4
votes
2answers
187 views

Is there a difference between visual short term memory and visual working memory?

As far as I can tell the two terms are used interchangeably. Do these two separate terms exist for historical reasons, or is there a distinction I'm missing?
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Are recent affordable EEG devices any good?

I'm looking to do some research about flow and optimal experience with EEG. I don't have access to a lab and I was wondering if the new devices that are available to the public (i.e. Melon, Muse, ...
4
votes
1answer
258 views

How strong is the need to belong?

Are there any studies that measure the need to belong? Does this need vary greatly from person to person or is there a tight deviation? What would explain why some have very little need to belong ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Are there any proven ways to increase concentration and focus?

There are lots of popular articles out there giving listings of steps one can do to concentrate and focus better. But they seldom or never give links to studies that prove any of the steps work, at ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Do feelings have a purpose?

A car has dashboard lights, like "check engine" to indicate malfunctions, etc. Do human feelings have some similar, meaningful function (x produces feeling y), or are feelings just random glitches of ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Can adhd and ocd coexist? Is it in the same way mania and depression can coexist (in bipolar disorder)?

Is it really possible for someone to have both ADHD and OCD? I was thinking that ADHD is the opposite of OCD: 1 2 from 1: alexThePotato: With ADHD you may be forgetful, distracted, make ...
2
votes
2answers
506 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
2
votes
2answers
424 views

Does law of attraction have psychological basis? [closed]

A common claim in business and self-help seminars is that optimists are luckier. Is it true that optimism leads to greater success in life? If so, what part of the brain support this so called ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

What is the psychological advantage of having a happiness set point?

What is the psychological advantage of having a happiness set point? If one found a way to constantly be attached to this set point, what would the advantages be (other than perpetual happiness ^^)? ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? [closed]

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Intuitive explanation of MBTI test and it's gender bias

According to this data there is a small bias related to the gender and some traits of MBTI. Is it scientifically possible to provide an explanation for these differences? My intuitive definition ...
-3
votes
1answer
88 views

Could an ethic stating that everyone should care about himself go into justifying exploitment?

Let's assume that one man has the following belief: 1) Everyone has to take care of himself; it's not mandatory for people to be nice and good, it's mandatory to defend ourselves from others and to ...
9
votes
1answer
292 views

Can stress or training influence the perception of time?

I have had this experience that I fell with my bike on an icy street. During the fall time seemed to slow down and I had an apparent age-long time window to stretch my hand and safely catch my fall. ...
9
votes
2answers
735 views

What's the explanation of this optical illusion where many coloured arcs radiate from a central point?

I saw the image below on facebook. At first, I thought it's a GIF animation since it doesn't appear static but it turned out to be a static JPEG image and the apparent motion is caused by the brain. ...
9
votes
1answer
258 views

Can we draw conclusions about content of thoughts from neural firing patterns?

Can the neural firing patterns of animals be associated with specific kinds of thoughts? (ie Thoughts related to food, mating, or neighborly aggression?) I am curious about the speculations in ...
8
votes
2answers
177 views

What is the optimal exercise regime for improving cognitive functioning?

It seems that researchers agree that physical exercise increases cognitive abilities. This seems to work universally for all ages: children, adults and old people. It is suggested that everyone ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

Does adult neurogenesis occur only in the olfactory bulb and the hippocampus?

The scholarpedia article on this subject says: Adult neurogenesis is the process of generating new neurons which integrate into existing circuits after fetal and early postnatal development ...
7
votes
3answers
293 views

Why is sensory substitution not that successful

by successful I mean made it out to the large world market or being massively funded. After looking online it seems that the most relevant research is the one done by Bach-y-rita about the seeing with ...
7
votes
4answers
309 views

What is the name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge?

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Analyzing control questions data for a survey

I have an experimental study with a list of demographic and related questions and in order to identify data from participants that were potentially just answering the questions at random (to get ...
7
votes
2answers
244 views

What is the relationship between self-perceptions and actual driving ability?

I've often heard it said that almost everyone thinks that they are a better than average driver. If this is true, it could be explained by a number of theories. Some of these are outlined in this ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Improved Typing as a result of slight movement

I've found that my typing performance (speed, accuracy, flow) are noticeably improved if I am swaying slightly, mostly side to side, in a non-regular manner. I would estimate that the overall ...
5
votes
0answers
37 views

Is it easier/faster to recognise digits or written words?

Is there any peer-reviewed evidence which suggests whether it is faster and/or easier for a native English speaker to recognise digits (1, 2, 3, 4) vs. full written English word equivalents (one, two, ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

How are the logical and mathematical skills of people with ADHD?

How does rationality and the logical thought processes of those with and without ADHD compare? Please explain the source of the differences. Are the differences thought to be caused by dopamine, ...
5
votes
2answers
171 views

Why do people get “too old to learn”?

This may be a stereotype, but many of us encounter a lot of people who insist that they can't learn a new technology because they're too old. Some of these people can be brilliant learners in their ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user?

