2
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a standard definition of a “hallucination”?

As far as I understand, there is a compelling sense of reality to sensory hallucinations. Do hallucinations (as, e.g. in the DSM) substitute for the sense and experience of a real reality? For ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the 'addiction' to receiving sympathy similar to substance addiction or just a deficit of resilience?

A lot have encountered people who seem to be addicted to receiving sympathy - before getting to my question, allow me to clarify, what I am referring to are people for whom, knowingly portray '...
6
votes
1answer
54 views

EPSP/IPSP amplitude values?

I'm working with a Hodgkin-Huxley model that receives synaptic inputs from presynaptic neurons. If it receives a spike from an excitatory presynaptic neuron, the voltage of my HH neuron inceases by an ...
6
votes
1answer
46 views

Effects of Game-based Learning on Motivation for Learning

I have already asked this question here, but I did not receive my answer. I found this site a more appropriate place to ask it. I found many studies discovering the impacts of game-based learning on ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Can speech dysarthria occur in schizophrenia without other neurological or medication-induced disruptions?

As I understand it, acquired dysarthria of speech is caused due to problems with motor neurons or other neurological, cerebral and peripheral, conditions in the CNS affecting those. And schizophrenia ...
13
votes
3answers
552 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
3
votes
1answer
9 views

Effect of variability due during motor skill training

When training fine motor skills, are identically setup practice sessions ideal or, like machine learning, does adding noise/variability to the practice session increase skill acquisition?
1
vote
1answer
34 views

can mushroom improve your memory? [closed]

Mushrooms have several benefits. One of these is psychological. Can mushroom improve human memory?
6
votes
0answers
868 views

When a group of people laugh, people will instinctively look at the person they feel closest to in that group

Many people online seem to claim that: When a group of people laugh, people will instinctively look at the person they feel closest to in that group. You can find the claim in 31 Psychological ...
7
votes
0answers
67 views

What is the correlation between self and other ratings of goal orientation?

In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies ...
7
votes
0answers
260 views

How do cooperative vs. competitive activities impact the learning patterns of an individual?

To what extent does cooperative versus competitive learning influence personality development or even pathological behaviors? If these activities need to be narrowed down to a specific category, I'm ...
14
votes
3answers
724 views

Are there any personality theories that use the scientific method?

Background I have come across a number of personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Personality Models: The Big Five, the Seven Deadly Sins, and?

In Christian tradition, there are said to be "seven deadly sins": Lust, Gluttony, Greed, Sloth, Wrath, Envy, and Pride. In Catholicism specifically, there are sometimes said to be seven virtues, each ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Any documented applications of engineering psychology? [closed]

Do you know about any documented application of engineering psychology? If you know about something, please provide your answer with a reference.
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Why do we like expected surprises?

The ambiguity effect says that we try to avoid uncertain outcomes. Still, many products are selling well excactly because they give uncertain outcomes. One example is Kinder Eggs, and many similar ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Can cognitive science improve psychology? [closed]

I was wondering what your guys thoughts were about cognitive science making unique contributions to improve the methodological and theoretical foundations of psychology? Can it make unique ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the relationship between visual attention network and visual stream (Two-streams hypothesis)?

There are two visual attention networks proposed by Maurizio Corbetta and Gordon L. Shulman (2002). These are top-down and bottom-up attention networks. One system, which includes parts of the ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Can humans keep track of two unrelated rhythms?

Let's do an experiment. With your left hand start tapping out a regular (evenly-spaced) beat - say, 2 beats per second. With your right hand attempt to tap our a different regular beat, but tap at a ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Neuronal differences of linguistic statements [closed]

Assuming that the brain (structure) is only constructed using neurons and synapses, then what is the difference between the following linguistic statements from a 'mechanical point of view'? Bob is ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Brain-computer interface with EEG: how to name imaginary movement of a non-self object?

I am working on Brain-Computer interfaces. In my project we try to control the movement of a robot in three directions, namely forward, right and left. We have done an EEG experiment where we have ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

What is the maximum time difference to still associate an acoustic and visual event?

I am developing a game where the music needs to be synchronized to the actual game logic. That means that some objects in the game react to events in the music. Of course, the music will never be ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Is this expected to happen while asleep?

I always knew that, while asleep, stuff like processing words and/or reading texts could not be done by the brain. I'm not even a student in the area, so by knew you could understand as vulgar ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Is there visual focus during a saccade?

Has anyone succeeded in measuring where the focus is between saccades? Through some kind of nonintrusive brainscan perhaps? I would like to be able to draw with my thought :) (Something similar would ...
8
votes
2answers
252 views

The prisoner dilemma does not violate classical probability laws

To read before (following some answers or comments) My background: As a mathematician, probability theory is my field of research; please do not answer/comment just to refer to a course on ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How to think about things when it's the right time?

