# All Questions

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### Why do people overestimate future happiness when they imagine acquiring something like a house or winning the lottery?

When a person says he would be happy to win the lottery he is usually wrong? Why are people bad at judging their happiness in the future? A person who knows that he will get a fancy house in the ...
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### Introductory material on psychophysics with a focus on visual stimuli

Is there any introductory-level material available on psychophysics that you can recommend to someone without a background in cognitive sciences? Visual stimuli is the main area of interest. Edit: ...
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### Do repressed memories exist?

Is there such a thing as repressed memories? Suppose a person undergoes a traumatic event (e.g failing out of school, having a relative die suddenly). Is it normal for the person to act as if ...
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### What causes behavioural inhibition?

There are obvious consequences that prevent people from behaving anti-socially or criminally. However there are many behaviours that are within the bounds of social norms, yet there seems to be some ...
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### What is the latest research on dermatillomania and is there a correlation with masochism?

Dermatillomania (also known as excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, neurotic excoriation, pathologic skin picking (PSP), compulsive skin picking (CSP) or psychogenic excoriation, : is a ...
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### How effective are pharmaceutical or therapeutic treatments for jealousy?

This is the last of a series of questions I've posted about jealousy (see here, here, and here). What pharmaceutical and therapeutic treatments, if any, have been developed for managing acute ...
748 views

### Is it possible to run multiple thought processes concurrently?

For example, let's say I have a friend sprinting a 50m distance and that friend wants me to time the race, but I don't have a stopwatch so I have to count "manually". Can I count while simultaneously ...
194 views

### Why does alcohol reduce shyness?

I find it very interesting that people who consume alcohol get less shy. Therefore my question: Why does drinking alcohol reduce shyness? And are there any other (legal or illegal) substances who ...
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### In which situation should structural dissociation theory be applied?

In which specific situation you think is most appropriate to apply Van der Hart's SDT?
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### What are the effects of negative self image on cognition and brain function?

All other things considered equal, what are the effects of a negative self image, on cognition and brain function? Are there any studies that would have specific data supporting cognitive outcomes ...
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### Why do prices ending in 99, e.g., 0.99, 199 or 1999.9 convince consumers to buy?

Why are people more likely to buy articles with a price of \$199, rather than the same (or let's say a slightly better) article for \$200? On which human brain centre is this advertising focused? Is ...
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### What are new and exciting research areas or applications in systems neuroscience? [closed]

Like the title says, what are new and exciting research areas or applications in systems neuroscience? I know the question is a broad one, so let me narrow it down a bit: I will get my master's ...
846 views

### Improving Speed of Thinking

What are some ways one can improve his/her speed of thinking and reasoning ? I am looking for some easy to follow strategies that can be systematically applied. (I am presuming it can be learnt/ ...
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### Kelly Criterion Observed to Be Adhered by Psychopaths?

As this study shows, psychopaths are much more willing to take advantage of expected gains despite recent losses as opposed to normal people who frequently stop after a series of losses. Has there ...
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### Why is it that logical thinking is bad for emotional connection? [closed]

I notice that after studying mathematics or logic for a long time, I can't speak to people in a fluid manner. Language becomes very functional. What brain areas are involved in this transition? Why?
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### The psychology of disproportioned people in artwork

Hitler was an artist, unbeknownst to some people. He painted and sketched. In his work, the people were disproportionately large within any given scene. Given his extreme personality, I have often ...
305 views

### Minimizing Halo Error

I'm working with a dataset wherein participants rate five different attributes of six device variants; the attribute ratings different variants are very tightly correlated, suggesting that this ...
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### How do our emotions toward a subject affect our brain activity within similar activities?

I'll bring an example: there are people who love to dance and could do it for hours. Yet, if you'd make them run a long distance they would get tired really soon just because they don't like running ...
698 views

### Which R packages have good collections of psychology datasets?

The open source statistical software R has a range of contributed packages. Some of them include datasets. I teach research methods in psychology and I'm looking for interesting real-world dataset ...
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### Are there guidelines in the peer reviewing process on assessing methodology?

Usually an article goes through a peer-review process before it is published, and from what I here it is quite common that the reviewers "demand" some changes. Are there guidelines for peer- ...
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### Would the Milgram Experiment results be replicated in Eastern cultures?

When the Milgram Experiment was performed in the 1960s and replicated multiple times up until the 1980s, it was performed in Western cultures. When it was replicated in 2006, it was again performed in ...
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### Are unconscious thoughts captured by free association?

Does free association writing or talking captures unconscious thoughts? Or maybe they don't because you are conscious during the process?
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### Effects of alcohol on muscle memory

Muscle memory (also referred to as "motor memories") is a form of procedural memory, which is a form of implicit memory. Studies seem to have shown that alcohol has no significant effect on implicit ...
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### Is it possible to create an inhibition against some activities?

