# All Questions

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### Are unconscious thoughts captured by free association?

Does free association writing or talking captures unconscious thoughts? Or maybe they don't because you are conscious during the process?
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Steady-state topography is a derivation of EEG/ERPs using an evoked potential to an ongoing oscillating stimuli called the steady state visually evoked potential (SSVEP). Variations in the phase ...
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### Is the propensity to commit homicide and suicide related?

Homicide and suicide seem to both be extreme behavior and possibly ways of coping with similar stresses such as rejection, betrayal, loss. They are both types of murder. There had been a lot of ...
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### To what extent does suppressing healthy behaviour that is inconsistent with external standards cause psychological difficulties?

Social pressure, family, peers and society as a whole can be a huge force in determining people's behavior and shaping the goals and ideals people strive for. There can be a great internal struggle ...
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### What is the neurological mechanism behind the feelings associated with loneliness?

Loneliness can be debilitating, and the feelings associated with it can be overwhelming, including feeling 'cold inside', sad, hopeless and even helpless. Many things can 'cause' loneliness', both ...
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### Aetiology of Fear of Success

The Jonah Complex is the fear of success which prevents self-actualization, or the realization of one's potential. It is the fear of one's own greatness, the evasion of one's destiny, or the ...
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### Available Therapy for Damaged Object Constancy

Margaret Mahler's theories of child development include the notion of Object Constancy. This is believed to develop under the age of two, hence prior to laying down long term memory. Given the, ...
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### Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
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### Why does a clock counting down generate more pressure than a clock counting up?

Why does it seem that people feel more pressure with a clock counting down as opposed to counting up? Is there a specific term for this? Maybe counting down signifies some sort of loss whereas ...
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### Is dominance a hypothetical construct or is it based in neurobiology?

There are several personality tests which have dominance as trait or type as result. In addition to this question: How to measure dominance and submissiveness? How are dominant types constructed in ...
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### Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
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### What is the Mechanism of 5-HT2A-mediated psychedelia?

Drugs that activate the serotonergic 5-HT2A receptor (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline) are notorious for causing psychedelic experiences and I would like to know the neurochemical mechanism behind ...
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### Are there useful applications for three channel consumer EEG?

I stumbled upon the consumer EEG Melon (at Kickstarter). It has three electrodes and is advertised as measuring how "focused" you are. In the FAQ it says: The Melon headband has three electrodes. ...
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### What kinds of long - term cognition/motivation tracking tools are there?

I'm aware that there are dozens of personal "activity trackers"/ pedometers like fitbit that are aimed for mass consumer and can log activity over extended periods of time. Are there equivalent ...
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### Predicting the Duration of Future Events

I am interested in the question of how people use/integrate previous experiences with instances of tasks or events to make predictions about the duration of future instances of tasks/events. To ...
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### What happens in the brain when conscious awareness is changed during dreaming onset?

I've long been interested in dreaming and there's a peculiar phenomenon of the very start of the dreaming process. Different people experience it differently, but even for the same person there's ...
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### In what order do people notice another person's attributes (race, age, gender, etc.)

I seem to recall reading some research years ago about what people notice in the first second or so of seeing someone else, and in what order they notice those things. It's something like gender, ...
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### Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, ...
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### Is the eye direction language dependent on the direction of writing?

I've read from various sources about the eye direction language. What is of my special interest now, is: looking right means thinking (about future, new ideas etc.) looking left means remembering ...
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### What are the most well-understood vocal animal languages?

There are many examples of animal language that involve vocal pattens or "grammar". For example, there is the the Bee dance, bird songs, whale songs, dogs. Bird vocalization includes both bird calls ...
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### How do humans perceive height or vertical drop?

I'm looking at this video: Neil Burgess: How your brain tells you where you are, which discusses neurons within the brain that help people remember where stuff is in relation to other objects. I'm ...
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### Why do we seem to have an internal drive to use different expressions(mostly when writing)?

How come we have so many words/phrases that share the same meaning? I suppose the most obvious answer to this would be that through communication between people with accent/language A and B, new ...
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### Is there any study that models the interaction among assertive, passive, aggressive and passive-aggressive people?

Reading up on assertiveness recently, I wondered whether there's any study that attempts to model how passive, aggressive, assertive and passive-aggressive people interact with one another.
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### Are there any cutting edge techniques that enable to acquire foreign language at relatively fast pace?