What is the difference in cognitive effects on the user between simply showing that there are 'some' unattended notifications, or showing how many notifications there are? Take Facebook's ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

What are the main theories that account for why some people like X and others not? [closed]

For example, how does psychology account for why some people like peanuts and others hate them? This is a serious question, although perhaps naive. Sure, there can be some physiological explanations ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Why don't we get regular checkups for mental health, as in physical health?

It's standard practice to get a checkup from your primary care doctor once a year. Why is this not so for a mental health professional? Is your primary supposed to catch possible mental and emotional ...
4
votes
1answer
19k views

How to calculate IQ score based on raw score and adjust for age?

I am having a hard time grasping how IQ scores are calculated. I think it has something to do with their age score ratio multiplied by 100. Say I have a test that holds 30 questions. How would I ...
4
votes
1answer
339 views

Does looking into a mirror relieve eye strain in a similar way to looking at distant objects?

Sometimes when having an eye exam the eye chart is viewed through a mirror to increase the distance between the person and the chart. When using consoles, it is recommended to look away from the ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

What are the smallest neurons ever identified? [closed]

What are the smallest neurons ever measured? I'm happy with any superlatives, such as the thinnest axons or dendrites, smallest somata etc. Thank you :)
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Psychological journal that focuses on publishing interesting psychological datasets

There are a range of data repositories around. There are also journals that permit online attachments. That said, my general experience with such online attachments is that the data sharing is an ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

How much information on the “Identical Strangers” experiment was actually released?

I am in the process of researching the Nature vs. Nurture debate. While I was searching for articles on it, I discovered something known as the "Identical Strangers" experiment (that probably was ...
2
votes
1answer
466 views

How does personality moderate or mediate the relationship between stress and burnout?

My research is on work related stress and burnout amongst healthcare professionals and the role that personality play in either reducing or increasing levels of stress and burnout. I'm using the big ...
1
vote
1answer
364 views

Can a strong lack of empathy be considered a disorder?

Premise from Wikipedia: More recently, popular science writer and Psychologist Daniel Goleman has drawn on social neuroscience research to propose that social intelligence is made up of social ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

What are ways to explore metamathematics from a cognitive science/neuroscience lens?

What are ways to explore metamathematics from a cognitive science/neuroscience lens to understand the evolution of mathematics based on structural and perceptual processing biases introduced due to ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Does neuroticism cause people to hurt others?

Is neuroticism related to harming others? Is neuroticism related to increased criminal behaviour? And in this case, would it be useful to coach / help a neurotic person through psychotherapy?
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
51
votes
4answers
8k views

Does writing something down help memorize it?

This is a question inspired by this recent question on the Chinese Language & Usage website. Someone asked why they needed to learn how to write Chinese characters, since today we mostly use ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there evidence that listening to music can aid/hinder concentration or performance?

I, like many computer programmers, love to listen to music while I work. I have always believed that music helps me stay focused and motivated, and improves my performance on many types of tasks, ...
48
votes
1answer
8k views

Is leg jiggling a focus aid?

This is slightly left-field, but I am interested in the Cognitive Science implications of this question: Many people, myself included, are "leg jigglers", meaning we often sit jiggling or bouncing a ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Why do higher incentives lead to lower performance for non-rudimentary tasks?

I have watched a number of times this excellent video where Dan Pink discusses the science of motivation. The video states that the higher incentives, the lower performance for non-rudimentary (not ...
29
votes
4answers
2k views

Is The magical number 7 still valid?

George A. Miller published "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information" in 1956 and is one of the most highly cited papers in psychology. It ...
22
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there experimental support for John Perry's “Theory of Structured Procrastination”?

John Perry's theory of structured procrastination can be summed up as follows: Some people are inherently predisposed to be procrastinators across a wide range of domains Such procrastinators are ...
27
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the psychology behind trolling?

For those new to the internet, trolling is an activity where one person intentionally tries to upset other members of the same community, presumably for entertainment. This has been informally ...
16
votes
1answer
278 views

How can I use gamification to encourage people to complete workplace training?

I am looking for ways to improve the likelihood people will perform mundane but required workplace training. I am looking into gamification techniques. My organisation requires that employees ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Effect of words highlighting on reading comprehension

I'm interested if there are studies dealing with text understanding and POS (part of speech) coloring, or coloring syntactic/semantic information. The studies should solve the questions like: Which ...
13
votes
6answers
6k views

How to analyze reaction times and accuracy together?

Is there a good way to analyze reaction times and accuracy together, other than MANOVA? I have data from an experiment in which participants had to respond to stimuli in two different conditions in a ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it possible to improve reading speed and visual comprehension by doing exercises?

Background I'm trying to capture detailed information from the images in my visual memory, mainly text. My daily life requires reading many documents on varying topics. I want to increase my reading ...
25
votes
2answers
2k views

What color is this dress? — And why do some see it as white and gold and others see it as black and blue?

Here's the dress (and keep reading, this is actually a serious question): This question about this image has apparently become quite a rapidly spreading meme on the internet. And after conducting ...

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