10
votes
2answers
1k views

How long does it take to refocus after context switching?

Context switching has been highlighted for the toll it takes on productivity at great length, particularly by people who work in software and project management. Are there any ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Psychology of a student

I'm a mathematics and physics tutor. I have a student in grade 9 who is very weak in the scientific subjects and she's been weak since 2 or 3 years even though she always had tutors. At first I ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Why do people talk fast in presentations when nervous?

I was at a professional development seminar today, and the presenter, while being interesting and knowing his subject admitted to being nervous and was speaking very fast. I know I do this when I am ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Is implicit and explicit memory a useful distinction?

In principle I understand the distinction. Implicit memory is not consciously recollected but has an automatic character i.e. while I'm solving a task in math, I'm automatically using the concept of ...
1
vote
0answers
201 views

The propensity of sexuality to be a taboo subject

Social norms vary between cultures and have throughout history. In most societies, the expression of sexuality is demonised to a certain extent. This is apparent in the shame brought to people ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

What exercises can be used to overcome the cognitive distortion “disqualifying the negative”?

I've been writing "log of good things that happened today" for the last 2 years (every alternate day on average). It has resulted in a lot of improvement in my perspective and in general I'm more ...
5
votes
5answers
5k views

Why do people want what they don't have now?

There are many examples of people wanting what they don't have. For example, a single man may want to have a girlfriend, but after some time of having a girlfriend, he may want to be single again. Or ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Why do we anchor our happiness to short term situational comparisons rather than large scale events?

Why does our happiness seem to be most affected by recent, short term happenings rather than the high level trends of our lives? For example, a person has begun their life in a very humble or even ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

Is it possible to objectively measure the amount of pleasure a person is experiencing?

I'd like to know if it's possible to quantify somebody's "fun meter". Maybe by measuring the amount of endorphin produced. Because every person is unique, I don't expect that amount to make another ...
9
votes
1answer
654 views

What is the effect of imagining doing an exercise on muscle growth?

I recently read a study by Yue, G et al. (1992) which I found incredibly interesting. I have no background in physiology and I was hoping that someone who does can clear things up. If I understood it ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

Is it possible to gain strength by imagining working out? [duplicate]

Is it possible to still gain muscle strength by performing exercises but without load? Is there some kind of memory mechanism that would allow this?
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Optimising visual clutter for target audiences

I am studying Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and there is a lot of discussion about consistency across a website, predictability between pages, of theme and layout. There is information about color, ...
15
votes
1answer
246 views

Do cultures differ in the perception of emotions from body expression?

In their classic study, Ekman and Friesen (1971) identified seven facial expressions recognised by people universally across all cultures as depicting certain emotions: happiness, sadness, surprise, ...
8
votes
1answer
395 views

How do people visually recognize their own reflection?

I'm interested in how the brain processes and recognizes the image of the person's own face. A bit of background: A while ago I've developed an overlay-camera like app for iPhone that allows me to ...
12
votes
1answer
129 views

Learning of new concepts being impeded by an error in previous work

Note: I'm framing this question in terms of tutoring math since that's what I tutor most, though it applies to a wide range of subject matters. I do a decent amount of tutoring, and this is one ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

What is the effect of routine versus demand driven sleeping of babies on long term sleep habits?

Comparing two methods of child raising: Routines: When babies are raised in a framework of a timetable; duration of feeding and nap times are scheduled. Demands: Where babies are demand fed, they ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

How is the focal point determined when looking into a clear sky?

When looking into a clear blue sky, no cloud, birds, trees or any object to give a frame of reference. When a person is actively looking, as opposed to day dreaming or gazing. The sky goes for a long ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Theories of Hunter/Gatherers in the 21st Century

Are there any theories or schools of thought that assume most humans still act as if they are still hunters/gatherers? Hunter/gatherer societies of today would still prefer to sit around and talk ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Are armed offenders ready to use their weapons?

Are there any statistics about what proportion of armed attackers are willing to hurt or kill as opposed only using their weapons as a threat? E.g. There were cases when a self-confident victim ...
-2
votes
1answer
25 views

What makes people like Abraham Lincoln step up to lead in times of danger? [closed]

Part way through the audiobook Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin, this question came to mind. Would Lincoln do it over again? Knowing the burden of being president during the trying times of the ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

What is the name of the effect or concept behind getting along better with people after time apart?

I notice this happens ubiquitously. When siblings are apart in college, or kids away from parents due to college, or even long distance relationships - during a reunion (like over the holidays) only ...
10
votes
2answers
161 views

Are there specific game mechanics that correlate with addictions?

Are there specific game mechanics that have a high correlation with addictions or with the characteristics of addictive behavior? Should such mechanics be avoided or can they be used with other ...
10
votes
1answer
52 views

Has there been any research done that contrasts point-based and achievement-based gamification methods?

Stack Exchange is a good example of these two methods of gamification: Reputation Badges I am curious as to whether there has ever been any research done that defines and contrasts these methods? ...
5
votes
2answers
27 views

Can rewards incentivise shortcuts to be taken which wouldn't be done otherwise?

With a rewards-based system, some may be so incentivised by these rewards that they end up losing the end goal of what is meant to be the aim of gamifying otherwise boring, repetitive activities. ...
6
votes
2answers
59 views

How can employee anxiety over poor evaluation be avoided by management?