Is there a good way to train that? To be able to pause thinking about something that you can't change right now, until it's actually time. That might be one day, one week or one month later.
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Is touch sensitivity higher for females?

I read a long time ago that in a study of two-week old infants response to touch, the female babies were far and away more sensitive. In most gender comparisons, there are the familiar "two humps" in ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

sources on ethical replication of pain for testing effects on cognitive functions

I have devised a study that may provide an ethical way to invoke similar behaviours in participants, as those demonstrated by individuals in pain. Obviously it is extremely hard to correctly test ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Are there any pain scales which measure how much of the body is in pain?

Are there any pain scales which talk about the extent of pain, i.e. how much of the body is in pain? I'm in the process of trying to work out whether several lesions, hurt with the same intensity as ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How do you call the cognitive bias of not seeing self as the common denominator?

Imagine an Italian person is living in London. A poll on the street asks them to estimate the total number of Italians in London. This person then gives a highly incorrect, overblown guess. It's ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Is there a link between intelligence and mental disturbances? [closed]

Is there a link between high intelligence or creativity, measured with currently valid psychometrics, such as IQ tests or tests of creativity and mental disorders like depression, anxiety, or ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

If the color black reflects no light, how are we able to see it?

If color as we perceive it is dependent on the wave lengths that are reflected by an object, with white reflecting all hues and black absorbing all, how do we detect a black object? I do understand ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

How do people with a split brain experience reality?

Some people with severe epileptic seizures have the connection between their two brain halves cut. How appears reality for them, and why does this procedure helps them?
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What is the purpose of non-spiking and anaxonic neurons?

What is the purpose of non-spiking neurons and anaxonic neurons in neural tissue?
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Environmental cleanliness: what is cognitively fresh?

The concept of freshness has developed over the last century to involve a range of sensations and responses to tastes, smells and feelings associated with foods, the environment and cleaning products. ...
5
votes
0answers
45 views

Does homosexuality correlate with narcissism or finding yourself attractive?

I'm a heterosexual male. Male bodies do not appeal to me much. I find my own (average) body mediocre. At the same time I find average female bodies rather interesting and attractive. The same goes for ...
6
votes
4answers
116 views

Why do people have different personalities when speaking different languages?

Edit: This study is much more relevant in terms of the question. This study suggests (according to article linked below) that a multilingual person can have multiple personalities, each tied to one ...
5
votes
2answers
109 views

Can LSD connect sensory regions in the brain?

How is it possible that after using LSD you can hear sounds and see colours? I have my own experience with this phenomenon. When I´m lying totally relaxed in bed and suddenly a door is closed loudly,...
3
votes
4answers
294 views

Why do people try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly?

I'm looking for an explanation for why people will try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly. For example, imagine a group of girls are sitting in a cafe. Within that group are two ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

What is the difference between Avolition and Laziness?

What is the difference between Laziness and Avolition? They seem behaviorally similar. Is the difference cognitive perhaps?
8
votes
3answers
141 views

Is there a neural network model of Pavlovian Learning?

I am trying to find a computer simulation of Pavlovian learning. i.e. an action such as salivation in response to a stimulus such as a bell ringing. Most neural network models I've seen seem to be ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

A friend of mine showed me a paper (Kirsch, 2014) where the author claims that antidepressants work mostly through a placebo effect (backed up with relevant citations). Antidepressants are generally ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

Categorization studies with a procedure similar to Shepard et al (1961) and Medin & Schaffer (1978)

I am looking for performance results from categorization studies with discrete stimulus features and reinforcement feedback. I need something like this: ...
8
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

How do we learn to count syllables?

When I was young, I was told that to count syllables in a word, you could clap them. One clap for each syllable. You would say it aloud like this: cu-shion. I was not taught rules about how to pick ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

why we forget dreams when we wake up? [duplicate]

What is the explanation for which we forget easily our dreams when we wake up?. It has a biological sense, such as to avoid to confuse reality world experiences with dream world experiences? or there ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

How long does it take the average person (either sighted or blind) to learn to use the guide cane successfully for mobility purposes? Source: Lions. Because required training times will depend on ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

What is the relation of visual quality and distance from the central field of view?

I have read somewhere that Our visual perception degrades non-linearly with distance from the fovea. However, it was not referenced. I was wondering if there is a reference talking about this?...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Information storage capacity of a neural network?

I seem to remember reading about some equation that states the amount of information that can be held by a neural network with n neurons in it arranged in l layers, or something vaguely like that (n ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Why is it that in TV series the major part of the shots don´t last longer than 10 seconds?

While watching TV series (Game of thrones, Death in paradise, New tricks, etc.) I try to count how long one shot was shown before the next shot was shown. The duration of the shots almost never ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

Can normal brain activity arise from no (or random) brain activity?

I wonder how stable the brain is as a dynamical system. In other words, how important the state (current activation) of the brain is for its further functioning. Would the brain recover from a state ...

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