# All Questions

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### What are the neural substrates of retrieval induced forgetting?

Retrieval-induced effects It is well known that practicing retrieval of remembered items increases the probability of correctly recalling that item in future tests: the testing effect. ...
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### What brain wave states are associated with hypnosis?

What brain wave states are most correlated with deep hypnosis?
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### How does the brain physically get tired?

When engaging in physical work-outs, people often research how regular muscles store energy, how to eat and exercise cleverly so that the exercises actually make them stronger and more healthy instead ...
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### How should results from linear mixed models (LMMs) be reported?

Are there any official APA guidelines for reporting linear mixed model results? Can I take an approach similar to what would be done with an ANOVA, i.e.: report the p-value, standard error and ...
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### Does Spaun's serial memory exhibit proactive interference and serial searching

Xuan Choo recentely created a model of serial working memory for Spaun. Does this model of working memory exhibit the effects of proactive interference (as well as changing data types yielding freedom ...
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### How to obtain well-written demographic items?

I've noticed over the years supervising student projects that it is actually surprisingly difficult to write good demographic items. Specifically, I'm thinking about questions related to gender, age, ...
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### What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
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### Why is empathy not a part of the Big 5 personality traits?

I have looked at the big 5 personality traits, and they include 5 basic factors: openness, extraversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and agreeableness. Why is empathy not on the list?
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### Evidence of 'virtually limitless' long-term memory

In his paper, 'What do People believe about Memory?', Professor Svein Magnussen of University of Oslo claims: ... memory science is not aware of any limitation on the amount of information the ...
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### What's the difference between executive functions and cognitive control?

I suspect that the difference between these terms may vary from researcher to researcher, since the wikipedia page treats them as synonymous. What's the difference between executive functioning and ...
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### Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
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Two questions, (im trying to get my head around this area of study, my assignment is on neurophysiological differences of t/f memory not theories, but reading up on the topic has had me thinking and I ...
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### How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
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### How strongly are creative ideas influenced by our environment?

Background : I was recently reminded of an abandoned project of mine that is related to railways and "green energy," so I started doing some Internet searches to see if there are any similar projects ...
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### Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
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### What is the relationship between psychological entitlement and locus of control or other personal characteristics?

I'm studying psychology and I have the assignment to write an experimental study I'm still collecting the scientific information on the topic so I would really appreciate some help. I'm interested to ...
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### Phase locking value (PLV) between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$

I have been trying to calculate PLV using the hilbert transform (reference). To test if it even works or not, I calculated PLV between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$. i find that it drops to zero very quickly as ...
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In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...
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### Why can't subjective utilities take probabilities into account?

If my understanding of expected utility theory is correct, it is rational for a decision maker to have subjective utilities for objective consequences. For example, it can be rational for a ...
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### What are the neurobiological factors related to depression?

While it is agreed that neurotransmitters aren't the primary "cause" of depression, what other factors are a part of this mental illness that focus on the neurobiological aspects of it?
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### What are the mathematical models of memory?

Are there mathematical models of memory in humans or animals? I want to know how neuroscientists use mathematics to describe memory in living creatures. How do neuroscientists model memory and show ...
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### image of eyes to brain [duplicate]

If the eyes image is upside down before brain processes it, then do that mean an alzeiheimers patient in end stage see images upside down at all time because of a deteriorating brain?
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### Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
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### Does short-term memory decrease after working memory, or does it decrease before working memory?

I see contradicting claims. This book shows working memory peaking in 20s, short term memory peaking out later (not doing badly until one's 40s), but this paper shows STM peaking out earlier than ...
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### Reference request for creator of heuristic for processing fMRI data (T.Nichols)

I am using nilearn and nipy package for python processing FMRI data. When computing mask, it says: Compute and write the mask of an image based on the grey level This is based on an heuristic ...
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### Are humans always initially self-righteous?

Multiculturalism leads to different kinds of right and wrong as most norms and morals are not universal. I like Freud. He seemed to call incest and cannibalism anamatha universal but I find examples ...
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### Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
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### How to know whether a methodological technique is quantitative or qualitative?

How do you classify NASA TLX, ANOVA, Matched Pair T-Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and System Usability Scale? Are these types of data analysis considered quantitative or qualitative? Please answer ...
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### Does listening to music precludes fMRI thought recognition?

Imagine an experience which the target is to read the thought in words from fMRI heatmaps. Does listening to music prevents the recognition of words derived from thought? In other words I'm asking if ...
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### Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first ...
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### How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task?

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
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There is a lot of research done on impulsivity trait. Here is detailed wikipedia article and here is one interestiing video of biological and psychosocial causes of impulsivity. In wikipedia article ...
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### Biologically plausible cognitive model of Wisconsin card sorting task

As discussed previously, there are a wide range of models that have been applied to the Wisconsin card sorting task. However, which one is most biologically plausible? That is, uses a realistic model ...
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### Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
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### What kind of Psychometric test is this

I’ve taken this exam as a requirement for a job. Unfortunately, I forgot what the exam was called. All I can remember is that the exam has 100 items grouped into five or four. Each group of five or ...
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### What is the situation called where a strong party uses logical reasoning based on a flawed foundation?

I am interested in the situation where two parties (people or organisations) differ in their commitment to exert power where party has more commitment to exert power than the other. The two parties ...
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### Impact of the first love experience [closed]

When we become adults, we think that love is for adults only associating it with sexual relations but I'm sure that all of us have loved or have had some admiration for the daughter of the ...
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### What is the equivalent of a Hamming network in the NEF?

After doing a bit of research, I'm somewhat convinced that Hamming networks are networks that classify, but only put out a single result, as opposed to other networks which output multiple results. In ...
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### Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
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### How to quantitatively measure strength of friendship using observable factors?

Is there any quantitative measure associated with the strength of a friendship or relationship? Ideally it should be able to be calculated based on observable factors, but should not require ...
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### Is there an R implementation of the linear ballistic accumulator model or Ratcliff's diffusion model for measuring response time and accuracy?

I am looking for an implementation of the linear ballistic accumulator model or Ratcliff's diffusion model (e.g. in R, MATLAB, or Python).
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### Does anyone know of any clinical psychology journals that use a double-blind review process?

Through this question: What kind of cognitive psych journals are receptive to clinicians without any publications? I found out that a colleague of mine should submit a paper she is writing to a ...
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### What is the simplest entity that would be considered “conscious”? [closed]

Generally, we think of humans as having a (relatively) advanced level of consciousness, but we don't think of simple molecules as having any sort of mental capacity at all. So where in between does ...
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### What is the Mechanism of 5-HT2A-mediated psychedelia?

Drugs that activate the serotonergic 5-HT2A receptor (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline) are notorious for causing psychedelic experiences and I would like to know the neurochemical mechanism behind ...
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### Why does weather often affect mood?

There are plenty of people who feel sad, sometimes even depressed when it rains or storms. This effect is often featured in writing and song, where the weather is often a sign of something sinister ...
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### Should psychological checks be as frequent as physical checks to evaluate a patient's condition? [duplicate]

Are there differences between psychological and physical attributes that could justify the lack of these periodic tests in psychology?
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### How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...