There is an unexplained psychological reason that causes one not to be able to do some random activities (for instance, not being able to eat several days because one's mouth just won't open to take ...
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### What defines the easiest time to get out of bed in the morning for humans?

I'm interested in sleep research, and sometimes in conversations with people the following idea gets discussed: "A person becomes aware at a certain time in the morning and feel great(while still in ...
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### Why is it that videotaping someone makes him lose his inhibitions?

Why is it that if I videotape somebody, it makes him lose his inhibitions?
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### What are the neurobiological mechanisms behind clumsiness

Some people are inherently clumsy (including your's truly). Everything from frequently stubbing their toes to, as in my case 2 days ago, falling down a single step and managing to crack a rib and ...
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### Is psychotherapy more effective when examining free association speech than writing?

Is there a difference between free association speaking vs free association writing? Is psychotherapy more effective when examining free association speech?
118 views

### Why would a behaviour effect one sex?

After reading the article Regular sleeping hours really are good for children—if they are girls I started wondering what would be a good explanation for something such as sleep patterns have an affect ...
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### What are the neurobiological triggers for sleepwalking?

This phenomena has always fascinated me, ever since my parents told me (and filmed me) doing exactly that - sleepwalking. I have read the pamphlet "Sleepwalking" from the Sleep Health Foundation, ...
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### What factors improve mood and increase cognitive functioning when people wake up?

I'm a software engineer doing some research in order to figure out if developing some applications are worth the effort. This work is applied to computational devices including mobile devices and even ...
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### How can experimental compliance (willingness of participants to participate) be measured?

I would like to have a measure for how willing and eager participants were during an experiment. I have the intuition that their eagerness to comply will profoundly alter results of psychological and ...
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### Are life positions in transactional analysis accurate aides in diagnosing personality disorders?

Eric Berne developed the notion of transactional analysis (TA ) and author of the book "The Games People Play". Thomas A Harris then wrote the book "I'm OK - You're Ok" based on Berne's theory of ...
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### Is a newborn incapable of attributing to her own existence some basic value? [closed]

I quote from the publication "After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?" (Giubilini & Minerva, 2013): We take ‘person’ to mean an individual who is capable of attributing to her own ...
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### Why is the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard so intolerable?

I am curious as to what current research shows regarding why scraping noises such as fingernails on a chalkboard, a knife/fork scraping against a plate, metal grinding against metal or stone etc are ...
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### The comfort and appeal of vintage objects?

The vintage culture has grown very large in the last 10 years, with all sorts of collectables from furniture, to homes, to old signs and toys. Just watch the show "American Pickers" to get an idea of ...
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### Does the person's walking say anything about the person's cognition?

This afternoon I've been observing people at a local park and came up with some observations that lead me to this question: Can the person's gait (manner of walking) say something about the person's ...
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### Does chewing gum mentally help basketball players make foul shots?

I often see basketball players chew gum while making foul shots. Does this help in their accuracy? Any embodied cognitive explanation for this?
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### Relationship between social psychology and educational psychology

For some time I have been trying to figure out what the connection between social psychology and educational psychology is. By their definition, it seems that there at least one (major) point of ...
554 views

### How is age related change in IQ measured if tests use age specific norms?

In a comment to this question about age related IQ decline in professors and scientists, the following comment was left: I noticed that lot of IQ tests (RPM or California) have different norms ...
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### At what point does a complex become pathological?

I've a first question so I apologize if the format is completely awry. I'm reading Meeting the Shadow: The Hidden Power of the Dark Side of Human Nature and I came across this passage by Edward C. ...
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### How to prevent insults from unconsciously causing negative emotions?

When someone is insulted, they can feel anxiety and shame, even though his/her conscious mind knows the insult isn't true and tries to be as logical and unemotional about it as possible. Positive ...
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### What are the mechanics behind the mind of a conspiracy theorist?

Conspiracy Theorists, in my opinion, are people I don't like except for some exceptions. However, this question will not be answered with my irrelevant opinions on said people.. Now, here is the ...
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### Psychopaths' Response to Expected Losses?

It has been observed that psychopaths will accept positive expected values past some sort of notion of risk aversion by non-psychopaths. Are there any observations of psychopaths' responses to ...
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### What causes student errors on a problem involving differentiating a factorial?

Consider the following maths problem, assuming only a high-school level knowledge of calculus: If $f(x) = x!$, find $df/dx$ Almost all of my respondents seemed to switch on their "mental ...
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Steady-state topography is a derivation of EEG/ERPs using an evoked potential to an ongoing oscillating stimuli called the steady state visually evoked potential (SSVEP). Variations in the phase ...
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### Which political system stimulates individuals the most to strive for the greater good?

In September 2013 Germany will elect their new parliament, the Bundestag. On this occasion, the German Psychological Association (BDP) dedicated the current issue of their member's magazine report ...
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### Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...