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1answer
106 views

Scientific term for people who value following the rules

What is the psychological term for people who believe that: they have strong rights that others should be nice that others should respect unwritten rules that others should not lie They believe ...
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2answers
118 views

What are the DSM requirements for 'Paranoid Personality Disorder'?

What are the requirements for Paranoid Personality Disorder as specified by the current revision of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual?
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2answers
283 views

Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
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3answers
69 views

Is there a scientific definition of “fairness”?

The concept of fairness, in my opinion, is somehow defined by the concept of empathy through some searches by Daniel Goleman in his book Social Intelligence. The book deals with scientific ...
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1answer
176 views

Are there international differences on how people react when they are guilty of something?

I talked about this with a friend: he told me that there are differences on how people react when they are accused of something. He mentioned that in some countries, people try to avoid it at any ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Is it good practice to try to recall things when we are tired?

Background. It happens often that, at the end of the day when I return to home, I try to recall past events that took place that day or the day before (memory rehearsal), but surprisingly I find that ...
1
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1answer
247 views

Is paraphilia related to BDSM on the rise?

I am studying human sexuality in particular I have reached the point in my studies of abnormal sexual behaviour. With the popularization of the BDSM topic (especially the troubling sadism and ...
1
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1answer
256 views

Licensing when using the NEO-FFI instrument

I would like to use the NEO-FFI instrument to measure the Big 5 psychological traits. Is a license needed? Are there any open, free, or public domain Big 5 tests that can be used for no (or ...
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2answers
79 views

How to make diagnosis of these symptoms using Pet scan, fMRI, and EEG?

The symptoms are muscle weakness, slow reaction time, visual perception issues, seizures, hearing loss, weight gain, general sense of pain and delusions. Using the above scanning techniques, a doctor ...
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2answers
89 views

What causes students not to be interested in problem solving?

Sometimes students lack the drive for problem solving. One might say that they are bored. However, is there a scientific account on what causes ignorance of problem solving, when they simply are not ...
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2answers
202 views

How does cognitive science explain the origins of intuition and intelligence, that accurately describes the laws of nature?

What is the origin of non-incremental, revolutionary intuition and intelligence? For example, a human mind like Albert Einstein's can "come up" with revolutionary ideas and theories that correctly ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Neurotransmitter control via biofeedback?

According to this thread, certain regions of the brain, and even some distributed activation patterns can be up/down regulated via bio-feedback. Is it possible in theory and is there any research ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Reference for beginners: psychology [closed]

I am looking for a book that is not too rigorous but provides a good introduction to psychology as a preparation for a university-level course. Any suggestions? It is an introductory course.
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1answer
38 views

Audio Inculcation and Learning

Suppose I have an audio file of a lecture of a professor explaining something to be learned - a physics concept for example, and I listen to the audio file over and over again, much like how people ...
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1answer
39 views

What is the best way to structure an ethnographic study?

I'm writing an ethnographic study for a human computer interaction module and I understand all the processes of conducting ethnography. I am unsure of how to structure my study. Is it conventional ...
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1answer
3k views

What does Lumosity's Flexibility measure?

One of the Lumosity BPI measurements is termed Flexibility. What is this measuring?
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1answer
49 views

How many sparring partners should I choose for the most effective motivation in the gym?

Question is simple. Will I be more motivated with one good friend or with a group of the same interested people during group exercise? Does group size affect our internal motivation? (starting by ...
1
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1answer
11 views

Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
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1answer
27 views

Is there a standardised test about emotion perception?

I'm looking for a standardised psychological test to measure how people react to positive and negative emotions. More precisely I want to use such tests to investigate whether an individual is very ...
1
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1answer
22 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some literatur advice about the latency response of the pupil after a cognitive stimuli. I know that the light reflex response is quiet fast compared to ...
1
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1answer
52 views

What is the best short (i.e., roughly 20 item) measure of Big Five personality?

What is the best short set of 20 questions that can give meaningful information about a person's big five personality? In case that's not possible with 20 questions, what's the minimum and where do I ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the concept that schema is opposed to

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_(psychology) In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes an organized pattern of thought or behavior that ...
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2answers
67 views

How can I dream things that are impossible?

I remember having dreams whose contents were physically impossible, to the point that when I thought about them afterwards, I couldn't reconcile them with reality in a meaningful way, although when I ...
1
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1answer
71 views

What is the effect of irrelevant reading after study on memory consolidation?

I heard and experienced a little that unconscious mental processes involved in storing memories work really well when you are not thinking about your study subject during rest. However, I'm not sure ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Is there a psychometric tool for measuring the difficulty of mental activities?

It is often stated that Alzheimer's disease can be prevented to some extent when a person engages more often in challenging mental activities ...
1
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1answer
42 views

What does double dissociation really tell us?

In psychological research, a single dissociation is when a manipulation leaves one cognitive function (say, A) intact whilst severing another (say, B). This indicates the functions A and B are at ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What causes an inability to recall a melody, beat, or music?

