or weekends get into sleep patterns that involve waking up very late in the day (e.g., 1pm), and then going to bed quite late (e.g.,, 4am). Such people can ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Coping with Asperger's in the workplace

People with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) are often highly intelligent and are capable to complete their studies and do well in jobs where they can operate solo. Adding a person with AS to a team can cause ...
7
votes
1answer
65 views

Neural Mechanisms of Accumulation and Triggering

What is the mechanism by which the brain/mind 'accumulates' a felt-sense to a point of 'triggering' an action? For example, if unable to complete a task (e.g. opening packaging), a person can feel ...
6
votes
1answer
209 views

How does fever affect time perception?

Many of my friends and I have noticed that at certain stages of fever, time is often perceived as being longer than usual. I'd like to know if this is caused by the disease itself, an immune reaction, ...
7
votes
2answers
430 views

To what extent does culture affect emotion perception?

In a globalized world, in spite of cultural differences, we share, at least at the symbolic level (language level), lots of things. Considering pictures that display emotions (affect), such as those ...
6
votes
3answers
247 views

What causes an individual to not be able to hold all the details of a large project in memory?

Background: First of all, I'm not in any kind related to cognitive science, I'm a programmer. I'm not even sure that it's the right place for asking my question, but I'll try anyway. So, first of all, ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

How effective are multiphasic sleep schedules?

Does multiphasic sleep work well enough that it can be used as a replacement for monophasic sleep? Has there been any research done on people that have used bi/polyphasic sleep for extended periods ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

To what degree does environment govern the severity of symptoms in schizophrenia?

From what I understand about the physiology of schizophrenia it is thought to be caused by chemical imbalances resulting from genetic factors, fueled by environmental factors. I've garnered that ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

Open fMRI data (or, collaborators)?

Are there any open fMRI datasets available on the internet? Experimental design doesn't matter much, since I would be working towards a new data analysis method. If the distributed data has been ...
2
votes
2answers
259 views

Recommend a book for studying the brain structure [closed]

I know this is kind of a "soft question", but it isn't very easy to find a good, comprehensive brain atlas book, which would also link the different areas to their functions (according to recent ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

To what extent does the awarness of the presence of others affect brain function and cognitive state?

This scope pertains to non-life threatening interactions and the awareness of the presence of a single or multiple individuals - (not direct conversation, not group mentality) just the presence. To ...

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