When implementing gamification, what are steps that management can take to prevent a culture of anxiety among employees, when employees feel they are constantly being monitored and begin to worry that ...
10
votes
5answers
219 views

Which human instincts do gamification systems appeal to?

As a Stack Exchange user, I spent quite a while thinking about how they managed to trick me into putting so much effort into it. Reputation, badges, etc., are all virtually useless, yet I put great ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

How can we determine an appropriate rate of decay for our scoring algorithms?

We build scoring algorithms for different customers in an enterprise environment. Typically they tend to measure most goals in either weekly, monthly, or quarterly intervals. We use a scoring ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

The Ben Franklin effect and cognitive dissonance

The Ben Franklin effect is the phenomena that if a person does a favor toward another person, there is an increased likelihood that the person will do another favor for that person. The same is true ...
8
votes
1answer
115 views

The effects of pain on cognitive function and incidence of depression

There have been studies about the link between depression and cognitive function.. There have been studies between pain and cognitive function. This has, also, been discussed in this question here. ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

What is the causal relationship between extreme jealousy and poor mental health?

Jealousy can be a powerful and destructive force. It can take over reason. Can severe to extreme jealousy precipitate or contribute to poor mental health, at the extreme, psychosis. Or, is it poor ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Which physical properties of a stimulus can a human attend to?

I am not only curious about speech, but for concreteness in illustrating my question, I consider the case of speech perception. Assume a listener is presented with an acoustic waveform. The wave ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

How do auditory and visual hallucinations differ within the brain?

I asked this question How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?. It occurs to me that auditory hallucinations may well be generated in a different part of the brain to visual ...
7
votes
3answers
345 views

Non coitus sexual activity and the brain

Most animals will only engage in sexual activity that can result in reproduction. There are some exceptions; Bonobos, for instance, engage in a lot of sexual activity that does not involve coitus. ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Is consciousness a biological function?

I'm watching a TED Talk by John Searle who is claiming that consciousness is a biological function. Is there any indisputable evidence for or against this assertion?
2
votes
0answers
32 views

What causes varying degrees of recall of text when speaking aloud versus mentally?

Background: When i try to recall some memorised passages from a book, I find that some memories are best recalled when i speak aloud and some when i speak inaudibly in my mind. What causes varying ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Does physical aerobic exercise ameliorate depression?

Studies seem to find correlation, but has the causal link been established?
8
votes
1answer
125 views

What are the cognitive and neurological bases for apathy?

Apathy, or effectively the feeling of "not caring" or putting it colloquially, "not giving a rats", is something that most of us get sometime or another in varying degrees. My question is, what are ...
6
votes
0answers
78 views

Which study design to use: nested case-control or case-cohort?

I am following a cohort of patients over time from which I am planning to sub-sample a sub-group of patients to pilot a new intervention. The plan is to compare the effectiveness of the new ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Conceptual blending

Is there a mathematical formalization of conceptual blending? I know that feature structures in linguistics or frames in AI can be combined using unification which is a special (simple) case of ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Do we negatively perceive people who wear glasses?

Do we negatively perceive people who wear glasses? If so, why? Is it cultural stereotypes, a simple case of homophily, or is there more to it?
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Optimal learning time per day [closed]

Is there any 'value' for optimal learning time per day? I'm thinking of something like attention span, but more general.
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Effect of time limits on problem solving

I recently took part in psychological testing as part of a recruitment process to a job. I was not happy about the evaluation I got and I asked for a feedback discussion with the psychologist. The ...
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Why do people donate money to others engaging in activities for charity?

In the UK and elsewhere individuals often engage in activities (e.g., running, shaving your head, etc.) for the purpose of eliciting sponsorship. The money raised is then donated to charity. ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Q&A vs headings format

I am wondering, is there any research or just reasoning over whether a human perceives text easier if it is in questions and answers format or if it is structured with headings and sub-headings. ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Make a search limited only to Medline?

From what I can tell (and from what Wikipedia can tell), the Pubmed database forms a superset of the Medline database, throwing some extra stuff in there. However, is there any way to make a search in ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Is there such a person as a “social” homosexual?

One of my former work colleagues was an (unhappily) married woman, who divorced her husband. Afterward, she "dated" (and lived with) a number of women. Apparently "sex" wasn't the driving force in ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

SSRI Medications and Problem solving [closed]

I'm an Electronics Engineer and I work in Software Development. I'm on SSRIs, for years for different conditions, like bipoar, GAD, ..etc. I feel that my problem solving abilities really dropped ...
12
votes
1answer
690 views

What are the benefits of dyslexia?

Reading the Wikipedia article on Dyslexia, it sounds very negative. The article defines Dyslexia as a learning disability, which I understand it is classified as. However, knowing individuals with ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What is the best way to structure an ethnographic study?

I'm writing an ethnographic study for a human computer interaction module and I understand all the processes of conducting ethnography. I am unsure of how to structure my study. Is it conventional ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How does ethnic identity contribute to a person's self esteem

The process of ethnic identity development is similar to the process of identity development in general. Often the precipitating event involves an experience during which the individual encounters ...

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