2
votes
2answers
282 views

Recommend a book for studying the brain structure [closed]

I know this is kind of a "soft question", but it isn't very easy to find a good, comprehensive brain atlas book, which would also link the different areas to their functions (according to recent ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

How does knowledge about a subject aid in its recall?

I've experienced it many times with my students and also with myself. Let me illustrate with example: When I'm teaching, I say something like this: Gastrointenstinal Track has following sections ...
2
votes
2answers
394 views

How to adjust SSE or RMSE for the number of free parameters in the model?

How do I adjust SSE (sum of squared errors) or RMSE (root-mean-square errors) for the number of free parameters in the model? Is there an "adjusted" RMSD metric similar to the adjusted r-squared ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

What is the difference between behavioral science and cognitive science?

Is cognitive science a part of behavioral science or vice versa?
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Why do males prefer females with blonde hair?

I would like to know why males prefer blonde women.
2
votes
2answers
109 views

What is the name of the condition where you feel like you have been somewhere before?

It happens many times when you visit a place you have never been before, you feel subconsciously you have been there already. And the events and people you are ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

What is the word for: “I have to do” in CBT?

When people think "I must", "I have to", "I should", "he should", or "people have to" it can become a problem. It's studied by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy but I don't know the name for this kind of ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Is there a bias where long statements, books, articles, etc. are seen as more truthful?

Is there a cognitive biasing effect that makes people believe that long statements / expressions / articles / books are more truthful than short ones (assuming that they are equal semantically)?
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How to refer to the phenomenon of people only absorbing evidence which confirms their beliefs?

I knew a psychologist who was calling it self-referentiality. People are always trying to see only the sentence which confirm their beliefs. What's the correct name for this?
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Neural basis of primitive (newborn) reflexes

The Wikipedia article on primitive reflexes, or newborn reflexes, states that they originate in the CNS. Here's the list of reflexes from the article: Moro Walking/stepping Rooting Sucking Tonic ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance?

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance? If some were to, for example, wake up one morning at 12:30PM, would a sleeping pill help obtain better sleep required for that performance the ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Conscious basis for gender identification

What conscious experiences lead a transgender person to identify with the opposite sex? Physiology is clearly not determining. Sexual orientation is not determining (homosexuality). Clothing ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the difference between “double dissociation” and simply having control and experimental groups?

According to my textbook Cognitive Psychology by E. Bruce Goldstein, a double dissociation occurs if damage to one area of the brain causes a function A to be absent while function B is present, ...
2
votes
3answers
62 views

Why clothes' color is different than it appeared in stores?

This is my first time askin on Cog Sci board, not sure this is a right place to ask but I think it's something relates to Psychology and Cognitive Science. So yesterday I bought a shirt that looked ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

How many action potentials from presynaptic neurons would be required to make a postsynaptic neuron fire?

I am looking for a rough estimation of the number of action potentials from other neurons required to cause a neuron to fire? I read here that a potential of ~ -55mv must be reached before an action ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

Should raw response time data be transformed?

I am a statistician and doing some data analysis in cognitive sciences. I noticed that the distribution of response time (RT) is chisq-squared-like, and I want to do Box-cox transformation to make it ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Is there a term that describes the personality trait of always desiring more?

I see this kind of trait in some of the people who fear the commitment (in a marriage) since they don't want to have to renounce their vows when their feelings toward their spouses change. I see this ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

How to report an F statistic in APA style?

How do you report F statistics in APA format? I am working on PHD and am not certain that I am reporting the F statistics in the proper manner. I have been reporting it as F (_,_). The second space I ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

What do brains do when processing information, that Von Neumann machines cannot (yet?) imitate?

What makes a human processing information so different from a set of instructions in a computer? Solving a problem for any human operating with concepts is still much superior to lots of computer ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

How to apply different motivational theories to understand career orientation?

"What motivates you towards choosing the career/job orientation you have chosen? Discuss and explain with reference to three of the motivational theories discussed during the course". I'm used to ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

How does cognitive science explain distant intentionality and brain function in recipients?

Achterberg and colleagues' (2005) study, Concluded that instructions to a healer to make an intentional connection with a sensory isolated person can be correlated to changes in brain function ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Would a teacher benefit from reading psychology journals?

I am currently volunteering as a teacher to low income families. I have had no training on teaching. I am working for a B.S. in chemistry and mathematics. Furthermore, I am quite new at this. I would ...
2
votes
3answers
87 views

Does stopping hard tasks midway through negatively affect your chances of success?

When a person has embarked on an undertaking that is both unpleasant and important (a good example could be a 12 step drug treatment program), lets say they make progress, and then stall before ...
2
votes
3answers
171 views

Why do many people not use tabbed navigation (e.g. in an internet browser)?

