4
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Which intervention improves the ability to remember names the most?

Is there research about psychological interventions to help the average person remember names? If so, which intervention or interventions have the best evidence base to support them? Are there good ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

How to recognize people with high need for cognition?

In my own little study I am trying to describe the personalities of different persons I know personally, by adding traits to them. Among other traits, I am looking for those who have a high need for ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Does sensory deprivation affect cognitive abilities?

I am wondering if the loss of vision or hearing early in life (say, before the age of 14 years) affects cognitive abilities later in life? I would imagine that as a group, early-blind or early-deaf ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

How did Fechner justify the assumption that the just-noticeable-difference in sensation is constant?

As stated here on Wikipedia: 1 Weber's law states that the-just-noticeable-difference (JND) of an intensity of a stimuli divided by the intensity of that stimuli is always constant. Mathematically: ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Does knowledge of tests like Iowa Gambling and Wisconsin Card-Sorting task enable a person to fake the test?

I am interested in tests like the Iowa gambling test and the Wisconsin card-sorting test. If a patient understands how such a test works and the goals of the test, does this bias the measure obtained? ...
4
votes
3answers
938 views

Why are counsellors not supposed to give advice or lead the client? Is it possible for a counsellor not to be leading?

I’ve taken a course on counselling psychology and have attended a counselling sessions myself. All the literature I’ve read has said counsellors should not give advice. My question is why is this ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Does Spaun's serial memory exhibit proactive interference and serial searching

Xuan Choo recentely created a model of serial working memory for Spaun. Does this model of working memory exhibit the effects of proactive interference (as well as changing data types yielding freedom ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Sleep deprivation and task performance

Case: In case of an adult, the average adult sleep time required is 7.5 to 8 hours. Suppose the person (aged between 23-29) has slept only 6 hours, or less than the average time (7.5 to 8 hours). ...
4
votes
1answer
20 views

Is there a downside to using more than the typical 20/40 trials in an IAT?

Most resources mention using 20 'practice' trials categorizing both targets and attributes, followed by 40 'real' trials categorizing both targets and attributes. Note that this is after practicing ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Does a condition exist that resembles autism, but featuring much instead of little empathy?

I recently read a book by an autistic author who relates his experiences in professional life in IT. (He was diagnosed only in mid adulthood.) Colleagues see him as highly intelligent but also ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Can incubation be facilitated, while, at the same time, being focused on a different problem?

Is it possible to facilitate incubation as well as consciously think about a different problem at the same time, in effect multitasking, in order to gain insights more quickly, without having to stop ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Study of recollection of drawings based on labels

I remember stumbling across a very interesting study/experiment a few months ago. Now I want to try to find it again. Unfortunately I cannot for the life of me recall the name of the experiment nor ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

How do people respond to auditory warning signals?

I am working on a literature review of total reaction time to an auditory alert, in a transport context. All of the literature I can find about perception-response times are in the context of visual ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Can dreams be memorised?

Would it be possible to activate the human memory and "access" it by means of encouraging certain hormones, to assist a sleeping body to memorize dreams and later (meaning minutes, days, months or ...
4
votes
1answer
11k views

What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Would a patient benefit from continuing cognitive therapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people who have experienced some ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
4
votes
1answer
557 views

Does mental rigidity cause psychological problems? [closed]

Is there a correlation between mental disorders and mental rigidity? I suspect that when people have very strong beliefs and it happens that this beliefs are dysfunctional they can incur into mental ...
4
votes
1answer
329 views

MRI images upside-down in FSLVIEW

I'm visualizing structural data in FSLVIEW, but the sagittal and coronal planes are both upside-down / not in the conventional orientation, i.e. rotated by 90º and 180º. I understand that this upside-...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Why is Mr. Monk unsure?

One of the funniest and most psychologically intriguing characters on TV (in my opinion) is Adrian Monk. If you don't know who he is, I highly recommend watching the TV show. It's called "Monk" (...
4
votes
1answer
399 views

Why do humans/primates laugh/smile when they are happy, and not cry?

This might sound funny. But I have been wondering why do humans/primates laugh or smile when they are happy or find something funny? Why don't they cry when they are happy and laugh/*smile* when they ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

How is attention involved with the performance drop associated with multi-tasking?

Multi-tasking lowers productivity. What influences on attention cause the productivity of a multi-tasking person to be low? An example of multi-tasking is that a person is working on his assignment ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the mechanism behind time perception?

I wonder if it's known how time perception works at the fundamental level. For example, to count accurately a minute/hour, do we have to keep track of the time passed counting in our minds or ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Are people more likely to pick the odd one out?

