1
vote
2answers
42 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Has there been any serious research on subliminal messaging?

I certainly don't question the existence of subliminal perception which has been demonstrated many times in priming studies like those of Daniel Schacter and many others, nor do I reject the notion of ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What does double dissociation really tell us?

In psychological research, a single dissociation is when a manipulation leaves one cognitive function (say, A) intact whilst severing another (say, B). This indicates the functions A and B are at ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

How to compute weights and bias for a McCulloch-Pitts neuron?

I am trying to learn how to manipulate McCulloch-Pitts neurons in order to determine their weights and bias based off of inputs. In this example I have inputs: x, y, z ∈ {−1,1} The neuron's output ...
10
votes
3answers
144 views

What kinds of information can (and cannot) be extracted from connectome?

Several scientific projects are trying to map the connectome, such as The Human Connectome Project. The connectomes of other organisms, such as C. elegans, have been mapped already. Having an ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals

I want to Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals , but it need to make a quiscent periods of recording , So how to make this quiescent periods(i.e the signal has a zero amplitude at ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

How to compute auditory steady state responses?

Simple question: How does one usually go about computing an auditory steady state response (ASSR)? I have data where speech was amplitude modulated to a 40 Hz sine tone. There's 3.5 minutes of data; ...
1
vote
4answers
105 views

How is an emotion different from a thought or a sensation?

I don't know any good definition of emotion. I don't know what they really are, subjectively. I don't understand what makes an experience an emotion, as opposed to a thought or a sensation. What is ...
4
votes
0answers
89 views

Why do people avoid taking the last “donut”?

In many contexts (family, colleagues, etc), say there is a box of donuts for people to take (or any kind of treat or snack). A lot of the times we can observe that there will be only one left and ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

What's the functional difference between the NEF and normal ANNs?

Aside from obvious biological plausibility, from a computational standpoint, what's the motivation of using the Neural Engineering Framework (NEF) instead of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others?

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? I mean, unconsciously adopting, not "consciously making fun of". ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Is the SPAD-T textual analysis software still available?

I am looking for an old program called SPAD-T that is still used for textual analysis (especially in psychology). Can anybody tell me where I can download or purchase a legal copy? Failing that, ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Two different values for criterion in signal detection theory?

I'm a signal detection theory newbie. I have data with a classical SDT design: the participants can answer YES or NO to a question where the correct answer is YES or NO, depending on the presence or ...
9
votes
1answer
301 views

Fitting a psychometric function when data does not lend itself to a sigmoidal fit [pypsignifit]

I'm fitting a psychometric function to a range of data. The majority of this data lends itself to a sigmoidal fit (i.e. participants can do the task), but some individuals are absolutely unable to do ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Which statistical tests to use when analyzing NASA TLX?

The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) is a subjective, multidimensional assessment tool that rates perceived workload. A set of different scales (Mental Demand, Physical Demand, Temporal Demand, ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What are the different types of cognition?

I am not a cogsci person trying to get a basic understanding of cogsci. I have just heard of the terms embodied cognition and distributed cognition. Are there other kinds of cognition theories as ...
-1
votes
3answers
59 views
5
votes
3answers
168 views

Why does your recorded or objective voice sound different to what you hear in your own head?

When speaking, I hear my own voice very differently from how others do and from what it really is. The sound differs in tone, pitch, volume, etc. For example, recordings of my singing or speaking in ...
6
votes
3answers
129 views

How does the brain compute sound localisation without the equations?

What sort of computations are used for localising sound with the ears, and how does the brain compute the time difference between sounds reaching each ear? I am interested in the specific mechanisms ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
8
votes
1answer
45 views

Spiking Neural Network Simulation: Measuring and Classifying Bump Attractor States

I am currently working with Spiking Neural Networks and multi-(meta)-stable attractor states. What I observe in my simulations are 'bump' attractors that appear, disappear, and may wander around. ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

Inducing Auditory-to-Visual Synesthesia

I recently watched an interesting video that was discussing conveying color to the blind through language. It implied that there may be a way to insert the sensation of color into a person's mind via ...
6
votes
1answer
40 views

Number of presynaptic inputs per cell in primary visual cortex

I have been digging in the literature lately, but I haven't found a nice answer with clear cut numbers (avg +- std) to this question: How many presynaptic inputs receives a pyramidal cell in primary ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How do certain frequencies of sound induce psychological states?

As one example, a specific low frequency beyond our hearing perception can make people feel nauseous and even vomit. I'm sure there are more documented studies surrounding the correlation of auditory ...
8
votes
1answer
103 views

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Right after you wake up from a dream, you seem to be able to remember most if not all of the details. Then, over time, these details fade and often disappear. Is this a form of regression? Why is ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

Neurological basis of selfishness?

