4
votes
0answers
69 views

When did neurotransmitters derived from monoamines first appear in evolutionary history? [closed]

When did neurotransmitters derived from monoamines first appear in evolutionary history? What are main the points in evolution for monoamines based on the neurotransmitter system ? Edition I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Is there a variance in acceptance of conspiracy theories by occupation?

For some time I have been very interested in the intelligent design (ID)/creationism vs. evolution debate. My parents are both medical professionals and consider themselves creationists. I have many ...
8
votes
1answer
147 views

Are there any rules about masking?

I am currently programming an experiment where participants have to do a divided visual field task. In a paper about the correct methodology about these tasks, it is said that you should use a ...
4
votes
2answers
644 views

What is the difference between hypnosis and meditation?

It seems that many people say that hypnosis and meditation are very similar. But what are their key differences (both in a soft and hard way)?
4
votes
4answers
459 views

Computational Neuroscience software

What are the most common software tools you use in your day to day work in computational neuroscience? I am referring to neuroscience tools like GENESIS and NOT to generic tools like Excel.
6
votes
3answers
247 views

What causes an individual to not be able to hold all the details of a large project in memory?

Background: First of all, I'm not in any kind related to cognitive science, I'm a programmer. I'm not even sure that it's the right place for asking my question, but I'll try anyway. So, first of all, ...
2
votes
1answer
512 views

How to design research participant recruitment flyer to maximise participant response?

I often supervise student research projects. Often these projects involve recruiting participants by placing one page flyers in strategic locations. The most common scenario is that the flyer is ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

How to interpret HLM analyses looking at work group and individual worker effects?

Liden et al (2004, PDF) is an example of a study examining employees in work groups in an organisation. Thus, measures are obtained of both individual workers and of the work groups that they belong ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

How to compare linear and categorical models of perceptual comparisons?

Say I have a confusion matrix of perceptual similarity data for stimuli drawn from an underlying continuous spectrum. Participants also learned to categorise these stimuli such that the spectrum is ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Deception and nose touching - does it work for things that are about to be said in prepared speeches?

I'm not sure if nose touching is a scientifically-validated signature of deception or internal conflict. For the purposes of this question I would assume that it's fairly common knowledge in ...
9
votes
3answers
400 views

What psychological factors account for code readability?

Readability is often intuitively synthesized. If you see some piece of code, you just know whether it is readable or not. But what are actual psychological, scientific explanations for this? There ...
6
votes
1answer
942 views

How can psychometry measure the very high IQ's in adults?

From Wikipedia's page on Mental age, we learn that: Originally, the differences between mental age and chronological age were used to compute the intelligence quotient, or IQ. This was computed ...
12
votes
3answers
253 views

What is the status of evolutionary psychology in academia today?

Having an interest in human psychology (but no formal training) I decided to take Coursera's Introduction to Psychology as a Science. Here's a snippet from an introductory lecture (it requires ...
5
votes
1answer
46 views

How many thalamocortical relay cells synapse onto each spiny stellate cell in neocortex?

I am curious about how many different thalamocortical relay cells synapse onto each layer IV spiny stellate cell, on average? The answer is likely to be different per region and species, of course. I ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Predicting the Duration of Future Events

I am interested in the question of how people use/integrate previous experiences with instances of tasks or events to make predictions about the duration of future instances of tasks/events. To ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Facet versus scale prediction of Big 5 personality

NEO facets and scales: The NEO model of personality has 5 scales (i.e., extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, openness, and conscientiousness). For each scale there are 6 facets (e.g., neuroticism ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Psychometric information on IPIP representation of NEO facets

The IPIP (International Personality Item Pool) website provides a copy of the IPIP representation of the NEO 30 facet form. It also provides some information comparing IPIP NEO with official NEO. ...
4
votes
2answers
578 views

What is a good textbook for an undergrad Cognitive Neuroscience course?

I am slated to teach an undergrad Cognitive Neuroscience course next year and I am not sure which textbook to use. This would be an entry-level course (no pre-requisites) primarily intended for ...
4
votes
2answers
319 views

What brain skill does Nonogram (Picross) games develop?

I've been playing Nonogram Picross a lot lately. I really like it and you can always find a harder challenge but I would hate to waste my time for nothing. What brain skill does Nonogram (Picross) ...
6
votes
1answer
393 views

Is learning facts via audio while sleeping possible?

Is there a way to make onself remember facts from an audiobook (containing for instance a list of countries and their capitals) played out loud while sleeping?
7
votes
2answers
358 views

How to estimate an expected effect size for a planned psychology study?

When planning a psychological study, researchers are often asked to formulate an estimate of expected effect sizes for important hypotheses in the study. This might be the expected group mean ...
17
votes
3answers
4k views

Intelligence and marriage satisfaction

A recent letter by a Princeton alumni stated: Men regularly marry women who are younger, less intelligent, less educated. It’s amazing how forgiving men can be about a woman’s lack of ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Does higher Electronic use relate to lower memory [duplicate]

lots of us use electronics as memory devices--making notes, reminders, etc. Does more use of electronics relate to lower retention? In other words, does not using your memory make it worse?
5
votes
2answers
119 views

Inducing Auditory-to-Visual Synesthesia

I recently watched an interesting video that was discussing conveying color to the blind through language. It implied that there may be a way to insert the sensation of color into a person's mind via ...
7
votes
2answers
106 views

What happens in the brain when conscious awareness is changed during dreaming onset?