I was wondering if there has been any research to suggest that when given a list of options to choose from, people are more likely to pick an option if it looks different to the other options? My ...
4
votes
1answer
738 views

Frequency of schizophrenia symptoms related to mass surveillance?

Recently, mass surveillance by organisations like the NSA has become both more prevalent and more known to the public. Has the frequency of schizophrenia symptoms concerning mass surveillance (eg. ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Can bipolar develop in childhood?

Is it possible to develop bipolar in childhood? Does the same diagnostic criteria for bipolar in adults apply for children? In response to the comments under this question: Borderline Personality ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does music affect heart-rate?

I've read that the body attempts to match its heart-rate with the tempo of music being listened to. Rhythmic Entrainment: 'This refers to a process whereby an emotion is evoked by a piece of ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Sensory dissonance: Will the visual or auditory channel win?

Is there any research showing that our visual channel takes precedence over the auditory channel (or vice versa) if there is some dissonance between them? Examples: Say a person driving a car ...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

Is “Biophysics of Computation” still a good book?

Currently I'm studying mathematics (2nd year) and I think I'm pretty into neuroscience. To "test" this, I purchased Principles of Computational Modelling in Neuroscience and am considering to get ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Does long-term alcohol use permanently change one's thought processes?

Is long-term alcohol use really capable of permanently changing one's thought processes? In what ways is this possible, and through what physical changes in the brain does this occur?
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Is “doing everything in your head” a good proxy for intelligence?

Suppose Bob never takes notes in class and just mentally "gets" a subject. Is this ability of mentally learning a subject without actively recording the information a good proxy for intelligence?
4
votes
1answer
266 views

What causes some women to have repeated abortions?

Fisher et al. (2005) studied the characteristics of women who have repeated abortions. The study was conducted in countries where reliable contraception and education about birth control are readily ...
4
votes
1answer
516 views

Possibility of using the effects of sleep to induce a virtual environment?

I'm not sure what this guy is trying to say, or why his question got closed, but I think I can build upon it and form a solid question. When the brain enters REM Sleep, all sensory input to reality is ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Eye movement tendencies for shades, sizes, shapes, and colours

I was asked this question yesterday Which of the following statements regarding research principles in visual attention is TRUE? The eyes tend to move from: a. Light to dark (shade) b. Large to ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Why different responses to target and distractor in three-stimulus oddball procedure?

In the three-stimulus oddball procedure, there is an infrequent target in a background of frequently occurring standard stimuli and infrequently occurring distracter stimuli. My question is, since the ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
4
votes
1answer
484 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

What is the definition of pathology?

While trying to get more information for my previous question, I found several different definitions for the terms "pathology" and "pathological." While under normal circumstances I'd be inclined to ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

What's the name of the quantifying preference for visual stimulus by varying size or distance as compared to a reference task?

Say that you enjoy looking at two beautiful paintings (A and B). But you really can't tell which one you like more, and you want to (quantitatively). So, you compare them both to your favorite ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

A psychological theory that explains why people remember only the outcome?

I've read somewhere about a psychological theory that people often remember the end results or the outcome of a certain situation/discussion/conversation/etc, but not the details of it. In other ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

is Lewin's field theory still used in modern psychology? If yes, what are its applications?

I recently stumbled upon Kurt Lewin's field theory. However, not being very familiar with gestalt psychology, I could not assess whether Lewin's theoretical framework is still used today and if yes, ...
4
votes
1answer
32 views

Problems with parameterizing neuronal simulation on a limited number of datasets

I'm hoping to contribute to the OpenWorm project by helping their efforts to parameterize the neurons in CElegans so the model elicits biologically realistic behavior. The problem is I've got only ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

When does reward occur? When dopamine is released or when it is binded?

I know this is a silly question, but I'm curious as to what is the exact phase when we experience of the thrill of doing an exciting activity. I believe this briefly describes the whole process. So, ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

Why do Spiritual people try to sleep less?

In Monasteries and other spiritual contexts, there seems to be a "rule" that sleep is wasted time, and so the usual daily schedule only allows for about 4-5 hours of sleep. This might be enough for an ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

How to foster an environment for appreciation

I'm a teacher at a highschool and currently we've been working on projects that are supposed to make the kids appreciate those around them especially the other teachers and workers at the school. ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Two possibilites to increase the effect of binaural beats

I collected references, supporting the hypothesis that binaural beats have an influence in our brain (see here). I currently see two possibilities to possibly increase the (measurable) effect of ...

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