Is there a neurological component to selfishness? Awhile back, I witnessed a mentally retarded person who was severely possessive of a water fountain, claiming it was "his". I've also seen ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

What's the term for people who deny others' achievements?

I know a bunch of people that are always in deep denial (at least trying to appear so) of other people achievements. It can be another country or another group or another religion. For example, when ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

How does performance relative to others affect motivation and absolute performance?

Suppose someone is given performance feedback relative to others, for example via a ranking procedure like a leaderboard. Is it best for later performance and motivation to receive feedback showing ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Does nearing sleep onset distort our conscious imagination?

My imagination is pretty real, when I imagine lifting my hand there, I instantaneously feel it. But I tried to imagine at night on the bed that I am diving in the ocean, and every time I dive 1-2 ...
43
votes
4answers
5k views

Does writing something down help memorize it?

This is a question inspired by this recent question on the Chinese Language & Usage website. Someone asked why they needed to learn how to write Chinese characters, since today we mostly use ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Why do people commit suicide?

I don't understand why people commit suicide. If I imagine myself in a really bad situation and make a list of what kind of things I would do in that situation, I don't have suicide even in my ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Differences between the many versions of neuromorphic hardware

There is a ton of neuromorhpic hardware being pumped out these days. Off the top of my head, I can name IBM, Qualcomm, Neurogrid, Spinnaker, (questionably) Peter van der Made's chip. However, has ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

What are the negative effects of meditation?

I see lots of articles touting the benefits of meditation. But what are the bad things about it? Maybe if a person has to make quick decisions, meditation would not be a good thing? This could be ...
0
votes
3answers
89 views

Phenomena where group truly feels a certain way, but each member says that they feel the other way to avoid being the odd one out

I forgot the name, but I remember reading about it in lifehacker or i09 some time ago. When the group feels a certain way, but say that they feel the other way to avoid being the only one to agree. ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

Where is knowledge of how the brain works stored?

If we are our brains, and our brains know how they work, this means that this information is stored somewhere in the brain, like the inferior temporal cortex is the part of the brain that recognizes ...
2
votes
3answers
58 views

What sort of things are considered as “data” in cognitive science?

I understand that the field is very broad, but I'm trying to arrive at a better idea of how different disciplines use the word "data". For example, for computers it is: the quantities, ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

What tools are available for EEG analysis on the R platform?

I'm starting some EEG studies on attention, and would really like to use R for preprocessing (filtering/artifact rejection), visualization, and analysis, but I can find very little in the way of ...
5
votes
0answers
55 views

List of experiments contradicting the expected utility model

I proposed this question as an example question for the Area51 proposal "Mathematical modeling". User Artem Kaznatcheev suggested that it be asked here too, which I thought was a good idea. So I am ...
17
votes
3answers
506 views

What is the term for human beings' tendency to obey without thinking?

I'm wanting to read more about a certain human behavior, but I am not sure what the proper term for it is, so some of the things I am finding aren't what I am looking for. I'm interested in how Humans ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Why do we have so many wishes and desires?

Two years ago I started to learn (as self-education) evolution theory and neurobiology for to understand - who we are and where we came from? Now I see clearly that we are our brains, which are the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How is fasting related to insomnia?

Yesterday I started a new diet using intermittent fasting. For this reason I only ate one meal all day. I was pretty surprised how well I passed that day: I studied a lot, did some sports and ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Where to post online psychology studies for participant recruitment?

A common challenge when running psychological studies is getting enough participants. Of course, there are many general strategies for recruiting participants, but I was specifically interested in ...
-1
votes
2answers
59 views

Extreme empathy and social anxiety

Do extreme feelings of empathy often accompany social anxiety disorder? Also can extreme feelings of empathy be detrimental to ones emotional well being?
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Why do children sometimes not do what they are told, even though their environment supports them fully to do so?

I see many children that do (at times) not listen to their parents, or even do the complete opposite of what other people want them to do. That while the social environment supports them (with ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

How does the alpha brain wave frequency range distribute over the population?

Alpha brain waves show up in your EEG when you close your eyes. Alpha waves are brain waves between 8 and 13 Hz. How does this frequency range distribute over a population of people?
3
votes
1answer
19 views

Is there a pictograms repository under an open-commercial license?

I'm looking for pictograms repositories for non-verbal people. I found two types: ones that I need to pay like PECS or SPC, and others that are free but they have a no-commercial license like ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Origin of group-level statistics in psychology and cognitive neuroscience

In experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience today, with the exception of a few specific subdisciplines, the consensus seems to be that an experimental study has to be performed on a group of ...

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