I've long been interested in dreaming and there's a peculiar phenomenon of the very start of the dreaming process. Different people experience it differently, but even for the same person there's ...
-2
votes
2answers
170 views

Should questions in psychology always be objective questions? [closed]

Is it correct that a subjective question is not a psychological question? I.e. for a question to be psychological, must it be an objective question? E.g. a question about an objective probability ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Training for the corpus callosum?

Since reading is done in the left hemisphere of the brain, does reading text in the left visual field train the corpus callosum? For instance, I am interested in knowing whether training may lead to ...
4
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the relationship between practice and performance of telephone call centre workers?

I am interested in modelling the relationship between practice and performance both in laboratory tasks and field settings. I was interested in what existing research has examined how the performance ...
6
votes
1answer
373 views

Do children follow parents' phobias genetically or by learning?

Children's personalities come from two sources: Parents' genes and the environment. Is there any research showing adults acquiring phobias as a result of being exposed to parents with the same ...
7
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the study which shows that babies can teach young children empathy?

I saw a fascinating segment on the PBS NewsHour which said that studies have shown that young children (ages 5 - 8 years of age) can be taught empathy by having a class where they observe and learn to ...
9
votes
1answer
454 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
8
votes
1answer
142 views

How do the correlations between Big 5 personality change in studies examining “faking bad”?

I have conducted several studies that get participants to complete the IPIP personality test while role play going for a job. A common finding is that the average correlation (i.e., $\bar{r}$ between ...
5
votes
2answers
647 views

Devices that detect when someone is falling asleep

I'm wondering what types of devices exist that can detect how close someone is to falling asleep. I have heard of several devices that may be able to do this, but I haven't been able to find very ...
6
votes
1answer
74 views

Any research on how we use visual category information in visuomotor tasks?

So I've been reading up on the Two-streams Hypothesis*, and it bothers me that the explanations both sides give only extend to tasks involving one type of visual information. For example, an ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What free scientific measures of Big 5 personality are available?

I'm aware of a few freely available scientific measures of Big 5 personality. IPIP: Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) Questions: What other free scientific Big 5 personality tests are ...
6
votes
0answers
60 views

What are the common nutritional deficiencies in western countries related to reduced mental performance? [closed]

What are the common nutritional deficiencies in western countries related to reduced mental performance ? I've heard about omega 3, folid acid, and vitamin D deficiencies, the last two are now reduced ...
7
votes
2answers
136 views

Is there a learning style that involves learning best by teaching others?

Background: I'm familiar with the more common learning styles of hearing, seeing and doing. For lack of a better word I consider myself a 'vicarious' learner which is something similar to a ...
6
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the relative effectiveness of self initiated versus therapy approaches to repairing damaged body schema?

Several studies discuss the damaged body schema of amputees and people suffering from CRPS. By damaged body schema I mean where the body their mind constructs doesn't match up with the body that is ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

Practical Use For a Neuroimager [closed]

You may be aware that neuro-imagers have become much cheaper and many are available with a SDK. I think this will open up a huge gateway for much more intimate human interfaces. However, I am stumped ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Why does speaking with rhythm help a subject get into a trance?

Various hypnotism teachers tell you to speak with a relaxed voice with rhythm. You can see Derren Brown on this in The Experiment - The Assassin (from 4:48 to 5:40): Soft, rhythmical language, ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Why does speaking disrupt rhythm?

I've noticed that while playing rhythm games--games where I must press buttons precisely in step with a musical accompaniment--I can either play or I can talk. If start talking, I'll almost ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Are cortisol measures more reliable than self-reported fear measures for looking at difference scores?

I was sent an email by a researcher with the following question: You wrote that difference scores are okay to use if measurement error is minimised. Does that imply that biological ...
-2
votes
1answer
67 views

How to tell a diagnosis from an actual state?

Since diagnoses merely represent what a doctor is thinking, how can a mental patient know the difference between de facto "reality" and what decisions a doctor is planning? We know planning is not ...
9
votes
1answer
136 views

Can we draw conclusions about content of thoughts from neural firing patterns?

Can the neural firing patterns of animals be associated with specific kinds of thoughts? (ie Thoughts related to food, mating, or neighborly aggression?) I am curious about the speculations in ...
11
votes
1answer
604 views

Why do humans like being touched?

I wonder why people like to be touched so much, why would it make sense from a evolutionary perspective. I know people enjoy hugs and company of opposite sex but even people from the same sex hug and ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

EEG correlates of handedness

Can any one suggest a good article about features of EEG of left-handed people? I was surprised when find that there are only few old articles about it. I find only one new article by Propper, Ruth ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Term for incentives working without conscious awareness

Is there a term that captures the idea that incentives work even when people deny their choices have been swayed by them? For example, an individual amazon book reviewer may deny that a recent ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

What was the experiment where a person is given something and then has to share it with another person

Bob is given a bar of chocolate by the experimenter. Then he is to propose how he will share the chocolate with Emilly. If Emilly agrees with Bob's proposal, the kids will each get their share. If ...
-1
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there a name for the tendency to use proper nouns often in conversation? [closed]

I think it may happen with people who have lack of confidence, for example shy people. So in conversation they often add proper nouns (eg. names of persons or countries) to give "evidence" and weight ...

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