3
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the dangers of using mindfulness-based techniques for individuals suffering from Schizophrenia?

I am unable to find much research on the application of mindfulnesss for those suffering from Schizophrenia. A recent study by Chien and Lee (2013) focuses on the application of a psychoeducation ...
3
votes
3answers
124 views

Research software for conducting a task between card sorting and sketch map drawing

I'm doing research in Spatial Cognition and am looking for software which will allow me to conduct the following task: Participants will walk around a space and sit down to a computer task ...
3
votes
1answer
610 views

How sexual activity influences a woman's sex drive

Sheila Gregoire suggests that increasing the amount of sexual activity increases a woman's sexual desire in general. I can postulate that child bearing and raising impacts significantly upon a woman's ...
3
votes
2answers
516 views

Oddball experiment design in E-prime

I want to set up an experiment in which there are 3 types of emotional stimuli (A, B, C). A and C would have a 1% recurrence probability, for rare and unexpected stimuli. Is there any sample of ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

How do people develop abstract thought processes?

By abstract thinking, I am referring to not only notions of self and identity, but also aspects that can not be directly observed and 'thinking outside of the box'. Essentially, from my own ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

What is the proper term for the synchronization of eye movements?

In humans and most two eyed species, eye movements synchronize so that both eyes are focused on the same point. This facilitates 3D vision significantly, allowing bifocal cues. I remember reading a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What factors influence a person's perceived expertise?

For example, some people believe they are excellent human lie detectors. But, research shows that the average person is only able to detect deception about 54% of the time. What techniques could be ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Why does it seems in similar cases sometimes classic conditioning happens and in others habituation?

I'm slightly confused and was hoping you guys could correct me. In classic conditioning as with Pavlov's dogs if we ring a bell just before a dog is given food, the bell will give the same response ...
3
votes
1answer
22 views

Difference between active and passive touch?

I am considering the role of whiskers in the development of the mouse brain, and came across the following: 'we found that the signals sent to the brain by the whiskers during active touch differ from ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Analysis of RTs when speed-accuracy trade-off leading to ceiling accuracy has occurred

I know that it is not desirable for behavioural data to show a (within-subjects) speed-accuracy trade-off, as it can lead to e.g. the wrong interpretation of a single subject's decreased RTs as ...
3
votes
3answers
55 views

Qualitative scoring for responses to design fluency task

Before I can ask my questions, I have to give a little background information. I'm involved in a study using a measure of design fluency. Subjects are shown a page full of squares, like the one ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Combining unbiased hit rates

I am analysing data on an emotion perception task, where participants must decide if a given face is happy, sad, angry or fearful (essentially a forced choice between 4 options). I am confident that ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Why is the order of white/grey matter different in the brain and spinal cord?

In the brain proper, grey matter forms the outer layer of the brain, and white matter forms the inner layer. In the spine, this is reversed: white matter forms the outer layer of the spine, and grey ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the phenomenon that one can recognize a movie after seeing a scene for a fraction of second called?

I have experiences that while I was walking around the street, I saw a scene on a TV for a fraction of second, and I instantly recognized the correspondent movie. This is very interesting since at the ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Where can I find stimuli for steady-state visually-evoked potentials?

I am a student working on a project which deals with Steady State Visually-Evoked Potentials (SSVEP) Stimuator. Does anybody know where can I find stimuli (checkerboard or single graphic) as a video ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Does deep, slow breathing increase mental performance?

Emotional Intelligence 2.0 said that breathing deeply and slowly increases mental performance, but I couldn't find any studies that really study the claim, and the book is a self-help book, which tend ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Name this partner selection experiment where participants can see the value of others but not themselves and seek to pair with high value others?

A group of students is given playing cards to put on their head. They do not know the value of their card but can see the value of others. The goal of each student is to partner with the highest ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Why don't we get regular checkups for mental health, as in physical health?

It's standard practice to get a checkup from your primary care doctor once a year. Why is this not so for a mental health professional? Is your primary supposed to catch possible mental and emotional ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Does 3rd person reference to self change perception of self?

If you refer to yourself in the third person for a day how does your understanding of self change? For example are you more inclined to consider your actions and motivations from and external ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Does heritability define the person in terms of the population?

I recently read a statement that goes like this: heritability is a population construct. Isn't heritability dependent on genetic differences? Can someone provide an example of what it means to be a ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Where can I find a database, preferably OWL-based, that contains structured information about everyday objects?

I'd like a database that has information like that fact that a table is made of wood is composed of a top and legs is used for eating food off etc And I'd like this information to be semantically ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

What characterises people who stay calm in crisis situations?

When something critical and bad happens, like a house on fire with people inside it, people react very differently. Some persons will usually panic, cry and can barely be soothed. Some persons will ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What are presynaptic puncta?

What are presynaptic puncta? And what makes them different from presynaptic terminals?
3
votes
2answers
178 views

What is the difference between feeling sad and feeling unhappy?