Background: I have never been able to recall melodies to songs. I can play a song over and over again but the moment it stops, I cannot remember what it sounds like. I am referring to the ...
1
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1answer
34 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
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4answers
177 views

Why do we rely on others in dangerous situations?

*This question is based on my observations. Q: What is the reason people trust their peers implicitly in extreme (or not) situations? Example: I am walking with a friend, and I am telling him ...
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1answer
96 views

Can the neuronal firing rate be increased through medication/diet?

My rudimentary understanding of the neuronal firing rate is that it varies person to person, and neuron to neuron. So any specific number for a firing rate would be specific to the test subject and ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Why past events reappear in dreams after a certain delay?

I know that Freud in his "Interpretation of dreams" provides a number of examples of events influencing dreams several days to several months after the event has occurred. For example, a person sees a ...
1
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1answer
43 views

How many items do I need to design a measure?

I have to design my own psychometric test to measure a construct. I have a construct, but part of the requirement is to include a rationale for the number of items in the instrument, which I don't ...
1
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1answer
160 views

Can anxiety cause a heart attack, black-out or insanity?

David Burns in his self-help book about overcoming depression, anxiety and interpersonal problems called The Feeling Good Handbook¹ states: ...neurotic anxiety results from distorted thoughts that ...
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1answer
40 views

3D Glasses Aftereffect

I am wearing a pair a 3D glasses. The left lens is red and the right lens is cyan. However, when I take them off, my left eye sees in cyan and my right eye sees in red, the complete opposite of the ...
1
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1answer
23 views

What makes a sight or an image mesmerizing and irresistible?

There are some examples of this. What makes us: Feel we just HAVE TO watch that video or an image again, it's common with comedy videos Feel we need to stare at a such a beautiful sight, a person ...
1
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1answer
110 views

Can a strong lack of empathy be considered a disorder?

Premise from Wikipedia: More recently, popular science writer and Psychologist Daniel Goleman has drawn on social neuroscience research to propose that social intelligence is made up of social ...
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1answer
29 views

Overview of Pitts & McCullough (1943) “A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity”

Is there a good tutorial or simplified overview of the paper, 'Logical calculus for nervous activity' (McCullough & Pitts, 1943)? Reference McCullough, W. S., & Pitts, W. (1943). A logical ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Elaboration likelihood model: would attractiveness be a peripheral or central route?

In the elaboration likelihood model, if an advertisement contains an attractive person, would this be using the central route or peripheral route? I would guess it would be peripheral route, since ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Research on properties of effective feedback

I've been searching everywhere I know of for research concerning the topics listed below, but have been unable to find anything. The best I can come up with is general literature on feedback. ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Why do I get smaller accuracy when I use 80% of training sets using HMAX model?

I am trying to compute the accuracy of the HMAX model. I am using the Face category (containing 435 images) from the Caltech101 database. I split it into $x$ ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Is there an easy way to tell whether I woke up during REM or non-REM sleep?

I wake up during the night. Is there an easy way to tell whether I've woken up during REM or non-REM sleep? One way could be to look up the time, calculate how long I've slept and then take into ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Is there any evidence to suggest telling puns to a child makes them enjoy it when they are older?

My own experience was that my father and grandfather retold many puns as I was in my childhood and teens; at the time, I thought it was abysmal. Now I think they're the funniest things ever. Is ...
1
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1answer
46 views

What is psychological basis of the great love parents have for their children?

Why is it that the parents, specially the mother, generally have this unmatched love for their children? What is the psychological reason behind it? Is it more biological than psychological?
1
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1answer
78 views

How does the brain learn abstract maths?

I have found quite a bit of information of how, on a neurological level, we learn the most basic forms of maths. We seem to be hardwired from the get go, to deal with manageable quantities, can ...
1
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1answer
53 views

How does belief in souls or the afterlife influence emotions related to the death of others?

Background: Once when I heard of a death in my locality, I was happy rather than feeling grief because I was thinking that the soul of that dead person has achieved the truth. How does belief in ...
1
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1answer
126 views

Is it truly necessary to upgrade Tononi's criteria of consciousness in the Integrated Information theory?

I am referring specifically to a very recent paper by Max Tegmark. In this paper he proposes 3 more criteria (independence, dynamics, and utility principle) in addition to Tononi's original criteria ...
1
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1answer
55 views

At what point in our life do we know what is real?

Is "real" or reality defined during childhood, or as adults? Is this caused by age, or an event?
1
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1answer
56 views

How to best prepare the mind for a problem identification brainstorm?

I am a manager of a team of software engineers. We often use brainstorming sessions to generate solutions to problems. We use typical cognitive games, e.g. word association, to "warm-up" and ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Is there a way to hasten recovery from sleep inertia?

Sleep inertia is a transitional state of lowered arousal occurring immediately after awakening from sleep and producing a temporary decrement in subsequent performance. (1) There is study ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Q&A vs headings format

I am wondering, is there any research or just reasoning over whether a human perceives text easier if it is in questions and answers format or if it is structured with headings and sub-headings. ...

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