I am aware of immersion method as well as mnemonics such as the one Daniel Tammet's Born on a Blue Day. I read that Kim Peek's lack of corpus callosum enabled his brain to absorb information faster ...
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### Causal reasoning(implicit models?) vs grammar of native language

I was reading about linguistic relativity and it struck me that there could also be differences in multilingual individuals and mono/bi-lingual individuals on how they derive/reason/create structure ...
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### What reasoning processes underlie the Logima Strictica 36 and Logicaus Strictimanus 24?

I am conducting research in creating an AI with high IQ. I am interested in the tests Logima Strictica 36 Test and Logicaus Strictimanus 24. Further links are here What is the logic of these test ...
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### What regulates the strength of motoric signals?

I've seen cognitive/roboter models where the input signals from the sensors are directly used as the signal for outgoing motoric control. This doesn't make much sense, because obviously we're able ...
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### What happens neurobiologically when people “think fast”?

This question is related to this one: How long can a person stay happy, excited and motivated about something new? I found a couple of references to research that links "thinking fast" to mood lift: ...
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### Is Decision Making/Theory/Analysis applicable to game design?

I've done research over the last year in game design by reading some of the most well-known books in the field. Making interesting decisions is one of the fundamental elements of fun in games. I'm ...
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### Binaural Beats meets Sound-Color-Synesthesia

Binaural beats, the perception of which arises in the brain for specific physical stimuli. ... The effect on the brainwaves depends on the difference in frequencies of each tone: for example, if ...
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### What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
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### Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...
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### What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on: J. P. Carvalho, "On the Semantics and the Use of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Social Sciences" (WCCI, 2010 -- PDF) and Richard Dagan's web page Cognitive Mapping. A cognitive map consists of ...
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### What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
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### What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's g factor, (assuming such are available)?

Following up on this question: What method(s) are available which demonstrably increase a person's* g factor, (assuming such are available)? (*if a specific target individual is necessary to respond ...
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I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
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### Are Rorschach (inkblot) tests still used as a diagnostic tool?

Are Rorschach tests still used as a diagnostic tool today, or are they just a relic from the 60's? If they are still in use, what sort of information do they provide?
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### What hardware setup is commonly used for low-latency audio stimulation?

I need to carefully control the latency and timing of auditory stimulation in an upcoming experiment. Some of this depends on software, but my question is specifically relating to hardware, drivers ...
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### What are the differences between Bayesian belief network cognitive maps and fuzzy cognitive maps?

Can somebody explain the differences and advantages between Bayesian belief network cognitive maps and fuzzy cognitive maps? There are very limited resources except for the article, "Application of ...
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### Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
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### Difference between semantic network and ontology

Cognitive maps represent mental models which have connections between concepts that represent entities, goals. Ontologies represent vocabularies for knowledge representation. It explains the semantics ...
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### How to train oneself in the art of obfuscation

I really liked the movies Frost/Nixon, Thank You for Smoking, The Social Network and then I found this Doonesbury comic strip. I want to know how to train oneself in this art of obfuscation. I am not ...
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### What is the most readable screen font?

Fonts (i.e. letters) that facilitate reading in print don't always read well on a computer screen. New fonts such as Verdana have been developed especially for screen presentation of text. There is ...
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### What analogy can a teacher use to teach a child about neuroplasticity?

What analogy can a teacher use to teach a child about neuroplasticity? It'd be easier to explain this to an adult, but a child probably doesn't know enough to understand neuroplasticity. Do you know ...
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### Are partially forgotten memories still in your brain?

I have read articles such as... http://www.wired.com/2009/09/forgottenmemories/ and they say forgotten memories are still stored in your brain. What about partially remembered memories. For ...
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### Can a person's susceptibility to hypnosis be altered?

It is commonly quoted in popular literature that 10% of people are "highly hypnotizable". Given a set of 10 suggestions, such people would have 7 or more suggestions become active. On the other end of ...
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### Does the Minnesota 12 steps model really produce an effective change in the treatment of drugs addictions?

The Minnesota 12 steps model intends to cure drug addiction, but doesn't deeply deal with the personality structure underlying addiction. We know today how addiction is a problem with an enormous ...
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### How to compare tasks completed by neural architectures objectively?

When I first saw this video of Spaun and the tasks it can complete (solving the Towers of Hanoi problem, completing the Raven matrices), I was really impressed, but then I realized I didn't really ...