The first two questions on the Burns Depression Checklist ask about (1) Feeling Sad and (2) Feeling Unhappy. Specifically, they ask how much you have experienced: Feeling sad or down in the dumps ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Is it possible for a person to have anterograde amnesia and be aware of it?

In "Memento" the main character has got anterograde amnesia, but he's aware of it. Is it even possible and how, if it is? Compare it to "50 First Dates" — the heroine is not aware of her ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

Is there a name for reading things how you meant to write them?

I'm sure many of us have this experience: When I'm proofreading my own writing I will pass over it multiple times, but miss mistakes since I read what I intended to write (what's "in my head") and ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

“Do it yourself” Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy-style intervention methods

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, what should happen between the occurrence of a negative automatic thought and, finally, its neutralization is logical thinking: looking at the evidence for the ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Does Stroop test performance correlate with any personal characteristics or abilities?

Have there been any studies that found that an extremely high (or low) Stroop test score correlates with certain personal characteristics, abilities or aptitudes, or would all such conclusions be ...
3
votes
2answers
33 views

What aspects of ACT-R are not contained within Spaun?

ACT-R was the first big cognitive model and excels at modelling human behavioral data quite accurately. Spaun, which is the world's largest functional brain model, took a lot of ACT-R's insights and ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

How to interpret a BBC news article on the effect of race on intelligence?

In spring 1998, Robert Plomin claimed to have discovered a gene linked with intelligence. More recently, the Human Genome Project was cautious when approaching areas implying racial differences ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Reconciling one-dimensional valence with distinct mechanisms for reward/punishment

It is a widespread notion in psychology that there are two dimensions to emotion: valence (aversiveness or attractiveness of some entity) and intensity. However, recent experimental studies in ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How does the frequency of a visual stimulus affect the steady-state visually evoked potential?

I want to make a project for EEG signal processing, and in my research I found the concept of SSVEP, which means that if you have a stimulus with low frequency applied to the eye, the electrical ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there a research field which holds close connections between computational neuroscience and classical robotics

Is there a research field which holds close connections between computational neuroscience and classical robotics, particularly building corresponding robots to implement and test the theories from ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Does society swing back and forth from one extreme to the other?

Consider 2 groups of any number of persons. Assume that the "dominant" group acts without any regard for the other group. Assume that there seem to be no consequences in the short time for the ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there a psychological explanation for the age of 18 being important in many societies?

The age of eighteen is an age that in many societies gives rise to various additional rights and responsibilities. Is there a scientific reason for assigning such right and responsibilities at the ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the metabolic load of the visual system?

The brain consumes energy at eight times the rate that would be predicted from mass alone (20% of total organismic load). How much of this is drawn from the visual system? How does the metabolic load ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Is there any file format standard for EEG data?

I have started to do some research on EEG analysis. One of the challenging things I have found is the variability on the formats for the EEG files. What do you do when you receive data your software ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Morita therapy - does it have a western counterpart?

I have recently read interesting article about Morita therapy. I have a hard time finding articles,books or research on this subject, and how it works in the West since this therapy was developed and ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't ...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

Is pacemaker action potential considered a calcium dependent or sodium/calcium dependent?

Is a sinoatrial node action potential (AP) considered a Ca2+ dependent (No Na+) action potential? I was under the understanding that Ca2+ dependent APs were present only in Purkinje and endocrine ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Why does optogenetics not mean that perfect brain-computer interfaces are possible?

There have been multiple articles and videos circulating on the Internet claiming that optogenetics has made it possible to have perfect input/output to the brain from a computer. This is obviously ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Neuroscience student [closed]

I'm thinking about studying neuroscience, but the only interests I have in the general area are: Where thought or consciousness come from and how it all works How memory works and why it can't be ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Do different methods of testing memory for character sequences result in different brain activation?

Assume a certain sequence of N characters, displayed on a screen one by one, that should be memorized. The speed of the display is such that it doesn't produce much extra stress. You may assume that ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What are “linear spatial weightings” and “specific temporal windows” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)?

I am undergraduate student in mathematics and a complete beginner in the field of neuroscience. I recently started a project in Mathematical biology which brought me to the above mentioned paper. I ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the the sight of gore causes nausea, vomiting and/or fainting?

Why is it that upon seeing anything the involves gore, e.g.: surgical cutting excessive blood blood and pain causes nausea, vomiting or fainting? And why does watching it repeatedly take away ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the lifetime of the synapse in the mature brain?

I know there is synaptic plasticity in the mature brain. There is a great number of plasticity mechanisms like LTD and LTP, acting on different time scales. Apart from the synaptic weight change, ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Is the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours more mental illness?

"Our work shows that the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours is more mental illness." -Professor Seth Grant Professor of Molecular Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Why do we anchor our happiness to short term situational comparisons rather than large scale events?

Why does our happiness seem to be most affected by recent, short term happenings rather than the high level trends of our lives? For example, a person has begun their life in a very humble or even ...

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