I have noticed that many people do not use tabs even though tabs have been around in browsers for some time. I have been noticing that people either do not differentiate tabs as specific navigational ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

The psychology of disproportioned people in artwork

Hitler was an artist, unbeknownst to some people. He painted and sketched. In his work, the people were disproportionately large within any given scene. Given his extreme personality, I have often ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Is it possible to measure the differences in processing and interpretation of reality between individuals?

What variables can be measured to compare, for example, two different individual's conscious processing and interpretation of the same objective reality ? For example, when terms like "distorted view ...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

Are there axioms in the mind? [closed]

While studying artificial neural networks, I stumbled upon the following question: Are there any hard-wired axioms in the brain that must exist equally in every conscious mind? I could imagine that, ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there another word for 'affective control'?

In this paper, the authors use the term 'affective control' or the slightly longer form 'affective cognitive control capacity' to mean 'the ability to regulate emotions or manipulate emotional ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Is volition a reality or an illusion?

Keeping religious sentiments aside, here is a question raised on the Buddhism SE that attempts to answer a similar question from the Buddhist point of view. You see, Buddhism has a concept of anatman ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

What are the side effects of Anger?

Are there any side effects i.e. any hormonal changes , dopamine release when we get anger or while we shout or outburst in anger? Because we feel satisfied getting anger in a situation than keeping ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Explanatory gaps in the formation and propagation of action potentials

To my understanding, the steps of an action potential are as follows: The neuron is at rest--there is a negative charge (K ions) inside the cell, and a positive charge (Na ions) outside the cell. ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is so “potential” about action potentials?

When an action potential is propagating through a neuron, it seems to me that the time for "potential of action" is over, and that we are now just in a state of "action". Why don't we just call action ...
2
votes
1answer
430 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Dynamical systems theory as a metaphor in psychology: is it useful or not?

Dynamical systems theory as it is used in the context of developmental psychology, and by some psychoanalysts as in this article or in this video by the first speaker can be described as an attempt to ...
2
votes
2answers
269 views

What is the source and real meaning of “provisional living ” concept and is there an equivalent term?

I found in this blog post the following definition : Psychologists have a concept they call “provisional living.” That’s the insistence, so often heard from people whose lives are stuck on a ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

How to test for malingering in criminals trying to deny capacity for criminal responsibility?

Psychiatrists and psychologists are often tasked with assessing a criminal defendant's competency to stand trial or his capacity for criminal responsibility. What objective tests are useful for ...
2
votes
3answers
335 views

Can an extravert suffer from social anxiety disorder?

Extraversion is a personality trait that, as the Wikipedia article describes, causes people "to enjoy human interactions", to be sociable, outgoing and love crowds. Social anxiety disorder (SAD), on ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Can a person control their brain's electrical activity?

In a brain-computer interface paper, I found the following paragraph: Effective assessment of BCI performance requires two levels of evaluation: the user and the system. The user must control the ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

What factors affect the g factor?

Is / are there any scientific studies on factors which affect the general intelligence (g) factor? I did a Google search, but could not find any academic papers on the topic.
2
votes
2answers
506 views

Why are some people attracted to people of other races?

Is it true that we were evolved to dislike people of other races genetically? If so, why are some people attracted to people of races other than their own?
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What article looked at the relationship between bedtime stories and national productivity?

I've been told of an article about the effects of bedtime stories. The findings of this article are that countries in which the more popular bedtime stories are active were more productive than the ...
2
votes
3answers
236 views

Is a person with a psychopathic disorder aware of it?

A (former) friend of mine shows lots of symptoms of a psychopathic disorder. Years later after we both met the last time, I'm still not sure whether he is/was aware of this disorder or not. So my ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Are woman more Judging than men in the MBTI?

Since I lack of academic formation please be tolerant if I write something not correct. As you know the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test is based on 4 personality dimensions (E/I, S/N, T/F, ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Are there samples of false but beneficial beliefs?

Many people have false beliefs. The fact that they have those shows that those beliefs may carry some evolutionary advantage. If so, how? How can false beliefs be profitable?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does society interpret “manliness” differently?

If, by definition, manliness is "the traditional male quality of being brave and strong," why does most of society perceive it differently? For example, a person who watches My Little Pony and is not ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Why do programmers work at night?

I can be described as a morning person, where waking up at 4:20 AM to catch a flight is no problem. My colleague on the other hand go to bed no earlier than midnight and often later than that. We're ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Neurotransmitter control via biofeedback?

According to this thread, certain regions of the brain, and even some distributed activation patterns can be up/down regulated via bio-feedback. Is it possible in theory and is there any research ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

What is actually going on in your brain during a night terror?

I used to have really bad night terrors back in the day, where I would think I was floating and I would wake up and actually my vision would be very fuzzy - so I just want to know.. What is actually ...
2
votes
2answers
274 views

The relationship between working memory and emotion

I stumbled up on this article about working memory. Within a table of indicators of good or poor working memory, it listed the following for adult working memory: Indicators that a working memory ...

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